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113th Field Artillery
' History of the x
113th Field Artillery
The^History^Committee of 113th F. A.
Ralei S h, N. C.
A. L. Fletcher
Raleigh, N. C.
Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Company
Printers and Binders
Headquarters for War Histories
Eighty Lafayette Street, New York
Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2012 with funding from
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Insignia of Organizations With Which the 113th F. A. Served
Army of Occupation
THE VICTORY MEDAL
The Victory Medal will be awarded to all persons who served on
active duty in the army of the United States at any time between
April 6, 1917 and November 11, 1918, provided that their service
was honorable. The ribbon of the medal will bear clasps indicating
the service of the individual. Members of the One Hundred and
Thirteenth Field Artillery will be entitled to four such clasps, and
to four stars on the service ribbon, when worn without the medal.
These are as follows: Service in the First Army Area between
August 30, 1918 and November 11, 1918; the St. Mihiel Offensive,
September 12, 1918 to September 16, 1918; the Meuse-Argonne
Offensive, September 26, 1918 to November 11, 1918; service in the
Second Army Area between October 12, 1918 and November 11,
The battle-flag of the One Hundred and Thirteenth, now in the
Hall of History at Raleigh, N. C, bears ribbons denoting honorable
service in these various offensives, awarded by General Pershing,
Commander-in-Chief of the A. E. F., and officially bestowed by
Brigadier General Samuel L. Faison, commanding the Thirtieth
Division, on April 16, 1919, at Charlotte, N. C.
THIS brief history of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery
has been written under difficulties. Owing to the fact that he held
an exacting and extremely difficult job that required his undivided
attention for every working hour of the day, the Historian was
able to give to the history only such spare time as could be found in the
evenings and on holidays. Because of this it has taken a long time to finish
While the regiment was at Le Mans, France, it was decided to raise
a fund for the publication of a history of the regiment and a History
Committee was selected, composed of the following:
Colonel Albert L. Cox, Lieutenant Colonel Sidney C. Chambers, Major
L. P. McLendon, Captain Robert P. Beaman, Chaplain B. R. Lacy, Jr.,
Captain Kenneth M. Hardison, Regimental Sergeant Major Kenneth J.
Nixon, Battalion Sergeant Major Marvin M. Capps, Sergeant George
Graham and Sergeant Liston L. Mallard.
On June 1, 1919, the Committee selected Captain A. L. Fletcher, of
Raleigh, N. C, to write the book, officially bestowed upon him the title
of "Historian" and turned over to him such records, pictures and mis-
cellaneous papers as had been collected.
It has not been easy to "write up to" this regiment of ours. The
Historian knows that he has not done it justice and no one knows better
than he how far short he has fallen in the effort to do it justice.
There has been no effort to write a solemn, ponderous chronological
history modeled after the text-book variety of history. The reader will
find the book written, rather, in newspaper style, or in something approach-
ing that. In telling the story the Historian has adhered strictly to the
cardinal rules of the newspaper game and has sought to exaggerate
nothing, to write nothing in malice, and to be fair to everybody.
There will be many who will criticise. Among these will be some who
did all they could to help the Historian to make the book what it should
} /e been, and it is their right to criticise if they so desire. There will
others — and they will be in the majority — who have no right to utter
jrd of complaint, for they were called upon for help and they would
not help. It was always so. Good as the regiment was, it was not perfect,
for this element existed throughout the regiment's history. They kept
hands-off when others were blazing new trails, or undertaking new things,
never lending a hand to help and never putting in a friendly word, but
they were wonderfully free with criticism, condemnation and censure after-
wards. This paragraph is to remind them, when they are holding a post-
mortem on this little history of their regiment, that they were asked to
help make it a history worthy of the regiment and they would not.
The Historian desires, also, to forestall those who would lay blame
for the shortcomings of the book upon The History Committee. This com-
mittee was composed of busy men, who had businesses to rebuild after
discharge from the service, obligations of all sorts to meet and important
things to do all the time. They could not meet often and they could not
spare time to supervise the work. Consequently, they were forced to
leave it to the Historian and he accepts entire responsibility for it and
offers himself as a target for whatever brickbats may be hurled.
The Historian desires to make grateful acknowledgment of the assist-
ance given by Chaplain Lacy, Captain Beaman, Major McLendon, Sergeant
George Graham, Sergeant Liston L. Mallard, and others who helped by
contributing pictures, maps and other material for the book. Elsewhere
in the book will be found various special articles, among these being :
"An Appreciation of the One Hundred and Thirteenth," by Lieutenant
Jacques J. L. Popelin, of the French army; "Carryings-On About Carrying
On," by Sergeant George Graham, of Headquarters Company, the "regi-
mental humorist" ; "A Brief Story of the Operations of the Thirtieth
Division in Belgium and France," and individual battery and company
sketches, some of them written by the organization commanders and signed
by them and others prepared by the Historian from sketches written by
various members of the organization.
There appear also the organization rosters as of February 1, 1919, .
which were made up for Headquarters 30th Division shortly after
arrival in the Le Mans area and before the regiment was split' up to form
the various casual detachments; a complete roster of the regiment by
county and State, with the home address of every man as shown on his
"locator" card; a chronology of the regiment, and many other features.
Because scant mention has been made of them, it is not to be con-
sidered that the other units of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade— the 114th
Field Artillery, the 115th Field Artillery, the 105th Ammunition Train,
the 105th Trench Mortar Battery, and the 105th Mobile Ordnance Repair
Shop, were unworthy of mention. The One Hundred and Thirteenth felt
no little pride in its sister organizations of the brigade and found them
always faithful to every obligation and equal to every emergency, but
the telling of their stories is left to their own historians.
Raleigh, N. C, February 12, 1920.
The 55th Field Artillery
Here's to their memory — here's their Good Luck
On from the General down to the Buck —
On from Sevier to the last hills of France,
Holding their drive through the final advance;
St. Mihiel knew them — and when they were done
On to the Argonne with caisson and gun,
Taking each highway that led to the Hun!
Slogging along through the mud and the flame,
On to the finish still playing the game,
Playing the game as the game should be played —
Here's to the 55th F. A. Brigade!
— Grantland Rice
(By permission of Lieut. -Colonel William J. Bacon
editor of the Hisiory of the 55th F. A. Brigade)
< . :
N American statesman, famous for his opposition to mili-
tarism and preparedness, has been much ridiculed of late
years for his proud boast that standing armies are not
necessary for this land of ours because "a million men
would spring to arms overnight to protect her should any
danger threaten." In the organization of the One Hun-
dred and Thirteenth Field Artillery, which was accom-
plished with record-breaking speed and enthusiasm, may
be found some justification of his faith.
When the United States declared war against Germany there was
not even the nucleus of a field artillery organization in the State of
North Carolina. There was not even a single field artillery officer. The
War Department at that time was in doubt as to the best course to
pursue and its whole National Guard program was still in process of
incubation. Nobody knew what the outcome would be. Nobody was
willing even to hazard a guess. April passed and May and it was well
along in June before the War Department announced that it would accept
a regiment of field artillery from the State of North Carolina. The Adju-
tant General of North Carolina, Major General Beverly S. Royster, notified
the War Department that the regiment would be furnished and the work
North Carolina's response to the call issued by the Adjutant General
was immediate and confined to no one particular locality. It came from
every part of the State. Eager and enthusiastic towns all over North
Carolina wanted batteries in the new regiment. Two regiments might
have been organized in the State almost as quickly as one and with
infinitely less embarrassment to the Adjutant General.
North Carolina had already done well in the matter of furnishing
man-power for the Great War. She had offered her full quota and more
for the regular army, the navy and the marines, and in addition a full
infantry brigade, a squadron of cavalry, six companies of coast artillery,
an ambulance company, a field hospital and other National Guard units of
proven efficiency. There were many who said that the Old North State
had done all that could be expected of her in the matter of furnishing
volunteers for the World War and these predicted that the proposed
artillery organization would never materialize. To their great astonish-
ment they found that North Carolina was capable of doing even greater
History of the 113th Field Artillery
things than had been asked of her and the whole State thrilled with pride
when it was announced that the new regiment had been raised in less
than thirty days and was ready for in-
stant service wheresoever the country
Just how it came about will
always be a mystery even to those who
were at the head of the movement.
There were no hard drives for recruits.
It was not necessary to bring pressure
to bear on men to bring them into the
new regiment. It appeared to fit their
needs and to be just what they had
been waiting for, and they came by
ones and two and by squads. Those
towns first to move for the formation
of organizations secured allotments
and those towns that were unsuccess-
ful immediately proceeded to furnish
recruits for the lucky towns nearest
them, and when the organization was
mobilized for service, eighty-nine out
of the hundred counties in the State, were represented in the regiment.
It is believed that no other organization that represented North Carolina
in the World War was so thoroughly representative of the State and so
typically "Tar Heel" throughout. Later the regiment was to receive
replacements from thirty-seven States, the District of Columbia and seven
foreign countries, but it began its existence as a Tar Heel outfit, officered
by Tar Heels, and with every section of the Old North State represented
in its make-up.
Lieutenant-Colonel Sidney C. Chambers.
Major ThaddeusG. Stem, Commanding
the First Battalion.
Major Alfred L. Bulwinkle, Command-
ing the Second Battalion.
In personnel, both commissioned and enlisted, the regiment ranked
high. The men were always just a little proud of their status as volun-
teers. They had not been drafted, nor had they been let in for service
in the World War because of peace-time National Guard affiliations. They
were 100-per-cent volunteer! They had joined up after the declaration
of war and their participation in the war was in no sense the result of
accident or chance.
Every trade, profession and calling that exists in North Carolina
was represented in the regiment. There were lawyers, teachers, doctors,
preachers, farmers, merchants, mechanics, accountants, bankers, manu-
facturers, engineers, scientists, clerks, students, stenographers, typists,
newspaper men. It was an aggregation, a combination of brains, skill
and enthusiasm such as this world has seen but rarely and which it may
never see again for the reason that the circumstances that called it into
being may never occur again. Bad men manage to creep into all large
organizations, and it will always be so, but the One Hundred and Thir-
teenth Field Artillery, collectively and to its last individual, is prepared
to assert and to back up the assertion that within its ranks there were
fewer undesirables than any regiment of its size ever carried.
In organizing the eastern part of the State got away to a little better
start than the western. This may be explained partly by the fact that
the organization commanders selected for the eastern batteries were old
and experienced soldiers, fully alive to the needs of the service and
experienced in recruiting, while only one of the western captains had
had previous military service. Battery A, at New Bern, with Captain John
H. Weddell commanding, was the first to recruit up to strength required
by the War Department, with Battery B of Washington and Battery C
of Durham following close in the order named. Battery B was com-
manded by Captain Wiley C. Rodman of Washington, who had filled every
rank in the old Second North Carolina Infantry from private to colonel.
Battery C was commanded by Captain Lennox P. McLendon, of Durham,
who had held a commission as 1st lieutenant in the Third North Carolina
Infantry for many years. Captain Weddell had had twenty years' service
in the National Guard and had served as an officer of volunteers in the
Spanish-American War. Captain Rodman enlisted his first man on June
13th. Captain McLendon took in his first on June 16th and on June 27th
both were ready for Federal inspection and so was Weddell. The first
battalion of the "First North Carolina Light Field Artillery,." as it was
then called, was ready for business.
In the western part of the State there was great rivalry among
many good towns for batteries and this rivalry was so strenuous that it
delayed the work of organizing. Finally Wadesboro and Monroe combined
to form the "Bickett Battery," or Battery D, naming it in honor of
Governor Thomas W. Bickett, of North Carolina, who was born in Union
county, near Monroe. Kenneth M. Hardison, of Wadesboro, was the
leading spirit in the organization of this battery and he became its captain.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Major Claude L. Pridgen, Regimental
Major Louis B. Crayton, who com-
manded Battery E until -promoted in
Battery E went to the mountains of the northwestern section of the State
and was composed of a sturdy bunch of mountaineers from the counties
of Ashe, Caldwell, Watauga, Alexander and Wilkes, with Buford F.
Williams, a well-known lawyer of Lenoir, as its captain. Battery F was
organized at Mooresville, by Reid R. Morrison, a physician and soldier
of long experience, who had held a first lieutenancy in the First North
Carolina Infantry. All of these organizations went over the minimum,
the dead line set by the War Department, early in July. From the enlist-
Major Lennox P. McLendon, who com-
manded Battery C throughout its service at
home and in France until promoted in
Major Robert M. Hanes, in command of
Battery A until promoted in February,
ment of the first recruit on June 13, 1917, to the completion of the regi-
ment, a little less than four weeks had elapsed.
On July 13, 1917, the First North Carolina Light Field Artillery
was officially recognized by the War Department and on that date Governor
Bickett formally commissioned Judge Albert L. Cox, of the North Carolina
Superior Court bench, colonel of the new regiment. (S. 0. 202 AGO N. C.)
By Special Order on the same day, Captain Thaddeus G. Stem, commanding
the machine gun company of the Third North Carolina Infantry, was trans-
ferred to the regiment, promoted to major and assigned to the command of
the First Battalion. By the same order Captain Alfred L. Bulwinkle, of
Company B, First North Carolina Infantry, was transferred to the regi-
ment, promoted to major and assigned to the Second Battalion. Batteries
A, of New Bern, B of Washington and C of Durham were officially
designated as the First Battalion and Batteries D, of Wadesboro and Mon-
roe, E of Lenoir and F of Mooresville. as the Second Battalion. (S. 0. 206
AGO N. C.)
On that day, also, commissions were issued to Captain John H.
Weddell, of Battery A, New Bern ; Captain Lennox P. McLendon, of
Battery C, who was transferred from the Third North Carolina Infantry
in the same order ; Captain Reid R. Morrison, Battery F, Mooresville, who
was transferred from the First North Carolina Infantry; Chaplain Ben-
jamin R. Lacy, Jr., with the rank of captain ; Dr. Claude L. Pridgen, of
Wilmington, to be regimental surgeon with rank of major.
On July 14, 1917, Matt H. Allen, lawyer and legislator, of Goldsboro,
was commissioned captain and assigned as adjutant of the regiment,
and A. L. Fletcher, of Raleigh, was commissioned as captain and assigned
as regimental supply officer. By the same order he was directed to
proceed to the organization of a Supply Company.
On July 17, 1917, Wiley C. Rodman, of Washington, was commissioned
captain of Battery B; Buford F. Williams, of Lenoir, captain of Battery
E and Kenneth M. Hardison, captain of Battery D.
On July 18, 1917, Erskine E. Boyce, of Gastonia, was commissioned
captain and adjutant of the Second Battalion and two days later William
T. Joyner, of Raleigh, was commissioned captain and adjutant of the
First Battalion. On July 21, 1917, the last organization commander was
named, this being Captain Rufus M. Johnston, of Charlotte, who was
assigned to the command of Headquarters Company. The same order
transferred him from the First North Carolina Infantry.
On July 27, 1917, Major Sidney C. Chambers, of Durham, a battalion
commander in the Third North Carolina Infantry, was transferred to the
First North Carolina Light Field Artillery and promoted to lieutenant-
colonel. (S. 0. 255 AGO N. C.)
The organization of the Supply and Headquarters Companies was not
undertaken until after the six batteries had been practically completed.
If the regiment had failed of organization in its entirety there would not
have been need for either company and their organization was delayed
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Captain Gustaf R. Westfeldt, Jr., Regi-
mental Adjutant and Operations
Captain Kenneth M. Hardison, Adjutant
of the First Battalion.
purposely. On July 14th, Captain Fletcher of the Supply Company, was
told that he had nine days within which to complete his organization.
The Adjutant General had designated Raleigh as the home station of
both the Supply Company and Headquarters Company and the outlook
for recruiting at Raleigh was not bright. Raleigh had already furnished
a big infantry company, a full coast artillery company, a machine gun
company, big detachments for the regulars, the navy, the marines and
the various training camps, and recruiting officers who had been over the
field said that there was no chance of forming two additional companies
in Raleigh and scant hope of a single one. Just as other doubters had
done when the regiment was first proposed, they failed to take note of the
spirit that was abroad in the land and they based their predictions on
their previous experiences and failures. The same spiritual uplift that
"put over" the six batteries of the regiment was still strong enough to
Captain Robert P. Beaman, Adjutant of
the Second Battalion.
Captain Alfred W. Horton, Regimental
put over the two remaining companies. Seventy-nine men applied for
enlistment in the Supply Company alone. The full strength of an artillery
supply company at that time was thirty-eight men. The over-flow was sent
to other organizations of the regiment. Both of the companies went over
the limit within a week and were ready for muster-in.
On July 25, 1917, the President called the National Guard into
Federal service and along with the other North Carolina units the First
North Carolina Light Field Artillery responded. The organizations
assembled at home rendezvous and began training. Every organization
had a nucleus of old soldiers, many of them experienced infantry non-
commissioned officers, and these men under the supervision of the battery
commanders set about the task of teaching the raw recruits the mysteries
of the squad movement, military courtesy and the thousand and one things
that a soldier should know.
The first monthly return of the new regiment, dated July 31, 1917,
showed the strength of each organization and named the commissioned
personnel as follows :
Regimental Headquarters : Three officers present, these being Colonel
Albert L. Cox, commanding; Captain Matt H. Allen, adjutant and Captain
Benjamin R. Lacy, Jr., chaplain. Lieutenant-Colonel Sidney C. Chambers
was reported at the Infantry School of Musketry, Fort Sill, Okla.
Headquarters Company: Captain Rufus M. Johnston, commanding;
First Lieutenant William P. Whittaker. Enlisted strength, 92 men.
Supply Company : Captain Arthur L. Fletcher, commanding ; First
Lieutenant Percy B. Perry. Enlisted strength, 38 men.
First Battalion Headquarters: Major Thaddeus G. Stem, command-
ing; Captain William T. Joyner, adjutant.
Battery A : Captain John H. Weddell, commanding; First Lieutenant
W. B. R. Guion; Second Lieutenants Beverly S. Royster, Jr., and David
R. Morris. Enlisted strength, 164 men.
Battery B: Captain Wiley C. Rodman, commanding; First Lieuten-
ants Enoch S. Simmons and William E. Baugham; Second Lieutenants
Robert H. Lawrence and George S. Dixon. Enlisted strength, 148 men.
Battery C: Captain Lennox P. McLendon, commanding; First Lieu-
tenants Samuel M. Gattis, Jr., and Frank L. Fuller; Second Lieutenant
Thomas J. Craig. Enlisted strength, 170 men.
Second Battalion Headquarters : Major Alfred L. Bulwinkle, com-
manding; Captain Erskine E. Boyce, adjutant.
Battery D: Captain Kenneth M. Hardison, commanding; First Lieu-
tenants Frank B. Ashcraft and Julian E. Moore ; Second Lieutenants Harry
B. Covington and Herman H. Hardison. Enlisted strength, 136 men.
Battery E: Captain Buford F. Williams, commanding; First Lieuten-
ants Sanford A. Richardson and Claude B. McBrayer; Second Lieutenants
Wade V. Bowman and Eugene P. Jones. Enlisted strength, 158 men.
Battery F: Captain Reid R. Morrison, commanding; First Lieuten-
History of the 113th Field Artillery
First Lieutenant William P. Whittaker,
Regimental Gas Officer.
First Lieutenant Christian E. Mears, Reg-
imental Radio and Telephone Officer.
ants Louis B. Crayton and George A. Morrow; Second Lieutenants Eugene
Allison and Gowan Dusenberry, Jr. Enlisted strength, 173 men.
Sanitary Detachment: Major Claude L. Pridgen, commanding; First
Lieutenants Gabe H. Croom and Joseph A. Speed, medical corps, and
First Lieutenant Thomas L. Spoon, dental corps; Second Lieutenant
Simeon A. Nathan, veterinary corps.
Caring for the men for the period intervening between July 25th, the
date of assembly at company rendezvous, and the day the regiment was
Chaplain Benjamin R. Lacy, Jr.
First Lieutenant Joseph Lonergon, of the
Supply Company, Regimental Munitions
ordered to mobilization camp, proved to be a task of considerable difficulty.
Headquarters and Supply Companies were well taken care of at the North
Carolina State A. & E. College, at Raleigh, this great college turning
over its splendid dormitories and fine grounds to the National Guard
organizations of Raleigh without cost. The men were furnished the best
of board at the college dining room for the government allowance of
seventy-five cents per day per man. The matter was not so easily handled
in other towns and organization commanders were hard-pressed to find
desirable quarters and proper food for their growing organizations.
It was here that the new captains got their first experience with old
General Red Tape, that tough old army bird that was to roost on their
necks for many a weary day and many a toilsome night. Their first
difficulty was in solving the mysteries of "ration return" and it was a
solid month before a single ration return reached the office of the Supply
Officer in proper shape. This is no reflection on the officers making the
returns, as a brief glance at the method of procedure, as outlined in
the "Manual for the Quartermaster Corps" will readily show. Those who
think it easy are invited to try it once.
If you wake up some fine morning feeling that the world is your
oyster and longing for a job that will keep you busy mentally, physically
and spiritually twenty-four hours per day and seven days in every week,
permit some power to wish off on you the job of supply officer of a young,
ambitious, impatient, growing regiment of field artillery. If you stay on
the job you will never, like Alexander, sigh for other worlds to conquer.
You will be kept eternally busy, keeping just one jump ahead of the
deluge — studying A. R., G. O.'s, S. O.'s of the regiment, brigade, division,
corps, department, War Department, files of bulletins from these various
H. Q.'s the Q. M. Manual, the "Table of Fundamental Allowances," and
like publications; requisitioning again and again for equipment your regi-
ment is howling for; checking payrolls and rations savings accounts;
explaining "by indorsement hereon" why you haven't secured a pair of
No. 14 "Shoes, Heavy Field" for a giant private in Battery D and a pair
of No. 21/2 of the same for petit Private Bill Jones of Battery C.
August and September were months of stress and strain to the regi-
mental supply officer in particular and to the various organization com-
manders in lesser degree. The United States Government had undertaken
a big task and equipment was lacking. It was several weeks before any
sort of equipment could be secured and every organization was calling for
everything. The United States Property and Disbursing Officer at Raleigh
finally managed to secure uniforms and other equipment. As fast as
the equipment was turned over to the Supply Officer it was apportioned
to the batteries and shipped out. By the first of September every soldier
in the regiment had one cotton uniform, two suits of underwear, two shirts,
flannel 0. D., one hat and one pair of canvas leggings. Later
slickers were secured and before the regiment left for camp it was begin-
ning to look like a military organization. Blankets, bed-sacks and iron
20 History of the 113th Field Artillery
cots sufficient for every man, were shipped out from Raleigh and the
handling of 1,500 heavy iron cots and many tons of other equipment in
the hottest part of the hot season, served to give the Supply Company a
foretaste of what was coming to it.
Along about the first of August, 1917, it was definitely announced
that the National Guard of North Carolina would form part of the
30th Division and that the other units of the division would come
from Tennessee and South Carolina. A little later it was announced
that Camp Sevier, at Greenville, S. C, would be the division's training
camp. Reports drifted up from Greenville that work on the new camp
was progressing slowly and representatives of the regiment were sent
down to see. They reported that there was evidence in the woods near
the little town of Paris, six miles from Greenville, that a military camp
would eventually be established there, but that it was still far off. They
failed utterly in locating the artillery section of the camp, all of that
section being in a dense forest of pine and oak. The divisions of the camp
that had been selected for the infantry organizations, the engineers, am-
bulance companies and field hospitals, contained much open land.
On August 27, 1917, Battery F, of Mooresville, was ordered to camp
to help in clearing the camp site and getting things in readiness for the
regiment. Though hampered by the lack of equipment, this battery did
splendid work in clearing the forest, laying out streets, and many other
things necessary in carving a home for the regiment out of the wilderness.
When the remainder of the regiment arrived, the men of Battery F were
hardened veterans, and, to them, watching their newly-arrived comrades,
fresh from two soft and easy months at home station, buckling down to
the hardest variety of manual labor, was a source of pleasure unalloyed.
The period of waiting at home stations was trying in the extreme.
It was pleasant to be close to home folks. It was good to know all of
the people they met on the streets. It was good to be fed on home cooking
and the men of the regiment appreciated it. But it was not what they
had enlisted for. They were too far from the Western Front. The men
knew a long, arduous course of training lay between them and active parti-
cipation in the World War and they were anxious to get at the job.
Finally, after many delays and after many false rumors of moving,
orders came from the Headquarters of the Southeastern Department,
Charleston, S. C, directing that the regiment entrain for Camp Sevier
and the movement started Saturday night, September 14, 1917. All of the
organizations reached their destination Sunday afternoon. This Sunday
proved to be the first of a long line of Sundays that found the regiment
moving. As luck would have it, almost every important move the regi-
ment made during its existence, began or ended on Sunday.
IN TRAINING AT GAMP SEVIER,
T this stage of the game Camp Sevier still lacked much of
being a real camp. After much difficulty guides were
found on that momentous Sunday afternoon who could
find the artillery camp by following a blue print sketch
and the men were marched down a winding trail through
the woods to the spot, where they found nine long frame
mess-halls standing in the woods. Just enough trees had
been cut away to give the buildings standing room. No
regimental or battery streets had been cleared. There was a line of
latrines and bath-houses in the rear of the space reserved for the erection
of tents and the laying out of the streets. Regimental Supply Sergeant
John P. Bolt had been on the ground for two weeks and he had secured
field ranges and provided plenty of rations. The organizations had their
own cots and bedding and before night fell there were enough "tents,
pyramidal, large" up to shelter most of the men. The remainder slept
in the mess-halls.
The task that lay before the regiment on that "Blue Monday" follow-
ing its arrival in camp, was a big one, viewed from any angle. A bare
start had been made at getting the camp ready for human occupancy and
that was all. Ahead of the men lay the job of clearing away a tangled
forest, grubbing thousands of oak and forest pine stumps, draining acres
of marshy ground and moving tons of dirt. Armed with axes, mattocks,
picks, saws, shovels, ropes and other equipment the men went at it and
week followed week, in dreary, monotonous grind. It was grub stumps,
pile brush, rake trash all day long and the bugle called you again early
the following morning to start it all over again.
"Pap" Martin, horseshoer in the Supply Company, looking disgustedly
at the neat horseshoe on his sleeve that marked his rank, said that he was
going to see the Supply Sergeant and ask him if he hadn't made a mis-
take in issuing him such insignia.
"Seems to me," said "Pap," "I ought to have a grubbing hoe on my
sleeve, 'stead of this thing."
All of the men felt the same way about it but they stuck to the
task with true Tar Heel grit. Rivalry developed among the organizations,
each striving to have the most attractive street and this helped wonder-
History of the H3th Field Artillery
Camp of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery,
fully. Blistered hands and aching muscles were forgotten in the effort
to outdo the other fellow.
Meanwhile the regiment was being merged into a larger organization,
the 55th Field Artillery Brigade of the 30th Division. The regiment was
no longer known as the "First North Carolina Field Artillery" but was
now designated the "One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery." Beside
it in the artillery area of the camp was the 114th Field Artillery, of Ten-
nessee, also a light artillery organization, and farther on, over the hill, was
the 115th Field Artillery, a heavy outfit, also from Tennessee.
These three organizations, with the 105th Trench Mortar Battery
and the the 105th Ammunition Train, made up the 55th Field Artillery
Brigade. In command was Brigadier General George G. Gatley, one of the
best artillery officers in the United States Army.
Gradually more equipment began to trickle in. The Supply Company
picked up a bunch of escort wagons, borrowed some harness from the
105th Engineers, and drew a few good teams of mules from the Remount
Depot. A month passed and the Remount Depot began to issue horses.
It was several months before the regiment had its full quota of horses
and mules, but "they came at last and they were all that could be desired.
No finer bunch of horses and mules were ever assembled anywhere and
it was the regiment's greatest sorrow that it was not permitted to take
these animals to France.
After the work of clearing away the stumps and trees from the
battery streets had been completed and after the forty acres that com-
posed the corrals were likewise shorn of trees and fit for the habitation
of mules and horses, a sigh of relief went up from the regiment. Every-
body was happy, but it was not to last. One morning General Gatley
called Colonel Cox over to his headquarters and pointing to a spot on
the camp blue print said :
"Your parade ground will be there."
"There" proved to be the area directly north of the regiment's camp,
every inch of which was covered with trees, briars, thorns and vines.
/// Training al Camp Sevier, South Carolina
Camp Sevier, S. C, with the regiment in the foreground.
A Chatham county rabbit would have hesitated long before trying to
make his way through it and Chatham county rabbits are famous through-
out North Carolina for their daring and intrepidity. In spite of all this,
General Gatley remarked careless-like, almost nonchalantly :
"Your parade ground will be there."
"Yes, Sir," said the Colonel and he departed to pass the news on
down to his organization commanders, who, in turn, passed it on to their
top sergeants, who broke the news to the men raspingly :
"Outside! Parade ground grubbing detail for the morning will con-
sist of the following men, etc. File by the supply tent and get your
For the benefit of the uninitiated let it be understood that "pioneer
equipment" is just another name for the outfit used for clearing new
grounds and it meant just axes, saws, picks and mattocks and all of this
was now old stuff to the men, who went at it again with clogged determina-
tion. It was Christmas before all of the grubbing was finished but they got
it cleared in time to make room for their first real guns, a battery of
American 3-inch guns, all of them many years old.
Supplies of all kinds, except food, continued scarce. The rough work
of clearing up forests proved to be very hard on army clothes. Men tore
their uniforms into shreds. Overalls lasted only a few days. Shoes were
ripped and snagged and the bottoms burned off around the brush fires.
Hats lost their shape and leggings were frayed and torn. The Division
Quartermaster was sitting on the lid, holding it clown tight. He had
30,000 men to care for and not equipment enough for half the number.
Consequently, he made life a burden to all supply officers, and his own
existence during those trying months was doubtless troubled. Winter
came on and there were no winter clothes. The weather was bitter cold
before the men could be furnished with winter clothes and a fourth of
winter was past before the first overcoats arrived. It was hard lines,
but there was no help for it. Uncle Sam simply did not have the stuff.
True, there seemed to be no lack of warm winter clothes, fine heavy
History of the 113th Field Artillery
"Call this soldiering if you want to!" Men of the regiment clearing away the forest to make a parade
overcoats and good shoes at National Army camps, those camps de luxe
where the selective service men lived luxuriously in steam-heated barracks,
but those articles were sadly lacking in at least one National Guard
camp, where 30,000 of the finest soldiers the world has ever seen lived
under canvas through the worst winter the South had experienced since
1898. Mumps and measles broke out in camp and, naturally as night
follows day, grippe, pneumonia and kindred ailments came and seized
upon the victims, who, weakened by mumps, measles and exposure, died
in great numbers. Other organizations lost a great deal more heavily
than did the One Hundred and Thirteenth and this immunity from disease
was thought by the surgeons to be due to the gradual hardening of the men,
beginning in the warm days of the early fall and continuing practically
through the winter. Certain it is that the regiment never lacked for the
hardest of manual labor at any time during the fall and winter of 1917-1918
and the men really were as "hard as nails." The few members of the regi-
ment who died were mainly replacements from National Army camps at
Camp Jackson, S. C, and Camp Gordon, Ga. These men came to the regi-
ment late in the fall and they were not prepared for the hardships that came
upon them. It is worth noting here that those twin scourges, mumps and
measles, and that other disease, most dreaded of all, meningitis, were
practically unknown at Camp Sevier until the big contingent of drafted
men arrived from Camp Jackson. The commanding general of the 30th
Division reported these facts to the War Department and a searching
investigation was made. The result of the investigation was never made
In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina
At Drill with wooden guns. This is Battery D.
known, but the surgeons of the 30th Division will bear witness to the fact
that the epidemics that swept over the camp came in the wake of the influx
of drafted men from Camp Jackson and were directly traceable to them.
Later the division learned to quarantine incoming recruits from
National Army camps long enough to see whether they were harboring
deadly germs or not and there was no further trouble along this line.
While the severe weather, scanty clothing, cold tents and frozen
bath-houses were unpleasant and hard to bear with cheerfulness, the
situation had its compensations. The men developed hardihood and
character while struggling with stumps, logs and underbrush, displaying
the same fortitude that later characterized them on the field of battle
and won for them undying fame. The lessons learned on the icy hills
around Camp Sevier helped the division to break the Hindenburg Line
and aided no little in the making of its splendid record.
Shortly after the arrival of the regiment at Camp Sevier there were
changes in the Tables of Organization for practically all branches of the
service. The strength of a light field artillery regiment was increased
by the addition of four men to each battery. Headquarters Company
was increased to 167 men and the Supply Company from 38 to 120 men,
including an ordnance detachment of 12 men.
The commissioned personnel also increased considerably, the increase
being in Headquarters Company and including radio, telephone, gas and
other specialists. According to the Tables of Organization, Headquarters
Company should have had 14 officers but there was never a time when
History of the H3th Field Artillery
Battery C drilling with wooden guns. It takes imagination to see it, but this picture shows a 3-inch
American gun and gun limber.
the company had more than half that number. The regiment was always
short of officers.
Because much has been said about it here, it should not be under-
stood that clearing away the "forest primeval" was the only thing under
way at Camp Sevier. It was the biggest thing going on for several weeks
but at the same time the men were beginning to learn things about their
new trade. While half of a battery was out in the woods hard at work,
the other half would be at standing gun drill or doing "squads east."
No time was lost. Each organization provided itself with wooden guns,
there being no real guns available, and drilled faithfully. These guns
were made out of pine logs, either mounted on old wagon or buggy wheels,
or on forks set in the ground. The first battery to secure enough buggy
wheels to mount its four guns was much envied. The others followed
suit and with true Tar Heel ingenuity provided various substitutes for
instruments needed in their work. In spite of the difficulties training
went forward remarkably well. A great national weekly magazine,
"Leslie's Weekly," heard of the regiment's wooden guns and sent a famous
war correspondent all the way from New York to look the regiment
over, photograph its wooden guns and watch the earnest and aspiring
artillerymen work without equipment. Later these pictures were used to
preach a strong sermon about our nation's unpreparedness and they
created a profound impression.
The arrival of real guns created much excitement in camp. They
came after many promises and many delays, and while they were aged
In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 21
and uncertain in action, the\y were highly prized. The regiment secured four
of them, four others going to the 114th Field Artillery. The guns were
placed on the parade ground and a regular schedule for gun drill was
prepared by which each organization got its turn at the guns with regu-
larity and every gun was in use every working hour. Rain or shine, no
organization missed its drill period. The winter was unusually bitter
but it made no difference with the One Hundred and Thirteenth. There
were only a few days when the snow was too deep and the weather
too cold for outdoor drill and on those days the men were carried to the
mess-halls and instruction continued there. No outfit ever worked harder
than did the One Hundred and Thirteenth. The game was new to every
member of the regiment, from the colonel down, and every member of
the regiment determined to master every detail of it.
Let it be recorded here that the officers of the regiment worked. It
was up to them to keep several jumps ahead of their men and it took
earnest, persistent, grinding labor, through long hours, to do this, for
the enlisted personnel was of a variety that absorbed artillery education
with astonishing ease.
When retreat sounded in the afternoon, the enlisted man could "call
it a day," except perhaps for a little detail work. Ordinarily he was free
to visit the city, or call on friends in other parts of the camp, but not so
with the officer. There was officers' school from seven o'clock until nine,
and after school he had a whole hour to study the work of the coming
day, check up on his paper work, square himself with the various inspectors
who had picked flaws in his battery street, his mess-hall, latrine, or bath-
house and had demanded explanation "by indorsement hereon." That
man was considered some worker who could get through with his labors
by taps and turn in with the blissful consciousness that he had nothing
to do but sleep until reveille.
Not all of the officers of the regiment made good and it is not to
their discredit that they failed. With few exceptions, every man tried
his level best. Not every man can be an artilleryman. There is no
royal road to an artillery education and men of matured minds and settled
habits, many years removed from the school room, find it extremely
difficult to master anew the complexities of higher mathematics, a thorough
knowledge of which is absolutely essential. There are men who can never
be good mathematicians, just as there are men who can never be good
lawyers, good surgeons, or good preachers. In any other branch of the
service, the same amount of energy and devotion to duty might have
brought success to these men who failed to make good as artillery officers.
It is to their credit, too, that they needed no "benzine board," as the well-
known military efficiency board is popularly called in the army, to suggest
resignations. Without exception they recognized their own inability to
master the game and having the good of the regiment at heart, they
stepped down and out with no bitterness in their hearts.
As rapidly as it could be arranged, the battalion commanders and
History of the 113th Field Artillery
adjutants and the various organization commanders, were sent away to
the great U. S. Army Artillery School at Fort Sill, Okla. Lieutenant-
Colonel Sidney C. Chambers was first to go, returning to the regiment
after Christmas. He had taken the Fort Sill course and an additional
course at the school for field officers in Texas. On December 1st, Colonel
Cox went to Fort Sill. Major Stem, of the First Battalion, was also
among those who went early. His adjutant, Captain Joyner, was retained
at Fort Sill as an instructor, after he had finished the course and did not
rejoin the regiment until it was about to sail for duty overseas. In the
absence of the other field officers, Major Bulwinkle commanded the regi-
ment until relieved by Lieutenant-Colonel Jacob A. Mack, of the regular
army, who reported for duty on December 31st. Lieutenant-Colonel John T.
Geary, C. A. C, regular army, was at first assigned to the regiment but
owing to his preference for the "heavies" he was transferred to the 115th
Field Artillery. Lieutenant-Colonel Mack had just returned from France,
where he had seen service with the 7th Field Artillery, U. S. A., and he
remained with the regiment until Colonel Cox had completed his studies
at Fort Sill and at the field officers' school in Texas.
In September the regiment received the following new officers :
Second Lieutenants U. S. R. C, George R. Holmes, Ralph W. Harrison,
Robert P. Beaman, Hamilton S. F. Greene, Wilbur F. Brooks, Rufus G.
Roberts, Christian E. Mears, Francis L. Harris, Harry C. Williams.
First Lieutenant Dental Reserve Corps, Wallace D. Gibbs.
In October Second Lieutenant William O. Hughes, Veterinary Reserve
Corps, was assigned to the regiment from the Remount Depot of the
In November First Lieutenants Medical Reserve Corps, Burmah D.
Moore, Eugene P. Ledford and William H. Goldstein joined the Sanitary
Detachment, the three coming from Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. Goldstein
remained with the regiment about a month and was transferred to a
base hospital in New York. Moore and Ledford were transferred in
February, 1918, to the 118th Infantry of the 30th Division.
In November there were many changes among the officers of the
regiment, among these being the transfer of Captain Erskine E. Boyce
from adjutant of the Second Battalion to Regimental Adjutant, succeeding
Captain Matt H. Allen, who was transferred to the department of the
Judge Advocate General on November 19th with the rank of major; Cap-
tain Rufus M. Johnston, of Headquarters Company, was relieved of his
command and made adjutant of the First Battalion, succeeding Captain
William T. Joyner, who was transferred to Headquarters Company.
There were also many promotions in the regiment in November.
Sergeants Owen S. Robertson, Leroy C. Hand, John W. Moore, Lemuel
R. Johnston, Regimental Sergeant Major William B. Duncan, Color Ser-
geant Henry A. McKinnon and Ordnance Sergeant Jesse E. Carpenter
became second lieutenants. Second Lieutenants Beverly S. Royster, Jr.,
Christian E. Meares, Wade V. Bowman, Robert P. Beaman and Wilbur F.
In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 29
Brooks were made first lieutenants and all assigned to Headquarters
In December Captain Buford F. Williams of Battery E became adju-
tant of the Second Battalion. First Lieutenant Louis B. Crayton, of
Battery F, succeeded him in command of Battery E and was promoted to
captain on December 22d. During the month Sergeant Frank B. Davis,
Sergeant Owen H. Guion, Regimental Sergeant Major Caleb K. Burgess
and Battalion Sergeant Major Zack D. Harden were made second lieuten-
ants. Second Lieutenants Eugene P. Allison and William B. Duncan were
promoted to first lieutenants. First Lieutenant Robert M. Hanes reported
for duty and was assigned to Battery E. He was later to become captain
of Battery A. First Lieutenant Frank K. Borden and Second Lieutenant
Emmett H. Bellamy, 0. R. C, joined the regiment during this month.
Lieutenant Wilbur F. Brooks was transferred to headquarters 55th F. A.
Brigade and Lieutenants Goldstein, Holmes and Williams were transferred
to other camps.
During December many difficulties were encountered. Practically
all of the month was extremely cold. There were many heavy snows and
to make a bad situation worse, the measles and mumps epidemics already
referred to, were at their height. For a large part of the month the
regiment was in quarantine and only those who have experienced a camp
quarantine know just how deadly dull and trying it is. There were days
when drill at the guns could not be held and on these days the regiment
took long practice hikes, covering all of the territory around Camp Sevier.
At this time the regiment had about 1,000 head of horses and
mules, and feeding and grooming these animals under the weather con-
ditions that prevailed was a tremendous task. To make a bad matter
worse, the accumulations of soiled bedding and manure from the corrals
had to be hauled out daily and delivered in accordance with the instruc-
tions of a Greenville contractor, who had contracted for the whole output
of the camp at the low price of twenty-five cents per load, delivered any-
where within eight miles of camp. The Supply Company delivered under
this contract an average of twenty loads daily for many months, with
an average haul of twelve miles. This Greenville contractor collected
$1.50 per load from the farmers of the surrounding country. An effort
was made to ascertain the name of the brilliant quartermaster who made
this contract but the effort was in vain. Nobody wanted to father the
deal and the buck was passed with much speed whenever it was mentioned.
No other organization of the regiment will begrudge the Supply Com-
pany a few words of praise for the work they did during that long hard
winter. In addition to keeping the corrals clean they had their other
labors to perform, a regiment to feed and clothe and with this foolish
contract to carry out, it required seven days of hard labor every week.
There was no rest for the Supply Company. When a rare half holiday
came along, down would come a memorandum from headquarters, reading
about as follows:
History of the 113th Field Artillery
CAMP SEVIER SCENES
il ) Regimental Street under snow. (2) A Detail engaged in Flooring Tents. (3) Battery C's Rolling
Kitchen, completely covered with Cooks and K. P.'s. U) "Danger," the famous Pit Bull Mascot
of the Supply Company at "Attention." (5) Snapshot of the Officers' Club House. (6) A Section
of the Camp. (7) Looking up Regimental Street toward Headquarters. (8) Lining up for Chow.
(9) "Asa," the Mascot of Battery A, saddled and ready fc r action.
In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 31
"Class B men, all organizations, will report to the Supply Company
for policing corrals."
"Class B men" being men who by misconduct of one kind or another
had forfeited the rights usually accorded enlisted men.
One of the Supply Company "mule-skinners" was heard to remark
to his corporal one snowy day:
"Say, Corp, I know now who put the 'S' in 'S. 0. L.' "
And he put his finger on the big letter S that showed on his collar
Nevertheless, he and his fellows worked faithfully and cheerfully in
all kinds of weather. When the wagons of the Supply Company stopped
rolling it was because they had encountered a division inspector who had
declared the roads too bad for traffic. Nothing else could stop them and
the result was that when bad weather was over, the corrals of the One
Hundred and Thirteenth were as clean as a new pin and the Supply
Company was able to respond to a frantic plea for help from the Supply
Company of the 114th which had found the weather too bad for it. The
company did this with real pleasure, too, for there was a great deal of
good-natured rivalry between the two organizations and this calling for
help was proof positive that the Tar Heel outfit had the edge on their
And that was some winter, too ! The people of Greenville said that
there had been no such weather there since the Spanish-American War.
They resented no little the many uncomplimentary things that were said
about their climate and they spoke enthusiastically about the balmy
winters they usually served to all comers. This was received with jeers
and scoffing by the majority and with polite skepticism by the rest.
Whatever the usual thing may be in the way of Greenville winters,
the fact remains that the winter of 1917-18 was altogether bad, exceed-
ingly uncomfortable, and more like the variety one would expect in the
far north. It was marked by terrible blizzards and high winds. Much
of the tentage used by the regiment had seen service on the Mexican
border. Several tents bore old markings of Pershing's expeditionary force.
All of it was old and the winds ripped it to shreds. Sparks from the
Sibley stoves fell on the sides of the tents and burned great holes in
them. Many were destroyed completely, and there were no new tents
to be had and no canvas for patching the old.
Organization commanders will remember this season of trouble and
worry. The Commanding General while roaming through the regiment
one day, caught sight of a row of tents in one of the batteries that
was worse, far worse, than any of the others. He sent an aide to tell
the captain of the battery to mend his ways, also his tents, at once. The
captain made every effort to secure canvas to do the mending but there
was none to be had. The following clay, a cold and snowy Saturday, the
General passed through again on his regular Saturday tour of inspection
and he remembered the message he had sent to the battery commander.
32 History of the 113th Field Artillery
The General, always a fluent talker, surpassed himself that day and the
things he said to that luckless captain doubtless make his ears burn to
this day, for the General is noted for a blistering tongue, a caustic and
copious flow of language and picturesque, highly-colored phraseology.
He promised that luckless captain that he would find every one of
those neglected holes — and there were scores of them — in his efficiency
record and he forthwith confined the captain and all of his officers to
camp until every hole had been mended.
But that sort of thing was all in the day's work. It was nothing to
lose sleep over. It is the way of generals to find things to kick about
and the vast majority of them kicked promiscuously and with great fre-
quency from the rising up of the sun to the going down of the same and
no man dares say them nay. Just why it is necessary for higher officers
of the regular army — generals in particular — to raise Cain all the time,
never dropping a word of commendation, is a deep, dark mystery to the
unprofessional soldier. Their system seems to work fairly well but the
same results might be obtained in a much more pleasing way.
Having mentioned Greenville, right here is as good a place as any
to speak of that long-suffering, much-enduring town situated in the
suburbs of Camp Sevier. It has been the experience of most towns that
landed cantonments after long and earnest effort, that the cantonment
was not always an unmixed blessing. The soldier receives a warm wel-
come at first but when he begins to fill the streets and stores and jam the
street cars and jitneys, the inhabitants of the city he is gumming up grow
weary and grumble. If Greenville ever felt this way about the 30th
Division, she hid it wonderfully well. Greenville merchants and land-
lords may have profiteered a bit, for the opportunity was there and they
were human, but in the main the finest feeling prevailed always between
the people of the town and the soldiers. Greenville, like charity, suffered
long and was kind.
Officers will remember their Saturday night visits to Greenville as
orgies of saluting. Anywhere on Main street in the city of Greenville on
Saturday night an officer walking or standing still, was required to execute
thirty salutes per minute. When his right arm could stand the strain no
longer he would hail a jitney and get off the street, or take refuge in a
Officers and enlisted men in great numbers will also remember Green-
ville for the hospitality shown their wives and children. Hundreds of
soldiers brought their families to Greenville and kept them there during
the long months of training. This was a source of much comfort to all
In the various Liberty Loan drives that marked the fall of 1917, the
regiment did its part exceedingly well. In the drive ending on Novem-
ber 2, 1917, the regiment subscribed for $55,750 of bonds, 751 officers
and men subscribing. This was distributed through the regiment as
In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 33
Officers not reported with organizations $ 450. no
Supply Company 2,150.00
Headquarters Company 1,750.00
Sanitary Detachment 2,900.00
Battery A 8,650.00
Battery B 10.600.00
Battery C 5,400.00
Battery D 9,650.00
Battery E 6,750.00
Battery F 7,450.00
Battery F led in the number of subscribers, having 149. Battery
B was second with 134 and Battery A third with 120.
The men did well also in the matter of making allotments to their
families, practically all of them showing an earnest desire to take advan-
tage of everything offered them by the War Department. The regiment
experienced a great deal of trouble with allotments. There seemed to be
a complete breakdown in Washington and it took months to get simple
little questions answered and small mistakes cleared up. In scores of
cases there were wives, children and dependent parents at home sorely
in need of the amount allotted to them and it was extremely difficult to
get the allotments going. If you want to get a rise out of the average
soldier, say something about that famous organization, the Bureau of War
Risk Insurance, that had charge of the matter. No government agency
ever looked better on its face or failed more completely than did this one.
The men of the regiment seized the opportunity to take the insurance
offered by the government with great enthusiasm. When the campaign
was over and the time limit set by the government had expired, 1,479
officers and men of the regiment had subscribed for war risk insurance
totalling $12,500,000, making the regiment full 100 per cent, insured.
The official record of the insurance drive published in a memorandum
from regimental headquarters on February 13, 1918, was .as follows:
RECORD OF INSURANCE SUBSCRIPTIONS FOR
ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY.
Sanitary Detachment . . .
Average amount subscribed for — $8,440.65.
""This total includes twenty officers. Remainder of officers insured but not included in
The regiment will always be proud of this record. Not many organiza-
tions in the service equalled it and none excelled it. It drew special com-
34 History of the 113th Field Artillery
mendation from the division commander. Adding the insurance taken by
the remainder of the officers of the regiment, it was insured for a total of
The insurance idea was one that grew on the men as the months
went by, as is indicated by the number of policies taken in each organiza-
tion. Men who started with one policy of $5,000, subscribed for another,
going the full limit.
But, as has been hinted at heretofore, a most exacting and rigid
course of instruction in all phases of artillery work was carried out despite
the fearful weather and the various Liberty bond and insurance cam-
paigns. Nothing, no matter how praiseworthy, was allowed to interfere
with the work of making artillerymen out of the men and officers of the
One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery. The progress made was
phenomenal, considering the difficulties encountered in the way of lack of
equipment, lack of trained instructors, and, as has been mentioned, ex-
tremely bad weather. Whatever else they may have lacked, nobody ever
accused the men of the regiment of lacking energy, grit, initiative and
enthusiasm and they stuck to the work with unwavering determination.
In the matter of instructors, the regiment might have fared worse.
It was extremely fortunate in having a one third interest in Lieutenant
Jacques J. L. Popelin, a brilliant young French artillery officer of rare tact
and understanding. He came to the 55th Field Artillery Brigade about
December 1, 1917, just as Colonel Cox was leaving for the Fort Sill
Artillery School. Lieutenant Popelin had served for nearly four years
on the front and he knew the game from the ground up. He did not
laugh at the crudeness of things as he found them. Never once did he
sneer at well-meaning efforts of inexperienced, but terribly-in-earnest,
soldiers to do things they were ordered to do. He was always willing
and anxious to help, always properly sympathetic and always patient, no
matter how helplessly the student floundered. He was just as ready to
spend hours helping a hopeless bone-head master a problem as he was to
help the more brilliant, and that is what won for him the respect and
admiration of the entire brigade. Elsewhere in this book Lieutenant
Popelin tells in his own way of the training period and of his experience
with the regiment. He writes as he speaks and his letter will serve to
recall to all of the officers of the regiment his delightful lectures.
Another Frenchman was attached to the brigade for several months,
Marechal des Logis Boree, also an experienced fighter and a very helpful
instructor. Boree supervised the construction of four gun emplacements,
very much on the order of the gun emplacements the regiment was to
find all along the front in the St. Mihiel sector.
Lieutenant-Colonel Jacob A. Mack, of the regular army, who assumed
command of the regiment on January 1, 1918, believed strongly in shifting
his officers around, "breaking up happy families" as he expressed it. His
contention was that no officer should command his home company for the
reason that it would be very difficult for the officer to avoid having favorites
In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina :55
among his men and "playing" these favorites, too; that officers and men
were prone to get into a rut and lose interest in their work, if they asso-
ciated too long together. Therefore, he set about the task of shaking up
the regiment and when he got through with it there was "nobody home"
in any outfit except the Supply Officer and the Regimental Adjutant.
These two were not moved.
During the month of January the following transfers and other
changes took place among the officers of the regiment :
First Lieutenant William P. Whittaker transferred from Headquarters
Company to Battery D ; First Lieutenant J. E. Moore, from Battery D to
Headquarters Company ; Sergeant James P. Dodge, Jr., promoted to second
lieutenant and assigned to Battery F ; Second Lieutenant E. H. Bellamy,
Battery F, transferred to Chickamaugua Park ; Second Lieutenant Thomas
J. Craig, Battery C, to Headquarters Company; Second Lieutenant Robert
H. Lawrence, Battery B, resigned; First Lieutenant David R. Morris,
Battery A, to Headquarters Company; First Lieutenant Claude B. Mc-
Brayer, Headquarters Company, resigned.
In February Captain Gustaf R. Westfeldt joined the regiment and was
assigned to Headquarters Company. He assumed command of that organi-
zation on February 21st. First Lieutenant Horace C. Bennett also joined
the regiment and was assigned to Headquarters Company. First Lieuten-
ant Sanford A. Richardson, Battery E, was transferred to Headquarters
Company and later resigned. First Lieutenant P. B. Perry, Supply Com-
pany, transferred to Headquarters Company and resigned on February
20th. First Lieutenant Robert P. Beaman, transferred from Headquarters
Company to Battery B ; First Lieutenant Christian E. Mears, Headquarters
Company, to Battery E ; Second Lieutenant Jesse E. Carpenter, Headquar-
ters Company to Battery A; Second Lieutenant Zack D. Harden, Head-
quarters Company to Battery A ; Captain John H. Weddell, Battery A to
battalion adjutant, First Battalion; First Lieutenant William B. R. Guion,
Battery A, to Battery C ; Second Lieutenant Richard D. Dixon, Battery
A, to Battery E ; Second Lieutenant Frank B. Davis, Battery A, to Battery
D ; Captain Lennox P. McLendon, Battery C, to Battery B ; First Lieuten-
ant Frank B. Ashcraft, Battery D to Battery B ; Second Lieutenant H. B.
Covington, Battery D to Battery B ; Second Lieutenant John W. Moore,
Headquarters Company to Battery B ; First Lieutenant William E. Baug-
ham, Battery B to Supply Company; Captain Rufus M. Johnston, from
adjutant of First Battalion to Battery F; First Lieutenant Enoch S. Sim-
mons, Battery B to Battery F; First Lieutenant Frank L. Fuller, Battery
C to Battery F; Second Lieutenant H. H. Hardison, Battery D to Battery
F; Captain Reid R. Morrison, Battery F to Battery D; First Lieutenant
George A. Morrow, Battery F to Battery D ; First Lieutenant Eugene Alli-
son, Battery F to Battery C ; Second Lieutenant Eugene P. Jones, Battery
F to Battery C; Second Lieutenant James P. Dodge, Jr., Battery F to
Battery A; Captain Wiley C. Rodman, Battery B to Battery E; Second
Lieutenant Owen S. Robertson, Battery C to Battery E : First Lieutenant
36 History of the 113th Field Artillery
S. M. Gattis, Battery C to Battery D ; First Lieutenant Robert M. Hanes,
Battery E to Battery A; Second Lieutenant G. S. Dixon, Battery B to
Battery D ; Second Lieutenant Leroy C. Hand, Battery E to Battery
C ; Captain Louis B. Crayton, Battery E to Battery C ; Second Lieutenant
Eugene P. Jones, of Battery C resigned on February 7th.
Practically all of the transfers in February were made in one order,
R. S. 0. No. 21, dated February 1, 1918. Officers and men will long remem-
ber this particular order, for it came without warning and completely
upset the old and established order of things.
In March there were also many changes, though not so many as in
February. Battery A reported no changes. In Battery B, Leroy C. Hand,
Battery C, promoted from second lieutenant to first, was in command
of the outfit in the absence of Captain McLendon, who was at Fort Sill.
Second Lieutenant Russel N. Boswell, commissioned from sergeant and
transferred from Battery C, and Second Lieutenant Henry A. McKinnon,
transferred to Battery B from Headquarters Company, were the other new
officers in Battery B. First Lieutenant John W. Moore and First Lieuten-
ant Frank B. Ashcraft were transferred, the first to Battery E and the
latter to Headquarters Company. Lieutenant Ashcraft resigned during the
month. First Lieutenants Frank L. Fuller and Enoch S. Simmons were
transferred from Battery F to Battery C and Second Lieutenant Francis
E. Liles, newly commissioned from sergeant, was assigned to Battery C.
First Lieutenant William B. R. Guion was transferred from Battery C to
Battery A and First Lieutenant William P. Whittaker to Battery F.
In Battery D, First Lieutenant George A. Morrow resigned and First
Lieutenant Richard D. Dixon, promoted during the month from Second
Lieutenant, was assigned to the battery from Battery E. In Battery E,
there was only one other change during the month. Second Lieutenant
Marshal S. Barnett, commissioned from sergeant, was assigned to the
battery on March 13th. Battery F was unchanged, except that Ordnance
Sergeant Edwin B. Haynes, Supply Company, was commissioned second
lieutenant and assigned to the battery. Headquarters Company showed
two changes in March, one being the resignation of First Lieutenant
Frank B. Ashcraft and the assignment to the company of Second Lieuten-
ant J. P. Bolt, commissioned from regimental supply sergeant on March
13th. In the Sanitary Detachment Second Lieutenant W. 0. Hughes,
veterinary corps, was made first lieutenant, First Lieutenants Burmah D.
Moore and Henry P. Ledford were transferred to the 118th Infantry.
In April the regiment lost for a time eighteen of its officers who were
sent overseas with the advance school detachment of the 30th Division.
From Headquarters Company First Lieutenants David R. Morris and Julian
E. Moore were transferred to the Aviation Concentration Camp at Fort
Sill. Second Lieutenant Henry A. McKinnon was transferred to Battery
A, Second Lieutenant John P. Bolt to the Supply Company, and First
Lieutenant William B. Duncan to Battery E. Second Lieutenant Zack
D. Harden was transferred to Battery A. Second Lieutenant Harry B.
In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 37
Covington resigned from Battery B. First Lieutenant Eugene Allison,
of Battery A, was assigned to Battery C on April 24th and Captain Louis
B. Crayton of Battery C, was assigned to Battery E on April 13th. On
the same date Captain Reid R. Morrison, of Battery D was reassigned
to his old battery F, and Captain Rufus M. Johnston, of Battery F, was
assigned to Battery D. Second Lieutenant Edwin B. Haynes, Battery F,
was assigned to Battery E. First Lieutenant William P. Whittaker was
transferred to Headquarters Company. Captain John H. Weddell, adjutant
of the First Battalion, resigned.
About the middle of May nine new officers reported to the regiment,
all coming from the field artillery replacement camp at Camp Jackson,
S. C. They were : Captain Nugent B. Vairin, Jr., First Lieutenants Charles
H. Wood, Allan W. Douglass, Lewis M. Smith, Jr., Maitland Solomon ; Sec-
ond Lieutenants Richard S. Schmidt, Daniel T. Roberts, Ernest W. Hinch-
cliffe and Kip I. Chace. Two of these, Lieutenant Douglass and Lieutenant
Schmidt, were assigned to Battery A. Second Lieutenant James P. Dodge,
Jr., was transferred from Battery A to Headquarters Company and Second
Lieutenant Jesse E. Carpenter, of Battery A, resigned. First Lieutenant
Charles H. Wood and Second Lieutenant Daniel T. Roberts were assigned
to Battery B. Second Lieutenant Ernest W. Hinchcliffe was assigned to
Battery C. Captain Nugent B. Vairin, Jr., was assigned to Battery D,
succeeding Captain Rufus M. Johnston, who resigned. Second Lieutenant
Kip I. Chace was also assigned to Battery D. First Lieutenant Maitland
Solomon and Second Lieutenant Richard S. Schmidt were assigned to Bat-
tery F. First Lieutenant Lewis M. Smith was assigned to Headquarters
Company and First Lieutenant William E. Baugham, relieved from duty
with the Supply Company, was also assigned to Headquarters Company.
First Lieutenant Frank K. Borden was transferred from the Headquar-
ters Company to the Aviation Concentration Camp at Fort Sill. First Lieu-
tenant Joseph Lonergon was transferred to the regiment from the Quarter-
master Corps and was attached to the Supply Company on May 1. He
was assigned to the Supply Company on May 22d. Captain Martin Olt-
. house, veterinary corps, was assigned to the regiment during this month.
In April the regimental staff was increased by the addition of another
officer, a personnel adjutant. First Lieutenant Alfred W. Horton, of the
30th Division Staff, was selected for this place and he was transferred to the
regiment, soon thereafter being promoted to captain. This new office, it
was announced, would relieve company commanders of the onerous labors
of making out pay rolls and writing miles of reports. While all of the
dreams engendered by the news of the new departure failed to come true,
it did serve to greatly lighten the burdens of all organization commanders.
The Personnel Officer took from the shoulders of the Supply Officer the
burden of handling the regiment's pay account and his records, carefully
card indexed and filed, made instantly available the regiment's every asset
in the way of specially trained man-power.
While these changes were taking place among the officers of the
38 History of the 113th Field Artillery
regiment, many changes were taking place among the enlisted men of the
regiment. By slow degrees every man found his place. Men who had
come to camp, privates, demonstrated their fitness for places of responsi-
bility and in many cases men who had come to camp wearing the stripes
of a corporal or of a sergeant again found their way back to the ranks.
The changes were too numerous to be chronicled here. In March, April
and May of 1918, there were many calls for specially trained men for
service overseas and elsewhere in the United States. French speaking
soldiers were taken in one group and sent to Camp Greene, N. C, for
immediate service in France. Another time the call was for railway
mechanics for the A. E. F. and the regiment lost heavily. Truck drivers
and auto mechanics went out in a body, leaving a big gap in the ranks,
and so it went. Organization commanders were sorely tried during these
months, for they knew not the hour when an order would come down
calling for their very best men. A good private is a precious possession
and one to be cherished, but a good non-com is worth his weight in gold.
It takes long, hard, sustained effort to develop one and to have him trailed
down to your outfit by a card index hound and snatched away without
so much as "by your leave," is one of the things that makes war what
Sherman said it was.
In January the following soldiers were sent to the Third Officers'
Training Camp at Camp Stanley, Leon Springs, Texas:
Sergeant Major W. A. Allen, First Sergeant W. F. Danielly, Sergeants
Fred M. Patterson, Paul B. Scott, Michael H. Jones and George B. Hellen,
Headquarters Company; Corporal Leland C. Shepard, Supply Company;
Sergeant John G. Hudgins, Battery A ; First Sergeant W. A. Blount, Bat-
tery B; Sergeant C. B. Wills, Battery C; Sergeant Nero T. Bobbitt and
Corporal Percy H. Wilson, Battery D ; Sergeant C. J. M. Blume, Corporals
Leland White, Jr., and Mitchell F. Orr, Private John L. Bell, of Battery F.
Many other men were transferred to other branches of the service.
The Signal Corps took quite a number and the Quartermaster Corps
called for trained accountants and men experienced in the handling of
supplies. By means of the card index of the personnel officer these men
were located easily and taken away in droves. There was never a time
when the regiment was unable to furnish the kind of men called for.
Every variety of skilled labor and most of the professions were represented
in the regiment.
As these men went, others came to fill their places. They came from
National Army camps at Camp Jackson, S. C, Camp Gordon, Ga., and
Camp Funston, Kan. The men received from Camp Funston, Kan., were
of an unusually high order and well trained in field artillery work. Those
received from Jackson and Gordon were green. The Camp Funston men
were out of the 89th Division and almost without exception proved to
be good soldiers. A search of the records would show that the Camp
Funston detachment furnished the regiment a number of non-com-
missioned officers out of all proportion to the size of the detachment.
In Training at Camp Sevier, South Carolina 39
These men were all from the west. Missouri, Kansas and Nebraska were
well represented as were the Dakotas and Colorado.
The War Department changed its policy of promoting men from the
ranks in the spring of 1918, requiring thereafter a course in some training
camp. The number of officer candidates alloted to each regiment was very
small and this was very discouraging to the ambitious. The One Hun-
dred and Thirteenth Field Artillery possessed "officer timber" in large
quantities. No regiment ever boasted an enlisted personnel ranking
higher in intelligence and soldierly qualities in general than that of
the One Hundred and Thirteenth. There was no disposition on the
part of the officers of the regiment to keep any of their men from attend-
ing the officers' training camps, though it was discouraging to the last
degree to train a non-commissioned officer up to a point where he was
almost indispensable and then lose him. On the other hand, they pulled
hard for their best sergeants and the selection of the monthly list of
candidates was always fraught with rivalry.
Meanwhile, those who were left in the regiment were fast getting an
artillery education. Officers began to report back from the great Artillery
School of Fire at Fort Sill in January, Lieutenant-Colonel Chambers being
first to return, and these brought new ideas and new methods of instruc-
tion. The 3-inch guns were worked all day long and the old wooden guns
lost their bark. The men kept on the jump all the time. Lieutenant-
Colonel Mack began to instruct the officers in new French methods which
he had acquired with the 7th Field Artillery in France. They learned
that firing cannons was no longer a simple matter, but that they must take
into consideration the density of the air, the temperature of the powder and
various and sundry meteorological facts and circumstances. Lieutenant
Popelin was an expert along this line and was of great assistance to Lieu-
Lieutenant Popelin was ordered to Fort Sill in February, but returned
to the brigade in March, just as the regiment was getting ready to start
to the artillery range at Cleveland Mills, about twenty miles north of Camp
Sevier. This period of practice firing, the first the men had, was one of
unusual interest to them. For months they had been going through the
motions of loading, aiming and firing. They had stood gun drill until they
were letter perfect in the execution of every command and the gun squads
moved like well-oiled machines. The men wondered if they could handle
"live" shells as smoothly as they handled the wooden shells, and if the report
of the guns would rattle them ; and they were possessed of a great and
burning curiosity to see their officers work under conditions approximating
actual warfare. They could hardly wait to get on the range and at work.
The First Battalion, with about half of the Supply Company and the
battalion detail out of Headquarters Company, left for the range on the
30th day of March, arriving the following day. The First Battalion spent a
week in target work and was relieved by the Second Battalion and the other
halves of Headquarters and Supply Companies, these returning from the
40 History of the 113th Field Artillery
range on April 15th. The work of the officers and of the men was satis-
factory throughout and very pleasing to the instructors.
Very soon after the return of the regiment from the artillery range
rumors of moving began to stir and soon they were coming thick and fast.
Equipment was checked and rechecked and property accounts carefully
audited. The Division Quartermaster had scoured the nation for equipment
for his division and at the final check-up it was found to be in fairly good
condition. The Assistant Division Quartermaster announced in April that
according to his records the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery
was the best equipped regiment in the division, leading all other outfits
by a margin of 9 per cent, in quartermaster property. In the matter of
ordnance signal and engineer property, the outfit was sadly lacking, and
these classes of property were not received in abundance until the regiment
On April 19, 1918, Colonel Cox was directed by the Division Com-
mander to name 18 officers and 30 enlisted men as an "advance school
detachment" to precede the regiment to France for instruction. This
detachment left the regiment on April 30th and sailed from New York on
the steamship George Washington on May 8th. They landed at Brest,
France and reported at the U. S. Artillery School at Camp de Valdahon,
France. This detachment rejoined the regiment at Camp de Coetquidan,
France, on June 22, 1918. It consisted of the following officers and men :
Lieut.-Col. Sidney C. Chambers, commanding.
Wireless or Telegraphy: Reconnaissance and Orientation:
1st Lieut. Horace C. Bennett. Capt. Lennox P. McLendon.
1st Lieut. Christian E. Mears. 1st Lieut. William B. R. Guion.
. 1st Lieut. John W. Moore.
Flrm 9- 2d Lieut. Lemuel R. Johnston.
Capt. Wiley C. Rodman.
Capt. Robert M. Hanes.
1st Lieut. Wade V. Bowman.
1st Lieut. Richard D. Dixon. 1st Lieut. William E. Baugham.
1st Lieut. Beverly S. Royster, Jr. 1st Lieut. Samuel M. Gattis, Jr.
1st Lieut. Enoch S. Simmons. 2d Lieut. Zack D. Harden.
2d Lieut. James P. Dodge, Jr 2d Lieut. Caleb K. Burgess.
Department of Materiel: Department of Telephone:
Sgts. Edward E. Bell and John G. Hud- Sgt. Luther White, of Battery A.
gins, of Battery A. C rp. William L. Hassel, of Battery B.
Sgts. Frank W. McKeel and James K. Corp Legter y Smith> of Battery &
Proctor, of Battery B. _ _ , _ _.,,. „ „ „
c 4- ou i t> iij-'ii r r> ij. /-i Corp. Fred E. Williams, of Battery D.
Sgt. Charles B. Wills, of Battery C. * ' J
Sgts. Nero T. Bobbitt and Percy H. Wil- s gt- Ronald A. Craven, of Battery E.
son, of Battery D. 1st CI. Pvt. Clarence G. Hope, of Battery
Sgt. Walter R. Minish, of Battery E. F.
Sgts. McLin S. Choate and Charles F. Sgt. Fred M. Patterson, of Headquar-
Rich, of Battery F. ters Co.
In Training at Camp Seiner, South Carolina
Department of Wireless:
Sgt. Newton S. Gulley, of Battery B.
Sgt. Lawrence F. Dixon, of Battery C.
Sgt. Archie B. Fairley, of Battery D.
Corp. Rufus A. Annas, of Battery E.
Corp. Charles G. Sellers, of Battery F.
Corp. George H. Goelson, of Battery A.
Sgt. Ralph L. Henderson, of Headquar-
Department of Observation and Liaison:
Corp. Jacob H. Ziegler, of Battery A.
Corp. Marshall E. Bagwell, of Battery B.
1st CI. Pvt. Charles L. Andrews, of
Pvt. Julian D. Kirby, of Battery D.
Pvt. Dedrick S. Barber, of Battery E.
Corp. William E. Cornelius, of Battery
Sgt. Earl Johnson, of Headquarters Co.
The departure of these men stirred the regiment to fever heat. The
whole outfit, both officers and men, were wild to be on the move and eager
to get at the foe. The news from Europe at that time was not cheering.
Germany had launched the first of her five big drives in March. The
result had been disastrous to the allies. In April Germany again smashed
through the allied lines for big gains and it began to look like the war
would be over before the eager warriers of the One Hundred and Thir-
teenth could reach the scene of action. Bare thought of such an ending,
such a blasting of all their hopes, wore the patience of the waiting soldiers
threadbare and when things began to look like real action was in prospect,
great was their enthusiasm.
The infantry outfits of the division were first to move, and they moved
swiftly when they started. Within a week from the time the movement
started, all of the big camp, except the area occupied by the 55th Field
Artillery Brigade and a few scattering units, was vacant. Then began
another period of depression that lasted for ten days or more. Rumors
again flew thick and fast and the most persistent of them had it that no
artillery outfits were going to France for many months, as the Allies were
well-fixed with artillery but needed infantry and machine gun outfits.
On May 8th a telegram from Adjutant General McCain was received
directing the movement of all remaining units of the division to the Port
of Embarkation, Hoboken, N. J., and this dispelled all doubt. Hurry-up
orders came down for the turning in to the Remount Depot of all animals
and there was great scurrying around in all quarters to clear up property
accounts. The regiment checked out exactly in the matter of animals,
much to the delight of everybody concerned. The 3-inch American guns
were shipped to Camp Jackson for the artillery replacement division there
and the battery of British 75 milimetre guns, which the regiment received
late in the spring and used but little, were shipped to the 37th Division at
Camp Sheridan, Ala. Hundreds of packing boxes were made and the work
of packing and marking equipment was carried through without a hitch.
The regiment was ready for moving at the hour appointed for it, with
nothing left undone. There was not a single "hang over" left to worry
about and no Camp Sevier ghosts rose to haunt the regiment afterwards.
The regiment boarded train on Sunday, May 19, 1918, and on the
day following. Headquarters and Supply Companies and the First Bat-
42 History of the 113th Field Artillery
talion left Sunday on trains No. 48 and No. 49, with Lieutenants Whittaker
and Barnett as train quartermasters. On Monday train No. 50, with Lieu-
tenant Bolt as train quartermaster, carried the Second Battalion. Trains
No. 48 and No. 49 reached Camp Albert L. Mills, Long Island, N. Y., on
Tuesday, May 21st, and the remaining units reached camp late the same day,
marching into a camp area only partly equipped in pitch-black darkness
and in a driving rain.
The regiment spent the remainder of the week at Camp Mills and a
busy week it was for everybody. Orders were to turn in every piece of
equipment and draw new equipment and this involved tremendous labor.
A flock of inspectors descended upon the regiment and every article of
equipment was scrutinized as closely as if the fate of the world depended
on its good condition. The great city of New York just across the Sound,
beckoned in vain. There was no opportunity for the officers to get any
recreation or relaxation and the majority of the non-commissioned officers
were bound down to their tasks in the same way. The big job was to get
the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery ready for duty overseas.
On Sunday morning, May 26, 1918, the regiment marched from Camp
Mills and boarded a ferry-boat and was carried to its loading pier, where
it found the Armagh, a big British freighter waiting to receive it. This
boat had been constructed for carrying beef from Australia and New Zea-
land to England and was, no doubt, admirably adapted to that sort of
business, but as a transport for soldiers it left much to be desired. The
boat had been converted hastily into a transport and the quarters provided
for the men were the last word in discomfort, extremely hard to keep
even half clean and very poorly ventilated. About 2,500 soldiers were
crowded into the Armagh. It held all of the One Hundred and Thirteenth
except about fifteen officers, who were assigned to the 115th Field Artillery
for the voyage; the 105th Field Signal Battalion, under Major Van Dusen;
Headquarters 55th Field Artillery Brigade, with General Gatley in charge,
and a few other scattered units.
The Armagh sailed on the 27th of May and it struck nasty foggy
weather before it was well out of the harbor. Thirteen other ships and
one lone battleship slipped out of the mist and joined the Armagh on the
morning of the 28th and throughout the long voyage the convoy kept in
regular formation day and night.
For more than a week, as the ship labored on, there was small
thought of dangers lurking near, for it took that long to get within what
was then called the "danger zone" and it is just as well that nobody on
board knew that German submarines were operating at that time just
outside New York harbor. Everywhere on the broad Atlantic in those
days there was danger. The regiment was on the water at the time when
the first news of submarine operations along the coasts of the United
States startled the country and it caused much uneasiness among the
people at home. No member of the regiment knew about it until after
the Armagh had reached Liverpool.
THE JOURNEY TO FRANCE
HE voyage was devoid of incident, except that there was a
submarine scare. The ship's second officer on watch one
night was very positive that he saw the wake of a torpedo
as it passed close astern of the nearest ship in the convoy
and shot on across the bow of the Armagh. The convoy
speeded up and when daylight came several of the ships
were found to be out of position. They drifted back into
formation and the voyage continued as before, the ships
zig-zagging across the ocean after a scheme agreed upon. In the office of
the navigator, high on the bridge of the ship, a little clock gave a signal
at regular intervals and the big ship obeyed it instantly. Every other
ship in the convoy changed course at exactly the same moment.
The voyage was monotonous in the extreme. The eternal sameness
got on everyone's nerves. Hundreds of the soldiers, both officers and men,
were getting their first taste of the sea and "mal de mer" claimed them for
its own. Fog settled down on the sea like a blanket and the ship's whistle
sounded night and day. Inspection followed inspection and life-boat drill
was the only thing that broke the monotony, and even that palled on the
men after the first week. "Craps" was interesting until the crew had been
relieved of all of their money. The wily Britishers proved an easy mark
at this game, but they came back at the Yanks with a game of their own
that easily recouped all their losses. The game flourished until news of it
came to the ears of some officers of the regiment and it was stopped.
The Armagh and her sister ships of the convoy took the northern
route. None who traveled with that outfit will deny that the convoy went
north. It grew cold and colder and everybody looked for icebergs. In
fact, the opinion was freely expressed that the north pole was not far off
and every man wore his heavy overcoat and was glad that he had it. The
life-belts were fine chest protectors. The majority of the men had the
padded jacket variety, with a heavy collar that stood up around the ears.
These were worn after the ship reached the so-called "danger zone."
To make things worse, there was the British grub and British cooking.
It was all good, from a British standpoint, but exceedingly disgusting to
American stomachs. There was mutton. Few Americans like mutton, but
the Britisher holds it second only to his beloved roast beef. The Armagh
seemed to be stocked up heavily on mutton and anxious to get rid of it,
far there was mutton every day and very often mutton twice a day.
41 History of the 113th Field Artillery
Then there was that other evil-tasting mixture that the Britishers
called "orange marmalade." This came on the menu with sickening reguf-
larity. The men hated the stuff and more than one can of it went over-
board. In fact, so much of it went that way that guards were set to watch
out for such "wanton waste of comestibles." The men could hardly figure
just how the stuff came to be considered a "comestible," for it was not
palatable. When warned not to destroy more of it they readily desisted,
one man stating it clearly in these words :
"The stuff ain't fit for a human being to eat and according to my way of
looking at it, overboard is the place for it, but if there are people in the
world foolish enough to eat it, I say let's save it for them."
Potatoes, boiled in their jackets, were on the bill of fare for every
meal, and so it went. There was never any lack of food and the food was
undoubtedly nourishing, but it didn't suit the American soldier. The men
longed for their own "mess line" again, with their own mess sergeants pre-
siding over the "eats" and their own cooks and "K. P.'s" dishing them out
with generous hands. They promised themselves that "if they ever got
back to good old U. S. A. rations again" they would kick no more and their
loud lamentations were music to the ears of the aforesaid mess sergeants
and cooks, all of whom had suffered long and grievously at the hands of
the lamenters. Suffice it to say that these promises, though earnestly
made, were not kept. The American soldier is never satisfied.
The voyage made a deep and lasting impression on the minds of the
men. The nights were particularly solemn and depressing. The big gray
ship, dark as a tomb from end to end, plunged along through the darkness,
with not a sound except the throb of the engines. The men were not per-
mitted to smoke a cigarette for fear that the lighted end might cast a glow
that would catch the sinister eye of a German sub lurking out there some-
where in the darkness. The long days, when the fog covered the face of the
waters and blotted out the outlines of even the closest ships of the convoy,
were almost as solemn as the nights. Altogether such a voyage as the
men of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery experienced is not
to be sought after. One is quite enough for an ordinary lifetime.
Somewhere far out in the Atlantic, northwest of the Irish coast, the
men woke one morning to find the big gray American battleship that had
been escorting the transports gone, and even as they scanned the horizon
for it they saw a strange sight. Out of the misty distance there came a
fleet of destroyers, long, rakish little vessels, with big guns mounted on
them, and they came on with surprising speed. There were fourteen of
them and they swarmed all over the sea, darting in and out among the ships
of the convoy, rising now on the tip of a big wave and now plunging down
almost out of sight. These were the foes most dreaded by the sub, these
the men who daily flirted with death and at great peril kept the sea lanes
open. It was a sight to stir the blood.
On the night of the twelfth day out, late watchers on the decks caught
the beams of a lighthouse on the coast of northern Ireland. The news
The Journey to France \~>
spread through the ship and everybody was happy. The ship had followed
the extreme northerly course. In fact, it had gone so far north that for
part of the time there was not more than three hours of night out of the
twenty-four. On the following morning the men woke to see before them
the beautiful green fields of "Old Erin" and quaint little towns hugging the
shore at the base of steep cliffs. Overhead several dirigibles floated lazily,
guarding the convoy and keeping a sharp look-out for subs. Swift aero-
planes darted through the air, all on the same mission. The fleet of four-
teen destroyers was still on the job and it had been supplemented by a score
or more of smaller craft, tiny little trawlers and all sorts of little boats.
Many of these had guns mounted on them that were out of all proportion to
the size of the boat and one wondered just how high out of the water one
of those plucky little fellows would be kicked if the gun were ever fired.
The convoy was closely guarded in this way all the way through the
Irish Sea, the very happy hunting grounds of the sub. At frequent
intervals there were pointed out grim reminders of the work of the sub.
The tops of the masts of the transport Lincoln were to be seen jutting out
of the water and along the course other wreckage was in evidence. It was
a beautiful day, the only beautiful day of the long voyage, and the scene
that met the eye was one of such rare loveliness and peacefulness that it
was difficult for the men to realize that the "jackal of the sea" had
stealthily sunk stately ships on that very course and that even at that
moment one might be waiting for the Armagh.
When the day ended the Armagh had completed her voyage and the
One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery was "tied up at the dock" in
Liverpool. The regiment had been aboard the Armagh for thirteen weary
days. It was June 7, 1918.
Early on the morning of June 8th the work of debarking began. The
main body of the regiment was ordered to Knotty Ash, the American
camp in Liverpool. The men made a fine appearance on their march
through the streets of Liverpool and were greeted with the wildest en-
thusiasm all along the line. It was a great experience to all of them.
The unloading of the baggage, transferring it from the docks to the
train and loading, was completed in less than half a day. Captain Fletcher,
of the Supply Company, with his own men and details from the batteries,
aggregating 287 men, was directed to proceed to the American Rest Camp
at Winnall Downs, near Winchester. These men did not accompany the
remainder of the regiment to Knotty Ash but got away for Winnall Downs
about three o'clock in the afternoon, arriving there before midnight. The
remainder of the regiment arrived at Winnall Downs on the next day,
The regiment remained at Winchester until June 11th. The men
were made fairly comfortable and they spent every moment exploring
historic Winchester. They were shown the spot where Cromwell's artillery
took position for shelling Winchester and many other things of equal
interest. Probably the most interesting relic they saw was King Arthur's
46 History of the 113th Field Artillery
Round Table on display in the great hall of the Castle of Winchester.
Here at Winchester the men found their liberties much curtailed
because of trouble that other American troops had experienced in Win-
chester. The American soldier never had any trouble with the Canadian,
the Australian, or the New Zealander and very rarely with the Frenchman,
but there was trouble in plenty when "Yank" met "Tommy Atkins." Ask
any veteran of the World War what he thinks of the typical British Tommy
and you will hear distinctly unflattering comment.
The Tar Heel artillerymen of the One Hundred and Thirteenth had
small opportunity of mingling with the Tommies but they had enough.
Months later, when they had rejoined the 30th Division, they were
to learn that their brethren of the 30th who served with the British
never learned to like the British Tommy, but that they did greatly admire
the Canadians and the "Aussies."
The British officers were no more likable than their enlisted men.
There is something about the British officer that just naturally rubs an
American the wrong way. The officers of the One Hundred and Thir-
teenth, almost without exception, disliked those they came in contact with.
They found them unbearably egotistical, blind to everything save their own
national greatness, stubbornly opinionated and vain beyond description.
Watching these Britishers of high and low degree, listening to their
talk, observing the conditions under which they lived, and picking up
information concerning them here and there as they went along, the
men of the regiment began to feel a new pride in the United States of
America, for it dawned upon them that the American branch of the Anglo-
Saxon family had climbed to heights which the English branch had not
as yet dreamed of scaling. In fact, they found it extremely difficult to
believe that old England is young America's mother.
The world is coming at least to realize that the World War was
practically over in June, 1918 and that Germany had won. At this time,
when American forces were being hurled across the seas and every energy
bent on getting American fighting men into the front lines, the great Ger-
man machine was driving everything before it. The British could not
stop it and the armies of Britain and France were falling back. It was
the darkest hour of the war and the gloom that had settled like a black
cloud on the fighting forces along the Western Front had spread over all
Chaplain Lacy, of the One Hundred and Thirteenth, who was educated
at Oxford, England, and who could get closer to the average Britisher
than any other man in the regiment, talked with a great many men in
Winchester and elsewhere and the prevailing opinion among them was that
the war was over and that they had lost.
"We are glad that you have come," one English leader said to Lacy,
"but you have come too late. There is nothing that you can do now that
will save us."
His was the attitude of the whole country but both he and the country
The Journey to France 47
were wrong. They underestimated the wonderful fighting ability of their
new forces and at the very moment when he was speaking, the doughboys
of the First, Second, Third, Thirty-second, Forty-second and Seventy-
seventh divisions, A. E. F., had been thrown into the fray to steady the
wavering lines, with immediate visible results. A few weeks later, at a
little town less than forty miles from Paris, a handful of American
Marines of the Second Division and a machine gun battalion out of the
Third, met the German onslaught at its exact center and stopped it with
a suddenness that surprised the world. From that day on, Germany never
gained a foot of ground, but, step by step, was driven back.
But it was a gloomy people that the men of the One Hundred and
Thirteenth looked upon in England. Nothing was pleasing except the land-
scape and that was pleasing only in an artificial way. All England looked
like one great park, wonderfully trimmed and kept, but as a place in which
to make a living, the farmer lads of the regiment shook their heads and
voted solidly for the less ornamental acres of the Old North State. They
were interested in it all, for here their forefathers had made history. Every
organization sent out sightseeing parties, but there were too many things
to be done in camp to admit of much exploring. One whole precious after-
noon of the regiment's stay at Winchester was taken up with a review in
honor of the Duke of Connaught, uncle of King George.
The regiment got away on June 11th for Southampton, there to take
boat for France. The crossing of the Channel was uneventful. The outfit
had heard much of the roughness of the seas in these quarters and was
totally unprepared for the untroubled expanse of water that greeted them.
On the morning of June 12th the regiment woke to hear, dim and far
away, the rumble of heavy guns. They were in Le Havre. The baggage
was transferred from the hold of the ship to waiting trucks and put aboard
freight cars and the men carrying all equipment, were hiked up hill for five
weary miles to another rest camp, where the accommodations were hardly
half as good as those found at Winnall Downs and Knotty Ash and those
were bad enough. Here the men were assigned twelve to a tent about half
the size of the regular pyramidal tents. There were no cots and no floors
in the tents. The men lay on the ground and stacked their legs around the
tent pole. The officers fared no better.
Now that the war is over and there is leisure for such pastime, it
would be well for some one to make a search for the humorist who first
named that variety of camp a "rest camp." No man ever left one in as good
condition as he was when he entered it. This one at Le Havre was the worst
any member of the One Hundred and Thirteenth had seen up to that time
and no camp thereafter surpassed it in general cussedness.
Thanks to unusual good luck, the outfit got away from that rest
camp on the following day, June 13th. They boarded a train at 6 :00 p. m.
for Camp de Coetquidan, near Guer, France. Twenty-four hours later they
had landed at their destination and the regiment had entered upon the third
stage of its history, its period of training in France.
, History of the 113th Field Artillery
TRAINING IN FRANCE
AMP DE COETQUIDAN, in the province of Morbihan, Brit-
tany, was one of the best artillery training camps in
France. According to the French who lived there, this
camp was established by Napoleon I, who selected the loca-
tion because of its great natural advantages. He built the
old stone barracks that housed the One Hundred and Thir-
teenth Field Artillery. The camp is located on a hill over-
looking a vast stretch of country to the west and south.
Since the beginning of the war in 1914 the French had made large addi-
tions to the camp, and that part of it lying to the east and slightly below
the crest of the ridge was composed of much more modern buildings than
those found in the older section of the camp on the western edge of the
camp, but the old buildings were comfortable, fairly easy to keep clean,
and the men were well pleased with them.
Here the United States had been training artillery units for about one
year up to the time of the arrival of the One Hundred and Thirteenth and
the other units of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade. The school was turning
out an average of one artillery brigade every thirty days and the average
period of training was about sixty (60) days.
No time was lost in getting down to hard work. The camp authorities
were on the job, the instructors were good men and willing workers, and
within two days the regiment had settled down to a training schedule that
called for sixteen hours of hard work every day in the week except Sunday.
There were schools of every variety and the officers of the regiment were
assigned to various special branches of work, according to the capabilities
they had shown. The schools were all well equipped and fitted out for the
work to be done. Instruments and other equipment that the men and
officers of the regiment had read about and heard of vaguely in the States
were there ready for their use and they entered upon this stage of training
with vast enthusiasm. Only those who have tried to "make brick without
straw" know just how discouraging a task it is. Learning to be an artillery-
man with none of the tools of the trade to work with was just as trying an
experience as anyone can imagine, and it was delightful to find here at hand
in Camp de Coetquidan everything they needed.
There was some uncertainty about the guns of the regiment and for a
few days it was feared that there would be delay in getting them. The
camp ordnance officer, a North Carolinian, Major Gallimore, promised full
50 History of the 113th Field Artillery
equipment within two weeks, but to the regiment's great delight they came
in less than a week, twenty-four slim camouflaged French 75's, brand new,
right out of the factory. The regiment had no horses and trucks were
secured to haul them from the railroad station at Guer to camp, a distance
of about three miles. The guns were quickly distributed among the bat-
teries and the training of the gun squads began again with a rush. Every
organization had its own full equipment. Nobody had to wait for anyone
else to "get off the guns." There were guns for all.
After five weeks of classroom work, work began on the target range.
The Coetquidan range is one of the best in the world. The high ridge
extending to the south of the camp offers the finest opportunity of observ-
ing the effect of fire and the accuracy of aim. The broad terrain, marked
by sunken roads, ruins of deserted villages and patches of woodland,
affords a wide range of targets and the students have every opportunity of
viewing with their own eyes the actual effect of the fire from their guns.
This is of great importance in the training of artillerymen.
The work of both officers and men was surprisingly good and it was
commended frequently by both the American and French instructors.
Lieutenant Popelin remained with the brigade and there were many other
French officers and non-commissioned officers among the instructors. Ex-
cept as it afforded a foundation for the work at Camp de Coetquidan in
giving the men self-confidence, all of the training in America had been of
little good to the regiment. Everything they had learned about the
handling of guns had to be "unlearned" and a system entirely different
substituted for it. The French 75-millimetre gun is unlike any other gun
on earth and just about as far removed from the American 3-inch gun as
it is possible for a gun to be. They are not alike in any feature of operation,
and the men had to begin again at the bottom and come up. How they
managed to attain proficiency in the art of handling this new weapon in the
course of a few short weeks will always remain a source of wonder, even to
those officers who were closely associated with them and who watched their
work day by day. Inside of a month these Tar Heel lads were showing
speed in the operation of their guns that astonished the French, and before
their period of training was over there was not a French gun squad in camp
who could execute an order with the speed of these new men who six weeks
before had never seen a 75.
Horses began to arrive by the last of June and by the middle of July
the regiment had 1,105 horses. A horse-buying detail had been sent out
into Normandy, in charge of Lieutenants Beaman, Duncan, Schmidt and
Bolt, to work with a French commission, and horses began to arrive in great
numbers. They were fine horses, but the service they gave was not satis-
factory. There has been much criticism of the French for the class of
horses they furnished the A. E. F., but much of it is unfounded. In France
the horse is an honored and a pampered member of the family. He lives
behind the same walls that shelter the family and if he ventures abroad
when it rains his shoulders and neck are protected by a fur robe that com-
Training in France
pletely covers the collar and his back is sheltered by a waterproof blanket.
Small wonder then that when he joins the American Army, stands out on a
picket line with nothing but a leaky sky to cover him, and does the hard
work that he is called upon to do, he contracts pneumonia and lies down to
die. The regiment lost scores of horses at Camp de Coetquidan, and later
it was to lose them by hundreds. Every effort was made to "season" these
animals by degrees and thus fit them for the hard work they were forced
to do, but in those days the call was for speed and more speed and there was
not time for seasoning raw animals. They were treated as the men
were accustomed to treat American horses and they could not stand up
The regiment waited long and in vain for the arrival of its equipment,
boxed with so much care at Camp Sevier and consigned to the transporta-
tion department at Hoboken. Some of the boxed equipment arrived but
the majority of it did not arrive. A car-load of new American artillery
harness came and the regiment received orders to turn it over to another
outfit and draw all French harness. Its complete outfit of fine escort
wagons reached St. Nazaire but never reached the regiment and instead
it was furnished with the same number of "Fourgon" wagons, a typically
French invention of small hauling capacity and easy to smash and hard
to repair. The men hated those wagons at first sight and the hatred
grew as the months passed. They were introduced to yet another con-
trivance of evil, the "chariot du pare," a heavy, cumbersome wagon of
tremendous storage space but the hardest thing to move over bad roads
that anyone every saw. This vehicle was popularly called a "slat wagon"
and the organizations they were issued to, quietly ditched them or salvaged
them along the line as opportunity was afforded. They were horse-killers.
Most of the other French equipment drawn was satisfactory. Later the
regiment was to encounter much of its old Camp Sevier equipment, still
bearing the lettering of the regiment, in the Argonne and at other points
along the front. Its equipment reached France all right but was reissued
to other outfits. The ration carts and water carts were French and the
rolling kitchens American.
The regiment was well fed at Camp de Coetquidan. The Camp Quar-
termaster at all times had a bountiful supply of good American frozen
beef, good bread, plenty of jam, sugar, coffee, bacon, beans and other
eatables. Furthermore, the regiment received its pay promptly on the
first of every month and this was very pleasing to the men, who found
plenty of places in and around the camp where francs could be spent
freely. Like all French camps and villages, Coetquidan abounded in little
wine shops and drinking establishments with restaurants as a sideline.
The men fell for vin rouge, vin blanc, cognac and other concoctions, mixing
them indiscriminately. This proved disastrous to their stomachs and to
their records and the infirmary and guardhouse did a rushing business.
By and by they came to realize that France was not threatened with an
52 History of the 113th Field Artillery
alcoholic drought and that there would always be plenty of the stuff around
and, to quote their own slang expression, the men "laid off of it."
Meanwhile, in the evening and on Sundays the men were learning
much about the French. They found much in the little towns around camp
to amuse them and much more to admire. They could never get enough
of the delicious French dishes that were set before them at the little
eating houses around camp and they wished that they might be able to
carry back home with them the French secret of making an omelet and
of making soups.
A thing that never failed to amuse them was the French custom of
sheltering the horse, the cows, the pigs and the chickens under the same
roof that covered the family. The manure and other accumulations of
rubbish from the stalls was dumped in one big pile in front of the house
and on the size of this pile one could readily gauge the standing in the
community of the man who lived there. The cow stalls usually open off
from the kitchen and are, therefore, readily accessible to the housewife
in all sorts of weather. The American housewife would hardly tolerate
this commingling of domestic and stable odors, but it must be admitted
that the system has its good points. Any boy who has risen at early
morn to break a trail to the barn and pig-pen through six inches of snow,
will readily see its advantages.
The houses were all of stone in this part of France and they were
invariably as clean as could be. The floors were scrubbed to a polish
and there was never a trace of dust anywhere. Those who have not slept
in a real French bed have something yet to live for, because they are the
last word in solid comfort. Always you find on the middle of the bed, on
top of the snowy white counterpane, a little feather mattress, about four
feet square, very light and puffy and usually covered with red silk. The
bed linen is always beautifully embroidered by hand. In fact, the French
bed-room leaves nothing to be desired, except that the French seem to have
a serious aversion to fresh air and ventilation is always poor.
Rennes was the closest big town and men and officers were permitted
to visit Rennes on Saturday evenings and Sundays. It was about fifty kilo-
meters away and it was reached by a narrow-gauge railway, the "Ille-et
Vilaine Chemin de Fer." This little road was a curiosity to the men,
who never tired of watching its tiny "coffee pot" engines and dinky little
coaches. One of its trains looked for all the world like the familiar
picture of "The First Railroad Train in the United States." The fare
to Rennes was one franc, fifty centimes, or about twenty-seven cents.
Rennes is a beautiful old town of about 100,000 people. It is the
chief city of Brittany, and was the old capital of Brittany before the
provinces were united to form the kingdom of France. There were good
hotels and restaurants, amusements of various kinds, one of the most
wonderful city parks in the world, the "Jardin des Plantes," a museum
worth crossing the ocean to explore and many other things distinctly
worth while. The people of Rennes were kind and hospitable, and much
Training in France 53
interested in American soldiers. Officers and men, the One Hundred and
Thirteenth Field Artillery loved Rennes and never missed an opportunity
of going there.
Just at the moment when the regiment had caught its stride and was
going good, the brigade lost its commander, General George G. Gatley.
He was transferred to the 42nd ("Rainbow") Division, and assigned
to the command of the 67th Field Artillery Brigade. He had been with
the 55th Field Artillery Brigade from its organization and he had ruled
it with a rod of iron. He was sharp of tongue, impatient and quick of
temper, bubbling over with nervous energy and at all times bordering
on an explosion. Nervous young officers compelled to hang around in
reach of the General had all of the sensations of a man walking over a
volcano that had just erupted and was due to erupt some more at any
General Gatley was an artilleryman of unusual ability, one of the
best in the United States Army, and it was he who gave the One Hundred
and Thirteenth Field Artillery and the 55th Brigade, of which it was
part, the foundation upon which it built its fine record. There were
times when General Gatley was not exactly popular in the regiment, for
his method was to chasten without mercy and then chasten some more.
He was chary of praise. Rarely did he drop a word of commendation.
He permitted officers who were really doing fine work to believe that they
were on the ragged edge of failure, ready to topple over. This kept those
who had the backbone to stick, on their mettle all the time and made
real officers out of them, but it did not engender love in their hearts
for the brigade commander. The "Old Man" was the last man on earth
to care for this, however, for his only concern was efficiency and his
methods produced it.
Brigadier General J. A. Shipton, who succeeded General Gatley, was
a coast artillery officer. His "big gun" training failed to meet the needs
of light field artillery fighting and he was relieved of command when
the brigade was in the Argonne, reduced to his former rank as a lieuten-
ant-colonel of coast artillery, and assigned to duty elsewhere.
The regiment completed its course of training with the highest honors.
Army inspectors who watched the men work pronounced it one of the
best outfits in the A. E. F. The training period was wound up with a
great brigade operation, in which the three regiments, ammunition train
and other units, operated under conditions simulating actual warfare.
There were regimental operations in which each regiment practiced work
of trench and wire demolition, protective barrages and offensive barrages.
It was a wonderful sight to stand on the crest of the ridge on the out-
skirts of the camp and watch the bursting of the shells. From headquar-
ters directing the operations would come an order stating that a body of
troops was moving along a certain sunken road and giving the coordinates
of their position. A few quick commands to a battery commander out
of sight beyond the hill and back would come the answer "Battery
54 History of the 113th Field Artillery
on the way." A few seconds later and four little white smoke balls
would appear in the air, about thirty feet above the spot designated.
They would be using shrapnel. Another time concentrated fire on an
enemy gun position would be called for and in a few seconds high explosive
shells would be crashing around it, all in plain sight of the observer on the
hill. It was a wonderful show.
The day on which the brigade operation was carried out will never
be forgotten. Up to that time it was the biggest artillery operation any
member of the regiment had ever taken part in or had ever heard. Seventy-
two guns were in action and the things they did to the terrain that day
beggar description. It sounded like all of the Fourth of July celebrations
the United States had ever had, rolled into one. Every specialist in the
regiment was on the job. The machine gunners were in position in front
of their batteries holding off imaginary Germans. The signal details were
stringing wires and the wireless was chattering away, transmitting orders
from the general to his regiments and orders from the colonel to his bat-
talions, reports of observers, and reports from the firing batteries. Up
overhead aeroplanes practiced observation work and reported on the
accuracy of the firing. It was a big day for the regiment and for the
brigade and the work throughout was very satisfactory. Everybody was
The brigade operation was carried on into the night. The signal
details were sent out into "no man's land" with instructions to send up
rockets and flares just as they were handled on the front and at some
time during the night to call for a barrage that would put every gun
into action. All kinds of rockets, red, green, yellow, each meaning some-
thing, and each calling for some sort of action on the part of the waiting
artillerymen, were sent up at intervals. It was the brigade's first
experience with night work and it was very interesting. Though they
were destined to see much action on the most active sectors of the Western
Front, the men of the regiment never saw a more spectacular "show" than
the one pulled off on the range at Camp de Coetquidan that night when
the brigade barrage was called for and every gun in the brigade responded.
The guns were hidden behind the hills but over on the target range every
shell-burst could be seen, while overhead the shells shrieked and whined.
This show completed the course of firing. The regiment was pro-
nounced fit for any duty on any front and was so reported to General
Headquarters of the American Expeditionary Forces. While waiting for
orders the regiment made several practice marches, covering many kilo-
metres around camp, bivouacing on the outskirts of the range at night.
This practice in road work and making camp was very valuable, for there
was much of it ahead of the regiment.
When moving orders finally came they were very disappointing. The
30th Division, the regiment knew, was even then under the shadow of
Kernel Hill and the regiment's orders called for Toul, on the extreme
eastern end of the French front. They had hoped to rejoin their own
Training in France
division when the training period was over but that was not to be. They
were destined to see service with six different divisions, in the First, the
Second and the Third American armies, with the First, Fourth, Fifth,
Sixth, Seventh and Ninth American Army Corps and with the Second and
Seventeenth French Corps, but they never encountered their old division
until just before they returned home. The 30th remained with the British.
Failing to rejoin the 30th was a big disappointment to both officers and men,
but it is just as well that it happened as it did, for this resulted in the
grand old division being represented in every big offensive in which
Americans played any large part, with the single exception of the Marne.
Changes in the officer personnel were frequent at Camp de Coetquidan.
As officers showed special fitness for certain branches of work they were
assigned to that sort of work and many changed organizations. First
Lieutenant Gabe H. Croom, of the Sanitary Detachment was transferred
to the Camp Hospital and his place was filled by Captain Adelbert F.
Williams. Lieutenant Joseph Lonergon, of the Supply Company, was de-
tailed as regimental munitions officer. Second Lieutenant Edwin B.
Haynes, of Battery D, was transferred to Headquarters Company and
later to the 105th Ammunition Train. First Lieutenant William P. Whit-
taker was transferred from Headquarters Company to regimental head-
quarters and made gas officer of the regiment. Sergeant William A. Cren-
shaw of Headquarters Company was promoted to second lieutenant and
assigned to Battery B. Sergeant Leslie L. Taylor, also of Headquarters
Company, was given like promotion and attached to Battery D. These
two men were graduates of the Third Officers' Training Camp. Lieutenant
Taylor was later transferred to the ordnance corps. Second Lieutenant
Ernest M. Hedden reported from the Saumur Artillery School and was
assigned to Battery B. Second Lieutenant Albert H. Stackpole, a graduate
of the same school, joined the regiment and was assigned to Battery A.
In August the regiment suffered the loss of eleven of its officers in one
detachment, who were returned to the United States to instruct other artil-
lery units, and two others were assigned to the U. S. Artillery School at
Bordeaux, France. Those returned to the United States were:
Capt. William T. Joyner, adjutant of the Second Battalion.
1st Lieut. Frank L. Fuller, of Battery C.
1st Lieut. William B. R. Guion, of Headquarters Company.
1st Lieut. John W. Moore, of Headquarters Company.
2d Lieut. Herman H. Hardison, of Battery D.
2d Lieut. Lemuel R. Johnston, of Headquarters Company.
2d Lieut. Henry A. McKinnon, of Battery A.
2d Lieut. Frank B. Davis, of Battery D.
2d Lieut. Zack D. Harden, of Headquarters Company.
2d Lieut. Francis E. Liles, of Battery C.
2d Lieut. Kip I. Chace, of Battery E.
All of these officers received promotion to their next highest grade
and the regiment saw them no more. Men and officers heard with deep
History of the 113th Field Artillery
regret of the death in the United States of Lieutenant Harden, who fell
a victim to "flu" soon after his arrival in the United States.
Two other officers, First Lieutenant LeRoy C. Hand, of Battery B,
and First Lieutenant Enoch S. Simmons, of Battery C, were detailed as
instructors at the Bordeaux school. They rejoined the regiment after the
armistice. First Lieutenant William B. Duncan, of Battery D, and Second
Lieutenant Richard S. Schmidt, of Battery F, were attached to the 158th
Field Artillery Brigade and left at Coetquidan, later rejoining the regiment
on the front. First Lieutenant W. 0. Hughes, veterinary corps, was trans-
ferred to the 115th Field Artillery. When the regiment left for the front
on August 23, 1918, its officer personnel, as assigned, was as follows.
Field & Staff
Col., Cox, Albert L., Commanding.
Lt.-Col., Chambers, Sidney C, O. D. with
Capt., Boyce, Erskine E., Reg. Adjutant.
Capt., Horton, Alfred W., Reg. Personnel
Capt., Westfeldt, Gustaf R., Jr., Com-
1st. Lieut., Baugham, William E., O. D.
Detailed as Reconnaissance Officer.
1st. Lieut., Gattis, Samuel M. Jr., O. D.
Detailed as Radio Officer.
1st Lieut., Mears, Christian E., O. D. De-
tailed as Telephone Officer.
2d Lieut., Burgess, Caleb K., 0. D. De-
tailed as Radio Officer, 2nd Bn.
2d Lieut., Guion, Owen H., O. D. Detailed
as Telephone Officer, 1st Bn.
2d Lieut., Boswell, Russell N., O. D. De-
tailed as Liaison Officer, 1st Bn.
Capt., Fletcher, Arthur L., Commanding.
1st Lieut., Lonergon, Joseph, O. D. De-
tailed as Munitions Officer.
2d Lieut., Bolt, John P., O. D.
Major, Stem, Thaddeus G., Commanding.
Capt., Hardison, Kenneth M., Adjutant.
Capt., Hanes, Robert M., Commanding.
1st. Lieut., Royster, Beverly S., Jr., O. D.
2d Lieut., Roberts, Daniel T., 0. D.
2d Lieut, Stackpole, Albert H.
Capt., Rodman, Wiley C, Commanding.
1st Lieut, Wood, Charles H., O. D.
2d Lieut., Hedden, Ernest M.. O. D.
Capt., McLendon, Lennox P., Command-
1st Lieut, Bowman, Wade V., O. D.
1st. Lieut., Smith, Lewis M., O. D.
Major, Bulwinkle, Alfred L., Command-
1st Lieut., Beaman, Robert P., Adjutant.
Capt., Vairin, Nugent B., Jr., Com-
1st Lieut, Dixon, Richard D., 0. D.
2d Lieut., Crenshaw, William A., O. D.
Capt., Crayton, Louis B., Commanding.
1st Lieut., Douglas, Allan W., O. D.
1st Lieut., Bennett, H. C, O. D. Detailed
as Information Officer.
2d Lieut., Barnett, Marshall S., O. D.
Capt, Morrison, Reid R., Commanding.
1st Lieut., Allison, Eugene, O. D.
1st Lieut., Whittaker, William P., Jr.,
O. D. Detailed as Reg. Gas Officer
2d Lieut., Dodge, James P., O. D.
Training in France
Major, Pridgen, Claude L., Commanding.
Capt., Williams, Adelbert F., O. D.
1st Lieut., Speed, Joseph A., O. D.
Lacy, Benjamin R., Chaplain.
1st Lieut., Spoon, Thomas L., Dentist.
1st Lieut., Gibbs, Wallace D., Dentist.
Capt., Olthouse, Martin, Veterinarian.
The regiment began entraining for the front on the morning of
August 23, 1918. It moved in three trains, the horses, guns and full
equipment of each unit going on the same train as the men of the unit.
The table of moving, showing the number of men, officers and animals
was as follows:
Order in which movement
will be made.
Regimental Hdqtrs ....
1st Battalion Hdqtrs . . .
2d Battalion Hdqtrs . .
Sanitary Detachment . .
Dental Detachment. . .
These to go first.
These to go second.
These to go third.
1 officer, 5 men, Regimental
Hdqtrs.; 1 officer, 9 men
each, Battalion Hdqtrs.
With Regimental Hdqtrs.
With Regimental Hdqtrs.
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THE BATTLE OF ST. MIHIEL
HE regiment arrived at Toul after a journey of two days
and one night. While nothing of particular interest
occurred on the way, the whole journey was interesting
to the men of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field
Artillery. France was a nation at war. Literally every
form of activity throughout the nation was centered on war
and all along the road there were great munitions fac-
tories, aerodromes, artillery parks covering acres of
ground and thousands of other evidences of war activities. When the
train had borne them away from Coetquidan and out of peaceful Brittany,
there was no mistaking the fact that there was a war going on. Train
after train bearing wounded Americans and French passed them and
scores of hospitals, tent and frame, met their gaze. As they drew near
the front the sound of heavy guns could be heard faintly above the noise
of the train and very plainly at the stops. The One Hundred and Thir-
teenth Field Artillery was drawing near to war.
In their excitement and interest the men forgot the discomfort under
which they traveled and were as jubilant a bunch as ever traveled toward
the front. They made the journey in the familiar French box cars, every
car bearing the inscription, "Hommes 40 — Chevaux 8 (en long)," meaning
that the capacity of the car was forty men, or eight horses, provided
that the horses were placed side by side, facing the ends of the cars.
The odor of the horse was there and there were other drawbacks, but
there are worse ways of traveling, as the regiment can testify.
Colonel Cox commanded the brigade during the movement to the front.
General Shipton had gone ahead through the country in his car and Lieu-
tenant-Colonel Chambers was in command of the regiment.
The first train bearing regimental headquarters, Headquarters and
Supply Companies, arrived at Toul early in the afternoon of August 25th.
They were met by Captain Westfeldt, Lieutenant Whittaker and Lieutenant
Lonergon, who had preceded the regiment from Coetquidan to act as a
billeting detail. The detraining was completed in less than fifty minutes.
At the moment of their arrival in Toul the regiment was welcomed with a
very pretty exhibition of anti-aircraft battery work. There was a Boche
plane high over Toul and several batteries situated on the hills around
the town were "feeling for him." It was a beautiful afternoon and there
were planes everywhere.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
This picture was taken at a point near Flirey. The road
sign intruding at the left directs the traveler to Essey,
Fresnes en Woevre and Beney, all of which were in
German hands when Americans began to travel this road.
There was much uncertainty about a billeting area for the regiment.
The billeting detail had a tale of woe to tell that would have melted a
heart of stone. They had billeted three or four towns around Toul in
succession, only to be told after the billeting was completed and after
they had completely exhausted themselves mentally and physically trying
out their almost-forgotten college French on the natives, that that village
had been pre-empted by some other outfit. Lieutenant Lonergon
had gone so far as to move a tremendous quantity of rations and horse
feed to one of the villages in anticipation of the regiment's going there.
Some other outfit eventually profited by his hard work, for the One Hun-
dred and Thirteenth never saw it. Finallv orders came for the outfit
The Battle of St Mihiel 61
to move to the outskirts of Toul, take shelter as best they could along the
edge of the road, and wait for night. This they did.
Men and animals were very tired but several hours of rest and a big
supper for the men and a heavy feed for the animals, put the outfit in
fine condition for the long hike that was before them. When darkness
fell they got under way toward the front, now less than twenty miles away.
The men of the regiment will never forget that long night march
out from Toul to the "Foret de la Reine." When they had cleared the
crest of the high hill that lies north of Toul, the country lay open for
miles toward the north and east. As the battle lines then stood they
could see along twenty miles of the fighting front and the things they saw
that night will be fresh in their minds as long as they live. Above
the rumble of their wagons and caissons and the rattle of the harness and
equipment, they could hear the steady roar of the guns, very much like
distant thunder. Now and then there was a louder noise, indicating
that some battery not many miles away was firing, and a bright flash
would light the sky, but in the main the firing was far off but very im-
pressive, for all that. All along the line rockets were shooting heavenward
and now and then a flare would go up, indicating that some nervous
doughboy was growing apprehensive, fearing a raiding party in No Man's
Land, or that some Boche was likewise perturbed. It was a beautiful
sight and indescribably thrilling to these raw men who had spent a solid
year dreaming about these things and longing with all of their souls to
be in the great war and doing their part. Those rockets, those bright
flares and the steady roar of the guns told them, too, that men were dying
out there in front of them and there came the realization that probably
death awaited them also out there. It was a solemn experience to all of
Here the regiment's fine training in road work proved its value. Road
discipline was perfect. Orders were that no lights were to be permitted,
not even a lighted cigarette, and the column moved forward in the dark-
ness. Heavy trucks, passenger cars, wagon trains and all sorts of traffic
swept by them going the other way. Ambulances plunged along without
a light and with horns silent. At the front the sound of the automobile
horn meant one thing and one thing only, "gas." Any sounding of a klaxon
horn might result anywhere in a gas scare and much confusion, so the
drivers carried small whistles to warn pedestrians and slower wheeled
traffic. Later they were to experience a great deal of this, but it never
impressed them as did this first night on the road from Toul to Sanzy.
The outfit arrived in the edge of the "Foret de la Reine" after mid-
night, having traveled about twelve miles. The moon was rising and its
light helped the men to get settled. Picket lines were stretched between
the trees and the men unrolled their packs, stretched their "pup tents"
and were soon asleep. The following day was spent in putting the camp
in order, arranging for the best possible cover for rolling kitchens, the
animals and wagons, and alloting space to the various organizations. The
History of the 113th Field Artillery
French Dug-outs near Flirey, on the St. Mihiel sector.
remainder of the regiment arrived at Toul on the 26th of August and
came out to camp on the night following. The regiment will always be
thankful for that never-to-be-forgotten week of beautiful weather that
followed. When rain finally came it stayed and existence became a
nightmare, but the first week was delightful. The "Foret de la Reine"
is a beautiful stretch of woodland, full of mighty oaks and beeches. It
afforded the finest cover in the world for the regiment, so long as the
rains came not.
The regiment was attached to the 89th National Army Division. This
division was one of the best divisions in France. It was composed of
western men and was trained under Major General Leonard Wood at
Camp Funston, Kan. This division's artillery was not yet out of training
camp. Division Headquarters and Brigade headquarters were at Loucey.
The regiment had heard much about the shortage of drinking water
on the front and began to experience it there in the "Foret de la Reine."
The drinking water had to be hauled from Sanzy and it was punk water
at the best. Here they became acquainted with chlorinated water, a bever-
age that was to remain with them through the long, weary months they
were to spend along the front and in the Army of Occupation. Death
lurks in all water in France that is not treated with chemicals or boiled
and the Regimental Surgeon and his assistants watched this closely.
How the people of France live on the water they have will always remain
a mystery to the American soldier. Their wells are shallow and they
receive surface drainage every time it rains and that is rather often.
Major Pridgen, the regimental surgeon, tells a story that illustrates well
The Battle of St. Mihiel
Entrance to a hidden Concrete Machine Gun Nest on the St. Mihiel front.
the conditions that prevail in certain parts of France. He said that in
one town in which the regiment was billeted he had the many manure
piles in the streets treated heavily with chloride of lime. This disinfectant,
mingling with the floods that were at that time descending, reached the
wells and introduced therein a taste not pleasing to the French palate
and there came up to headquarters a formal note of protest from the
mayor of the town, in which he stated that the drinking water of h : s
people was being polluted most terribly by American chemicals.
Water for the animals was also very scarce and of very poor quality.
This condition continued throughout the whole of the regiment's tour of
duty along the front. The animals drank mainly from swamps and
morasses and from shell holes. Water for the men had to be hauled for
many miles. A thirsty man will drink anything wet and reckless drinking
of water caused more than half of the regiment's sickness.
The regiment's stay in the "Foret de la Reine" was not altogether
unpleasant, though the last week of it was horribly wet. The regiment
moved over further into the woods after a week on the outskirts, in order
to get better cover. The soil was of a loose variety and with fifteen
hundred men and a thousand horses tramping over it in the rain, its
condition became exceedingly trying to the flesh and to the spirit. With
all of its discomforts the men were soon to look back upon their stay in
the "Foret de la Reine" with longing and deep regret, for there on the very
edge of the forest was Sanzy, where two Salvation Army lassies kept open
house and baked the most delicious pies and doughnuts the men had tasted
since leaving home. The "Y" had a well-stocked hut there, too, and the
64 History of the 113th Field Artillery
Division Quartermaster had a regular honest-to-goodness bath-house
where there was hot water in plenty and clean clothes and soap.
The batteries lost no time in getting into action. Beginning two
days after their arrival in the "Foret de la Reine," two batteries were at
all times occupying positions along the front and doing as much firing
as they were allowed to do. To Battery F belongs the honor of firing
the first gun at the foe for the One Hundred and Thirteenth and this
battery and Battery E were the first batteries to occupy positions at the
front. The St. Mihiel salient at this time was very quiet and it furnished
almost perfect conditions for the seasoning of raw troops. There was
just enough action to give the officers and men self-confidence. This part
of the front had not changed materially in four years of war at the time
the One Hundred and Thirteenth came upon the scene.
In 1914 the victorious German hordes smashed their way south until
stopped at Verdun and the line east of Verdun bulged southward until
it had encompassed the quaint old town of St. Mihiel and rested there
on the banks of the Meuse. The French had tried in vain to push the
Germans back and straighten out the salient. In one tremendous effort
they took Mont Sec, the great stronghold that completely dominated the
whole sector, only to lose it in less than an hour, leaving 20,000 dead on
the field of battle. After this the French made but little effort to gain
on this part of the front and it came to be known as a "quiet sector," a
place for seasoning raw troops and patching up shattered divisions and
there seemed to exist a sort of agreement between the belligerents not
to stir up strife.
At the time the One Hundred and Thirteenth arrived things were
beginning to liven up a trifle in this peaceful sector. The French were
beginning to complain with some bitterness that the Americans were
stirring up trouble and with some cause. The front line trenches had
been taken over by American doughboys, full of pep and eager to start
something. Back of them were American artillerymen, fresh from long
training on target ranges, spoiling for action. Consequently, when the
doughboy called for artillery assistance, his American brethren in the
rear could not be restrained. All of the cherished traditions of the St.
Mihiel sector were smashed time and again, to the great dismay of the
French, who feared German retaliation and the destruction of Toul and
For nineteen days the regimental echelon was in the "Foret de la
Reine." The firing batteries occupied positions along the front near Beau-
mont, Ansauville, Hamonville, Flirey and Limey. All of these were old
French positions, the location of every one of which was known to opposing
German batteries, and it was necessary to use the utmost caution in
going to and from the positions and in the matter of making trails or
other signs about the positions that might be visible to the all-seeing eye
of the aerial observer and his camera. The Boche airman was very
active along the St. Mihiel salient at that time. It was in easy reach
The Battle of SI. Mihiel
of the big flying fields of the Germans at Conflans and Metz and for the
first two weeks of the regiment's stay in the woods, the Boche came
very near having things his way in the air. The men never tired of
looking at the air fighting and watching the work of the "archies" as the
anti-aircraft guns were called. They witnessed many a stirring fight
high over their leafy shelter, saw many observation balloons shot down
and sought cover from hostile airmen many times. Orders were to get
off the roads, take all possible cover and remain as still as possible when
any sort of aeroplane came within hearing and buglers were put on
watch to sound a warning call.
The regiment had been well trained in the matter of gas defence
before leaving Camp de Coetquidan. There the men had practiced wear-
ing their masks at work for an hour and two hours every day for
several weeks and they knew all of the fine points about the handling of
their masks and the masks of their horses. In the "Foret de la Reine" there
was opportunity of putting their knowledge to the test under conditions
that were very realistic. The "Foret de la Reine" was too far from the
front for there to be any very serious danger of a gas attack, but the
majority of the men did not know this. Masks were worn at all hours
under all sorts of conditions and men slept with them under their
heads. With the men keyed up to the highest pitch all the time, gas
alarms naturally had to happen. If a truck driver or an ambulance
driver forgot and sounded his klaxon horn on the road, or if a motor back-
fired, the chances were that a gas alarm would start, provided that it
happened at night. Real gas alarms, sounded in the front line trenches,
were taken up by klaxon, pistol fire and other means and spread rapidly
over the back areas sometimes to a depth of ten m'les or more, in incred-
ibly short time. The country for many miles back of the lines was
packed with troops, camp infringing on camp and their lines often over-
lapping. Gas guards, always alert and anxious to protect their sleeping
comrades, were afraid to take chances and spread the news energetically,
preferring to arouse their camps with a false alarm rather than to run
the risk of permitting a gas attack to creep up on them.
It was in the "Foret de la Reine" that the men of the regiment
first heard the sound of enemy shells. The firing batteries had had their
baptism of fire and knew what it was like but the remainder of the
regiment, comprising fully half of it, had not had the experience. Late
one afternoon, just before sundown, German shells began to shriek over-
head. Not far from the regimental echelon, near the village of Roymaieux,
there was a great American ammunition dump and it was this dump
that the Germans had spotted and were trying for. For this special
occasion they had run a big gun out in position some twelve or fifteen
miles away and every shell fired dropped near the dump. Shells fell with
clock-like regularity, always with the same interval, for twenty minutes.
At the end of that time the great dump was in flames. Two million
dollars worth of American ammunition was destroyed that evening. The
History of the 113th Field Artillery
This point ivas headquarters of the 89th Division during the St. Mihiel offensive for a time and it
also served as headquarters of the 55th F. A. Brigade during the same engagement. It was nearFlirey.
firing came from an uncharted position, a position where there had been
no enemy battery before and from which there was no future activity,
and it was believed that the Germans ran a single gun out for the project
and removed it on the night following.
On September 10, 1918, the regiment "graduated." It was pro-
nounced a finished, efficient, dependable fighting unit and it was moved
forward to "offensive" positions which had been reconnoitered with great
care, in preparation for the real fighting that was just ahead of them.
The work of the men in defensive positions had been all that could have
been desired and both officers and men awaited the developments of the
future without fear or misgiving. They knew that the regiment was
just as good as they had hoped for and prayed for and that it would
make good upon any mission entrusted to it.
For many nights prior to the regiment's moving forward to these
advanced positions there had been evidence that something big was going
to happen. Nobody knew exactly what it was. Some said that it was a
big drive on Metz. Certain it was that something was going to happen,
for the forests for miles and miles back from the front were jammed
full of Americans of every branch of the service. Men plunging along
through the dark with a supply train or a caisson train bound for the
front, encountered every variety of traffic known to the western battle-
front. On September 8th, 9th and 10th the roads were full of tanks. Always
The Battle of St. Mihiel
there was artillery and more artillery. The man who was not privileged
to see and to take part in the tremendous work of preparation for the
first "All-American Offensive," can never realize how thrilling it was.
There was something electric in the air. Every man and officer felt it.
There was something indescribably thrilling in the endless streams of
traffic that toiled along through the darkness, starting at nightfall and
covering every foot of the roads for twenty miles back of the front until
daylight and then mysteriously disappearing. Caissons loaded with shells;
75's and 155's rumbling along; wagons loaded with rations and horse
feed; ambulances creeping along; dispatch riders on motorcycles; truck
trains loaded with soldiers ; big tanks and little tanks ; the creak of leather
and the rattle of chains; monster G. P. F. 6-inch rifles, tractor drawn,
dimly seen in the night; long, long lines of doughboys slogging along
in the mud; machine gun outfits with their mule-drawn carts; the odor
of tired, sweating horses ; darkness, deep and dense, with never the flare
of a match or the glow of a cigarette. The American army, young, zest-
ful, full of faith in itself and with enthusiasm unbounded, was gathering
itself for its first leap at the throat of the Hun, was preparing for the
furious onslaught that knew no lessening of fury until the German hosts
had been hurled back across the Meuse and that part of the famous
"Hindenburg Line" known as the Kriemhilde-Stellung, so long im-
pregnable, was only a memory.
On the night of September 10th, Colonel Cox moved his headquarters,
or "P. C," as the station of the C. 0. is always called in soldier language,
to the little battle-scarred village of Noviant. The regimental echelon
remained in the "Foret de la Reine," with Lieutenant-Colonel Chambers
in command. Major Stem established his P. C. just north of the Bois
de Voisange, which appears on the map on page 58, and his batteries
A, B and C, were nearby. The Second Battalion, under Major Bul-
winkle, was southwest of the same piece of woodland. These batteries
occupied old French positions. Lieutenant Lonergon, regimental muni-
tions officer, hauled with his caisson train 24,000 rounds of ammunition,
delivering it at dead of night at these battery positions.
On the morning of September 11th, Colonel Cox, Lieutenant-Colonel
Chambers, the battalion commanders, Majors Bulwinkle and Stem, and
the operations officer, Captain Westfeldt, were called to Brigade Head-
quarters at Loucey for the last conference preparatory to the launching
of the big All-American drive on the St. Mihiel salient. They learned
that the American General Staff had decreed the smashing of the German
lines on both sides of St. Mihiel, the taking of that most formidable of
all German strongholds, Mont Sec, and the complete straightening out
of the salient. Approximately ten days had been allotted for the under-
taking, it was said, but there was nothing in the orders indicating that
that much time must be consumed in completing it. "D" day, or the day
of attack, and "H" hour were not given. The first plans called for only
twenty minutes of artillery preparation in the way of wire-destruction
History of the 113th Field Artillery
before starting the rolling barrage that was to precede the infantry.
The One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery was designated to sup-
port the 177th Infantry Brigade of the 89th Division.
While nothing definite was announced the general impression got
abroad that "D" day was at least two days off, and quick action was not
expected. Nevertheless, there was a conference of the battery com-
manders on the afternoon of the 11th in which the plans were carefully
studied and every move for the drive carefully mapped out. Battery
E was designated as "accompanying battery," meaning that it was their
mission to advance with the doughboys, ready to smash machine gun nests
or other German impediments at close range when encountered.
At 23 :00 o'clock, as the French call it, or at 11 :00 p. m. in American,
word came to regimental headquarters that "D" day was September 12th
and at 11 :30 p. m. came news of an entire change of program. Instead of
twenty minutes of fire preceding the rolling barrage, firing was to begin at
one o'clock in the morning and there was to be fire for preparation,
harassing fire, gas shelling and every other variety of trouble-making
for the enemy. These new plans had to be assimilated hastily, data
worked out, and everything made ready for the big show less than an
hour and a half away. Some of the batteries received their new orders
less than three quarters of an hour before the time set for the firing
to begin, but they got ready. When the hour came the One Hundred
and Thirteenth was "all set."
The night was pitch-black. Rain fell steadily. Rockets and flares
continued to go up occasionally and there was an occasional rumble of
firing far off but in the area out ahead of the One Hundred and Thirteenth
everything was quiet.
While nobody was going over the top on that rainy morning at
one o'clock, officers and men were keyed up to the highest nervous tension
they had ever experienced. It seemed that the hour would never come.
Watches had been carefully synchronized so that every gun, large and
small, on that entire front would fire at the same instant. Out there in
the rain the gun squads took their positions, the battery executive ran
his pocket flash light furtively over stacked ammunition, noted that
every man was in place, dipped under cover for a last look at his data
and instructions, slipped back to speak a reassuring word to the eager
artillerymen, broke away to listen to last minute admonitions from his
battery commander at the other end of the telephone line. The minutes
crept by on laggard feet. Would the hour never come? The battery
executive with eyes glued on the luminous dial of his watch, counted the
seconds. Finally it came.
"One o'clock," he called, "let her go !"
And there came an explosion that shook the very earth, rocked the
giant oaks of the forests for miles around and lit up the heavens so
brilliantly that one could have read a newspaper for miles back of the
roaring, crashing front. More than two thousand American guns, rang-
The Bailie of St. Mihiel
One o'clock on the morning of September 12, 1918 on the St. Mihiel front. In the four hours following
American guns fired more than one million rounds of ammunition.
ing from the 75-milimetre gun on the fiery edge of battle to the giant
naval guns on railway trucks, miles back of the lines, took part in this
mighty bombardment, the greatest artillery concentration in the history
of the world. During the action designated as the battle of St. Mihiel,
these American guns fired a total of 1,000,000 rounds of ammunition
in approximately four hours. The magnitude of this battle may be em-
phasized by comparison with the Battle of Gettysburg, in the war between
the States, in which the Union forces fired 33,000 rounds of ammunition
in three days of fighting.
Not all of the firing on this memorable morning was done by Amer-
ican guns. Many French batteries were in action, including many
French heavies, which had been in position for many years, waiting
patiently for this opportunity. A battery of French 10-inch guns in the
"Foret de la Reine" had been there so long that vegetation had covered
even the gun pits, so that the batteries were entirely invisible even to
persons passing along the road ten feet away from them. These and
hundreds of others joined in the chorus, the little artillerymen in horizon
blue, who had not fired their big guns in many months, taking huge
delight in the performance.
Once started, there was no let-up in the firing. Every gun was
worked at top speed. The steady flare of the guns furnished enough
light for the handling of ammunition and the eager artillerymen kept
it pouring into their guns in a steady stream, hour after hour.
The infantry climbed out of the trenches promptly at five o'clock
in the morning. They found the enemy wire in front of them ripped into
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Before daybreak on the St. Mihiel front on the morning of September 12, 1918. All of the light for
the making of this photograph came from the flashes of guns.
shreds, their trenches caved in, their machine gun nests deserted or the
gunners dead at their posts. The artillery had done a beautiful job of it.
And the artillery was still on the job. Ahead of them, "as per
schedule" rolled a protective and offensive accompanying fire. They en-
countered "pill-boxes," as the concrete machine gun nests were called,
that had been missed by the artillery and these they took with the
bayonet, if it could be done without too great loss of life. If the "pill-box"
could not be flanked, or cleaned out with grenades, the doughboys sought
what shelter the terrain afforded and sent back for a 75. Here was where
the artilleryman found a task to his liking and up across the fields and
through the woods on a dead run would come a gun section, the men
clinging for dear life to the bouncing carriages and lying low over the
necks of their horses. In less time that it takes to tell it, the 75 would
be in position and spouting death and destruction in the direction of the
obstacle that had held up the advance and in a few minutes the dough-
boys would go on again.
It will be hard for those who did not see them in action that Sep-
tember morning, or encounter them later in the heat of the day, or
mingle with them when the heat of battle had subsided but slightly, to
The Battle of St. Mihiel
realize the exultation that swept through the One Hundred and Thirteenth
Field Artillery. No obstacle could stop them. When deep trenches and
wrecked roads and bridges confronted them in what had been No Man's
Land and in the territory back of the old German lines, the horses were
unhitched from the carriages and led, pulled and shoved across, while
willing hands seized the guns and caissons and carried them over places
that looked to be impassable. There was no time to wait for the engineers
to build roads and time and again on that memorable day the regiment
did the impossible, or what would have been the impossible under any
It was a day of fast action. Starting at 5:00 A. M., at noon on
September 12th, half of the work that the American General Staff had
allotted ten days for, had been accomplished. More than half of the
distance between the bases of the salient had been covered and thousands
of Germans had been made prisoners. The roads from the front back
to the prison pen at Sanzy were full of them. The military police had
all they could handle and more, and slightly wounded doughboys who
were able to walk back to the rear, were given squads of captured Huns
to take back with them.
Mont Sec, almost impregnable to frontal attack, had been virtually
pinched off by noon of the first day and hardly a single American life
had been sacrified in its taking. This stronghold was raked by artillery
fire from base to summit, but the main strength of the American thrust
Fast action in the St. Mihiel drive, when there wax no time to think of concealment.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
r^\'^9 V^.." ' ^^^y*J .
BURIAL OF LIEUT. ALLAN W. DOUGLASS
Lieut. Allan W. Douglass, of Battery E, was killed near Limey on the morning of September 12,
1918. He was buried not far from where he fell. Colonel Cox and his orderly were the only members
of the regiment present. The German prisoners in the picture dug the grave. A passing Y. M. C. A.
man conducted the funeral service.
was at the bases of the salient and less than twenty-four hours after
the drive started, those two veteran divisions, the First and the Twenty-
sixth, met at Vignuelles, the Twenty-sixth coming from the west and
the First from the east. The St. Mihiel salient was no more.
It was about eleven o'clock on the morning of the first day of fighting
that the regiment suffered its first casualties. Battery E had fired with
the rest of the regiment for four hours and in carrying out its mission
as accompanying battery, was following close behind the infantry. At
a point north of Limey, in what had been No Man's Land, on the road
to Thiacourt, Boche shells began to fall around the battery. The entire
battery behaved admirably under fire. First Lieutenant Allan W. Doug-
lass, in charge of two platoons, was one of the first hit, but he continued
to direct his men. Another shell struck one of the teams killing four
of the six horses and disabling the other two and then came the shell
that killed Lieutenant Douglass and Private William B. Melton and
wounded Sergeant Fred M. Patterson, Sergeant Walter R. Minish, Ser-
The Bailie of SI. Mihiel
geant Edward J. Poe and Private Rom D. Kirby. Private Kirby later
died of his wounds. Sergeant Patterson lost a leg. Sergeant Poe's
wound was not serious. Two other men of Battery E, Corporal George
R. Bowman and Private Ervin S. Baker, were slightly wounded.
On the afternoon of the 12th, the remainder of the regiment went
forward and continued to advance on the 13th, following close after the
infantry and performing many important missions. The objective of the
89th Division was Thiacourt and Boullionville and by the afternoon of
the 13th the division had overrun both and was occupying positions beyond,
where it met with stiff resistance. The 14th found the regiment in position
near Boullionville, the First Battalion east of Boullionville and the Second
Battalion southwest of that town and near the Thiacourt-Xammes road.
Here six more casualties occurred. Three men of Battery C, Private First
Class Percy J. Parrish, Sergeant Luther Barbour and Corporal McForrest
Cheek, and three men of Battery B, Privates James C. Lucas, Fred G.
Hill and Charles A. Boyd, were wounded by shell fire.
The regimental train got under way on the afternoon of the 12th
and established itself at Noviant on the night of the 12th. The rain had
ceased and the sun came out driving the mists away. Aeroplanes in
great numbers were overhead, patrolling every foot of the front for many
miles. American and French flyers were assisted during this drive by
several units of crack British airmen and these Britishers were wonderful
fighters. They kept the air free of Boche aviators for the duration of the
The most striking thing that met the eye on the way to the front
that day was the hustle and bustle on the roads, the same roads that had
been deserted by day and traffic-laden only at night. There was no longer
any pretense at concealment. Wagon trains, caisson trains, truck trains,
artillery — horse-drawn and motorized, tanks, balloon trucks, long lines
of infantry, hundreds and hundreds of ambulances with their loads of
wounded, jammed the roads for miles.
Boche prisoners were coming back in great companies, with happy,
grinning doughboys and military police in charge of them. The Boche
looked happy, too. They were glad that the war was over for them and
they had already tasted American rations and American tobacco. Very
few looked sullen and disgruntled. They were of all shades and sizes,
old and young, whiskered and smooth-shaven — a motley crew. They had
discarded their heavy helmets and only a few still carried their gas masks.
Hairy little "poilus" in their faded blue uniforms, paused to watch these
strange processions, to shout "Vive l'Amerique !" and to hurl witticisms
and uncomplimentary epithets at the prisoners. They never tired of in-
forming them that the road they were traveling then was, indeed, the
road "nach Paris," alluding to the German slogan made famous in the first
great drive of the war and in succeeding drives that had promised success.
It was a great day for the French as well as for the Americans.
Here it was that the regiment first began to suffer because of its
History of the 113th Field Artillery
A typical German cemetery. This one is near Boullionville, in the St. Mihiel sector.
lack of transportation. The French Fourgon wagon is a poor cargo
carrier, lacking space, and as has been related the Chariot du Pare is in
itself a load for four horses. Much of the regiment's equipment, all of
it sorely needed in later operations, was left in the "Foret de la Reine,"
under guard. At Noviant there was necessity for cutting down further
the load of equipment carried in the wagons and large quantities of equip-
ment were stored under shelter for the salvage department to claim later.
The regiment's horses were breaking down under the strain and it was
with the utmost difficulty that enough were found to move the guns,
caissons and wagons. None of the equipment stored at Noviant and in
the "Foret de la Reine" was ever recovered by the regiment, for orders
came directing speedy movement to other fields. The salvage corps
moved in and took it over and the guard detail that had been left with it,
after weary weeks of wandering, regained the regiment.
But there was nothing anybody could do about it. There were no
more horses and it was up to the regiment to conserve those it had, strip
down to the lightest possible marching order and keep going. On Sep-
tember 13th the regimental train again took the trail north, through Limey,
to a position close to the firing batteries near Boullionville and Thiacourt.
The 89th Division's ration dump had been moved to Flirey and half of the
Supply Train was diverted to this place at Limey and after waiting a
whole day for an issue of rations, got away at nightfall and struck Limey
again in time to run into an entire division headed toward the front as
rapidly as it could travel.
The Battle of St. Mihiel 75
Those who have never sat by the roadside in the cold, damp drizzly
atmosphere that envelops northern France in late summer and fall, wait-
ing for an American division to pass, can never realize how big a thing
a division is. Day was breaking as the train got under way on the morn-
ing of September 14th and it was late in the afternoon when it located the
regimental echelon, snugly tucked away under the base of a hill and "sitting
on the world" in so far as rations and horse-feed were concerned. They
had found a happy valley where the Boche had long lived in perfect con-
tent, with immense gardens full of cabbage, tomatoes, beans, turnips,
potatoes and other stuff and every outfit's mess was profiting by it. A
great stack of the finest hay afforded a bountiful feed for the tired
The firing batteries had been without what they called "regular food"
for two days, having had to depend on their iron rations, but here in the
valley they had made up for all their deprivations and it did not matter
seriously to them whether the Supply Train ever caught up or not. They
found some cows, hogs, rabbits and chickens that the Germans had left
and they feasted.
Two of the cows joined the regiment, Major Stem and Major Bul-
winkle each getting one, both big fine animals. Major Stem was destined
to lose his in a gas attack on the night of September 14th as the regiment
was being withdrawn from the St. Mihiel sector. In the excitement the
man in charge of the cow sought vainly for a gas mask to protect her
but there was none to be had. Major Bulwinkle's cow remained with the
regiment through the remainder of the war, marching with the major's
battalion detail and never far from the major. She furnished his table
with milk with unfailing regularity through all of the hard months that
followed and was finally sold to a citizen of Luxemburg province and
her price furnished a banquet for the Second Battalion detail.
Here it was that the regiment got its first glimpse of German life
at the front. There were fine concrete dug-outs for both officers and men.
The officers' dug-outs were palatial, compared with those the French lived
in on the other side of the old battle line. There was one with a fine piano,
many with beautiful furniture, feather beds, bathrooms with hot and cold
water, electric lights, a tiled dairy, rabbit warrens, poultry yards, bowling
alleys, summer pavilions with rustic tables and seats. It was war de luxe.
On the hills around these positions the Germans had made preparation
to do much fighting. There were countless numbers of machine gun posi-
tions. Every ridge had scores of them, and every clump of bushes hid a
machine-gunner's lair. It was here that a German machine gun of the
Maxim pattern was salvaged and packed in one of the wagons of the
Supply Company. It was carried with the regiment through all of its
wanderings and finally brought home and presented to the North Carolina
State Hall of History, where it may now be seen.
On the battle-scarred hills above Limey and on to Boullionville and
Thiacourt, the regiment saw war in its most revolting aspects. American
History of the 113th Field Artillery
dead and German dead lay everywhere in the fields. The burying details
were not able to keep the fields cleared. The roadsides were lined with
dead horses, many killed by enemy shell-fire but the majority dead from
overwork and exhaustion.
Late in the afternoon on September 14th, as German dug-outs and
bomb-proof shelters were being made ready for a night of rest, moving
orders came. It was fortunate for the regimental train that this order came,
for it had not completely cleared its camp area when Boche shells began
to fall on the hills about it. Members of the regiment who saw the area
next day, reported that it was badly torn by shell-fire and that there
would have been many casualties if the outfit had remained there.
The line of march was through Boullionville, Euvezin and Essey to
Rambecourt and it was a night of much stress and strain. The roads
were blocked by traffic of all kinds. It developed that many artillery
brigades were on the move, going in the same general direction as the
55th, and every outfit had to make a regular schedule or there was the
devil to pay at all road crossings. Things were badly messed up that
night many times and no one envied the M. P.'s their job of unsnarling
To add to the excitement and general interest of the movement, the
Boche kept hammering away at the road all night long. Boche aero-
planes were overhead at almost every stage of the journey. Several times
they swooped down and cut loose on the moving column with machine
A Regulation German "Pill-Box." This one was captured by the Americans at St. Mihiel before
the Boche had been able to complete it and camouflage it.
The Bailie of St. Mihiel
Ruins of the old church at FUrey, on the St. Mihiel sector.
guns. The regiment was caught in a traffic jam at Essey and while it
stuck there, unable to move, the village was bombed by Boche aviators
and Boche artillery dropped many shells into the village, both gas and
high explosive. Many horses were hurt, several being killed, but not a
man was injured. The regiment learned that night just how much nerve
it takes to "sit steady" under such trying conditions as these were. It
is the experience of all fighting men that as long as there is movement
and plenty of it, they can stand almost anything, but that the most trying
situation is to be caught as the regiment was caught, without shelter
and absolutely unable to move, on a road on which the Boche had almost
perfect range. Even this can be borne better than having a Boche aero-
plane overhead maneuvering for position, its motor droning as all Boche
aeroplane motors do, with its peculiar rising and falling note. The regi-
ment had both that night.
The regiment was to have taken shelter in a piece of woods near
Rambecourt for the 15th. The position had been selected on the map and
no reconnaissance had been made. Two batteries marched into the woods
and found it a quagmire. The remainder of the regiment was warned
in time and went into the town of Rambecourt, where there was less
shelter but more comfort. Food for the men was bountiful but there
was great scarcity of horse feed. The brigade was no longer attached
to the 89th Division and arrangements for keeping in touch with supply
dumps were exceedingly poor.
The One Hundred and Thirteenth suffered less, perhaps, than any
History of the 113th Field Artillery
other unit of the brigade for the reason that the regiment had managed
to get away from the St. Mihiel sector with one of the big Packard trucks
of the 89th Division. This truck had been assigned to the regiment for
service in the St. Mihiel drive and it was away on a mission when moving
orders came. It reported to the Regimental Supply Officer on arrival at
Rambecourt, having picked up the regiment's trail during the night, and
it remained with the regiment until it was almost worn out. The Supply
Company provided three shifts of drivers and these men kept the truck
operating full twenty-four hours every day. When finally an order came
down by way of First Army Headquarters and reached the regiment,
directing the immediate return of the truck to the 89th Division, the
truck had practically "run its course," having served faithfully in the long
hard hike from St. Mihiel to the Argonne and for nearly two weeks in
the hardest fighting of the Meuse-Argonne offensive.
After a day of rest in Rambecourt the regiment got under way with
orders to proceed to Mecrin. This proved to be another eventful night,
though not as full of excitement as the night before. There was a full
moon and those who have had experience along any part of the battle
front know what that means. Moon-lit nights are delightful, under certain
sets of circumstances but not along the front, for it was on such nights
as the one here referred to that aviators took wing and traveled far and
near, their planes carrying racks of bombs. On dark nights the aviator
does not venture out on such missions. On this night Boche aviators
started early. Within a mile of Rambecourt the regiment ran , into an
Ruins of the "Gare" at Jaulny, a little town near Thiacourt, not far from the positions occupied
by the First Battalion on September 15, 1918.
The Bailie of St. Mihiel
One of the Batteries of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery seeking a billet in a
French village on the long hard hike from the St. Mihiel Front to the Argonne.
air-tight traffic jam. The macadam road gleamed like silver under the
light of the moon and the regiment offered a fine target, strung out there
along the road for three miles. Within ten minutes after the long column
had stopped, the men heard the unmistakable hum of a Boche motor.
To the men beneath, it seemed that that plane hovered over them for an
hour and scores of them expressed a desire to have the Boche "drop his
pills and get it over with." This he finally did, three striking the ground
in a soft, slushy field one hundred and fifty yards to the right of the
column, making a terrific noise but doing no damage. He flew on toward the
head of the column, turned and came back, dropping two on the other
side of the road. All this time American search-lights were looking for
him and American and French planes were up hunting for him. Finally
the lights found him and outlined him against the sky like a huge white
moth. The black crosses were plainly visible on his wings. Then from
all points of the compass, converging on the Boche, came the allied planes,
their tracer bullets cleaving the air. The wily Boche side-slips, plunges,
dips, does a back-flip and drops out of the light, making a clean get-away.
It was quite a thrilling show.
The regiment pulled into Mecrin on the banks of the Meuse on the
morning of September 16th. Here the outfit remained for thirty-six hours.
There was good grazing for the horses in the meadows around the little
village and while the buildings were badly shot up, there was shelter in
plenty for the men, and the halt was very pleasant. Practically every
man in the regiment enjoyed a swim in the river, the first real bath they
80 History of the 113th Field Artillery
had had in ten days and the last they were to get for many days. The
area they were approaching was not equipped with such comforts as
bath-houses and there was great scarcity of water fit to bathe in.
On the night of September 17th the regiment crossed the Meuse at Mec-
rin and journeyed past Rupt-devant-St. Mihiel to the town of Nicy, an
attractive little village that had not suffered noticeably in the war. On the
following night the march was resumed by way of Pierfittes, Longchamps,
Chaumont, and Selancourt, to Deuxnouds. Leaving Deuxnouds on the
night of the 19th the regiment passed through Ippecourt, Jubecourt and
Rarecourt to a camp in the Bois de Blaulieu, just south of Auzeville,
where it remained until September 22d.
Fair weather had ceased on the night of the 17th and the sun was
not seen again for weeks. It rained every day and every night. The
bottom dropped out of the roads. Only a few of the macadam roads
"stood up" under the traffic. Part of the regiment was quartered in
cootie-infested shacks. The remainder pitched shelter tents in the wet
woods and even at that, fared better than their brethren in the buildings.
On the night of September 22d the regiment moved to the Bois de Bro-
court just east of the village of the same name, and went into camp in
wooden shacks. Here the regiment began to make preparations for the
part it was to play in the greatest battle American soldiers ever took
part in, the Battle of the Argonne.
It is as well to state right here that nobody in the regiment knew
what was being pulled off. It was generally believed that the objective
of the St. Mihiel drive was the fortified city of Metz and the hard fighting
of September 12th and 13th pushed the American lines to a point where
the American long range cannon could reach the fortifications of the
town. When orders came without warning for the withdrawal of the
regiment and immediate movement to another sector, there was great
disappointment. Officers expressed the opinion freely that some one had
blundered and that the brigade had incurred the displeasure of the General
Staff. True, they could not put their fingers on any particular fall-down
or misplay. The brigade had performed every mission entrusted to it, so
far as their observation went, but, they argued, "there's bound to be some-
thing wrong somewhere, for here we go, away from the biggest scrap of
the war, just as we were getting a good start."
Thus they mourned, not knowing as they knew later, that the St.
Mihiel drive had accomplished its purpose, which was to uncover Metz.
As originally planned, the American campaign of the year was to end
at this point. It was designed to afford valuable training for several
new divisions, with the tried and tested old divisions present to stiffen
the army's backbone and give the blow proper force. With this over the
plan was to dig in along the new lines, spend the winter in training and
in the spring launch a great offensive that would clear the "Foret de Ar-
gonne" and cause the collapse of Metz.
It is known now that the Allied high command did not at first take
The Bailie of St. Mihiel 81
seriously the promise of General Pershing to smash the St. Mihiel salient.
A noted British general is quoted as saying that the new American First
Army would be massacred in its attempt to take the strong positions of
St. Mihiel, which had remained unshaken for four long years. A well-
known French observer, attached to 89th Division Headquarters for a
time, was asked what he thought of the prospects of success for the Amer-
ican plan of driving the Germans out of the St. Mihiel salient in ten days.
He is reported to have used that expressive, inimitable, typically French
gesture, or combination of gestures, that involves simultaneous movement
of ears, nose, eyes, shoulders and hands and said :
"In six months — perhaps."
And there was much stress on the perhaps. They all felt that way
about it. Nobody was confident except the men and officers of the First
American Army. It never entered their minds that failure was even
It is good to be able to record that the One Hundred and Thirteenth
proved itself worthy of the best traditions of the Old North State. The
Battle of St. Mihiel, as it is generally called, will always be one of the
high lights in American history and in this battle the men of the regiment
fought valiantly and effectively. When it was over and the regiment had
moved on to other fields, there was nothing left to regret. The regiment
had stood the test and was a dependable fighting machine.
The doughboys of the two fine regiments that the One Hundred and
Thirteenth supported, the 353d and the 354th, never let slip an oppor-
tunity of praising the artillery that backed them up in the St. Mihiel
drive. Advancing behind the "curtain of steel" that the regiment fur-
nished them, they found the way well-cleared and the fields and woods
pitted by shell-fire, the holes set in checkerboard fashion and so close
together that it was easy to understand why every Boche who had a shell-
proof dug-out, remained in it until invited outside by the victorious Amer-
Major General W. M. Wright, commanding the 89th Division, showed
his appreciation of the work of the brigade by addressing a letter to
Brigadier General Shipton, in which he said :
"I have heard nothing but praise from the officers and men of the
Division for the way the Artillery was handled and conducted itself and
I want to thank you for your cheerful and willing compliance with all
of my wishes."
The result of the drive must have been very gratifying to the Com-
mander-in-Chief. Its complete and overwhelming success disclosed the
fact that there was not back of the German front the force, the stamina
and the morale with which the Germans had been credited. General
Pershing had long contended that this was the case and he proved his
faith by striking boldly, defences that had long been acknowledged im-
82 History of the 113th Field Artillery
The Commander-in-Chief was to be thrilled later by other triumphs
of American arms in the course of the World War, but it is doubtful if
any of them brought the joy and satisfaction that the reduction of the
St. Mihiel salient brought to him. He put into words his appreciation of
the work of his men in General Orders No. 238 issued December 26, 1918
and reading as follows :
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES
General Orders j
No. 238. \ France, Dec. 26, 1918.
It is with soldierly pride that I record in General Orders a tribute to the taking
of the St. Mihiel salient by the First Army.
On September 12, 1918, you delivered the first concerted offensive operation of
the American Expeditionary Forces upon difficult terrain against this redoubtable
position, immovably held for four years, which crumpled before your ably executed
advance. Within twenty-four hours of the commencement of the attack, the salient
had ceased to exist and you were threatening Metz.
Your divisions, which had never been tried in the exacting conditions of major
offensive operations, worthily emulated those of more arduous experience and earned
their right to participate in the more difficult task to come. Your staff and auxiliary
services, which labored so untiringly and so enthusiastically, deserve equal commen-
dation, and we are indebted to the willing co-operation of the veteran French divisions
and of auxiliary units which the Allied commands put at our disposal.
Not only did you straighten a dangerous salient, capture 16,000 prisoners and
443 guns, and liberate 240 square miles of French territory, but you demonstrated
the fitness for battle of a unified American army.
We appreciate the loyal training and effort of the First Army. In the name
of our country, I offer our hearty and unmeasured thanks to these splendid Americans
of the 1st, 4th and 5th Corps and of the 1st, 2nd, 4th, 5th, 26th, 42nd, 82nd, 89th
and 90th Divisions, which were engaged, and of the 3rd, 35th, 78th, 80th and 91st
Divisions, which were in reserve.
This order will be read to all organizations at the first assembly formation after
JOHN J. PERSHING,
General, Commander in Chief.
ROBERT C. DAVIS,
While the regiment left the St. Mihiel sector, proud of the record it
had made and seeking "other worlds to conquer," its personnel keyed up
to the highest pitch, its efficiency had been seriously impaired by the losses
it had sustained in the way of horses. The regiment had entered the St.
Mihiel fight with 1,051 horses. Several hundreds of these had been received
only a few weeks before the regiment entrained at Coetquidan for the
front and there had been no time for seasoning and hardening them. The
hard work of preparation for the St. Mihiel drive had worn the horses to
the bone and sapped them of their vitality. The Regimental Munitions
Officer delivered to battery positions for this action a total of 24,000
rounds of ammunition, a tremendous amount, when it is considered that
the work had to be done in a steady downpour of rain and over muddy
The Battle of St. MihieV 83
trails that made it difficult to haul even an empty caisson. Then when
the Germans broke and ran, the dogged chase across twelve kilometres of
trackless country, accidents and shell-fire completed the work of destruc-
tion. They died by scores.
To make it worse, some misguided quartermaster cut down the feed
allowance in both hay and oats almost a third. The men in charge of
issuing the feed, taking their cue from this penurious and short-sighted
quartermaster, short-changed the regiment and the remainder of the
brigade as well, on every issue.
In the main, the regiment was treated well while it was with the
89th Division, but in this one matter of feed for the horses, the 89th's
quartermasters won the undying hatred of 1,500 Tar Heel artillerymen,
who watched their horses waste away and die in the harness at a time
when horses were woefully scarce and great things were at stake.
The regiment, through its Colonel, went on record many times in
protest against this policy, but to no avail. The Brigade Commander,
the only person who might have brought about better conditions, did not
seem to care.
Without horses to move the wagons the regiment was forced to
leave at its echelon in the "Foret de la Reine" a great deal of valuable
equipment. Without horses, the regiment was in serious danger of falling
down on missions of the highest importance. Without horses, there was
serious danger also of food shortage. It was not a very hopeful situation,
to say the least, for there were no more horses to be had anywhere.
It was a common saying in the 55th Brigade that any one of the
three regiments of the brigade could be tracked to its position by following
the trail of dead horses it left behind.
THE BATTLE OF THE ARGONNE
T is known now that the Battle of the Argonne, the greatest
battle ever staged by American arms and in many respects
the greatest that the world ever saw, was not scheduled
to be fought in the months of September and October, 1918,
but all of the well-laid plans of the Allied High Command
went into the discard as the result of the showing which
the First American Army made at St. Mihiel and were
readjusted in record time so as to put over in the fall of
1918, the great drive that had been set for the spring of 1919. With
the Germans staggering from the blow they had received, Marshal Foch
saw his opportunity and he immediately took steps to hurl against the
crumbling German lines all of the forces at his disposal, with these hard-
hitting, never-quitting American fighting men to do the heavy work and
bear the brunt of the fighting.
Be it remembered that this was the season of the year when, accord-
ing to custom, fighting virtually ceased along the Western Front. The
belligerents established their positions, enlarged their dug-outs and made
themselves as comfortable as possible for the winter and laid plans for
the next spring drives. Nobody thought of fighting in midwinter. It
was altogether too messy and uncomfortable. However displeasing the
new order of things may have been to the rest of the allies, it was dis-
tinctly pleasing to the American fighting man, who finds it extremely
trying to play a waiting game. The American is a good trench fighter
but he is an infinitely more efficient fighter when action is called for and
the whole American army welcomed the opportunity afforded by the change
of plans to bring the game to a crisis and risk everything on one gigantic
movement. It had no stomach for a miserable winter spent in the mud
and slush of the trenches but it thrilled at the idea of a war of real action.
Realizing that speed was all-essential, Marshal Foch set "D" day for
September 25, 1918, and that was just thirteen days after "D" day of St.
Mihiel. In thirteen days, the American army, scattered over a wide area,
was to move all of its available forces and the tremendous amount of equip-
ment required, arrange for ammunition and supply dumps big enough to
take care of a million soldiers and 100,000 horses, and get fifteen combat
divisions in shape for the task. The divisions that had fought at St. Mihiel,
the best trained and best fitted for the task, could not be used to open the
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Looking doivn on Recicourt from the hill at the south. A section of the town at the right. Structures
along the white macadam road were used as regimental headquarters October 8-9, 1918. Battery B
will long remember the shelling it underwent on the road leading up over the hill as it was going
into position for the Battle of the Argonne.
fight for the reason that they had suffered heavily at St. Mihiel and needed
time to get in condition again.
It was necessary, therefore, to call new and inexperienced divisions
from quiet sectors for the undertaking. At least two of the divisions
that "jumped off" on the morning of September 26th had never been under
fire before and only two of them could be classed as veterans, these being
the 28th National Guard Division, of Pennsylvania, and the 77th National
Army Division, of New York City.
As the One Hundred and Thirteenth made its way toward the Argonne
those who feared that the regiment was on the way to some quiet sector
had their fears allayed, for there was something electric in the air. Wher-
ever the regiment went there was sound of movement by night and as
had happened during the tense period that preceded the St. Mihiel drive,
the feeling that something big was under way gripped everybody. Night
after night the regiment encountered at road crossings the "markers" of
other artillery brigades and all of these organizations, according to the
information secured, were headed toward the Argonne.
How the American army carried out this movement in the limited
time allotted for it is past explaining. The impossible was accomplished.
Even those men who were on the ground and watching it happen were
unable to tell how it was done. Orders said go and the American Army
went. The achievement will always remain a mystery to the Germans,
who had thought the force of the American blow spent at St. Mihiel and
The Battle of the Argonne
On the march in the Argonne. German prisoners resting by the road-si
who looked for no further movement before the spring of 1919. The
American army was in position before sunrise on the morning of Septem-
ber 25th and ready for action.
The attack was not launched on the morning of the 25th, however,
but it was not delayed on account of American failure to come up to the
scratch. The French Fourth army that was to have position on the
American left was not ready for action and there was a delay of twenty-
The delay, however, did not come amiss. It served to give the raw
divisions that were being hurled into bloody action a chance to calm down,
regain their wind and renew their energies that had been jaded by long
forced marches under the worst possible weather conditions.
The One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery and the other units
of the 55th Brigade, were on the job three days before the opening of
the great battle that was to smash the Hun's strongest defenses and put
a speedy end to the war.
On September 23d the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery
went into position on the northern edge of the Bois de Esnes, southeast
of the village of Avocourt. Battery B was caught on the road by shell
fire and had four casualties, Private John T. Jones and Privates First
Class Caddest Winfield, John L. Meekins and Heber G. Boyd being
wounded. Three horses were killed and several others injured. Batteries
A, B, C and F took position east of the Esnes-Recicourt road and Batteries
D and E west of the road. The regimental P. C. was between the bat-
talions and on the west side of the road. Lieutenant Lonergon, regimental
History of the 113th Field Artillery
munitions officer, and his caisson train took up their arduous labors and
began to deliver ammunition at the selected battery positions.
Difficult as had been their work at St. Mihiel, they found it doubly
difficult here at the opening of the Battle of the Argonne. Here there were
only two roads that could be used and a half dozen divisions had to be sup-
plied and fed over these two roads. It meant long and hard hours, full of
heart-breaking delays on the roads, and further loss of horses. The horses
had been poorly fed on the long hike to the Argonne and now when food was
more plentiful and only time was needed to build them up again, the
orders were to "spare neither man nor beast." As one staff officer put
it when an officer of the regiment protested, "if you kill every one of them
and by so doing advance our battlefront a kilometre or so, it's worth it."
Final plans for the opening of the great Battle of the Argonne were
received at 10 :00 o'clock on the evening of September 25th and the artillery
preparations began the following morning, September 26th, at 2 : 00 o'clock.
The regiment found itself attached to the 37th Division, Ohio National
Guard, and supporting the 73d Infantry Brigade. The doughboys jumped
off at 5 :30 o'clock in the morning, from positions along the road running al-
most east and west through the ruins of Avocourt. These Ohioans showed
the finest pluck and daring, attacking fearlessly and driving the Huns before
them, tackling machine gun nests with the bayonet and fighting on, no
matter how strong the resistance.
The progress of the first day was surprising. It became increasingly
evident as the day wore on that the Germans had been caught napping and
the doughboys pressed their advantage. Everywhere through the forest
they found evidences of hasty retreat, machine guns left on their tripods,
complete batteries of 77's and larger guns, anti-aircraft batteries, trucks
and wagons still loaded with supplies.
On the afternoon of the 26th, in order to keep in touch with the fast-
moving infantry and be in position to afford the maximum of protection
for them, the First Battalion moved forward through Avocourt and into
the Bois de Malancourt, where firing was continued steadily through the
night of the 26th. On the 27th the First Battalion again moved forward
to new positions that had been reconnoitered on the northern edge of the
Bois de Montfaucon, in plain view of the ruined town of Montfaucon,
and was joined here by the Second Battalion.
Here it was that enemy resistance stiffened. The Germans had hur-
ried up new divisions from other parts of the front. Prisoners taken on
the 28th and 29th identified six new German divisions that only a few
days before had been reported on the British front. Around Montfaucon
the tide of battle ebbed and flowed. There was desperate hand-to-hand
fighting in the wrecked streets of the little village. Time and again the
place was cleared of Germans, only to have them re-form and come back
in overwhelming numbers. By the afternoon of the 27th the place was
definitely and finally in the hands of the American army and the One
Hundred and Thirteenth established an observation post on the crest of
The Battle of the Argonne
Familiar type of German Concrete Machine Gun Nest in the Argonne Forest
the ridge at Montfaucon close to the house where the German Crown
Prince had his famous periscope with which he watched his great armies
dash themselves to pieces against the fortress of Verdun. This periscope
ran from a concrete dugout, deep under the ground, up through a tall
chimney and it commanded a wonderful view of the country. Here the
Crown Prince could keep an eye on operations and run no risk to his
It was here that Chaplain Ben Lacy won fame as an artillery officer.
Near the regiment's position on the edge of the Bois de Montfaucon there
was a complete battery of German 77's, with large quantities of ammuni-
tion stacked at the guns, ready for action. Chaplain Lacy had taken the
full artillery course of instruction with honors, and he knew how to run
a battery. The situation was critical and every available gun ought to
be working. Here was a battery of idle guns. He went to Colonel Cox
with the proposition that he be allowed to select the necessary gunners
from the various batteries of the regiment and put the ex-German battery
into action. His request was granted. From a German dugout nearby
he dug up a quantity of German range tables, maps, fmng data and
instructions, and as he reads German well, it did not take him long to
learn how to handle his guns and to teach his men. In a very short while
he had that battery facing toward the "Vaterland" and hurling German
ammunition into the ranks of the slowly retreating Germans.
On September 30th, the 37th Division, battle-worn and tired, was with-
drawn. The Division had suffered terrible losses in killed and wounded.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
The Battle of the Argonne 91
It went into action in the Argonne without previous battle experience and
despite the fact that its leadership left much to be desired, its record
in the Argonne is one to be proud of. These sturdy Ohioans fought their
way through the tangled wilds' of the Bois de Malancourt and the Bois
de Montfaucon where every point of vantage bristled with Maxims. There
were machine gun nests everywhere and snipers' boxes tucked away in the
tops of thousands of trees.
The 37th is officially credited with eleven days of service in active
sectors and exactly half of this time was spent in the Argonne. Of the
thirty kilometres it gained in action against the enemy, ten were gained in
the Argonne, where the going was hardest. The One Hundred and Thir-
teenth will always be proud of having had the privilege of supporting the
37th at this time. The regiment will always be glad that its man power and
horse power were adequate and that it was always able to respond to
every demand made upon it. It was in serving the 37th that the horses
of the One Hundred and Thirteenth fell by the wayside by ones and twos
and threes, until only a few hundred remained, but there was never lack of
ammunition, nor of mobility, while the regiment served the 37th. Except
for a few hours, that seemed an eternity, when the batteries were
struggling to get through the "bottle-neck" at Avocourt, the One Hundred
and Thirteenth and the remainder of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade,
were always ready to respond to every call for artillery assistance. The
One Hundred and Thirteenth fired a total of 14,253 rounds in support
of the 37th.
Much has been said about the "failure of the 37th Division to capture
Montfaucon" and there has been some controversy about the question
of Who captured the town finally. Salvage and burial squads who followed
in the wake of battle reported that they found dead of the 37th and 79th
Divisions in the town. The point was an important one and it was
hotly contested and the place was taken by the American forces not once
but several times and its final capture appears to have come about through
a "pinching off" process, a movement typically American, in which the
37th bore to the left and passed around north of Montfaucon, and the
79th connected up with the Ohioans after passing to the right.
The 37th Division lost heavily in the Argonne. During its experience
in active sectors, lasting eleven days, the division left 977 dead on the
field, and had 4,266 wounded, and most of these losses were incurred in
the Argonne. When the first rush was over and the Germans had recov-
ered in part from their first moment of surprise and panic, resistance
stiffened and the fight they put up was nothing short of masterly. The
Huns knew that American success at this point would mean disaster to
them and they brought to bear against the 37th Division every available
The 37th was relieved by the 32d National Guard Division from
Michigan and Wisconsin. The new division came in with much enthusiasm
and confidence, fresh from victories on other fronts. It was one of the
History of the 113th Field Artillery
All that was left of a once important village after American artillery had finished with it. It was
one of Germany's most formidable strongholds.
The Bailie of Ihe Argonne
A stretch of No-Man's Land between Ivoiry and Montfaucon.
veteran divisions of the A. E. F. and had served with great credit with
the French. Talk went the rounds that "the 37th had done creditable
work, considering that this was its first experience in hard fighting" but
that it took veterans to handle a proposition of the general toughness and
roughness of the Argonne. The 55th Field Artillery Brigade was not
withdrawn with the 37th but passed to the incoming fighting unit. The
One Hundred and Thirteenth was assigned to the 63d Infantry Brigade,
32d Division, which was composed of the 125th and 126th infantry regi-
The 32d spent six days in the Argonne. The division did a great deal
of hard fighting around Cierges and Gesnes, two little towns that the
37th had failed to take, and when the division was withdrawn both had
been taken and the American lines had been advanced a few hundred
yards beyond the point where the 37th had been relieved.
This does not mean that the 32d did no fighting. On the other hand,
the fighting was constant, day and night. On a single day, October 4th,
the One Hundred and Thirteenth was called upon to fire a total of 5,719
rounds and there was almost as much action every day of the six that
the 32d spent there. The Hun was doing his utmost to stop the American
advance at this pivotal point and it was this that made advancing slow
Some idea of the action here may be gained from the daily intelligence
reports issued by Lieutenant-Colonel Paul B. Clemens, G-2 of the 32d
Division. One of these dated "October 3 to October 4, 1918, 12 h. to 12 h.,"
is fairly representative of them all. It was as follows :
History of the 113th Field Artillery
The Battle of the Argonne 95
I. GENERAL IMPRESSION OF THE DAY:
Visibility poor. In accordance with the plan of attack our troops moved forward
at H hour behind a rolling barrage. Our lines were subjected to a heavy counter
preparation fire of H. E. and gas, supported by heavy enemy machine gun fire.
Enemy aviation much more active and aggressive than our own.
II. ENEMY FRONT LINE:
Our front line extends from F4010 to F4612, along rivulet GESNES to F5315
to F6820 to F6820. The enemy front line cannot be defined, but he still
occupies the BOIS de LA MORINE and the village of GESNES.
III. ENEMY ORDER OF BATTLE:
Prisoners were taken from the 169th Regiment, 52d Division, at 8:00 o'clock, 500
meters southwest of GESNES. These prisoners belong to the support battalion
of their regiment and went into position last evening. This places one battalion
of the 169th Regiment in the sector formerly occupied by the 3d Grenadier Guard
IV. ENEMY INFANTRY:
Activity confined almost entirely to machine gun action, supported by groups of
V. ENEMY ARTILLERY:
A terrific bombardment with H. E.'s and gas began at 3:00 o'clock this morning
and continued for half an hour. Several bursts of 150's were directed on main
roads. The efficiency of the enemy's artillery fire was aided by the regulage of
VI. ENEMY MOVEMENTS:
Usual circulation of individuals and small groups behind the enemy's lines.
VII. ENEMY WORKS:
Nothing noted further than the strengthening of his positions.
VIII. ENEMY AERONAUTICS:
During the entire period of 24 hours the enemy had superiority of the air. Five
enemy planes were brought down, one by anti-aircraft fire south of NANTILLOIS,
one by machine gun fire one kilometer west of MONTFAUCON and one by
machine gun fire one kilometer south of MONTFAUCON, the location of the
other two indefinite. In addition to observation and registration of artillery
fire the enemy used his aeroplanes to combat our planes and fire upon our front
IX. ACTIVITY OF OUR OWN TROOPS:
At 5:25 o'clock our troops attacked the enemy lines and succeeded in advancing
about a kilometer.
At the close of the period 36 prisoners had been reported by organizations of the
Division. No report on captured material.
On October 2d, Brigadier General Shipton, commanding the 55th Field
Artillery Brigade, was relieved of command and Brigadier General A. S.
Fleming of the 158th Field Artillery Brigade, succeeded him. He was in
command of the brigade for only five days but in that time he made a fine
impression on everybody.
The 32d was taken out of the lines on October 6th and the 42d (Rain-
96 History of the 113th Field Artillery
bow) National Guard Division succeeded it. Again the 55th Field Artillery
Brigade remained in position. It was intended that the brigade should
support the 42d and perhaps other divisions both to the right and to the
left of the sector which the 32d was giving up, but a survey of its horse
equipment convinced those in command that the brigade should be relieved.
On October 7th came orders for the movement of the brigade to the Woevre
sector to take over the missions of the 51st Field Artillery Brigade, 26th
National Guard Division.
On the eve of departure for the Woevre, General Fleming was relieved
of command and his place was taken by Colonel J. W. Kilbreth, Jr., who
was soon thereafter promoted to the rank of brigadier general.
Two weeks of desperate fighting, day and night, following close on a
long, forced march and the exhausting experiences of the St. Mihiel drive,
had worn the One Hundred and Thirteenth down considerably but it had
not dulled its fighting spirit. The regiment was quite ready to remain
in the Argonne another two weeks, or four, so far as the men and officers
were concerned, but the regiment's horses were gone. Out of the original
1050 that went in at St. Mihiel, the morning report of October 7th showed
247 classed as "serviceable." The other two regiments of the brigade were
in equally bad condition. The brigade was no longer mobile, and this Battle
of the Argonne being a battle of action, it was necessary that the artillery
units engaged be able to move speedily. No other animals were available
to take the places of the dead and disabled. The guns and other equip-
ment were carried to the new sector in trucks.
Considering the dangers the regiment had faced in the Argonne it
got away with very few losses. On September 25th, Private James W.
Pittman, of Headquarters Company, was killed by a shell fragment. On
October 3d Battery E lost four men by shell-fire, Privates Robert L. Alston
and George G. Barnes, and Privates First Class Robey F. Campbell and
John W. Melton. On October 5th Private George H. Frady, of Battery
B, was killed. Those seriously wounded in the Argonne were :
Second Lieutenant Frank C. P. Drummond, of Battery D, who was
wounded October 6th ; Private First Class Ira J. Culpeper, of Battery A ;
Private Glenn Cawgill and Private First Class Raymond A. Case, of Bat-
tery B ; Corporal Daniel C. Boney, of Headquarters Company ; Private
Almond C. Weeks, of the Sanitary Detachment.
Nine men were gassed and twenty-one others received slight wounds.
It is impossible to chronicle here the many deeds of bravery that
stand to the credit of men and officers of the One Hundred and Thirteenth
on the books of the God of Battles. There was no thought of glory, no
attempt at the spectacular, no playing to the grandstand. From highest
to lowest, every man saw his duty clearly and did it. The hardships and
dangers they were called upon to face in the bloody jungles around Mont-
faucon and out along the shell-swept Montfaucon-Ivoiry highway, brought
out the best that was in them and submerged every mean and selfish im-
The Battle of the Argonne
STRUGGLING ON THROUGH THE ARGONNE
Every man who served in the regiment will have many pictures like this in his mind — trucks, cais-
sons, fourgons and "slat wagons" struggling along through the mud and long, straggling lines of
engineer and pioneer infantry lads carrying German shell baskets full of rocks and dumping them
into the mud-holes.
There were situations that called for the utmost fortitude, not only
on the front but back along the crowded lines of communication where men
of the transport sections stuck doggedly to the task of getting up food
and ammunition. No man can appreciate the work of the men who pro-
vide the food for the men and for the guns unless he has seen with his
own eyes such scenes as were every day and every night occurrences in
the Argonne — grim, mud-encased American boys, knee-deep in slush and
slime, tugging at the wheels of caissons or wagons sunk deep in the mud,
often under shell-fire and always a favorite target for the machine guns
of Boche airmen.
Chaplain Lacy, in one of his sermons preached at the front, paid just
tribute to these men who labored back of the firing batteries, who never
knew the thrill of actual combat, who never pointed a gun or pulled a lan-
yard, but without whose constant effort there would have been no victory.
He had had experience both with Supply trains on the open roads — roads
on which the Boche artillery always had almost perfect adjustment, and
with the firing batteries in position and at forward observation posts. He
History of the 113th Field Artillery
gave it as his experience that it took courage of as high order to stand the
strain of bringing up supplies and munitions as it did to stand firm at
battery positions under enemy fire. He said that he had found it "easier
to be at a place than to go to it," for there was usually protection of some
kind around battery positions but there could be no protection on the roads.
Two occasions stand out clearly above the rest and both illustrate
the stick-to-it, do-or-die tenacity that characterized the work of the regi-
ment from its inception to its demobilization.
The first of these was when reports came down from the corps intelli-
gence section that a big German counter-attack was coming. The regi-
ment was in support of the 37th Division and less than 2,000 yards from
the front line. It was the regiment's fourth night in the Argonne. If
the counter-attack materialized as reports had it, there was no hope for
successful resistance at that point. The infantry would be pushed back
for a distance of several kilometres and the artillery would be left high
and dry, with no protection. The infantry could not hope to find cover
behind which to re-form closer than the trench system north of Avocourt.
Facing this situation, it was proposed from Brigade Headquarters
that if the attack came and the infantry fell back, that the One Hundred
and Thirteenth should retire, leaving their guns in position. When this
was suggested Colonel Cox, he flatly refused to do it or even to consider it.
Giving up his guns without a struggle seemed to him a shameful thing to
do. The French artillery officers attached to the brigade and division
headquarters urged that abandoning the guns would be the only wise thing
The Bailie of the Argonne 99
to do, explaining that this was a thing that happened often in the stress
of battle, and they told how in their experience they had often abandoned
their guns, only to retake them. Often guns had changed hands in this
manner many times in a single battle.
With his own mind fully made up about it, but anxious to get the
views of his field officers and organization commanders, Colonel Cox hur-
riedly called a conference and put the matter before them without sug-
gestion on his part. He was not surprised to find every officer in the
regiment opposing the abandonment of the guns and plans were laid
for secondary lines of defense that would have proved extremely difficult
for the Boche had he attempted the attack. Every battery's two Hotch-
kiss machine guns were mounted so as to cover the area over which the
enemy was expected to advance with two lines of fire. The gun crews,
carefully picked, were to operate the 75's to the last possible moment,
using direct fire if possible, and when it was no longer possible to with-
stand the onslaught, to try to get away with the guns. Under such cover
as was available, stood the cannon limbers, with the horses hitched to
them, and there they remained the whole night through, drivers at their
sides, ready for instant action. If the gray-green hosts of the Kaiser had
broken through the front lines on that memorable morning, the reception
they would have received at the hands of these Tar Heel artillerymen
would have been a warm one. If the guns had to go, the regiment deter-
mined that there would be considerable fighting first.
Perhaps the French officers were right. Perhaps the decision of these
North Carolina artillerymen was foolish, a bit of obstinate short-sighted-
ness, a quixotic notion. The French certainly thought so, as their looks
and gestures plainly showed, but it was an exhibition of spirit that made
North Carolina "first at Bethel, farthest at Gettysburg and last at Appo-
mattox." North Carolina will not think any the less of them for it.
The other occasion came a day or two later, when Major Stem with
his First Battalion had moved into new positions on. the Montfaucon-
Ivoiry road, just back of the infantry. This battalion remained in position
here for four long days of the bitterest fighting. The Second Battalion,
still in position in the northern edge of the Bois de Montfaucon, knowing
what their brethren of the First were facing up at the front, were eager to
join them, but for some reason to this day unknown, the Brigade Com-
mander refused to allow the Second Battalion to advance.
There were times when it seemed impossible for this position to be
maintained. At one time a runner came back to the regimental P. C.
with the information that there were less than 100 rounds of ammunition
on hand for the entire battalion. At this critical juncture Lieutenant
Lonergon, the munitions officer, had the good fortune to encounter on the
crowded road south of Montfaucon, eight truck-loads of shells, all intended
for another regiment, and by means little short of grand larceny he diverted
them to the First Battalion.
It would not be amiss to state in passing, for another opportunity
History of the H3th Field Artillery
tiki •>' -'f" ' ■■
Forward Observation Post used by the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery on the top of
the ridge at Montfaucon.
The Battle of the Argonne 101
may not present itself, that no regiment ever had a better munitions officer
than Lonergon. His work at this time kept the First Battalion in action
when the hard-pressed infantry needed help most. How Lonergon got
through the traffic jams with his ammunition trains, will always remain
a mystery. He possessed in an unusual measure the happy Irish faculty
of* making friends. He could cajole the arm-band and pistol off of the
most hard-boiled M. P. in the American army and he always got there.
On this occasion there is no disputing the fact that things looked black.
It did not seem possible for the hard-pressed infantry in the fox-holes and
shell craters northwest of Montfaucon to hold on. If the Germans had
known how woefully weak was the line at that point, disaster might have
resulted, but the Germans did not know. Everybody back of that thin
fighting line knew. The commanding general of the 55th Brigade knew
and that is perhaps the reason why he refused to send the Second Battalion
of the One Hundred and Thirteenth forward to aid the First.
When Major Stem and his First Battalion moved up on this occasion
to support the 146th Infantry, Colonel Pickering commanding the 146th,
told him that the situation was indeed critical and that unless something
was done immediately to afford his regiment some measure of protection,
he would be forced to withdraw. Major Stem offered all he had, a fighting
battalion of proved efficiency, and it proved sufficient. It is often that
the destinies of nations hang on matters of comparatively small moment
and that the outcome of great battles is materially affected by the work of
a small organization. It was so in this case. For four days this one
battalion of artillery was the sole support of this regiment of infantry
and it was this battalion's work that steadied the wavering line and saved
So serious was the situation and so important the holding of the
positions the division had gained here, that Major General Farnsworth, the
division commander, visited in person and conferred with Major Stem.
Plans were laid for drawing the 75's to the crest of the ridge in front of
the battalion and using direct fire if occasion demanded. The men made
ready for a desperate hand-to-hand mix-up with the Hun. Pistol and
machine-gun ammunition was brought up in large quantities and the men
salvaged army rifles all over the battlefields where they had been dropped
from hands that could no longer hold them. The Boche would have found
this outfit extremely hard to take if he had managed to shove the infantry
back far enough to run up against it.
What would have been the result if the American drive had been
halted and thrust back at its center, is past conjecture. No one knows.
The One Hundred and Thirteenth will always be proud of the fact that it
was its good fortune to be there and serve effectively when service counted
It was while holding these advanced positions near Ivoiry and Gesnes
that most of the regiment's casualties occurred and they were very few
History of the 113th Field Artiller
Looking toward Cierges across the shell-pitted fields where many hundreds of American soldiers died.
considering the conditions under which the regiment fought. Major Stem,
in writing about it, said:
"I have never understood how we stayed in one place for eight days
and nights, continually under shell fire, with so few casualties."
It was here that Captain Boyce, of Headquarters Company, won a
citation for bravery while serving as liaison officer with the 146th Infantry
and Chaplain Lacy was cited for bravery in attending to wounded under
fire. Private Walter N. Perry, of the Sanitary Detachment won a citation
for bravely caring for the wounded of the battery to which he was attached
and one of the infantry regiments the battery was supporting. These cita-
tions, and others, appear elsewhere in this book.
When the regiment was finally relieved and withdrawn from the Ar-
gonne, it had fired a total of 23,557 rounds in the support of the 37th and
32d Divisions. Its connection with the 42d Division was mostly "on paper,"
as there was a lull in the fighting at this stage and the 42d's own artillery
came in on the heels of the remainder of the division.
The regiment advanced a total of ten kilometres in the Argonne and
changed positions three times.
Occasionally orators speak of days and periods of stress and storm that
"try men's souls." To those men who fought in the Argonne that expres-
sion will always bring back their experiences in the long, hard drive that
began September 26th and lasted until the last Boche had been driven out
of the "Foret de Argonne."
This historic forest has been the clashing ground for warriors through
The Battle of the Argonne L03
all the ages, and here some of the mightiest conflicts of ancient, mediaeval
and modern history have been fought. Here the German Crown Prince
lost more than 1,000,000 men and here the flower of France fell in the
first two years of the war.
There was hardly a square yard of earth that had not been plowed up
by bursting shells, not once, but many times. The fields above Avocourt,
at the edge of the Bois de Avocourt, had been turned over and over by
high explosives so many times that the very earth had been turned a yellow-
ish green color. Pitiful stumps of giant oaks and beeches bore marks of
shell, rifle and machine-gun fire.
The Argonne is a great cemetery from one end to the other. Every-
where there were to be seen little white crosses marking French and Ger-
man graves, and, after the drive was under way, an increasing number of
newer crosses, marking the last resting-places of many brave Americans.
General Pershing said in his official report of the Meuse-Argonne
offensive, under date of November 20, 1918, that the object of the offensive
was to "draw the best German divisions to our front and consume them."
This is exactly what happened. Every American division that could be
brought into action was brought into action and the Germans were forced
to pit against them every available division they had. When the finish
came, the American divisions had consumed the German divisions.
Early in September it was reported that Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria,
was occupying the area in front of the British with seventy-six divisions at
his command. Before the first of October the number had dwindled to
thirty. They had been withdrawn to meet the American menace in the east-
ern end of the battle-line. Carrying out his plan to smash the staggering foe
at every possible place, Marshal Foch put the British wing of his army
into motion and for the first time in many months the British army found
itself able to make headway against the Hun.
In this action, which started on September 29th, three days after the
Battle of the Argonne began, the 30th Division, of which the One Hundred
and Thirteenth Field Artillery was a part, won eternal fame. At Belli-
court, France, the Division broke the Hindenburg Line at its most strongly
fortified point and in following up its victory set a pace that kept the
British army on the run. When they were plugging along in the Argonne,
fighting grimly and doggedly, the men of the One Hundred and Thirteenth
Field Artillery were aiding their brethren of the 30th Division in their
brilliant advance against the Boche, just as truly as if they had been at
their backs with their death-dealing 75's, for the advance on the British
front would never have been made, had not the First American Army
dealt its terrific blow at St. Mihiel and in the Argonne.
The importance of the Battle of the Argonne is hard to estimate. It
was such a tremendous undertaking, conceived and carried out in such a
big way, that the mind of the average observer cannot compass it. When
the world has gotten a little farther way from it and there is opportunity
of gathering up and putting in place the thousands of details that went
104 History of the 113th Field Artillery
to make up this mighty achievement of American arms and American
manhood, perhaps some great historian may rise who will be able to do
the thing justice. Certain it is that no one can do it now.
The American objective was the Sedan-Mezieres railway, the German
main line of supply for the entire western front. With this railroad in
the hands of the Americans, the Germans would be forced to retire imme-
diately from all northern France and Belgium. Moreover, they would have
to give up the great Briey iron fields, where much of their iron came from.
Realizing this, the Germans fought desperately and when, after forty-seven
days of continuous battle, the American army reached Sedan, they quit,
knowing that further resistance was useless.
There is no disputing the fact that the Battle of the Argonne was
the greatest battle ever fought by American troops and there are many
military experts who declare that there have been few, if any, greater
battles in the history of the world.
Colonel Leonard P. Ayres, chief of the statistics branch of the General
Staff, United States Army, in a recent report presents the following statis-
tics of the engagement :
Days of battle 47
American troops engaged 1,200,000
Guns employed in attack 2,417
Rounds of artillery ammunition fired 4,214,000
Airplanes used 840
Tons of explosives dropped on enemy lines by planes. . . . 100
Tanks used 324
Miles of penetration of enemy line, maximum 34
Square kilometres of territory taken 1,550
Villages and towns liberated 150
Prisoners captured 16,059
Artillery pieces captured 468
Machine guns captured 2,864
Trench mortars captured 177
American casualties 120,000
General Pershing's estimate of the difficulties encountered by his men
and his appreciation of their achievements, are admirably set out in Gen-
eral Orders No. 262, Headquarters American Expeditionary Forces, dated
December 19, 1918, in which he said :
"It is with a sense of gratitude for its splendid accomplishment, which will live
through all history, that I record in General Orders a tribute to the victory of the
First Army in the Meuse-Argonne battle.
"Tested and strengthened by the reduction of the St. Mihiel salient, for more
than six weeks you battered against the pivot of the enemy line on the western
front. It was a position of imposing natural strength, stretching on both sides of
the Meuse River from the bitterly contested hills of Verdun to the almost impenetrable
forest of the Argonne; a position, moreover, fortified by four years of labor designed
to render it impregnable; a position held with the fullest resources of the enemy.
That position you broke utterly, and thereby hastened the collapse of the enemy's
"Soldiers of all of the divisions engaged under the First, Third and Fifth Corps—
The Battle of the Argonne 105
the 1st," 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, 7th, 26th, 28th, 29th, 32d, 33d, 35th, 37th, 42d, 77th, 78th,
79th, 80th, 82d, 89th, 90th and 91st — you will be long remembered for the stubborn
persistence of your progress, your storming of obstinately defended machine-gun nests,
your penetration, yard by yard, of woods and ravines, your heroic resistance in the
face of counter-attacks supported by powerful artillery fire. For more than a month,
from the initial attack of September 26th, you fought your way slowly through the
Argonne, through the woods and over hills west of the Meuse; you slowly enlarged your
hold on the Cotes de Meuse to the east; and then on the first of November, your
attack forced the enemy into flight. Pressing his retreat, you cleared the entire
left bank of the Meuse, south of Sedan, and then stormed the heights on the right
bank and drove him into the plain beyond.
"Your achievement, which is scarcely to be equalled in American history, must
remain a source of proud satisfaction to the troops who participated in the last
campaign of the war. The American people will remember it as the realization of the
hitherto potential strength of the American contribution toward the cause to which
they had sworn allegiance. There can be no greater reward for a soldier or for a
It is worthy of note that while the regiment was not privileged to
serve at the front with its own beloved division, it did serve effectively
and satisfactorily with some of the finest divisions in France. As has
already been noted it served in the Argonne with two of the divisions
cited above, the 37th and the 32d divisions; on the St. Mihiel front with
the famous 89th and on the Woevre with the 79th and the 33d.
As the regiment was being withdrawn from the Argonne it witnessed
what was doubtless the greatest aerial demonstration of the war when
361 American and French planes carried out a daylight raiding expedition
designed to discourage a threatened German counter attack. If the Ger-
mans really contemplated a counter-attack, this raid must have changed
their minds, for it did not materialize. It was a wonderful exhibition of
aircraft. The heavens seemed to be filled with planes as far as the eye
could see and the hum of their motors blended into one mighty roar as
the airmen swept across the line toward their objective in absolutely
Leaving the Argonne, with its din of battle, its terrible strain and
commotion, and entering upon its duties in the Woevre sector, northeast
of Verdun, it seemed to the battle-scarred One Hundred and Thirteenth
that they had entered upon another existence, where war's alarms were no
more. True, there was action and a great deal of it coming, but it was
as child's play, after the Argonne.
SO -r/ sz ss
ON THE WOEVRE SECTOR
ITH only 247 serviceable horses left, the regiment found
itself unable to move to its new scene of action without
help. Trucks were provided by the 105th Ammunition
Train and the 105th Trench Mortar Battery and the guns,
caissons and other heavy equipment were loaded on and
moved. No time was lost in getting the regiment into
position on the new front. The march to the Woevre
started on October 9th and was by way of Dombasle, Seno-
nocourt and Troyon to positions along the Grand Tranchee. By the night of
October 12th every battery was in position, having relieved the 101st Field
At Dombasle there was a big salvage dump and here the regiment
got rid of much heavy equipment in the way of battery and store wagons,
chariots du pare and a great deal of harness. Two hundred disabled
horses that had been assembled at Recicourt and pastured there were
turned over to a veterinary hospital unit.
The men made the journey to the new sector afoot, just as the most
of their journeys about France were made, and there was not a doughboy
outfit in the A. E. F. that could out-hike them. They liked hiking. It
was better than lying out in the woods in the rain and they were always
good-natured on the road.
"Join the army and see the world," some one would yell down the
line, quoting from an inscription on a famous recruiting poster. Back
would come in accents ironical that other slogan made famous when the
regiment was being recruited back home in North Carolina :
"Join the artillery and RIDE!"
It would be well to take account here of the changes that had taken
place in the regiment's officer personnel during the St. Mihiel and Argonne
campaigns. Captain Erskine E. Boyce had been relieved as regimental
adjutant and assigned as captain of Headquarters Company, Captain
Westfeldt, of Headquarters Company, going to the regimental adjutancy
and becoming also regimental operations officer.
First Lieutenant Horace C. Bennett was transferred to headquarters
Fourth Army Corps, where he operated the corps flash and sound ranging
stations. First Lieutenant Lewis M. Smith became ill in the Argonne
and was evacuated.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Eight new Saumur artillery school graduates, all second lieutenants,
joined the regiment as it was marching toward the Argonne. These were:
Herbert T. Hand, who was assigned to Headquarters Company;
William C. Adler, assigned to Battery B ; Charles E. Works and Andrew
J. Chapman, Battery C ; W. T. Chiles and Frank C. P. Drummond, Battery
D ; Urban T. Bowes, Battery E ; Earl C. Hamilton, Battery F.
First Lieutenant Robert P. Beaman, adjutant of the Second Battalion,
was promoted to captain and Second Lieutenant Caleb K. Burgess to first
lieutenant and regimental intelligence officer.
Regularly every month the regiment had been furnishing its quota
of officer candidates from the enlisted personnel for the Saumur Artillery
School, Saumur, France. The regiment is justly proud of the records
these men made. Every candidate finished the course creditably and those
who graduated in the earlier classes received their commissions. Those
who graduated in November and December, 1918, did not receive their
commissions in time to see active service in the war, but they received their
commissions later. Their names follow :
Sgt. John R. Burt.
Sgt. Raymond W. Harris.
Sgt. Tracy R. Cohb.
1st Sgt. William A. Blount.
Sgt. Claude S. Ramsey.
Sgt. Lawrence F. Dixon.
Sgt. John G. Ashe.
Sgt. Archie B. Fairley.
Sgt. W. M. Williams.
Sgt. Harold K. Hayes.
Sgt. Clarence J. M. Blume.
1st Sgt. William H. Rhodes.
Sgt. George B. Hellen.
Sgt. Major Kenneth J. Nixon.
Sgt. Major William A. Allen.
Sgt. William B. Lumsden.
Sgt. William Grimes.
Sgt. Earl Johnson.
1st Sgt. Frank S. Cline.
Ordnance Sgt. Adrian S. Mitchell.
The first battery positions on the Woevre sector were on the heights
overlooking the plains of the Woevre, with the ruined villages of Dom-
martain, St. Maurice, Hannonville, St. Remy and Vigneulles in view.
Far off across the plains lay the German positions. At that time the
Germans were in possession of St. Hilaire, Marcheville, Saulx-en- Woevre,
Fresnes, Champion and Wadonville and nearly all of these towns could be
seen from the regiment's forward observation posts. The Germans held
the heights behind all of these towns, commanding every approach across
The One Hundred and Thirteenth and the other units of the 55th
Brigade went into this sector in support of the 79th National Army
Division, the division that had served on the right of the 37th Division
in the Argonne. Brigade headquarters was at Troyon. Regimental head-
On the Wo'evre Hector
' <*■*&• ' - ' : ■'•'»/■ ?fiC<i** tit- /
A snugly hidden, well-camouflaged battery position on the Wcevre sector.
quarters was in the Foret de la Montagne, in a beautiful log bungalow
that had been the headquarters of a German brigade commander. All
through the woods, as in the territory around Boullionville and Thiacourt,
the regiment found that the enemy had established himself in comfort.
There were deep concrete dug-outs, comfortable houses, good stables, and
beautifully camouflaged walks everywhere. Most of the walks were paved
with broken stone.
There had been a complete water system and an electric light plant.
All of the houses and dug-outs were wired, but the Hun had taken care
to remove the motors and generators that furnished the current and the
Americans were unable to make use of what had been left behind.
The 79th Division was relieved on October 25th and the 33d National
Guard Division from Illinois succeeded them. The 55th Field Artillery
Brigade passed to the 33d and the One Hundred and Thirteenth was
assigned to the support of the 66th Infantry Brigade. A little later the
Second Battalion was assigned to the 65th Infantry Brigade, the First
Battalion remaining with the 66th. The regimental front at this time
was 4,800 metres long, or about three miles.
The 33d Division, commanded by Major-General George Bell, proved
to be a live organization and its infantry was always stirring up some
sort of action all along the front. The regiment was called on for every
bit of fighting skill it had, not once but many times. There was much
harassing fire to be done at night and always there were raiding parties
History of the 113th Field Artillery
On the Woevre Sector ill
to be protected and special missions to be carried out. Roving guns on
the plains did effective work at times and the batteries took turns at occu-
pying position on the plains. Battery B, while engaged in one of these
missions on the plains, had the unique distinction of occupying a position
well in advance of the infantry's front line and without even the protection
of an infantry patrol.
The Boche was not asleep. He was carrying on similar operations all
the time. Every night German guns would be run out to positions on
the plains and there would be lively bombardments in which all of the
back areas, cross roads and dumps, as well as the battery positions, would
be fired on. These guns would be withdrawn before daylight. The Boche
kept this up with monotonous regularity and true German method. The
firing started at the same hour every night, the length of the bombardment
never varied five minutes, and all of the points singled out for attention
received practically the same number of shells every night.
The Boche was particularly active in the air in this sector. The
black cross planes came over every day and on moonlight nights, the
droning of the Boche motor drove sleep away. The utmost care had to be
exercised in the matter of lights.
Here on the Woevre the regiment had opportunity of putting into
practice all of the fine arts of fighting it had learned with so much effort
from its French and American instructors at Coetquidan. The St.
Mihiel drive and the long, hard fight in the Argonne, offered small oppor-
tunity for using the "fine points" of the artillery game.
Now that opportunity was afforded, the intelligence section and opera-
tions department got in fine work. The corps flash and sound ranging
section was called upon for aid and responded admirably. The handling
of munitions was systematized and there was considerable improvement
in the matter of getting up supplies of all kinds, the latter being due to
the use by the Americans of a fine system of narrow-gauge railroads that
the Germans had built and left there. Several whole trains and enough
engines to operate the trains had been captured.
The 105th Ammunition Train for the first time found itself able to
function satisfactorily. The roads were good and their trucks found no
difficulty in delivering shells at the battery positions. The ordnance and
quartermaster departments of the division were efficient and anxious to
help and the regiment quickly improved in appearance and in comfort.
The 33d Division treated the 55th Field Artillery Brigade exceedingly
well. It was treated all the time exactly as if it belonged to the 33d and
was not merely "attached."
While here the process of re-equipping the regiment with horses was
undertaken, with the view of getting ready for the great advance on
Metz, that was scheduled for the middle of November. There was an
abundance of feed for the animals and the few the regiment had were
rapidly put in good condition, now that the trucks of the 105th Ammuni-
tion Train were available for making long hauls of ammunition.
112 History of the 113th Field Artillery
The November advance was to be a Second American Army affair
and the objective of the 33d Division was Conflans. With the view of
getting properly set for the jump-off the Division Commander worked
out a number of movements, designed to ascertain the enemy's strength
at strategic points and to prepare to take care of these points when the
actual advance began. One of the first of these was a raid on Chateau
de Aulnois, on November 7th, by the 65th Infantry Brigade, with the First
Battalion of the One Hundred and Thirteenth, and other artillery units
in support. This involved a preliminary bombardment, box barrage,
rolling barrage, smoke screen and covering fire, and was executed perfectly.
On November 8th the 66th Infantry Brigade conducted a successful
raid on St. Hilaire, involving the same tactics as the raid of November 7th,
with the Second Battalion and other units in support.
The attack on Marcheville at daybreak on November 10th, was the
biggest action of this series of preparatory engagements, and brought
in the entire regiment, with the exception of Battery D, which had a
mission of its own. The 65th Infantry Brigade attacked this strongly
held point which was the keystone of the Bretelle position, connecting
Mihiel I and II.
Marchville had been taken and retaken many times after the Battle
of St. Mihiel. The Germans hung on to it with bull-dog tenacity, for it
was vital to their scheme of defense of Conflans and Metz. The attack
this time was entirely successful and placed Marcheville and several other
important positions under permanent American control. The 17th French
Corps, in a bulletin issued on the day of the engagement, had the following
extract in regard to it:
"The capture of Marcheville and of the Harville Woods, places in our hands two
important elements of the principal line of resistance of the enemy (Pintheville,
Riaville, Marcheville, Harville and the Harville Woods) . Each of these two points
was held by one battalion.
"In provision for our attack the enemy had reinforced the zone of protection
by means of some of the troops forming the reserve of the regiment.
"Owing to the precision of the American artillery fire, it was impossible for
most of the enemy to make use of their arms in good time. Several groups were
overpowered in their shelters. The whole garrison of Marcheville has been killed
or captured (93 prisoners including 6 officers)."
That the work of the regiment and other units of the brigade was
appreciated by the infantry, is shown by the following letter received by
General Kilbreth shortly after the armistice was signed:
"France, 16th November, 1918.
From : Commanding General, 65th Infantry Brigade.
To : Commanding General, 55th Artillery Brigade.
Subject: Cooperation of Artillery.
"1. Now that active operations in this sector are temporarily suspended, I
desire to express to you, on behalf of myself and the officers and enlisted men of
the 65th Infantry Brigade, appreciation of your cheerful and effective cooperation
in all the work which you carried out while in this sub-sector.
On the Woevre Sector 113
"2. Everyone of your command has responded promptly to all demands, and all
our people developed the utmost confidence in your ability.
"EDWARD L. KING,
"Brigadier General U. S. A."
From a personal note to General Kilbreth, written by General King
shortly after the Marcheville attack, the following extract is taken :
"Just learned today that the barrage which your people put down in front of
Marcheville during the 10th of November, when the Boche counter-attacked, had a
wonderful effect. One officer told me that he saw two machine guns knocked to
pieces, and other men and officers say that the effect on the Boche was splendid."
The regiment lost only one man killed during its tour of duty on the
Woevre. This was Private Julius L. Teterton, of Battery B, who was
killed at a forward observation post on November 6th. Private Henry W.
DeBrock, of Battery C, was wounded on November 7th, and many were
painfully gassed on the night of November 7th-8th. Their names appear
It was while the regiment was occupying this sector that the men
got an insight into the moral and mental make-up of the Hun hitherto
denied them. The Hun, taking his cue from what the Americans were
doing along the same line, started a little propaganda campaign of his
own, having for its purpose the sowing of seeds of discontent among the
men of the American army and inducing them to desert. Hun aeroplanes
began to drop pamphlets and posters along the front line trenches and
at battery positions, most of them in execrable English, and all just as
illogical and unreasonable as the sample given herewith, which was
dropped from an aeroplane near the headquarters of the First Battalion :
"THE BETTER PART OF VALOR.
"Are you a brave man or a coward?
"It takes a brave man to stand up for his principles. Cowards stand behind
leaders and die, imagining that by so doing they become heroes.
"The motive of an act is its measure. If you think the war is hell and that
you as a citizen of the United States of America have no business to be fighting
in France for England you are a coward to stay with it. If you had the courage
to face criticism you would get out and over the top in no time to a place where there
is some likelihood that you may see home again.
"WHAT BUSINESS IS THIS WAR IN EUROPE TO YOU ANYHOW? You
don't want to annex anything do you? You don't want to give up your life for the
abstract thing, humanity.
"If you believe in humanity and that life is precious, save your own life and
dedicate it to the service of your own country and the woman who deserves it of
"Lots of you fellows are staying with it because you are too cowardly to protest,
to assert your own wills. Your wills are the best judges of what is best for you to
do. Don't ask any one's opinion as to what you would better do! You know best
what is the right thing to do. Do it and save your life! Germany never did any
harm to you, all the newspaper tales of wrongs were printed to inflame you to the
fighting pitch, they were lies, you know you can't believe what you read in the papers.
"If you stay with the outfit ten chances to one, all you will get out of it will
be a tombstone in France."
This Hunnish effort met with the reception it deserved at the hands
114 History of the 113th Field Artillery
of the Americans. It amused them immensely, while it aroused no little
disgust and contempt for a people who could harbor such sentiments.
The war ended on November 11th, just as the regiment was getting
things in order for the great offensive that was to start on November
14th. At eight o'clock on the morning of November 11th orders came down
to cease firing. The Boche kept on hammering away until eleven o'clock,
sending over mustard gas shells mostly. At that hour all action ceased
and quiet fell upon the land, a shell-wrecked, torn and terribly disfigured
land, which had not known a minute of peaceful quiet for four long years.
To the men of the regiment who had lived in the confusion of war, with
never a day out of the sound of the guns for seventy-eight days, the silence
that fell at eleven o'clock on that great morning was unreal and oppressive.
To the suffering natives of the war-stricken areas of France the sudden
quiet must have been even more unreal. The regiment had fired a total
of 4,356 rounds on the Woevre sector.
The regiment had been actively engaged in the zone of advance for
78 days. With the exception of eleven days, during which it was hiking
across France, just back of the battle lines, changing sectors, the regiment
was actively engaged every day of that time, without relief. Divisions came
and went. The One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery and the 55th
Field Artillery Brigade, of which it was a part, remained.
The night of November 11th will be remembered long by all who
were privileged to be along the front. Lights flared everywhere in the
woods, from every dug-out and from every shack, and happy soldiers
wandered from post to post in the moonlight, singing songs and shouting.
All along the front, on both sides, American and German soldiers
were sending up every variety of star rocket and flare in stock. The war
was over and why conserve the supply? They would be no good for the
next war, so let 'em burn ! The happy soldiers staged a fireworks dis-
play such as the world had never seen before and will never see again.
The German hilarity over the armistice was a trifle hard for Amer-
icans to understand, for the armistice meant a shameful finish for Ger-
many. American soldiers felt that if it had meant defeat and disgrace
for American arms, they would never have been able to hold up their
heads again, but the Germans did not seem to see it in that light.
On the morning of the day following the armistice there came down
from General Pershing, the commander-in-chief, the following message :
"The enemy has capitulated. It is fitting that I address myself in thanks directly
to the officers and soldiers of American Expeditionary Forces who by their heroic
efforts have made possible this glorious result. Our armies, hurriedly raised and
hastily trained, met a veteran enemy, and by courage, discipline and skill always
defeated him. Without complaint you have endured incessant toil, privation and
danger. You have seen many of your comrades make the supreme sacrifice that
freedom may live. I thank you for the patience and courage with which you have
endured. I congratulate you upon the splendid fruits of victory which your heroism
and the blood of our gallant dead are now presenting to our nation. Your deeds
will live forever on the most glorious pages cf America's History. Those things you
On the Woevre Sector
have done. There remains now a harder task which will test your soldierly qualities
to the utmost. Succeed in this and little note will be taken and few praises will be
sung; fail, and the light of your glorious achievement of the past will sadly be
dimmed. But you will not fail. Every natural tendency may urge towards relaxation
in discipline, in conduct, in appearance, in everything that marks the soldier. Yet,
you will remember that each Officer and each Soldier is the representative in EUROPE
of his people and that his brilliant deeds of yesterday permit no action of today to
pass unnoticed by friend or by foe. You will meet this test as gallantly as you
have met the tests of the battlefield. Sustained by your high ideals and inspired
by the heroic part you have played, you will carry back to our people the proud
consciousness of a new Americanism born of sacrifice. Whether you stand on hostile
territory or on the friendly soil of France, you will so bear yourself in discipline,
appearance and respect for all civil rights that you will confirm for all time the
pride and love which every American feels for your uniform and for you."
There were few changes in the personnel of the regiment while in
the Woevre sector. Thirty men in all were gassed and evacuated to hos-
pitals back in the rear and many men who had been left in hospitals
during the regiment's stay on the St. Mihiel front and in the Argonne,
rejoined the regiment after much wandering. Lieutenant Richard S.
Schmidt and Lieutenant William B. Duncan, who had been left at Camp
de Coetquidan, and Lieutenant Horace C. Bennett, who had been at corps
headquarters, rejoined the regiment and the following graduates of the
Saumur Artillery School were assigned to the regiment:
Second Lieutenants Charles Ahlers, Earl J. Higgins, Erwin S.
The days that followed the armistice were spent in putting all equip-
ment in the best condition possible, securing new equipment, and out-
fitting so as to make a creditable appearance as a unit of the Army of
Occupation. Six hundred horses and mules were drawn and issued to
the organizations of the regiment and once more it was able to move
without outside assistance.
In order to give surplus staff officers something to do, G. H. Q. or-
dained that there should be some maneuvers by the division against
imaginary Boche entrenched at various old positions along the St. Mihiel
sector. Two of these were held. They were very amusing to the veterans
who had actually fought out the same or similar problems, over the same
terrain, in real war, but the exercises were hardly worth while. General
Bell, the division commander, as fine an old warrior as ever lived,
expressed the sentiment of all of the soldiers, commissioned and enlisted,
when, after listening to the umpire, a General Staff lieutenant-colonel, criti-
cise everything his division had done in the maneuvers, tear to shreds every
order that had been issued and junk the whole performance in a few biting,
sarcastic words, he heaved a great sigh of relief and said :
"Well, Colonel, I suppose you are right. In real action my division
has never failed to gain its objectives; it has thrown back the Hun every
time it was started against him; it is a successful Hun-killer and it has
never lost a foot of ground, but I never had any luck against you fellows.
I have never been up against a maneuver umpire yet that I didn't lose."
116 History of the 113th Field Artillery
And he let it go at that.
The regiment was called upon to police an area half as big as the
average North Carolina county just prior to the movement of the 33d
Division. Every square yard of it had to be covered carefully and all
debris removed. It was a big undertaking.
When the Germans moved out of the sector they were required by
the terms of the armistice to fire all of the mines they had laid along
the roads and throughout the area occupied by the Americans. The
regiment was surprised to find that it had been living and moving over
deadly mines for weeks. It required nearly three weeks to get this work
done. There were 6,000 mines in the area of the 33d Division.
The 33d Division was ordered to move toward Germany on December
7th and despite rumors to the contrary, the 55th Field Artillery Brigade
went with it. It was reported that the division's own artillery brigade
would rejoin it and that the 55th would go to the 30th Division, then
reported at Le Mans, but this was not to be.
At this time General Kilbreth was ordered to General Headquarters
for some special work and was relieved by Brigadier General 0. L. Spaul-
ding, who commanded the brigade during its stay in the Third Army.
On December 3, 1918, three days before the regiment left the Troyon
or Woevre sector for the long march into Luxemburg, the 105th Mobile
Ordnance Repair Shop completed its work of overhauling the guns of
the brigade. The unit commander was so much pleased with the condi-
tion of the guns that he addressed the following letter to Colonel Cox :
HEADQUARTERS 105TH MOBILE ORDNANCE REPAIR SHOP,
American Expeditionary Forces,
December 3, 1918.
From: C. O. 105th Mob. Ord. Repr. Shop.
To: C. O. 113th F. A., 55th F. A. Brigade.
Subject: Gun Repairs.
1. Among other duties this organization has been charged with repairing and
overhauling the guns of your regiment. The guns were not only kept in good firing
condition by this organization from the arrival of the division until the end of the war,
but all of the pieces have been thoroughly overhauled since the cessation of hostilities.
2. Every gun received from your regiment reached our shop in first class shape,
as to cleanliness, lubrication, etc. The number of guns received for repair work
was remarkably small, considering the large amount of firing done and the many
miles the guns were hauled over indescribably rough roads.
3. In no case do the repair records of your guns show the damage due to
abuse, carelessness, lack of care, or lack of lubrication. Your men are certainly
to be complimented for the admirable care taken of the material so essential in
building up the enviable reputation which your regiment has achieved.
105th Mobile Ordnance Repair Shop,
DONALD E. HOLMES,
1st Lieut. Ord. U. S. A. Commanding.
Since it is true that an artilleryman is judged by the care he takes
of his gun, it goes without saying that this bit of praise was very
On the Woevre Sector
pleasing to everybody. The men were always careful in the handling of
their beloved 75's and the result was that the regiment's twenty-four
guns were always ready for action at a moment's notice. One gun in
one of the batteries was out of commission for twenty-four hours once, but
that was all. Elsewhere appear tables showing the number of times every
gun was fired and giving the number of each gun, so that a gunner will
be able to show the service record of his own particular "Hun-killer."
s S* 5Si SmmmS; 01 ' f /tOUT l/l/E-
THE WAUDEMMGS OF THE 113"™ F.A
History of the 113th Field Artillery
O, js is .§ ,| hj nq
sit (§5 s^s
"T ^ - e,^! ■§> .
El <N <-( *- "~S «-J "^
WITH THE ARMY OF OCCUPATION
N telling of the march from the "Foret de la Montagne"
northward toward Germany, Chaplain Lacy opened his
story with these words :
"It was December 7th and not raining."
Any day when rain fell not and when there was blue
sky to be seen above, was worthy of mention. Men noted
it carefully in their diaries and it formed a bright spot
in their lives. Always there was a scramble for a bath,
clean clothes and a shave. Troubles were forgotten and even the bluest
and gloomiest managed to show a smile. There was always a visible uplift
of spirit and laughter and song. But sunshiny days were so pitifully few !
Until the brigade arrived at Longwy, at the portals of the Duchy of
Luxemburg, Colonel Cox was brigade commander. Lieutenant-Colonel
Chambers was away on leave and Major Bulwinkle was in command of the
regiment. At Longwy, General Spaulding arrived to take command and
Colonel Cox returned to the One Hundred and Thirteenth.
The line of march was down across the plains by way of Dommartin,
Hannonville, Marcheville, Harville and Saulx. This was the very route over
which the regiment had been scheduled to advance toward Conflans on the
morning of November 14th and as the men saw the condition of the roads,
the softness of the earth alongside the roads, and the various obstacles that
had been placed in the way of mines and other obstructions, they were
doubly thankful for the armistice, which had saved them from it.
Where Saulx had stood, the regiment found demolished walls, tangles
of barbed wire and muddy shell-scarred fields. This town had been
burned early in the war by the Germans for the failure of the citizens
to pay a levy made on it.
Marcheville was in even worse condition than Saulx and it showed
very plainly the effects of the One Hundred and Thirteenth's heavy shelling
just prior to the cessation of hostilities. There were fresh shell holes
everywhere, so close together that they almost touched. From Marche-
ville on, the road was beset by entrenchments of all kinds and there was
a great deal of new wire strung in the fields. It was quite evident that
the Hun expected to retire, fighting.
At Riauville, Dompierre and Allomont and along the road were great
quantities of Boche artillery ammunition and equipment of various
kinds that had been abandoned by the retreating Huns.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
The Supply Company on the march in France.
Friauville, where the regiment spent Sunday, was the filthiest of all
the terribly filthy villages the regiment encountered in all of its experiences
in France. It had been a Boche billeting place for four years and every
house was filled with Boche plunder of all sorts.
Like all other French towns in the territory occupied by the Germans,
Friauville had been stripped of everything worth while. There were
about fifty people there, old men, women and children. They were poorly
clad, evidently poorly fed, a very abject and miserable lot of people. Their
cattle, hogs, chickens and horses had been requisitioned by the Germans.
Every copper vessel had been taken to make German shells and their
beds had been stripped of linen to make bandages for German wounded.
The people themselves had been forced to work in the fields for their
conquerors and had been paid with worthless paper money, issued in the
name of Lille or Douai, or some other ruined French city in the area of
German occupation. They were not allowed to visit relatives. One good
old woman told Chaplain Lacy that she had a daughter only fifteen kilo-
meters away that she was not allowed to see for four years. The children
were not allowed to go to school. The food allowed them was barely
With the Arm y of Occupation 121
sufficient to keep them alive and for three years the most of this had come
from the American Relief Commission operating under the Red Cross.
The people of Friauville had many stories to tell about the weakening
of the German morale toward the end. At Dompierre, they said, eight
German officers had been killed by a hand grenade thrown by a soldier
and in their own village the shoulder-straps had been torn from German
officers by their own men and Alsatian soldiers, who had been forced to
serve in the German army, broke all restraints and shouted :
"Vive la Republique! Vive la France! Las bas Prusse!"
On the morning of December 9th the regiment moved toward Joudre-
ville. The town was not far away, over good roads, but there were bad
roads the regiment had not yet seen in France, and corps headquarters,
which was directing the movement, decreed that the One Hundred and
Thirteenth should miss none of them. Therefore, instead of taking the
good road to Joudreville the regiment traveled in a circle, going back
toward Brainville and through the villages of Puxe, Jeandelize, Thurmer-
ville, Manaville, Gondrecourt and Affeville. At noon, when the regiment
halted for dinner, it was farther from its destination than it had been in
At Gondrecourt there were great quantities of German equipment.
At this point the Germans had a big engineer dump and their buildings
were of a substantial variety, well built and commodious. It had evidently
been a big center. The town was covered with German shop signs and
over one door was that famous German imprecation:
"Gott Strafe England."
In all of the villages, street names had been Germanized. Every village
had its "Kaiserwilhelmstrasse" and in place of the "Y. M. C. A." or "Foyer
du Soldat" signs, there appeared the German equivalent, "Soldatenheim."
At Joudreville the people had the same sort of tales to tell as had the
people of Friauville. This town is exceedingly small and as it had most
of its original population still, there was trouble in finding billets for the
regiment. Here the regiment saw the first electric lights it had seen since
leaving Toul in August. Like all other towns in the German occupied
area it had been fitted up with electric lights for the convenience of the
invaders and when they left the plant had been put out of commission.
The plant at Joudreville had been repaired.
On the day following, the regiment marched by way of Bauligny,
Baroncourt, Eton and Spincourt to Neuillonpont. The roads were as bad
as can be imagined and the rain that had ceased falling for a short time
on the first day, now fell steadily. The men stood the hike remarkably
well, only a few falling out. It was on the hard going on the ruined
macadam roads between Joudreville and Neuillonpont that Major Bul-
winkle's famous cow began to show signs of distress and requisition was
made on the regimental supply officer for shoes for her. The best he could
do was to furnish Private Blumberg, the cow's guardian, with four stout
History of the 113th Field Artillery
With the Army of Occupation 12:i
sacks and these were carefully wrapped around her sore feet and the
covering renewed as often as it was needed.
At Baroncourt, a rather important railway junction, the regiment
had an opportunity of noting the damage America's big guns were capable
of doing. This point was under fire for several weeks prior to the
armistice and great damage had been done to the railroad yards.
Neuillonpont was another Friauville, very dirty and very depressing.
It had been a German headquarters and billeting town. There was a fine
theatre there and the German officers had quite a comfortable and attrac-
tive clubroom which they called a casino. The piano, chairs, tables and
other equipment were still in place. The men enjoyed the music they
were able to extract from the piano and held quite a party there.
On December 11th the regiment hit the trail for Rehon, and it was
a wet day. All of the wetness the regiment had experienced on the march
was as nothing compared to the downpour they faced on the hike to
Rehon. The line of march was through Rouvrais, Arramy, Beauville and
Cutry. The men will never forget the lone, bedraggled woman who passed
the column that day in the rain and mud pushing a baby carriage on
which she was carrying her two weeks bread ration. She had to walk
twenty-five kilometres to get the bread from the American Relief Commis-
sion. Every man in the regiment who saw her, wanted to offer her a "lift"
but she only smiled and plodded on. The column was not traveling fast
enough for her and she had almost reached the head of the line when she
came to the road crossing that led to her home and she left the column.
Rehon and Longwy Bas seem to be one large industrial town. Rehon
is situated low in the valley. The trail climbs up through Longwy to the
ruined fort on the crest of the ridge, where was fought a sanguinary battle
in 1914, which cost the Germans 8,000 lives. This old fort was built in
mediaeval days and had been improved through the years, and sections of
it renewed as it fell into decay, so that it was hard for the Boche to take.
When Kaiser Wilhelm saw the old fort and the overgrown German ceme-
tery nearby, he shook his head and said:
"Too high a price."
The great shell-holes made by those terrible heavy German guns that
so startled the world at the outbreak of the war, were still visible all
around the old fort. Grass and weeds and small trees covered them,
nature appearing to have done her utmost to hide war's ravages. Much
of the old church from which the French flag floated defiantly during the
hard fight, still remains. The Germans tried in vain to bring the banner
down from the top of the steeple by machine gun fire, but were unable
to do it and finally sent a soldier to the top to pull it down.
The people of Rehon and Longwy had expected ruin as the Huns began
to withdraw under the steady pounding they were receiving at the hands
of the Americans. The armistice had saved them this experience.
From Longwy the regiment marched north into Belgium. The first
town the regiment entered in Belgium was Aubange and there was no
124 History of the 113th Field Artillery
evidences there that there had been a war. The countryside looked pros-
perous. The people were apparently well-fed and happy. Men of military
age were everywhere in evidence. The French in Longwy, Rehon and
in other towns had told members of the regiment that Belgium had not
suffered as France had suffered and insofar as the section through
which it passed is concerned, the regiment can vouch for the truthfulness
of this statement. It seemed to be an entirely different world and it was
hard to realize that just back down the line, less than five miles away,
desolation reigned supreme and poverty claimed a stricken land for its
On that day the regiment entered the province of Luxemburg, that
strange little country, where French, German, Flemish and various other
languages are spoken fluently and there are no poor people and every
house is full of fat, red-cheeked babies. There are iron mines and various
allied industries and the most beautiful little farms anyone ever saw.
As in France, the people live in small villages, all built of stone and brick,
in close communion with the pigs, cows, horses and chickens.
Be it recorded here that the people of Luxemburg treated the men of
the regiment with all kindness. True, they put a stiff price on everything
they had to sell and the system of financial juggling by which they kept
the German mark at a premium at a time when it was headed for the
cellar and going fast, aroused no little admiration. They stuck to it firmly
that a mark was worth one franc and twenty-five centimes. French money
was exchanged in this way, a five-franc note buying a four-mark note,
and nothing else would go.
The men found it hard sledding for a while. It had not been easy
to master the intricacies of the French monetary system and now right
when they had begun to speak glibly of francs, centimes and sous, they
were put up against the mark, whose value fluctuated and was rarely
stable for more than two days at a time. It was a laborious process
to take the humble pfennig, the one-hundredth part of a mark and calculate
its value in French currency and then carry the French equivalent on into
They were quick to learn that the thrifty Luxemburgers were short
on soap and valued a cake of soap above all things else. The small cakes
of bath soap issued with the rations daily by the Supply Officer, which
the men had been accustomed to throw away, became suddenly extremely
valuable. With eggs selling at a franc each, it was no trick at all to
take one of those tiny cakes of soap and buy a dozen eggs. The big cake
of issue laundry soap was valued at $5.00. The regiment's mess sergeants,
who worried over the limited wood supply, found in Luxemburg plenty
of wood, just as long as their soap supply lasted.
The regiment's first billets in Luxemburg were at Monerich, Reck-
ingen, Pissingen and Ehleringen, where the men and animals got two
nights and a day of much-needed rest. On December 14th the regiment
marched on toward the German border, passing along the southern out-
With the Army of Occupation 125
skirts of the city of Luxemburg, to billets in Syren, Contern, Medigen and
Mulford. On the following day the regiment marched to the Moselle
river. Regimental Headquarters and the Supply Company were billeted
in Bous, just north of Remich, where Brigade Headquarters was located.
The First Battalion was billeted at Stadtbredimus and the Second at Assel
and Rollingen. The infantry of the 33d Division was already in Germany
and the regiment was now a part of the Third American Army, the "Army
of Occupation." As fortune would have it, the Army of Occupation,
originally designed to have ten divisions, was reduced to eight divisions
and the 33d Division was ordered to take positions in Luxemburg as part
of the Army of Occupation reserve.
This called for more marching and the regiment was on the way
early on the morning of December 17th. They spent the night at Weiller,
Hasne and Aspelt and on the day following marched through the outskirts
of the wonderful old city of Luxemburg, in a blinding snowstorm, to
Wolferdingen. On December 20th the regiment again marched through a
snowstorm and billeted at Colmar-Burg and Cruhdton. Two days later
the regiment settled down for Christmas, with the First Battalion, Regi-
mental Headquarters and Headquarters Company at Bissen, the Second
Battalion at Colmar-Burg and the Supply Company at Boevange.
Volumes might be written about the regiment's experiences in quaint
old Luxemburg. The men rambled through the green fields and along the
fine rock roads and visited castles that were old when Columbus dis-
covered America. The people were kind and hospitable. So far as the
regiment could learn, they were pro-French almost without exception.
Luxemburg profited immensely by the war, especially during the first
three years. During the last year of war the Germans had no money
and the thrifty Luxemburgers began to consider them a pest. The German
main lines of supply ran through this little country and they built at least
one fine railroad through one end of the province. The Germans also
kept up the main highways that their trucks used.
From these Luxemburgers men of the regiment got an insight into
happenings behind the lines that were very interesting. These Luxemburg
people, speaking the same language, had mingled freely with the German
soldiery and they had stories to tell that confirmed all of the stories the
regiment had heard months before about the weakening of the German
morale and the gradual crumbling of the power of the military caste
in Germany. The Luxemburg people said that when it was first reported
that American soldiers had appeared at the front, the Germans denounced
the report as a lie. They argued that it could not be true, since Von
Tirpitz had closed the sea lanes with his submarines and it was impossible
for America to bring troops over. When the first American prisoners
were brought through Luxemburg on their way to the German prison
camps, the Germans still denied the presence of American troops at the
front, declaring that their prisoners were English and Canadians, in
American uniforms. The German privates believed this implicitly at first
126 History of the 113th Fietd Artillery
but gradually they waked up. One of them, returning disabled from
the Argonne, told the schoolmaster in Bissen that they had been cruelly
deceived by their leaders.
"No Americans on the front?" he exclaimed bitterly. "There are
more Americans there than we can stop."
The men found much to amuse them in the attitude and bearing of
petty officialdom in this petty kingdom. The province boasted at that
time a standing army of 250 men. What it lacked in size the army made
up in gaudy uniforms and war-like trappings. As nearly as the men
could "dope it out" the army kept the peace, delivered the mail, and did
like chores, in addition to being a "standing army." At the time the regi-
ment was in Luxemburg the entire army was reported to be out on strike
for higher pay. The privates of the army had been drawing about six
and a half cents per day and there had not been an increase of pay in
several hundred years. There were those in the regiment who felt that
the demands of the strikers were unreasonable, considering the clothes
they were privileged to wear, but in the main the regiment was in sym-
pathy with the strikers and hoped that they would get the increase
in pay that they asked for.
Luxemburgers are strong for rambling through the world and men
of the regiment encountered scores of both men and women who had
been to America and the majority of them said they were going to return
as soon as things got settled down. The mayor of Boevange had lived
for twenty years in America. He is authority for the statement that
there are more Luxemburgers in the city of Chicago than there are in
Luxemburg city. Almost every family had relatives somewhere in the
One officer of the regiment will never forget a little experience he had
near Wolferdingen. He was plodding along through the snow, disgusted
with everything, when he caught sight of a fat, motherly woman standing
in a doorway. Two children were hanging to her skirts and staring pop-
eyed at the line of horses, guns and soldiers going by. The woman smiled
and said, in perfectly good Americanese :
"An awful day, aint it"?
It was not just a phrase she had picked up. That woman had lived
for ten years in the United States and had been caught in Luxemburg
by the war during a visit to her old home in 1914.
The general mixture of languages that prevailed in Luxemburg kept
the men in confusion all the time. The girls of Luxemburg were friendly.
They liked the Americans, and the lonesome and homesick Americans of
the One Hundred and Thirteenth responded to their friendliness as a
flower opens to the sun. Lack of knowledge of the language your beloved
speaks is a serious defect and one that is annoying in the extreme, but
love speaks a universal language and there are many feelings a true
lover may express clearly without the aid of the spoken word. "Love
laughs at locksmiths," the old proverb says, and it is equally true that
With the Army of Occupation - 127
he laughs at language-makers. It is related in the Bible that there was
considerable labor trouble on account of the "confusion of tongues" that
fell upon the workmen engaged in the building of the Tower of Babel,
but it is not recorded that it had any serious effect on love-making. That
ancient and honorable sport doubtless retained all of its old-time lure and
fascination and was followed just as eagerly as before the general mix-up
of tongues took place.
But it was hard sledding to make love with one hand clutching a
dictionary, labeled "Francais-Anglais et Anglais-Francais." Every man
in the regiment either experienced it, or observed it, and can vouch for
the truthfulness of the statement. Every man in the regiment who has
had a like experience will sympathize with that cook in the Supply Com-
pany whom his captain overheard talking earnestly to a plump and pretty
Luxemburg fraulein, who spoke German and French with equal ease and
had been trying both on him.
"Now listen," he was imploring. "Venn ick bin in Luxemburg three
months — compree three months? — ick parley voo Luxemburg."
"Ja wohl," answered his charmer with a giggle. Unfortunately for
love's young dream, the budding linguist was not to remain in Luxemburg
long enough to acquire a speaking knowledge of "Luxemburg."
Luxemburg people did their best toward entertaining the men and
officers during the Christmas season. They were invited to the dances
that always mark the season and greatly enjoyed them. The regiment
was rather hard to entertain for the reason that home ties draw a little
tighter at Christmas time than at any other time of the year and North
Carolina was the only place on earth that would have looked good to the
One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery at that particular time.
The health of the regiment while in Luxemburg was good. Very
few were evacuated to the hospitals. One man, Sergeant Charles B. Wills,
a popular and very efficient member of Battery C, died of pneumonia
on Christmas day.
During the stay of the regiment in Luxemburg Lieutenant LeRoy C.
Hand and Lieutenant Enoch S. Simmons, who had left the regiment at
Camp de Coetquidan for service at the Artillery School at Bordeaux,
France, rejoined the regiment and Second Lieutenants McMamis, Lingle,
Cobb and Dosker were assigned to it.
On January 5, 1919 came the orders that everybody had been hoping
for. The artillery brigade of the 33d Division had come up and the 55th
Field Artillery Brigade was ordered to march back to the Toul area, turn
in equipment, and there take train for the Le Mans area to rejoin the
The journey back to France was devoid of incident. It was a long,
hard march. There were two days when it neither snowed nor rained
but for the most part it was doing one or the other all the time and
often both at the same time. As in all of its previous marches, the regi-
ment found it difficult to keep in touch with ration dumps and horse feed
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Steam up and Ready to go, but no French "Pilot." This is a picture of the train that carried the
One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery from Trondes to Evron.
was always short. Those who planned the line of march and made the
schedule in corps or army headquarters, seemed to consider the question
of supplies one of minor importance.
Two trucks were assigned to the regiment and it was doubtless con-
templated that these should do the long hauls. The schedule makers
probably took this into consideration, but it developed that the trucks
were no good. Both quit cold and there were no others to be had. It was,
therefore, up to the regiment to feed itself and this was accomplished
by working the Supply Company overtime. The company was split into
two sections, with fourteen wagons and the fastest teams in a light, quick-
moving train. This train took the road every morning at four o'clock,
hours before daybreak, for the ration dumps and there was never any
shortage of food for the men, though bulky forage for the animals was
The regiment passed out of Luxemburg on January 9th, through the
heart of the iron region, and into what had been German Lorraine. It
crossed the Lorraine border at Rumelange and journeyed on through
and into France by way of Aumetz, passing through Beuvillers, and Audon
le Roman in France to Sancy. Here the regiment again encountered
the desolation that follows in the wake of modern war and it was even
more striking than it had been on the journey north in December for
every man had fresh in his mind pictures of neat and trim Luxemburg,
with its rich farms and great industries, and in Lorraine there had been
no destruction. At Sancy and Beuvillers, where the regiment billeted,
the people were unusually kind. Very few Americans had passed that
way and the men of the regiment were hailed as deliverers and greeted
with much enthusiasm.
With the Army of Occupation
"Hommes JfO — Chevaux 8" was the familiar inscription on all French box-cars, but this is an
American box-car and "Hommes 60" were crowded into it. This shows part of Battery C at Trondes
i for the train to start toward he Mans and home.
On January 10th the regiment marched through Tucquegnieux, near
Briey, to Labry, Jarny and Hatrize. The following day was a short march,
the regiment billeting at Hannonville-au-Passage and Souzemont. These
towns had been close to the front when the armistice was signed and
had been badly shot up and the billets were very uncomfortable. There
were hundreds of German guns, big and little, and large quantities of
ammunition in these towns.
The night of January 11th was the last night the regiment was to
spend behind the old German lines, for, on the following day it crossed
over "No Man's Land" once more to billets behind the lines it had defended
for several weeks. This was the longest day's hike of the series and it
was made in a heavy snowstorm. The regiment passed through Jonville,
Woel, Avillers, St. Maurice, Hattonville and Vigneulles to Beuxeries and
Bruexerelles at the foot of Mont Sec, where billets were found. On Jan-
uary 13th it reached Jouy-sous-les-Cotes and Cornieville, where it was to
remain for a week, preparing for its long train journey across France to
When the regiment got through "turning in" equipment, it was
stripped down to the clothes that the men wore and that was about all.
Each man, by special dispensation, kept his helmet and gas mask, his
canteen and blanket roll, but everything else was turned over to the supply
departments of the Second Army at Toul, Manorville and other points
On January 19th the regiment entrained at Trondes, near Toul, for
the first lap of the journey home. The men did not find passenger coaches
130 History of the 113th Field Artillery
waiting on the siding to carry them to Le Mans. Instead there were
big American box cars and they were apportioned so as to provide one
car for each sixty men. Officers and men fared alike on this journey
and it did not add to their composure to see train-loads of French and
Italian soldiers go by in comfortable passenger coaches while they jolted
along in unheated box-cars. This thing happened not once but many
The beginning of the journey put everybody in bad humor. The
first train had gone forward, carrying the 115th Field Artillery. The
One Hundred and Thirteenth was to follow and it boarded the train on
schedule time. The regiment was not one minute late. When loading
had been completed the train was pulled down the track a few hundred
yards and there it remained for twenty-three hours, waiting for a French
"pilot" to ride on the engine with the American engineer !
The journey that ensued will always remain a painful topic of dis-
cussion, wherever two veterans of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field
Artillery get together. It lasted five days and nights and fully half of
that time was spent lying on side-tracks waiting for French trains to go
by. The weather was as cold as weather ever gets to be in France.
That journey was made endurable by one thing alone and that was the
consciousness that the regiment was homewardbound and every turn of
the wheels was just so much gained.
The regiment arrived in the Le Mans area on January 25th and was
billeted at Evron, Neau, St. Christophe and Messanges, small towns about
fifty miles west of Le Mans. Two men of the regiment, Privates Walter
A. Mankins, of Battery D, and S. C. Siquerious, of Battery F, were killed
in a train wreck while en route. They were left at Trondes and were
picked up by the 105th Ammunition Train which was traveling on the
train following. This train was wrecked and twenty-three men were
killed and thirty injured.
THE JOURNEY HOME
N the departure of the brigade from the Toul area, Briga-
dier General Spaulding was transferred to the 165th Field
Artillery Brigade in the Army of Occupation. When the
brigade arrived at Le Mans it found a new brigade com-
mander on hand, Colonel R. S. Abernathy, who remained
in charge until relieved by Brigadier General J. W. Kil-
breth, Jr., who again assumed command of the brigade
just before it sailed for home.
While at Evron and the smaller towns around Evron, the regiment
lost by transfer to the 3d Division, Army of Occupation, Captain A. L.
Fletcher, who had been regimental supply officer from the organization
of the regiment, Captain Isaac R. Wagner,' of the Sanitary Detachment,
and First Lieutenant Joseph Lonergon, of the Supply Company, who
had been regimental munitions officer. Captain Fletcher and Lieutenant
Lonergon were succeeded by Captain Alfred Grima and First Lieutenant
P. B. Smith, of the 10th Field Artillery. Lieutenant Smith later was
promoted to captain and became regimental supply officer. Later, after
the regiment had been moved to the Forwarding Camp at Le Mans, the
following officers left it to enter various French universities for a two
months' course of study: ,
Captain Alfred W. Horton, regimental personnel officer, Lieuten-
ants Charles E. Works, of Battery C, Enoch S. Simmons, of Battery C,
Earl C. Hamilton, of Battery F, Charles Ahlers, of Battery A, Samuel M.
Gattis, Jr., of Battery C and Russell N. Boswell, of Battery E.
On January 30th General Pershing reviewed the 55th Field Artillery
Brigade at Evron. He had previously inspected the other units of the
30th Division and his impressions are expressed in the following letter
to the Division Commander.
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES
Office of the Commander-in-Chief
Major General Edward M. Lewis, France, February 19, 1919.
Commanding 30th Division,
A. E. F.
My dear General Lewis:
It gives me much pleasure to extend to you and the officers and men of the 30th
Division my sincere compliments upon their appearance at the review and inspection
History of the 113th Field Artillery
The Journey Home 133
on the 21st of January, southwest of Terlle, which was excellent and is just what
would be expected in a command with such a splendid fighting record.
After its preliminary training the Division entered the line on July 16th, where
it remained almost continuously until the end of October. In that time it was in
the actual battle from the 30th of August and took part in the Ypres-Lys and
Somme offensives. On September 29th, the Division broke through both the Hinden-
burg and the Le Catelet-Nauroy lines, capturing Bellicourt and Nauroy, an operation
on which all subsequent actions of the 4th British Army depended. From October
7th to October 20th, the Division advanced 23 kilometers in a continued series of
attacks, capturing 2352 of the enemy. Brancourt, Premont, Busigny, St. Bernin, St.
Souplet and Escaufort, La Haie, Minneresse and Vaux Andigny, are names which
will live in the memories of those who fought in the 30th Division. But its especial
glory will always be the honor you won by breaking the Hindenburg Line on September
29th. Such a record is one of which we are all proud.
It is gratifying to see your troops in such good physical shape, but still more
so to know that this almost ideal condition will continue to the end of their service
and beyond, as an exemplification of their high character and soldierly qualities.
I inspected the artillery brigade of the Division later, and found the same high
standard of personnel that marks the rest of the Division.
Very sincerely yours,
JOHN J. PERSHING.
Leaving Evron on February 5, 1919, under orders to proceed to the
Forwarding Camp at Le Mans, the regiment fully expected to be aboard
a transport within ten days, but it was not to be. A period of waiting
ensued that taxed the patience of every man in the outfit. Conditions
around Le Mans were not of the best from the standpoint of sanitation
and there was more sickness than the regiment had experienced in all
of its history. Eight men died of influenza and scores of others were
afflicted with it in lesser degree. The whole brigade was under quarantine
for a while in order to check the spread of the disease.
Here at Le Mans the regiment got in closer touch with the other
units of the 30th Division and there were hundreds of happy reunions.
For the first time since leaving Camp Sevier, the Old Hickory Division
was united. The division had made a wonderful record with the British
in Flanders, but there was no tendency on the part of the veteran dough-
boys who broke the Hindenburg Line on September 29th to look down
upon their brethren of the Old Hickory artillery who had not been fortunate
enough to be there, for they had heard of St. Mihiel and of the Argonne
and they knew that the artillery had done the old division credit.
The Division Commander expressed admirably the feeling of the
division toward the artillery in the following letter to the Brigade Com-
mander, General Kilbreth:
HEADQUARTERS 30TH DIVISION
American Expeditionary Forces
France, March 2, 1919.
From: Major General E. M. Lewis, Comdg. 30th Division,
To: Commanding General, 55th F. A. Brigade,
Subject: Service of the 55th F. A. Brigade,
1. I have the deepest satisfaction in communicating to you my appreciation of
and admiration for the work accomplished by the 55th F. A. Brigade during the period
134 History of the 113th Field Artillery
of its active operations, which I request that you communicate to the organizations
of your command.
2. My knowledge of the work done is based upon reports and comments from
sources other than personal observation. The information thus obtained is all of
the most commendable nature, beginning with your training period and extending
through the operations of the Brigade. In the course of these operations it fought
under many divisions and corps, and was actively engaged from August 27th to
November 11th, except for a period of eleven days when it was marching from one
sector to another.
3. The 30th Division established an enviable record in service with the British
and the record of its Artillery, detached to other fronts, is such as to admit it to
4. May you return home with a just feeling of pride and satisfaction in service
well performed and receive upon arrival the tribute of a grateful people that is your
E. M. LEWIS,
Major General, U. S. A.
It was while the regiment was in the Le Mans area that several
well-deserved promotions were made in the brigade and the One Hundred
and Thirteenth was peculiarly fortunate in securing three out of the
four majorities vacant in the brigade. These fell to three of the regiment's
best battery commanders, Captain Louis B. Crayton, of Battery E, Captain
Lennox P. McLendon, of Battery C and Captain Robert M. Hanes, of
Battery A. Three first lieutenants who had entered the regiment at the
beginning as second lieutenants, were promoted to captaincies to fill the
vacancies. Captain Wade V. Bowman, who had helped to organize Battery
E and had been one of its second lieutenants, succeeded Crayton. Captains
Beverly S. Royster and Richard D. Dixon, who had been fellow "shave-
tails" in Battery A, succeeded Hanes and McLendon respectively. Second
Lieutenant Marshall S. Barnett, of Battery E, was promoted to first lieu-
Not all of those who deserved promotion got it. There were few
vacancies in the higher ranks and the journey upward was slow and
tedious. The regiment was always short lieutenants, a few of the vacancies
being first lieutenancies and the very large majority of them seconds. There
were no promotions from the ranks and the new second lieutenants that
were assigned to the regiment came always from an artillery school.
Colonel Cox, while at Le Mans, made many efforts to reward deserving
non-commissioned officers of the regiment with commissions. Everybody
in the regiment endorsed the idea, for everybody realized that the men
recommended for commissions deserved them. Some of these recommenda-
tions are given elsewhere in this book. They are, in effect, regimental
citations for meritorious work. The regiment's own officer candidates
who were commissioned at Saumur, were always sent to other outfits. None
returned to the One Hundred and Thirteenth. Those who finished the
course at Saumur in November and December, after the signing of the
Armistice, rejoined the regiment, but were not commissioned in it.
The Journey Home
On Board the U. S. S. Santa Teresa, bound for home.
The time spent in the Forwarding Camp at Le Mans was time lost.
The first two days were spent in getting the men deloused and clean and
their equipment in good condition. After that it was a slow, tedious and
tiresome wait, unrelieved by anything worth while. This is a sample
of the regiment's "War Diary" as submitted to Brigade Headquarters :
"Feb. 18, 1919.
"Usual routine in the regiment. Nothing out of the ordinary to report.
"Capt., 113th. F. A., Adjt."
This was varied occasionally by reports of the depredations of the
flu. The diary of February 10th reports the outbreak of the flu epidemic
and at that time the regiment had 1,414 men. The following deaths
are reported in the diary:
Corporal Martin K. Dixon, of Battery B, on February 14th.
Privates Houston G. Brown and Thomas Meroney, of Battery F,
Alonzo Carpenter of Battery D and Thomas M. Robinson of Battery E on
Sergeant Tom Lee Suddreth, of Battery E, on February 17th. On
this date seventy men were reported as sick in the hospitals with flu.
Private Julian E. Lewis, of Battery D, on February 21st.
Private Walter McKinley Harwood, Battery D, on February 24th.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
A choppy sea, viewed from the forward deck of the U. S. S. Santa Teresa.
No other deaths with flu are reported in the diary after February
24th. The diary of February 26th reports 49 officers and 1,394 enlisted
men, showing that the sick were returning from the hospitals. The
roads were still reported "muddy."
The men will long remember the sticky, oozy, gooey mud of the Le
Mans Forwarding Camp, the mud that was with them day and night
for a whole month, a month that was the most depressing month of their
At Sea. A typical view from the deck of the Santa Teresa.
The Journey Home
Battery B on the march through the streets of Newport News, Va., with Lieut. LeRoy C. Hand in
command. They are getting the "feel" of American soil again and it is good.
career, with rain falling constantly and a deadly epidemic raging. They
were inspected and re-inspected, bathed, deloused and disinfected, prepara-
tory to taking train for St. Nazaire, the port of embarkation. Something
would happen to delay the movement and the whole performance had to
be gone over again. This happened many times and the men never got
used to it. The disappointment at each failure to move seemed to grow
keener and harder to bear. The movement actually materialized on March
4th and on March 6th the regiment marched up the gang-plank of the
Santa Teresa, one of Uncle Sam's transports, and on the night of the same
day the Santa Teresa put out to sea, headed for the United States of
The men were delighted with the Santa Teresa. They went aboard
remembering the "mutton and spuds" diet of the Armagh and they were
not prepared for the food that was dished out to them on their first line-up
for chow. It was good all the way, well cooked and of pleasing variety,
and the men were delighted with it.
Life aboard ship was pleasant, in the main. There were a few days
when the Santa Teresa rolled and pitched in the clutches of a storm and
there was considerable sea-sickness among the passengers, but the bad
The last issue of "The Tar Baby," the little daily sheet published
aboard during the voyage, contained this significant statement:
"The admissions to the Sick Bay for the past eight days bear out
History of the 113th Field Artillery
The Journey Home
Headquarters Company march
through the streets of Newport News, Va., on March 18, 1919.
Just off of the Santa Teresa.
the statement that Cox's Army as a Navy is not worth a damn. We are
glad that nothing but the sea can make the One Hundred and Thirteenth
This little paper added much to the enjoyment of the voyage. A
facsimile of the first page of the last issue appears elsewhere. It carried
daily the news of the world received by wireless and little items about
various men of the regiment. A daily feature that created much merri-
ment was the "Diary of a Rookie," in which the Rookie kidded the officers
mercilessly, laughed at the sea-sick and extracted fun from every happen-
ing of the voyage. The following is a sample of what he irreverently
handed the officers:
"Something must have got twisted today at lunch when the troops
got chicken and the officers got beans — but then we're getting nearer civil
life every day, which is true I guess, 'cause a certain officer give me a
cigar today an' says he wonders if my pa will be takin' back his old farm
hands when they're mustered out — but our old plow horse won't know what
'close up' means, I reckon."
The regiment landed at Newport News on March 18, 1919 and was
quartered near that city for a period of four days. The casual companies
began leaving the regiment for Camp Funston, Camp Gordon and Camp
Dix. These were composed of replacements that the regiment had received
from various states in the south, west and north.
It was here at Newport News that the men first felt the breaking of
the cords that had bound them together through all of the days of organi-
History of the 113th Field Artillery
The Journey Home 141
zation, training, fighting and waiting. Most of those who left the regi-
ment at Newport News were not "home folks" originally. They had come
to the regiment from thirty-six different states and a half dozen foreign
lands, but they had made warm friends in this Tar Heel organization and
everybody was sorry to see them go.
Colonel Cox addressed the following message to the regiment just
before the Santa Teresa landed at Newport News :
"The war is over. Your great adventure is finished. Your career
as a soldier is closing. A great awakening is at hand. You return to your
native land with a record unsurpassed in the history of the world. You
return with a consciousness of duty well performed. Soon you will enter
upon a new role, a role which has become unfamiliar to you during the
service of the past two years ; a role of great importance, however, in
which it behooves you to perform with the greatest diligence. The future
strength and glory of our country depend upon you and those like you,
so guard well the trust imposed upon you.
"Upon your return to civil life, take with you those splendid traits
of character that have proven you to be men and soldiers wherever your
task took you during the past nine months, and leave behind all that
would tend to narrow or circumscribe your new life. Carry with you the
remembrance of those things seen and learned in the Old World that,
if put into operation, will help those in the States among whom you will
"A wonderful opportunity has been yours, which by your spirit,
intelligence and courage you have made the most of. The record of your
deeds and service is an enduring one and will remain long after you have
taken your departure. You have much to be proud of and many interesting
occurrences to relate. Let me caution you to dwell but briefly on those
acts of valor that affect you personally. It is the province of the true
hero to be inherently modest. Stick up to the last for your Army, your
Division, your Regiment, your Battery or Company, but let someone else
tell of the part you individually played. In all your future dealings con-
duct yourself with that fidelity of purpose and strength of character that
bespeaks the true soldier and upright man. Never fail a comrade in
distress, particularly if such comrade has been crippled through his parti-
cipation in the great War. Those of us who survive the conflicts with
sound bodies and limbs can never adequately express our thanks to the
Divine Being who guided our steps in safety. The same God who protected
you in the hours of danger and strife will lead you in the ways of peace."
The regiment, less the casual companies, was ordered to Camp Jack-
son, Columbia, S. C, along with the remainder of the 30th Division, for
muster out. It was arranged, much to the delight of every member of the
regiment, that the regiment should visit Raleigh en route to Columbia and
spend one night and one day in the Capital of their beloved State.
Faithful to its Sunday movement tradition, the regiment landed in
Raleigh late Sunday evening, March 23d, and was met at the train by
142 History of the 113th Field Artillery
the most enthusiastic crowd of people that ever assembled in that good
old town. The people had arranged to entertain the men at their homes
and they were at the Union Station waiting for their guests. Suppers
were waiting for the hungry soldiers in five hundred homes and the
"billets" they found prepared for them were of a variety they had not
seen in all of their foreign travels. When the trains bearing the men
arrived in Raleigh there was no attempt at keeping the men in any sort
of formation. They were turned over to their hosts and hostesses, with
instructions to assemble on the following morning in time for the parade
that was to be a big feature of the home-coming exercises.
Monday, March 24, 1919, will long be remembered in Raleigh. Before
nine o'clock the streets were full of people. Special trains on all of the
railroads brought thousands. Thousands more came in automobiles, bug-
gies and wagons. It was the biggest crowd ever seen in Raleigh and the
happiest. People who had no relatives or friends in the regiment came
for miles to greet the boys and fathers, mothers, brothers, wives and
sweethearts were on hand in vast numbers.
The parade at 11 o'clock on Monday, March 24th, was very im-
pressive. Governor Bickett and a large party of notables occupied the
reviewing stand. Pictures of the parade shown elsewhere give details
of the event.
After marching by the reviewing stand and encircling the Capitol,
the regiment took the long road out Hillsboro Street to the Fair Ground,
where a bountiful dinner had been spread. There were vast quantities
of barbecue and Brunswick stew, inexhaustible stores of fried chicken,
cake and ham and the men did full justice to them. Following the dinner,
the men were dismissed once more and scattered all over Raleigh. They
reassembled that night for entrainment and not a man was missing; not
a man had been drunk or even faintly "illuminated" ; not a man had
been in any kind of trouble whatsoever. It was a great day for the
regiment and a great day for Raleigh.
N the night of March 24, 1919, the regiment entrained
for Camp Jackson, Columbia, S. C, and arrived in Colum-
bia on the following day. There was no parade in Colum-
bia and no formal reception, but everybody in that hos-
pitable city turned out and gave the boys a welcome that
was second only to the wonderful welcome they had been
accorded in Raleigh. Columbia homes were open to the
regiment and so remained for its entire stay there.
No time was lost at Camp Jackson in getting the mustering out
machinery into action and it was a question of a few days only until
demobilization had been completed and there was no longer any such
organization as the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery.
Colonel Cox's last order to his command was:
HEADQUARTERS 113th F. A.
CAMP JACKSON, S. C.
General Orders) March 28, 1919.
To all Organization Commanders:
1. In taking leave of the officers and men of the regiment upon its muster out
of service, I desire to express to them personally and individually my heartfelt appre-
ciation of their work as soldiers and their conduct as gentlemen. During the period
of training at Camp Sevier, and later, at Camp Coetquidan, through the battles and
engagements in the Toul Sector, at St. Mihiel, in the Argonne forest and at the
Woevre, after the Armistice through northern France and Luxemburg and finally
at the various camps preparing for return to the States and demobilization — you have
at all times rendered the government its due and been true to the tradition of your
forefathers. No finer set of men or truer or braver soldiers have ever fought for
their homes and country. The record of your achievements and your valor will live
in the hearts of men and be engraved on the tablets of time. Your future life will
be enriched by memories of duties well performed on the battlefields of France. Many
a pleasant moment will be spent in recalling to mind the part you performed on the
fronts of both the First and Second American Armies, and your sojourn among the
Luxembourgeoise while with the Army of Occupation.
Most of you are young men, many of you came into the service as boys, but
all go out as men, full formed and equipped to do a man's part in whatever may be
your task. There is work for you to do; much work of varied kinds; work to the
performance of which you will bring many valuable ideas obtained during your service
as soldiers. No State or nation can be greater than the individual citizens that
History of the 113 th Field Artillery
History of IheJiSth Field Artillery
OTHER MEMBERS OF THE REGIMENTAL N. C. O. STAFF.
At the Top — Left to right: Bat. Sgl. Major Marvin M. Capps and Corporal E. W. Harrington.
Center: Sergeant Arthur B. Corey.
At Bottom. — Left to right: Color Sergeants George N. Taylor and Wilbon O. Huntley.
compose it, hence it behooves us all to carry into every undertaking — be it social,
industrial or governmental — the full power of earnest effort. Be leaders in all move-
ments which are inaugurated for the best interest of our country. You have courage,
energy and self-confidence. Don't permit doubt, timidity or discouragement ever to
have a part in your makeup. Keep your head up and your back straight and smash
the problems of civil life in the same spirit you stormed the strongholds of the
Nothing can ever take the place of the pride I shall always feel in having had
an opportunity of commanding such a body of men. Words cannot express my
gratitude to the officers and the men for their cheerful cooperation and absolute loyalty.
I hope that each of you feel that in me he has a friend and that you will never
fail to afford me the opportunity of demonstrating the friendship I have for you.
May every success attend your future endeavors and may the spirit of the One
Hundred and Thirteenth guard your every undertaking.
(Signed) ALBERT L. COX,
Colonel, 113th Field Artillery.
2. This order will be read to each unit at its last assembly.
By order of Colonel Cox:
(Robert P. Beaman)
Captain, 113th. F. A.
With the last formalities duly attended to, the last bit of red tape
adjusted, and hasty good-byes spoken, the men of the regiment turned
their faces homeward, and the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery
ceased to exist, save in the hearts and memories of the splendid body of
men who had made it a great fighting machine, a resourceful, courageous
organization. Viewed from any angle, the One Hundred and Thirteenth
Field Artillery was a great regiment, self-reliant and dependable because
it was an aggregation of self-reliant and dependable men. No matter how
trying the situation, the One Hundred and Thirteenth always stood
squarely and firmly on its own feet, was always able to take care of itself
and lend a helping hand to less hardy outfits. It bore no stain upon its
record. There were no reprimands from high authority, no complaints,
no criticisms to be explained away. It was a regiment of no regrets.
The One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery was seventy-eight
days at the front. Eleven days of this time was spent in hiking from
one sector to another. At no time, after August 23, 1918, up to Armistice
Day, was the regiment out of range of German artillery. The time spent
in moving from one sector to another may well be counted active front
line service, for the movement in every case skirted the American front
The regiment has the unique distinction of having served longer at the
front that any other North Carolina organization. The War Department
officially credits the 30th Division with fifty-six days of service in active
sectors. Deducting the eleven days in which it was on the march and
during which no firing was done, the One Hundred and Thirteenth was
148 History of the 113th Field Artillery
occupying active sectors and actually firing sixty-seven days, or eleven
days longer than the infantry units of the 30th Division. Only two divi-
sions, the First and the Third, are officially credited with longer service
in active sectors than the One Hundred and Thirteenth experienced. Two
divisions, the Second and the 77th, fall one day under the One Hundred
and Thirteenth's record, each being credited with sixty-six days.
As has already been stated, the One Hundred and Thirteenth served
in all three of the American armies, the First, the Second and the Third,
and in the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Ninth American
Army Corps. Five of the six divisions with which the regiment served
are credited with making advances of thirty kilometers or more against
enemy resistance. Two of the divisions it supported, the 89th and the
33d, stand third and fourth among the combat divisions of the A. E. F.
in the number of German prisoners captured. The 30th Division was
fifth. Two other divisions that the One Hundred and Thirteenth supported,
the 37th and the 32d, also stand high among the fighting divisions in the
taking of prisoners. The regiment was always fortunate in the divisions
to which it was assigned and can always be "proud of the company it
kept" in the World War.
THE TAR BABY
PUBLISHED ON THE U. S. S. SANTA.TERESA
At Sea, March 17, 1919.
THE ARMY AND NAVY DIARY OF A ROOKIE THE SANTA TERESA
The two great war machines of
our country are the Army and the
Navy. In the event of war, each
must work harmoniously with the
other to attain the desired end —
VICTORY. As in a football game.
a hole must be made for the man
carrying the ball and, depending
on the nature of the war, the
Army and Navy vary as to who
shall play on the line and who
shall carry the ball.
Though not of a spectacular
nature, the work of the Navy dur-
ing the past war was of vital
necessity to the country at home
and to the Army abroad. A Ger-
man naval yietory was her great-
est hope and surest salvation for
a successful outcome in the war.
Thirty days after the declaration
of war the American destroyer
flotilla arrived at Queenstown, Ire-
land, and immediately took up
their work of submarine patrol
and convoy protection with the
cry, "We are ready." Later a
squadron of five of our biggest
and best battleships joined the
English Grand Fleet and "carried
on" with the British until the
grand German surrender. Amer-
ican submarines were sent across
to assist in German submarine
hunting. In the North Sea the
Navy working in conjunction with
the English succeeded in the estab-
lishment of an immense mine bar-
rage which barred so far as pos-
sible, the egress of German Bub-
marines from their bases. The
Naval Air Force co-operated suc-
cessfully with the British and the
French in maintaining a coast
patrol and established at Calais
one of the finest air bases in
Europe. A blue jacket battery of
heavy naval guns sent to the
Western Front helped along the
The question of transporting
troops and supplies abroad became
an important one for the Navy.
The Cruiser and Transport Foroe
under the command of Vice-Ad-
(Continued on next page)
March 14. — I been readin a book
that tells how the Greeks had gods
for everything an its says a feller
named Neptune controls the sea.
I reckon Nep. mustjve gone into
some other business before we left
Teresa tho is doing noble. No
wave is too big for her to bust
smack into but they aint no
danger cause -the Capn's said to
be one of the best in the Navy
and the other officers is regular
fellers too. They sure are treatin
us like passengers 'stead of just
soldiers. They feed us big and
they aint mentioned mutton nor
O. D. gravy yet an' they don*t tell
us we can't stand near the rail
an' they let us go all over the ship
like we are human an' not just
fellers that's been fightin' for their
country. If we was treated better
we'd think we was mustard out.
And the Cap'n's got guts too.
Them frogB at St. Nazaire wanted
us to wait for a French pilot like
we used to do three days travelin
on their railroads. The Cap'n up
and says, — "You get that pilot
here by nine o'clock and don't
send him at half past cause he
won't be able to jump that far
out." "No compree," says they.
The Cap'n tells 'em how the Dec-
laration of Independence sounds
in French and sticks 'em with
Woodrow's 14 points. They sends
right around to the Cafe du Com-
merce and gets their best pilot
that is gettin another schooner
cross the bar, an he toot sweets it
over and starts puttin out like a
There's been some nights the
Cap'n aint been to bed at all,
being he had to sit with Teresa
when she was took with the
heaves. But ha seen her thru.
The crew is all nice fellers an
they dont charge us two-thirds of
two months pay for cantine stuff
like the Britishers did when we
went across. Top o' the wave to
(Continued on next page)
Built at Cramp's Ship Yard,
Philadelphia. Originally designed
for a fruit boat, Grace Line, but
taken over for transport. Launched
July 4, 1918, completed and ac-
cepted by government November
17, 1918, commissioned following
day under present commander.
Santa Teresa has made two trips
to Bordeaux and one to St. Na-
zaire, average time for round trip
26 days. Santa Teresa is 375 feet
9 inches over all, beam 51 feet 9
inches ; gross tonnage 5102 ; net
tonnage 2971 but as arranged for
transport service about 500 and
she carries 900 tons ballast. Loaded
she draws 24 feet, but the maxi-
mum recorded to date is 22 feet
10 inches. She is a single screw,
oil burner, carrying a 2500 H. P.
engine ; average daily oil con-
sumption 40-42 tons, average
speed 13 1-2 knots per hour, max-
imum speed 14 knots. Fuel oil
storage capacity of 1352 tons. The
Santa Teresa has cold storage
capacity of 75 tons where suffi-
cient perishable provisions can be
stored for a round trip. Fresh
water storage capacity 706 tons.
Equipped with a 2 k. w. radio set
of 700 miles sending capacity.
Carried 1 4-inch, 1 5-inch, 2 1-
pounder guns, 2 Lewis machine
guns and small arms. Also otter
gear for mine sweeping.
At present the Santa Teresa has
troop accommodation for 1826 men
and 70 officers. Her own crew
consists of 22 officers and 211 men.
Total number miles St.
Nazaire-New York.. 3250
Total miles covered to
noon, March 16 2713
Total miles covered
from noon, March 15
to noon, March 16... 293
Where They Were Recruited
Headquarters Company claimed Raleigh as its home town but in
reality its home was all North Carolina. Every part of the State was
represented in Headquarters Company.
When it was announced that the com-
pany was ready to receive members,
and this was along about July 1, 1917,
good men came running to get in. The
original roster of the company carried
the names of many of the finest young
men in the State and a very large
number of them later became officers
in the One Hundred and Thirteenth
and in other outfits.
The first commanding officer of
Headquarters Company was Captain
Rufus M. Johnston of Charlotte, a suc-
cessful infantry officer, who did fine
work in getting the company in shape
for its trying experiences in train-
ing camp and elsewhere. The com-
pany felt the beneficial effect of this
training and discipline throughout its
whole career and there was universal
regret when he resigned and left
the regiment just before it left Camp Mills for duty overseas.
Lieutenant William P. Whittaker was the company's first lieutenant.
When the company was organized, only one lieutenant was allowed for
a Headquarters Company, and to Lieutenant Whittaker fell the honor of
being "it." During the regiment's history, Lieutenant Whittaker filled
every position that a first lieutenant could fill and served in practically
every organization of the regiment. He is famous for his work as "canteen
officer" of the regiment, in which role he displayed great ability as a
merchant and kept the various battery and company funds fat with
dividends. Later he was regimental gas officer and won high praise
from the gas officer of the 33d Division for his work in the Woevre sector.
Shortly after the One Hundred and Thirteenth arrived at Camp Sevier
there were changes in the Tables of Organization that provided for four-
teen lieutenants in Headquarters Company and life thereafter was just
one shave-tail after another. It was a bright Headquarters lad who
knew all of his lieutenants. A very large majority of the officers of the
regiment below the rank of captain at one time or another saw service
in Headquarters Company.
Captain Erskine E. Boyce, Commanding
History of the 113th Field Artillery
i ' ' f ip
When the regiment reached the front in August, 1918, Captain Gustaf
R. Westfeldt, of New Orleans, La., was its commanding officer. When
the St. Mihiel drive started he was made regimental adjutant and opera-
tions officer and Captain Erskine E. Boyce, the regimental adjutant, suc-
ceeded him. Captain Boyce remained with the company until it was
Next to being regimental supply officer, the hardest job in any regi-
ment is that of captain of a headquarters company. A headquarters com-
pany in an artillery regiment is split into three sections. One of these
is the regimental headquarters detachment, under the eagle eye of the
colonel and his adjutant and two other detachments, one for each major.
Equipment of all kinds, supplies and food, must be split equally and
impartially among the three and usually three separate messes must be
operated, all on the slender allowance provided, and everybody who has
had experience in trying to make the allowance suffice with only one com-
pany mess, can imagine how difficult it is. Truly, the life of the C. 0. of a
headquarters company is fraught with trouble !
Headquarters Company was always equal to the many demands made
upon it. It was always able to furnish well-qualified experts in radio,
Where They Were Recruited
telephone, visual signaling, and all other departments needed in modern
warfare. Its members never shirked a duty and its commanding officer,
Captain Erskine E. Boyce, won a citation for bravery in action in the
The company had one man, Private James W. Pittman, killed in the
Argonne, two wounded and nine gassed.
By Capt. Beverly S. Royster, Jr.
Battery A was recruited from the town of New Bern and vicinity
and was drafted into Federal service on July 25, 1917. In training at
Camp Sevier, S. C, from September 16, 1917 to May 18, 1918, entraining
on the latter date for Camp Mills, N. Y. Sailed on the British S. S. Armagh
on May 27, 1918 for service overseas and arrived at Liverpool on June
7th; thence, by slow stages, the battery journeyed to Camp de Coetquidan,
near Guer, in the province of Morbihan, France, arriving on June 15, 1918,
History of the 113th Field Artillery
where it remained until August 23, 1918, when it went to the front near
Toul with the remainder of the regiment.
Battery A first went into position on the road between Berniecourt
and Beaumont and fired its first shot at the enemy on September 1, 1918.
The battery remained in position three days, and three days later returned
for two more days of action, returning to the regimental echelon on
On September 10, 1918 moved to forward positions — co-ordinates
362.530-231.937 — from which it started firing in the St. Mihiel drive on
the morning of September 12th. At 4 : 30 p. m. on the same day the battery
was ordered forward and spent the night of the 12th in the Bois de Beau
Villon. On September 13th the battery resumed march and took up posi-
tions close to the infantry just went of Thiacourt at about 3:30 in the
afternoon, where it remained under constant shell-fire until 8:00 p. m.
on September 14th, when it moved out with the rest of the regiment on
the first stage of the long hike to the Foret de Argonne. The roads over
which the battery moved that night were subjected to heavy shelling,
much of it phosgene gas.
On September 24, 1918 the battery went into position in the Bois
Where They Were Recruited
de Esnes, in preparation for the opening of the Meuse-Argonne offensive,
which opened on the morning of September 26th. The battery began
operations at one o'clock with harassing fire, starting the rolling barrage
at 4:15. Just after noon on September 26th the battery was ordered for-
ward. The night of the 26th was spent in the Bois de Avocourt and on
the 27th the battery went into position in the northern edge of the Bois
de Montfaucon, from which position it fired for two days. The march
forward had been made under the worst possible conditions, over roads
that were next to impassable and with the rain falling steadily. The bat-
tery lost many of its horses in this movement.
On September 29th the battery went forward as part of the First
Battalion to positions near Ivoiry, on the Montfaucon-Ivoiry road, where
it experienced the hardest fighting of its career. With the remainder of
the battalion it was in position here eight days, four days of which the
battalion was the sole support of a regiment of infantry. At one time
German artillery fire became so heavy over the whole area around the
battalion that the infantry and machine-gun outfits holding the front
were forced to retire to cover behind the artillery. Major General Farns-
worth, commanding the 37th Division, visited the battalion in person and
History. , of the H3th Field Artillery
directed that a lookout be stationed on the crest of the ridge in front of
the battalion to watch for the first wave of the German attack, so that
the 75's might be dragged up and
direct fire poured into their ranks.
The battery did much effective
firing from its position here. Ob-
servers with the infantry reported
many times that the battery's fire on
enemy batteries, working parties, and
road traffic was very effective.
On the night of October 6th the
battery was withdrawn from the Ar-
gonne and it next went into position
about 1,000 metres northeast of Dom-
martin on October 11th. It was
taken to this new position in trucks,
as all but thirty-two of its horses
were dead. It engaged in all of the
operations of the 79th and 33d Divi-
sions on that part of the Woevre sec-
tor up to November 11, 1918. On No-
vember 6th the battery was heavily
gassed but owing to the fact that it
had to fire a barrage for the infantry,
the battery could not evacuate its position and there were sixteen gas
Battery A was always in the thick of the fighting. It did its share,
and more, of "accompanying battery" duty and it is the battery's proud
boast that in its seventy-eight days at the front, it never fired over the
heads of any other artillery unit.
Captain Beverly S. Royster, Jr., Command-
ing Battery A.
By Capt. Wiley C. Rodman.
This battery was organized at Washington, N. O, during the month
of June, 1917, and was composed largely of boys under twenty-one from
the counties of Beaufort, Washington, Pitt, Pamlico, and Hyde, with a
few from other counties and some from other States. The organization
was accepted by the Government as of July 20th, and was formally mus-
tered into the service on the 25th day of July, 1917.
It remained in Washington, N. C, from that time until its departure
for Camp Sevier, S. C, in September and during its stay in Washington
was quartered in a building on Market Street, known as the Armory.
Where They Were Recruited
During its stay in Washington the organization was given primary
instruction in infantry drill, partially uniformed by the Government and
entirely inoculated for all the ills that
flesh is supposed to be heir to.
It was the recipient of many
favors and gifts from the city and
county, the citizens individually and
the local societies for aiding the sol-
diers which had already sprung into
existence and activity. Among the
gifts was a Victrola, a pet coon and a
Battery Flag which was carried by it
throughout the war, and has been re-
turned by it to the city of Washington
as a gift.
Early in September the battery
received its first pay from "Uncle
Sam," squared up the many debts
which had accumulated during July
and August, to the great satisfaction
of all concerned, and shortly thereafter
departed for a long and tedious so-
journ, but notwithstanding a happy
one, in the State of South Carolina.
Captain Wiley C. Rodman, Commanding
Battery B. Acting Adjutant First Bat-
talion prior to demobilization.
The officers of the battery at this time were :
Wiley C. Rodman, Captain; Enoch S. Simmons, First Lieutenant; William E.
Baugham, First Lieutenant; George S. Dixon and Robert H. Lawrence, Second Lieu-
Up to the time of the departure from Washington for Camp Sevier
there had been 210 men recruited for the battery, and of these there
were 178 actually carried to the camp — the remainder having been dis-
charged for various reasons. At Camp Sevier the battery was consolidated
with the other batteries comprising the regiment and as a battery did the
work assigned to it during the stay there. With the regiment it departed
for overseas service and arrived in England at Liverpool on the 7th day of
June, 1918. It arrived at Le Havre, France, on the 13th of June, and from
there proceeded to Coetquidan, France, where it underwent the hardest
kind of training until the 23d of August.
At this camp it was equipped for the first time with the French 75's
and two Hotchkiss machine guns.
The battery arrived at Toul on the 26th of August and was imme-
diately marched to the regimental echelon in the "Foret de la Reine." It
took part in the St. Mihiel offensive, having three men wounded at Thia-
History of the 113th Field Artillery
court, and from there marched with the regiment to its position for the
In this latter, in front of Montfaucon, it had two men killed and several
wounded and gassed.
The battery took part in all the battles in which the regiment was
engaged, and in front of Montfaucon it, with Battery A, was nearer to
the German lines than any other batteries in the brigade of which it formed
a part. After withdrawing from the Argonne it was sent with the regi-
ment to the Meuse Plains, and while occupying positions in this sector it
was for thirteen days stationed at a little abandoned French village called
Avilliers. This position was nearer to the German lines than the posi-
tion of any other battery in the brigade, and during this period it was
constantly under observation from hostile air planes and was subjected
to daily shelling by the enemy without being allowed to return the fire.
It was the most dangerous position occupied by the battery during the
entire war, and while no one was killed there the escapes were more than
On the night that orders had been given to retire, the infantry got
out first and for three hours this battery was the front line of the army
Where They Were Recruited
at this place. The Germans in some way got wind of this and just as
the battery was withdrawing subjected the position to the heaviest shelling
which it underwent during the war.
The signing of the Armistice found the battery in position on the
heights above the Meuse Plains and here it remained until the 7th of
December, when it took up the march with the regiment for Luxemburg
and the shore of the Moselle River. The battery proceeded with the regi-
ment on its various marches and returned with it to Le Mans, France, and
thence to America and was mustered out at Camp Jackson, South Carolina,
on the 28th of March, 1919.
The members of the battery who were originally from Beaufort and
surrounding counties proceeded to Washington, N. C, as an organization
and there received from the assembled citizens of the entire surrounding
country the greatest "welcome home reception" that Washington had ever
witnessed. The Victory Arch erected by the citizens stands today as a
beautiful tribute to commemorate the battles in which the battery partici-
pated and as a monument to the fallen heroes from the county of Beaufort.
Of the original 178 men who had departed with the battery only 110
returned to enjoy the celebration, as some had given up their lives, some
History of the 113th Field Artillery
had been transferred to other organi-
zations and many had been discharged
for various reasons.
The battery had from time to time
been supplied with replacements from
different sections of the State, United
States and the world at large, and
generally it might well have been called
a cosmopolitan organization.
Too much credit cannot be given
to these replacements, so called, and
some of the best men in the battery
were thus secured.
The officers who served with the
battery during its period of service
were as follows :
Captains: Rodman and McLendon.
Lieutenants: Simmons, Baugham, Dixon,
Lawrence, Meares, Harrison, Ashcraft,
Moore, Covington, Beaman, Roberts, Wood,
Taylor, Boswell, Crenshaw, Adler, McKinnon,
Hand, Hedden, Suplee.
; Hand, LeRoy C. ; Blount, Wm. A. Jr., and
Ramsey, Claude S. ; and Goldsmith, Clarence
First Lieutenant LeRoy C. Hand, of Battery
B. He commanded the battery while Cap-
tain Rodman was serving as adjutant of the
First Sergeants: Gardner, Loris W.
Latham, Jesse H.
Battery Clerks: Ausbon, Clarence S.
The following deaths occurred :
Pvt. Geo. H. Frady — Killed in action near Montfaucon.
Corp. Glenn S. Cowgill — Killed in action near Montfaucon.
Pvt. Julius L. Tetterton — Killed in action in the Woevre.
Pvt. Robert H. Gattis — Died from pneumonia, Le Mans.
The battery had fifty horses killed by shell-fire.
During the time that the battery was engaged in action with the enemy
the following officers served with it :
Captain Wiley C. Rodman; First Lieutenant Charles H. Wood; Second Lieutenant
William C. Adler and Second Lieutenant Ernest M. Hedden.
The battery was joined a few days before the signing of the Armistice
by Lieutenant Irwin Suplee.
By Major L. P. McLendon
Battery C, of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery was
recruited in the counties of Durham, Orange, Chatham and Person. In
addition there were five members of the battery who came from other sec-
tions of North Carolina. When the battery arrived at Camp Sevier, Sep-
Where They Were Recruited
Captain Richard D. Dixon, Commanding
tember 16, 1917, we had 191 en-
listed men and four officers, the officers
being L. P. McLendon, of Durham,
captain ; S. M. Gattis, Jr., of Hillsboro,
and F. L. Fuller, Jr., of Durham, first
lieutenants, and T. J. Craig, of South
Carolina, second lieutenant. All of the
men who originally enlisted with the
battery were lucky enough to remain
with it and be discharged from it in
March, 1919, except the three lieuten-
ants and thirty-five enlisted men. The
battery only lost two men by death
during its period of service. They
were Stable Sergeant Willie H. Sims,
of Durham, who died in January, 1918,
of meningitis and was the first man
from Durham County to die during
the war. The other was Sergeant
Charles B. Wills, of Chapel Hill, who
died on Christmas Day, 1918, while the
regiment was in Luxemburg with the Army of Occupation. Both of these
men were splendid soldiers and their loss was deeply felt by their comrades.
Of the original personnel there were only five or six who had had
previous military training and consequently we had to learn the game from
the beginning. No officer ever commanded a more willing battery. Their
enthusiasm for work and their desire to learn and their ambition to excel
was marvelous and was commented upon by every officer who served
with the battery. Even during the two months we were in Durham, with-
out uniforms or other equipment and with little incentive to work they
could not be drilled enough or taught enough. This spirit characterized
the battery throughout its period of service. Individually they felt a great
deal of pride in the battery and in its performances, and were always
loyal to the point of fighting any man who cast a reflection on their battery.
They were never happier than when in competition with some other
organization. To this spirit of loyalty and esprit de corps I attribute what-
ever success we attained in France during our period of service at the front.
I am sure there never was an organization in the American army
which had a better time in the performance of our daily routine of duties,
in our triumphs, in our hardships and misfortunes. Private "Red" Hern-
don illustrated the good-natured spirit they maintained on all occasions.
He was detailed to the incinerator at Camp Sevier for missing reveille. In
those days the incinerator consisted of a hole in the ground, very full of
water and "slops" from the kitchen, and the duties of the detail consisted
in keeping a fire going to burn this water and refuse. A lieutenant-colonel
History of the 113th Field Artillery
of the Medical Corps was making an inspection of the sanitary conditions
of the camp in company with Colonel Cox. When they arrived at Battery
C's incinerator they found "Red" leaning on a rake with one end of it in
the incinerator, the dirtiest and blackest soldier ever seen. The inspector
said: "Young man, are you detailed in charge of this incinerator?" "Red"
pushed his rake through the mixture of fire and water and without looking
up replied: "Yes, sir." "Well," answered the inspector, "you will have to
build a bigger fire than that to burn up that water." I never heard of
burning water before I got in the army," said "Red." "Maybe not," replied
the inspector, "but, young man, you have got a lot to learn in the army."
"You are damn tooting," was Red's answer. This answer fittingly
describes the willingness of the men to admit the necessity of learning
the game. This enthusiasm and loyalty never waned, but, on the contrary,
seemed to increase when we arrived in France and were fully equipped for
the first time. The men gave the finest demonstration of their knowledge,
their loyalty and devotion to duty on the night of the opening of the St.
Mihiel Battle. We had just lost all of our officers by transfer except myself.
Two lieutenants had been assigned to the battery, but one of these was
absent, sick, and the other one was scarcely known to half of the battery.
Where They Were Recruited
No one will ever forget that night of rain and mud and darkness. We had
to carry much of our ammunition by hand over quite a distance because
the mud had made it impossible to unload the caissons at the guns. On
the afternoon of the 12th I called the chiefs of sections to me and told them :
"The battle begins at midnight. We must not miss a shot. Put every
man to work and be sure you keep plenty of ammunition on hand."
About eleven o'clock that night Bugler Carl Churchill, who was on
duty as a runner, reported to me and asked if I had anything for him to do.
I told him that I did not, but that I wanted him to go to sleep and rest
so that he would be able to act as runner the next day on our advance.
He disappeared without comment. The next morning at daylight he was
one of the first men I saw, wet from head to foot, covered with mud,
marching back and forth to the guns with his arms full of shells ! Every
man had worked that night, taking turn about, irrespective of his rank,
serving the guns and carrying ammunition. After that experience I knew
those men were equal to any emergency.
It was during the battle of St. Mihiel that we suffered our first cas-
ualties. At Thiacourt, on September 14th, Private Percy Parrish, a tele-
phone operator, and Sergeant Barbour, signal sergeant, were both seriously
162 History of the 113th Field Artillery
wounded by the same shell. Parrish was hit in the temple and knocked
unconscious. Barbour, who was wounded in the back and bleeding pro-
fusely, picked up Parrish and yelled to another operator :
"Hey, Massey, bring a 'phone here. This one is shot all to pieces."
Later on Sergeant Barbour became well enough to leave the hospital,
and while trying to rejoin our regiment was badly wounded and gassed in
the Meuse-Argonne battle.
While our regiment was participating in the Meuse-Argonne offensive,
our battery had several men wounded and on each occasion they displayed
the greatest reluctance to leave the battery. On the 6th of October, in
company with some of the signal detail, I was coming back to the battery
from the observation station on top of the hill at Montfaucon. We met
Private Walter De Brock, of Kansas, who had been sent to the battery as
a replacement several months before. His left arm was hanging loosely
and the blood streaming from his finger tips. As we drew near to him I
noticed that he was crying and I said : "What is the matter, De Brock, are
you wounded ?" His answer was : "Yes, captain, I am wounded but that is
not why I am crying. I am crying because I got to leave these boys."
I made him sit down and while I was bandaging his arm he told me
that he never knew a single man in the battery before he joined it, but
that he loved every one of them then, and he knew if he went to a hospital
he would never see us again. No greater tribute can be paid to the bat-
tery than that, coming from one who lived in a different state and had been
with us only a comparatively short time. His prediction was true — we
never saw him again.
It is very unfair to mention any one man, but I feel that the whole
battery would approve of what I say about Mess Sergeant Thompson. He
was thirty-three years old when he volunteered in 1917. While the bat-
tery was mobilized at Durham he attended church one Sunday in the
country community where he was reared. The preacher, unfortunately
for him, took the opportunity to say some rather unpatriotic and totally
untrue things about the army and, as he expressed it, "the false patriotism
of the men who were enlisting." Thompson stood it as long as he could
and then arose and said:
"Well, Mr. , I am sorry to interrupt you, but I want to say that
after the services are over I will have something to say about the army
and I will be glad if those who care to hear me will remain."
It is needless to say that every man, woman and child, including the
preacher, stayed to hear Thompson. He told them that patriotism was
close kin to religion; that it was a great pity that our army as a whole
and the individuals composing it should be accused of all sort of vice,
sin and false patriotism ; that if the soldiers were as mean as the preacher
said they were, and the army as bad a breeding place of vice as he indi-
cated, then it seemed to him that the church's duty was to try to remedy
the evil rather than to keep men from performing their patriotic duty by
enlisting; that he was beyond the draft age; that he was just as good
Where They Were Recruited
morally as any man present and that he expected to come out of the army
just as good as he was then; that he knew many men in his own battery
who were just as good Christians as could be found anywhere, and that it
was nothing but slander to say of the army generally that it was a breeding
place for vice.
The preacher was completely routed and later sought a new flock to
shepherd ! And from that day Thompson was a marked man in our bat-
tery. Everyone in the regiment :
knows that he did live just the life
that he told about in the country
church. He was always clean and
true and loyal as a soldier, but to him
duty to his nation was paramount
to everything else.
His ration cart with his familiar
figure perched on it by the side of
"Pie" Grady, was known to every
man in the regiment and he has been
seen on it at every hour of the day
and night on its numerous trips with
its precious load of "grub." In the
Argonne he was put on the wrong
road by a M. P. at night and the next
morning he found himself almost in
No Man's Land with his ration cart.
A doughboy yelled to him and said :
"What in the H — are you doing
here with that d — ration cart?"
Thompson replied : "I am looking for my battery." The doughboy said :
"Well, you are almost in No Man's Land and your battery ain't up
here and you won't be here long if you don't look out."
Thompson quietly asked for a match. Then he lit his cigar, turned
his horse and cart around and drove off across the field, making the finest
target any Hun ever fired upon. "Pie" Grady said that shells fell all
around him and every time one would burst Thompson would say :
"Those are our shells. They are not going to hit us."
If it were put to a vote of the regiment I honestly believe that Thomp-
son would be nominated as the best mess sergeant in the American army.
During our period of service the battery was commanded at intervals
by three captains and six first lieutenants ; twenty-two officers and 269
enlisted men served with the battery from first to last. Three enlisted
men were commissioned from ranks and two received commissions from
training camps. Thirteen in all were wounded.
Sergeant Wyatt T. Dixon, Veteran Battery
Clerk of C Battery, the only man in the
regiment to serve in this capacity throughout
the regiment's history.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Battery D was made up of young men from the counties of Anson and
Union. Both Wadesboro and Monroe wanted batteries but there were not
enough to go 'round and these two towns were told that they could have
a partnership battery. It was named the "Bickett Battery," in honor
of Governor Thomas Walter Bickett, who was born and reared in Union
Kenneth M. Hardison, of Wadesboro, was the battery's first captain
and its last. He was transferred from the battery while the regiment was
training at Camp Sevier, becoming adjutant of the First Battalion, in
which position he served throughout the war, and was transferred back
to the battery before the regiment was sent back to the United States.
While at Camp Sevier, the battery had many changes of officers. When
orders finally came for movement to Port of Embarkation, Captain Nugent
B. Vairin, of New Orleans, La., was in command. He had come to the
regiment from the Artillery Replacement Camp at Camp Jackson, S. C.
Captain Vairin remained in command throughout the period of training
in France and during the fighting.
Where They Were Recruited
The battery first saw action near Beaumont, where it took over a
French position and began firing. Here the men got their first dug-out
experience and, incidentally, their first cooties.
On September 10, 1918, the battery moved into a new position in the
open fields near Noviant and began to get ready for the St. Mihiel drive.
The co-ordinates of this position were : 362.840-230.390. The battery took
part in the great bombardment that started at one o'clock on the morning
of September 12th, and in the afternoon of the same day moved forward.
On the day following the battery went into position near Thiacourt.
Many incidents worthy of mention marked this advance over what
had been No Man's Land for so many years and over territory that for
four years had been in the hands of the Germans. It was in the position
near Thiacourt that the battery took possession of a captured German 77,
in good condition and with "beaucoup" ammunition stacked around, and
turned it against the retreating Huns. A sergeant of the battery took
charge of it and did effective work with it.
It was here that the regiment, following fast on the heels of the in-
fantry, over roads that were almost impassable, had its first serious trans-
portation troubles. The supply train was blocked by incoming and out-
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Captain Nugent B. Vairin, Jr., Com-
manding Battery D.
going divisions at Limey and Flirey, and rations became exceedingly scarce.
The "iron rations" that each man is supposed to carry were consumed and
still the regular supply of grub failed to
materialize. At Thiacourt the battery
struck good luck, for the mess sergeant
and his helpers found an immense Ger-
man garden, full of cabbage, potatoes
and other vegetables. Scouting around
through the woods other members of the
battery captured many rabbits and
chickens that the Germans had left there
and there was no shortage of eats for
quite a long while. When the supply
train finally broke through, it found the
battery "sitting on the world."
The battery moved on the night of
September 14, 1918, through Essey and
Euvezin to Rambecourt, resting there
until after dark on the day following,
and was almost continually moving for the seven nights that followed,
arriving finally in the edge of the Foret de Argonne, where it went into
positions below Avocourt for the opening of the Meuse-Argonne offensive.
This big show began at 2:30 o'clock on the morning of September 26th,
and the battery was constantly engaged through the long, hard days of
this great battle until October 7, 1918, when the regiment was relieved
and sent by trucks to the Woevre sector to take positions in support of
the 79th Division.
On October 10, 1918, the battery once more found itself in position,
ready for action against the Hun. The battery's first position in this
sector was to the right of Dommartin. The battery changed positions four
times while in this sector, finally returning to the first position to take part
in the attack on St. Hilaire on November 7, 1918, and the attack on Marche-
ville on November 10th, both of which were successful.
For the remainder of its existence the regiment's history is the history
of the battery and that has doubtless been told in detail. Battery D was
always a modest, unassuming outfit, content to do its duty without show
or bluster and to appreciate the battery's real worth one had to know it
intimately and well. Battery D always delivered the goods, no matter
how difficult the situation.
By Capt. Wade V. Bowman
On June 27, 1917, Mr. Buford F. Williams, a prominent lawyer of the
town of Lenoir, received authority from Governor Bickett to organize a
battery of field artillery at Lenoir, to become part of the First North Caro-
Where They Were Recruited
lina Field Artillery, and recruiting began on that day. In less than ten
days seventy men had enlisted. We heard that there was interest in the
new regiment down at Chester, S. C,
and Captain Williams sent me down
there. I enlisted twenty-six men at
Chester, and could have enlisted more,
but I wanted to reserve some places
for North Carolinians and I returned
to Lenoir. By July 12th the battery
had more than 150 men.
Physical examination weeded out
eighteen men, leaving us still a good
margin over the minimum requirement
of the War Department, and recruits
continued to come in until all of the
counties round about were repre-
sented. There were stalwart moun-
taineers from Ashe, Watauga, Alex-
ander and Wilkes, and Catawba and
Mitchell were well represented.
On July 18, 1917, commissions
were received for Captain Williams,
First Lieutenants Claude B. McBrayer
and Sanford A. Richardson, and Sec-
ond Lieutenants Eugene P. Jones and Wade V. Bowman. Ten days later
the entire battery was finally inspected and mustered into the service
by Major A. L. Bulwinkle and Major J. M. Wheeler, U. S. A.
There is no part of the battery's experiences at home station or at
Camp Sevier that differs noticeably from the experiences of the rest of
the regiment, with the possible exception of its long and tedious exile in
the woods back of camp, which resulted from the death of a member of
this battery from meningitis. I remained with the battery only a short
while at Camp Sevier, being transferred to Headquarters Company in
October. I was later with Battery C and for a time after the signing of
the Armistice was away from the regiment and I returned to Battery E
only after it was stationed at the Le Mans Forwarding Camp. It was the
high privilege of Captain Louis B. Crayton, later promoted to major, to
command the battery for the larger part of its training experiences and
throughout the fighting. Major Crayton has the following to say about
the battery's fighting record at St. Mihiel and in the Argonne :
"After firing for four hours, Battery E was ordered forward to accompany the
infantry on the morning of September 12th. Preparations were made and the battery
began its march toward Hunland shortly after 5:30 a. m.
"The going was hard and necessarily slow for roads had to be built, trenches
bridged and wire cut. We were making fair progress when suddenly a shell burst
toward the rear of the column. Turning, I saw two horses falling and their driver
Captain Wade V. Bowman, Commanding
History of the 113th Field Artillery
writhing on the ground. The shelling continued faster and faster. There was no
chance for escape to the right or left because barbed wire hemmed us in on either
side. I ordered the first six carriages to follow me at a trot and managed to get them
through to a place of safety.
"Lieutenant Douglas was left in charge of the crippled carriage and the fourth
section which was behind it, with instructions to rejoin the battery as soon as possible.
Meanwhile the shelling had become so intense that it was unwise to attempt to drive
through, and Douglas turned back in the opposite direction with the remaining car-
riages. Unfortunately he must have been sighted, for the fire followed and several
shells were effective.
"In this engagement Lieutenant Douglas and Will B. Melton were killed instantly.
Sergeant Walter R. Minnish and Private Rom D. Kirby were mortally wounded;
Sergeant Fred M. Patterson lost his leg and Corporals Bowman, Baker and Poe were
wounded. Ten horses were lost at this time.
"The men and officers are to be commended for their excellent conduct and strict
obedience to orders under this intense excitement. It was in this action that Lieutenant
Douglas, Sergeant Minnish, Sergeant Patterson and Private Kirby won their
"In the Meuse-Argonne offensive the battery opened up with a rolling barrage
on the morning of September 25th. During the firing we were shelled at irregular
intervals but lost no men or horses. The next day the second battalion moved forward
and took up position to the left of the first battalion southwest of Montfaucon. Sev-
eral barrages were fired from this position. Although the batteries were without cover
they were not fired upon here.
Where They Were Recruited
* m #
"A few days later, while the battery was moving through Montfaucon to take up
position west of that stronghold, it was heavily shelled. By going through at a trot
the battery almost miraculously came through with the loss of only two horses.
"On the nights of October 2d-3d, Battery E was shelled at irregular intervals
while occupying position along the Montfaucon-Ivoiry road. Early on the morning of
October 3d the battery suffered the loss of Privates Melton, Barnes, Campbell and
Alston. These men were all killed at the same time and because of the continual
shelling it was impossible to bury them until dusk of the following day. Private
Bentley was wounded on October 3d.
"In the Troyon sector the battery fired many defensive barrages and engaged in
all the offensive actions of the infantry it supported. In one raid Battery E was held
responsible for having killed sixteen of the enemy and destroying a strong machine-
gun position by its accurate fire."
Lieutenant Marshall Barnett, who was with the battery through all
of the fighting, claims that the battery put over the quickest barrage in
the history of the regiment one night in the Woevre sector in defense of
an infantry patrol of the 33d Division. Plans had all been worked out for
the movement and everything was set for action in case Fritz got wise to
the game, and telephone lines were open from forward observation post
to the battery P. C. and on down to the firing battery. At exactly 10 :49
the infantry sent up a rocket calling for the barrage and at 10:50 four
shells were well on their way and four more were starting.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Battery F called Mooresville its home town and its membership came
largely from Iredell, Cabarrus and Mecklenburg counties, with a sprink-
ling of men from the extreme western part of the State. The battery's
first officers were:
Captain Reid R. Morrison, First Lieutenants Louis B. Crayton and
George A. Morrow, Second Lieutenants Eugene Allison and Gowan Dusen-
bury, Jr. Morrow and Dusenbury resigned while at Camp Sevier. Lieu-
tenant Crayton was promoted to captain and assigned to Battery E and
later promoted to major. Captain Morrison and Lieutenant Allison were
with the battery when it was mustered out. Lieutenant Allison had been
promoted to first lieutenant.
Battery F was the first battery to go to Camp Sevier. It was chosen
to precede the regiment to Camp Sevier by about three weeks, an honor
which the men considered extremely dubious, because it gave them three
weeks more of stump-grubbing and new-ground-clearing than the re-
mainder of the regiment experienced.
The battery made a good record in training camps both in the United
Where They Were Recruited
States and in France. Its personnel was unusually high and the men
mastered the details of the artillery game with astonishing rapidity.
Eight enlisted men of the battery received commissions.
Battery F was the first battery of the One Hundred and Thirteenth
to fire a shot at the Hun, this taking place on the Toul front, near Beau-
mont, and it carried its part of the load through the weary weeks of fight-
ing that followed and was numbered "among those present" when the
last American shell was hurled toward Hunland on the morning of
The battery had six men wounded by shell-fire and one by gas in action
near Ivoiry, on the Ivoiry-Montfaucon road. While in the Argonne the
battery suffered many hardships and privations but was always able to
make good on any mission entrusted to it. It lost nearly all of its horses
by shell-fire or over-work while in the Argonne.
Two men of the battery, Corporal C. C. Hope and Private First Class
E. R. Bumgardner, were recommended for the Distinguished Service Cross
by Captain E. E. Boyce for unusual bravery shown while on liaison duty
with the infantry in the Argonne.
To Battery F belongs the distinction of capturing the only prisoners
History of the 113th Field Artillery
of war that were taken by the One
Hundred and Thirteenth. It seldom
happens that an artillery outfit has
the opportunity of taking prisoners.
Sergeant Mc.L. S. Choate, of Battery
F, found two Germans prowling
around Hannonville and though they
carried rifles and Sergeant Choate had
not so much as a pocket-knife for a
weapon, he slid his right hand back
toward his hip swiftly — a gesture the
whole world is familiar with — and the
two Germans "kameraded" toute de
The battery was extremely for-
tunate in that during its entire tour of
duty in the A. E. F. it lost only four
men. Of these, Private James C.
Brown died suddenly at Camp de Coet-
quidan and Private Don S. Sutton was
accidentally shot by a Frenchman at
Camp de Coetquidan, and two others, Private Thomas J. Meroney and
Private First Class Houston G. Brown, died of pneumonia following flu
at the Le Mans Forwarding Camp, just before the regiment started home.
Captain Reid R. Morrison, Commanding
THE SANITARY DETACHMENT
The Sanitary Detachment of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field
Artillery was organized at Wilmington. Its commanding officer from the
beginning to the end was Major Claude L. Pridgen, of Wilmington, who
had been a National Guardsman for twenty years or more. The detach-
ment consisted of three medical officers, two dental officers and a veterin-
arian, with an enlisted personnel of twenty-three men. The other medical
officers were Lieutenant Gabe H. Croom, a prominent Wilmington physi-
cian, and Lieutenant Joseph A. Speed, of Durham. The detachment's first
dental officer was Lieutenant Thomas L. Spoon, of Gibsonville. The
second dental officer, Lieutenant Wallace D. Gibbs, of Carthage, joined
the regiment at Camp Sevier. Second Lieutenant S. A. Nathan, of New
Bern, was the regiment's first veterinarian. At Camp Sevier, Second
Lieutenant William O. Hughes joined the regiment and, later, after the
resignation of Lieutenant Nathan, Captain Martin Olthouse became the
regimental veterinarian, with Lieutenant Hughes as his assistant.
The Sanitary Detachment experienced no difficulty in filling its ranks
Sanitary Detachment 173
with good men, and it got down to hard work before leaving home station.
Major James Wheeler, C. A. C, mustered the detachment into Federal
service on July 26, 1917, and it began immediately to serve the Second
North Carolina Coast Artillery Company ; Troop C, North Carolina Cav-
alry (later Company C of the 115th Machine Gun Battalion) and the 117th
Engineer Supply Train of the 42d (Rainbow) Division. The last named
outfit was stationed at Wilmington awaiting orders at that time, and the
other organization were Wilmington organizations belonging to the Na-
While the regiment was in training in France it lost the services
of Lieutenant Croom, who was transferred to the Camp Hospital, Camp
Coetquidan. His place was taken by Captain A. F. Williams, who re-
mained with the regiment through the St. Mihiel drive and the Meuse-
Argonne offensive until his health failed and he was evacuated. Captain
Isaac R. Wagner succeeded him and remained with the detachment until
transferred to the 3d Division in January, 1919. Lieutenant Speed was
evacuated on account of illness shortly after the regiment was trans-
ferred to the Woevre, or Troyon sector, and Lieutenant John G. Hoffman
The enlisted personnel of the detachment changed frequently. Many
of the original members of the detachment transferred to other outfits
and all of them did well. At least three of these won commissions. When
the regiment reached the front the detachment made a fine record for
itself. Two of its members, Privates Alexander T. Gibson and Almond
C. Weeks were wounded in the fighting in the Argonne while caring for
the wounded. Weeks was very badly hurt. In this same action Private
Walter N. Perry of the detachment was cited for bravery under fire. He
was recommended for a D. S. C.
In the long, hard fight in the Argonne the detachment served not only
the sick and wounded of the regiment, but the wounded doughboys of the
37th and 32d Divisions. The number of wounded was so great that the
medical detachments with the infantry and the field hospital units were
totally inadequate. To make a bad situation worse there were no roads
and the muddy trails that existed were blocked twenty-four hours every
day by new troops and ammunition crowding in toward the fighting lines.
This made it impossible to get the ambulances through for the wounded
and they were piled along the roads, under improvised shelters made of
blankets, or with no shelter at all, waiting for transportation. Here every
man in the detachment "put out" (to quote an expressive bit of army
slang) to the best of his ability and when there was a call for help, never
paused for an instant to learn what outfit the sufferer was from but re-
sponded instantly. It was while going to the aid of wounded doughboys
in an exposed spot on the shell-swept Montfaucon-Ivoiry road that Weeks
and Gibson were wounded by shell-fire.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
THE SUPPLY COMPANY
By Captain A. L. Fletcher
The Supply Company of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Ar-
tillery was organized at Raleigh in the month of July, 1917. Nine days
were allotted for the organization of
the company and we completed it with
three days to spare. In that space of
time seventy-nine men had applied for
enlistment. As only thirty-eight men
were allowed to each artillery supply
company at that time, it was necessary
to let the overflow go to other organiza-
tions of the regiment. Headquarters
Company, which was recruiting at the
same time in Raleigh, got the most of
Every effort was made to make
the company a well-balanced organiza-
tion. From those who applied for en-
listment it would have been possible
to have selected thirty-eight expert
office men, bookkeepers, stenograph-
ers and high-grade salesmen, but that
sort of company was not wanted.
There was need for skilled mechanics,
truck drivers, "muleskinners," cob-
blers, saddlers, etc., as well as for
skilled accountants, and this was kept strictly in mind. When the company
was completed it numbered among its enlisted personnel two men from
North Carolina's biggest bank, the secretary and treasurer of a big furni-
ture factory, the manager of a large hosiery mill, the cashier of the "tele-
phone trust" in one of the State's biggest cities, three lawyers, two success-
ful merchants and several others whose employment in civil life had called
for business training. With these were enough skilled mechanics and
rugged country-bred farm lads to take care of every line of work that
the company was called upon to do.
Nine of the members of the company won commissions during the
war. Six others became non-commissioned officers in other outfits of the
regiment. Altogether it was an aggregation that was extremely hard to
hold down and it was at all times fully able to cope with any sort of situa-
tion. The company was not able at all times to please every soldier in
the regiment, but real kicks — justifiable kicks — were few and far between.
Generally, the company delivered the goods "as per schedule."
Shortly after the company arrived at Camp Sevier the strength of
Captain A. L. Fletcher, who comma
the Supply Company from organization
to February 1, 1919.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Captain Park B. Smith, Commanding
the Supply Company from February
1, 1919 to muster-out.
artillery supply companies was increased from thirty-eight to 108, and
when the first drafted men arrived from Camp Gordon and Camp Jackson,
seventy men were added to the company.
A little later, when there had been
several shifts and transfers, the com-
pany received a dozen new men from
the old 1st North Carolina Infantry.
Still later, the company received fifteen
men from Camp Funston, Kan., who had
been trained with the 89th Division.
The company began early to accumulate
big men, having been started that way
by acquiring at the outset the tallest
corporal in the whole American army,
Frank S. Cline, of Concord, N. C, who
was 6 feet 7 inches high without the
aid of shoe heels. Corporal Cline later
became sergeant and "Top." He had
one full squad of "big biys" that aver-
aged well over six feet.
The ideal that the company struggled always to live up to was not
an easy one. It did not seek glory. It did not care to attract attention.
Its sole desire was to serve the regiment as the regiment deserved to be
served ; to keep it as well clothed, as well fed and as well supplied in every
department as it was possible, and to never, under any circumstances, per-
mit it to lack things any other regiment in the same area had. "If I do say
it, as shouldn't," the company made good in this and I am prepared to
prove that it did. I claim none of the credit for myself, but I do claim
it for my men. I firmly believe that the two best regimental supply ser-
geants in the A. E. F. were Sergeants William H. Chance and George W.
Whaling, Jr., and that no better men for their jobs served under General
Pershing than First Lieutenant Joseph Lonergon and Second Lieutenant
John Paul Bolt, of the Supply Company, One Hundred and Thirteenth
Unless you watched this company work, it will be hard for you to
realize from my telling of the story here what pride the men of the com-
pany took in caring for their animals and their equipment. They did ex-
ceedingly well in the United States in the matter of caring for their mules,
but it is not human nature to love a mule. When they reached France
horses were issued to them and the pride they took in their horses and the
love they lavished upon them simply cannot be described. It was the un-
failing, never-to-be-neglected rule of the company that every driver must
keep his horses and equipment in the best possible condition at all times,
and hundreds of times on the long, hard marches through France I have
seen my drivers dismount when the column halted and go over their
harness with oiled cloths, wipe out sweaty collars, and examine their
178 History of the 113th Field Artillery
horses' feet. I will never forget that long, long hike toward Montfaucon
when horse feed was scarce and we were caught in a traffic jam south of
Avocourt that held us for hours and hours. While drivers from other
supply train units were lounging in their saddles, or dozing on the wagon
seats, my men were out pulling grass along the roadside for their horses.
They were not driven to do this. Nobody had even suggested it. They
were always doing things like this.
The men of the Supply Company were never strong for form and
ceremony, though they did not lack in military courtesy and they could
do close order drill and other things like that in a highly satisfactory way.
They never forgot that they were soldiers, serving just as effectively where
they were as if they had been handling the 75's up ahead, but there were
a great many things set out in F. A. D. R. that they knew not of.
One day, shortly after the Armistice had been signed, a brigadier-
general from the General Staff, and a colonel of the same variety and sev-
eral lesser satellites, were inspecting horse transportation along what had
been the front and they came into the Supply Company's corral entirely
unannounced. There were only three or four men on the job and Corporal
Donovan was in charge. The general had already seen things in other
outfits down the road that had displeased him and he was in bad humor'.
He inspected every animal carefully and there was only one that he found
in bad shape and that one had lain down after his morning's grooming.
He called Donovan to him and, not ungraciously — considering that he was
a general — admitted that the horses looked good to him, and he proceeded
to ask Donovan a lot of questions, starting off with asking if he groomed
the horses "by detail."
"No, sir," said Donovan. "We do not have grooming details. Every
driver and his helper looks after his team."
The general started to explain, as per F. A. D. R., what he meant by
grooming by detail, but thought better of it as he saw the blank look on
Donovan's face, and he started off on another tack.
"Do you have regular grooming periods as the regulations require?"
was his next question.
Donovan was a little afraid that he was getting somebody into trouble,
but he told the general that the Supply Company had no regular hours for
cleaning its animals. He said :
"We have just one rule, sir, in this company, and that is that a driver
must keep his horses as clean as possible all the time, and if he doesn't he
The general gave it up at that and some of the men heard him say as
the party moved away:
"Now, what are you going to do with a situation like that? Every
outfit we have seen this morning, except this one, looks worse than hell,
and every one of them did everything the drill book says do. Here's an
outfit that doesn't even know there is such a publication as the Field Artil-
lery Drill Regulations and its stock is in tip-top shape."
Supply Company 179
Incident after incident might be related to show the sort of outfit the
Supply Company was, but space limit prevents the telling of them all and
I will tell but one more, this illustrating the feeling of the regimental com-
mander toward the Supply Company. It was in Hannonville-au-Passage,
I think, on the way from Luxemburg to the Toul area, and some inspectors
from corps headquarters were there to look over the horses of the regi-
ment. The other outfits had been looked over and the inspecting party
came to the Supply Company.
"Here," said Colonel Cox, "is the Supply Company. This is one out-
fit that I never worry about and that never worries me. It is a law unto
itself and I let it strictly alone."
I thought, and all of the men who heard him thought that this was
high praise. We had been working all along for that very thing. It had
been our ambition to function so smoothly and so unobtrusively that if the
regimental commander had troubles, none of them would come from the
I would like to set down here all that I know about the Supply Com-
pany, both the good and the bad. The showing would not lower the out-
fit in the estimation of any one whose opinion is worth while. This does
not mean that the company's record was lily white, for it was not, as the
guardhouse records will show, but the good in the company far outweighed
the bad and the bad, considering the opportunities for badness and the
temptations encountered, was not so bad after all. As an example of the
spirit that permeated the whole company, I would cite the case of the
Nash brothers, Levi and Jesse, who gave up their warm, dry shack in the
Foret de la Montagne on a wet and soggy night to provide shelter for two
pitiful bedraggled French refugees who had trailed into camp just at dark.
Not only did these boys give up their warm beds and spend the night in a
leaky wagon, but on the following morning one of them asked permission
to carry the aged pair to the nearest rail-head ten miles away.
I would cite also another example, and that would be the raising of
sufficient funds to adopt two French war orphans. This involved the rais-
ing of nearly $200 in cash and every member of the company contributed
to it. If any other outfit in the regiment pulled a stunt of this sort, I have
yet to hear of it.
After the Armistice the company was again filled up by transfers
from the batteries of the regiment. It had lost no men in action, but
disease brought on by overwork and exposure sent many to the hospitals.
Occasionally these returned to the company but most of those who went
away did not return. Two additional officers were authorized for artillery
supply companies and Second Lieutenant Stackpole, of Battery A, and
Second Lieutenant Lingle, of Battery F, were transferred to the company
On February 1, 1919, after the regiment had been returned to the
Le Mans area in France, Lieutenant Lonergon and I were transferred to
the 3d Division, at that time stationed near Coblenz, Germany. We were
History of the 113th Field Artillery
succeeded by Captain Alfred Grima and Lieutenant Park B. Smith, of the
3d Field Artillery Brigade. Lieutenant Smith later became captain and
supply officer of the regiment, Captain Grima taking charge of a casual
THE ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH AS LIEU-
TENANT JACQUES J. L. POPELIN, OF THE
FRENCH ARMY, FOUND IT.
Dear Colonel Cox :
You have kindly asked me, last time I had the honor of meeting
you, to write an article for the history of your regiment, which I promised
But now that I am sitting at my desk, and face together a blank
sheet of paper and the many recollections of my stay in America, march-
ing up in a body, fast and disorderly, from the
back end of my memory and crowding before me,
I feel that it is a very difficult work. Although
I will try to undertake it, I am afraid I shall not
be able to line up and put in order those images
of a past which is not very old yet, but seems
to be so on account of the numerous and capital
events which took place since the time when
the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery
Regiment, as well as the remainder of the 55th
Field Artillery Brigade, was, may I say, just
out of the egg, and preparing feverishly for its
role in the world's war.
I was assigned as advisor to the 55th Field
Artillery Brigade, Camp Sevier (S. C.) at the
end of October, 1917, a few days after my land-
ing in the United States. But, being provision-
ally attached to a regiment of cavalry, I worked
with that regiment, both in Vermont and in
Mississippi during a month and did not report
to the Commanding General of the 55th Field
Artillery Brigade until November 29th, late in
General Gatley was very kind to me, asked
me many questions on the war and the work of
artillery, and pleased to be interested, in spite
of my poor English, in what I tried to tell him.
The next day was muster day, and the General took me around the
paraded regiments. That was how I met the whole One Hundred and
Thirteenth Field Artillery all lined up, its band playing the Marseillaise,
which made me feel very awkward and probably look so. As I had never
Lieutenant Jacques J. L.
Popelin, of the French
Comment by Lieut. Jacques J. L. Popelin 181
been an official guest before, neither in my own nor in a foreign country,
nor anything of that kind, I was not used to so much honor and courtesy,
which I felt, however, very deeply.
I was very favorably impressed, that very first day, by the size and
sturdy appearance of the men belonging to the One Hundred and Thir-
teenth. Mostly tall and slender, they looked robust and strong, and from
that day on, I expected that we should have splendid results with so good
a human material, when a few months' training would give them the
soldierly appearance and military demeanor they still lacked.
However, I was glad to notice that they showed on their faces the
best spirit in the world.
Very shortly afterwards, I inquired about the officers, watched them
drill their men, and began to talk to them, asking questions, and, once
in a while, giving them an advice. I found not only that they were
always ready to receive my suggestions, but also that they knew as much
and probably more of their work as artillery officers than those of the
regular regiment I had just left.
In fact, this is what I find on the note book I kept at that time :
"By and by, I begin to realize what the officers already know. It
is not very bad indeed, and I believe I will obtain good results with them."
This being said, what was left to be done?
In the modern state of warfare, an efficient artillery officer must
know a terrible amout of things. He must be an expert, not only in
firing his guns, but also in the care of horses and materiel, in map
reading, in signaling, in topography, in field engineering, in telephone, in
wireless telegraphy, in liaison, in camouflage, and to a certain extent,
in drawing, in mathematics and meteorology. He must be a good ob-
server, and therefore, possess a quick eye and ready decision. He must
also know human nature and be something of a psychologist.
Many of those matters would alone fill up a man's capacity for
study, and some others can be mastered only after a long and careful
If some were covered by U. S. Regulations (and I had not to
interfere with them) some were the subject of innumerable pamphlets,
which I found to be, in the whole, very poor, and contain many wrong
notions and facts ill observed. It has been altogether a good thing that
the officers were too busy elsewhere and could not spare enough time
to read them, for many of those pamphlets were not above the class of
The situation was not, at first, very encouraging, because (and es-
pecially for the parts of instruction which needed more outdoor training
than library study) we had nothing to work with. And this rendered
the instruction of the enlisted men very difficult, and nearly impossible, the
training of staff officers.
You remember as well as I do that we had at first no more than
four 3" guns, without equipment, for the whole brigade; we had no maps
182 History of the 113th Field Artillery
until the regiment of engineers could give us a pretty rough sketch of the
camp, and then that map was drawn at the wrong scale. You had no
or very few horses, and when you got some more, you had no harness
to hitch them up and drill.
There were no instruments, not even field glasses; no telephones
except the buzzer, which was of small help because of the lack of wire;
no plane tables, save the regular ones, which were unfit for artillery
work, with their fixed compass and loose unsquared sheet; no signaling
projectors, and no good manual on liaison, on aerial observation, on the
use of meteorological elements, not even correct range tables for your
3" guns you would never fire on the front; and no description of the
75 m /m gun about which you have been told so many things, which you
would use "over there" and which very few officers only saw before their
landing in France.
Invention and imagination had to supply the missing means of work.
You taught mounted battery drill without horses nor guns, each man
walking along where he belonged to, as if he had been riding a draft horse
or sitting on a limber.
You taught standing battery drill with wooden guns carrying wooden
sights, and with wooden B. C. instruments.
Perhaps, at the time you were bound to use them, many an officer or
man did not realize how much they did help. They looked like playthings,
but every one learned an awful lot on them. The proof of that is no more
to be made, we saw it plainly when the regiment started its firing at
During that early period of instruction, the presence of Lieutenant
Booth, of the Canadian forces, who was in the States on sick-leave after
having taken a part in the fighting on the British front, was very helpful.
He had experienced the training of the Canadian Forces under con-
ditions somewhat similar, and my impression was that his advice and
suggestions had been very valuable.
I was very sorry to see you leave shortly after my arrival. I knew,
of course, it was necessary and could not be avoided, but I feared that
the training of your regiment would only suffer from the absence of the
C. 0. who would be in charge in the fields.
Lieutenant Colonel Mack who came early in January, 1918, was just
back from France and brought very valuable information and documents.
Methods I had only heard of before sailing were now fully employed,
and what he could tell about things he had seen was very interesting and
In spite of my desire to give to everybody, men and officers as much
outdoor's training as possible, the bad weather at the beginning of 1918
made it impossible to ride out and make frequent and varied reconnais-
sances. We had to replace them by lectures not as fruitful, but I
have every reason to thank Colonel Mack for the charming manner in
which he greeted me every time I entered the One Hundred and Thir-
Comment try Lieut. Jacques J. L. Popelin 183
teenth's lecture room, and for the many opportunities he offered me to
talk to the officers, to criticize their work and lay out suggestions. I
was glad also to see that they grew fond of my talking about the front,
and as I have naturally very little modesty and much pride, I took a
particularly high pleasure in attending very often evening parties where
I was so kindly welcomed.
In the meantime, as I was pretty busy with the officers of the whole
brigade and could devote but a small part of my time to the troops, Mare-
chal des Logis Boree who had been in many hard fightings and dangerous
positions on several parts of the front, and was a very competent chief
of section, did everything he could to help the line officers in the instruc-
tion of the enlisted personnel; and I have to thank everybody for the
attention which was paid to him and his efforts.
He supervised at the same time very intelligently, the construction
of a battery position which, if not perfect, was a pretty good attempt to
imitate those which were built at that time in the strongly fortified sec-
tors — and you had opportunities to see some of that kind, later, round the
Voisogne Wood and Flirey.
Before the end of February, I was ordered away to Fort Sill, and
could not assist in the outdoors work that became possible with a milder
temperature and better weather.
I came back, about the middle of March, just in time to set off again
and start the firing at Cleveland Mills.
I have nothing but eulogies to say about the way the officers and
men of the One Hundred and Thirteenth performed the firing. They did
very well from the beginning to the end. Indeed they did better than I
had expected a month before. And we could wait with a quiet heart for
the order that would ship the regiment "over there."
Under the difficult conditions, where the One Hundred and Thirteenth
had to carry its training, in want of the most important means of work,
it was humanly impossible to do better and to learn more.
In France you found a full equipment and most qualified instructors ;
I swear you answered fully their expectation, and when you left Coetqui-
dan for the front, they were highly satisfied with the manner in which
you had worked and taken profit of their teaching.
I will add nothing more, because, as Kipling says: "This is another
story," the story of your campaign. I have dwelled too long already
on a subject which should have been the matter of a few lines only. I am
certain you will excuse me, sir, because your kindness has no limits.
I hope you will remember me to all the officers of a regiment where
everyone was my friend, and believe me
Very affectionately and respectfully,
JACQUES J. L. POPELIN,
255th R. A. C, French Army.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
CARRYINGS ON ABOUT CARRYING ON
By Sergeant George Graham, of Headquarters Company
ACK in the training days at Camp de Coetquidan, France,
we wore our helmets oriented at a forty-five degree decliv-
ity on account of our baseball supremacy, but not until
we were leaving our positions near Thiacourt and were
moving toward Essey in the St. Mihiel drive, when a
German battery got rumor of our street address, did we
fully realize what becoming lids our helmets really were
and how clever the milliner who designed them. It was
then that the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery, like a wet
town after a prohibition revival, adopted as its motto, "the lid is on" —
and that for the duration. And by the time we reached the Argonne
forests we began to think of our helmets and gas masks as no less than
guardian angels, the former being a protection against the pillar of fire
by day, and the latter against the cloud of gas by night.
Especially was this true when our batteries went into position under
heavy shelling on the Ivoiry road near Montfaucon. It was here that
men with bars also became men with picks, and a spade in the hand was
worth two in the kitty. Here, too, the lion dug in with the lamb, and
the bantam corporal slept with the "barred" plymouth rock, thus making
the world a little safer for democracy. From this position, it will be
recalled that Parson Ben with a telephone and a can of "corn willie"
under one arm and a monocular periscope under the other, went over
the mountain to see what he could see, and with the assistance of Elders
Haynes, McLendon and Rodman, and Deacons Crayton, Vairin and Mor-
rison, was soon conducting a shell-fire and damnation revival among the
Boche congregations. But the personnel officer who dwelt in a far country,
where the pen is mightier than the sword, knew not that it was so. In
the meantime, Major Bulwinkle's cow, a souvenir of the St. Mihiel drive,
which was attached to the regiment for rations only, continued to wear
her gas mask and four gallons of milk in the alert position, the former
for the preservation of her own life, and the latter for the improvement
of the major's coffee.
Shortly after joining the Army of Occupation, the One Hundred
and Thirteenth, after heavy military preparations, known as pay-day,
staged its third big drive — the thirst eliminating drive of December 12th,
when the regiment advanced upon Rehon and Longwy, France, having
existed almost three months, with nothing more bracing than a Y. M. C. A.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
lemon pop. The zero hour had arrived and the big drive was on. Cafes
were successfully flanked in the champagne sector — but not without heavy
casualties, which included those "half-shot" and the "dead soldiers" gath-
ered up after the memorable "counter" attack.
We had often heard that the French were rather intemperate —
having a sort of beverage inclination. We were rather surprised to find
upon our arrival at Rehon, however, that they drank only in a measure —
a quart measure. Hence, that number of our outfit, who while in Rehon,
tried to do as the Rehons, soon found themselves imprisoned in a fiery
furnace of the "cognac-to-your-shack-and-to-bed-you-go" variety.
Despite the rainy weather, high strung heel strings and army brogans
(which had long since lost their brogue) we continued to "live and move
and have our beans" with the Army of Occupation, and finally reaching
Luxemburg, where the people speak both French and German. Their
multiplicity of languages, however, only led us to wonder if the mother-
tongue was losing her motherhood, for with rare exceptions, none of us
Major Bulwinkle's captured German Cow "wearing her gas mask and four gallons of milk, in alert
Carry inqs On About Carrying On 187
spoke German, and our French, harmonizing with our financial status,
continued decidedly "broken," as did the sides of the natives who heard
us attempt to speak it. Nevertheless, by getting a strangle hold on a few
pet German phrases and idioms, and a half-nelson on a French-English
dictionary, we succeeded occasionally in coaxing a Mona Lisa grin from
a Luxemburg fraulein and managed at times to leave a French cafe —
well, not altogether with the same appetite that Fatty Arbuckle would
enter one. Inability to speak either of these languages, however, did
not bar a soldier from the inner circle of the Luxemburg "five hundred" —
it was by walking down the street with a block of soap under one arm
and a pair of extra hobs under the other, as a mark of wealth in the face
of the Luxemburg soap and shoe famine, that a soldier won prestige in
Luxemburg, and was soon numbered among those present last evening.
Of the numerous towns in which we billeted while in Luxemburg our
pleasantest memories doubtless cluster around Colmar Berg the "home
town" of the Duchess, and around Bissen, for it was in these two towns
that we spent Christmas and New Year's Day, together with our remain-
ing francs. It was at Colmar Berg on New Year's eve night that one
of our battery commanders after offering several libations at the shrine
of Bacchus, bidding the keeper of the shrine each time to make it
"Schnappy," decided also to attend the midnight mass at the royal church —
the Duchess and her sister were to sing in the choir. He went, and
being a little rusty in Latin, the service soon grew dull. And while he
slept the vesper bells were rung and the incense was burned. The ringing
of the former and the odor of the latter soon reached him. Suddenly he
awakened from his dream of the Argonne with cries of, "Gas ! Gas !"
The Duchess and the Princesses smiled joyously from the choir, doubt-
less thinking that another poor sinner had been brought to repentance,
but the priest, the speaker of the occasion, who understood English, was
not so enthusiastic over the apparent comment on his sermon.
It was here, too, that Captain Richard Dixon, put over his famous
"smoke barrage," with Princess Hilda as his objective. Having heard of
the smoking propensities of this Princess, who incidentally was the only
unattached member of the royal family, and his sympathy for her having
been aroused by his lack of success in attempting to smoke a Luxemburg
cigarette, the ingredients of which were like the chaff which the wind
driveth away, he decided he could hardly do a deed more in keeping with
the spirit of the Christmas season than to present the Princess with a
carton of Omar cigarettes.
So, bright and early Christmas morning a carton of Omar cigarettes,
containing some 200 rounds, together with appropriate Christmas greet-
ings, in the possession of a trusty courier, were headed castle-ward, while
Captain Dixon waited impatiently for further developments — waited in
vain. On the evening of the second day, however, a special messenger of
the royal family hurried through the streets of Colmar-Berg, paging
"Monsieur Richard," whom he eventually found in his room on officers'
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Carryings On About Carrying On 189
row in the act of playing the leading "roll" in a little tragedy entitled
The messenger at once presented him with an ultimatum issued by
the Luxemburg Chamber of Deputies which read in spirit, if not verbatim,
Monsieur Captain Dixon, Officer Americain:
Your carton of Omar cigarettes, directed to Princess Hilda, has been received
and the contents noted. The Deputies of Her Majesty, the Duchess of Luxemburg,
have been sitting on them for the past thirty-six hours. The question of the propriety
of a Princess of the Grande Duchy of Luxemburg, a neutral country, accepting a
gift from an officer of Amerique, one of the belligerents, is clearly evident, for by so
doing, she might get the Duchess of the Grand Duchy in Dutch. It was this feeling
which prompted the Sergeant Minor, who received the cigarettes from your courier,
immediately to confer with the Sergeant Major, who in turn took up the matter
with the Major Domo, the Major Domo acting on the order of the Duchess, had the
Domo Ultrissimo, call an extra session of the Deputies, who between smokes, have
been discussing for the past thirty-six hours not only the question of propriety which
your generosity has created, but also the inimitable aroma of your Omars. Therefore
with a standing army of 250 men, who are now on strike, and with Ave trusty (but
rusty) ball bearing 73's which have been living a rather sedentary life for the past
century, in issuing this ultimatum, we wish you to be fully cognizant of the fact
that we do not fear the Americans, even when bearing gifts. Hence, Her Majesty's
deputies and advisers have decided if Monsieur "Richard, the kind-hearted," will be
more general in his liberality by presenting his Omars to the Lady in Waiting, the
Deputies in Sitting, the Duchess in Smoking- jacket and not simply to Princess Hilda
in particular, their diminishing remnant will be accepted with grateful gladness.
(Signed) Her Majesty's Deputies and Advisers.
"Oui, Monsieur," was all he said to the waiting messenger, as "head-
quarters" cut in and informed him that his smoke barrage was falling
far short of its objective. Nor did he prance all over the lot with ecstatic
joy on the following day when he received a note of acknowledgement
and thanks from Princess Hilda, in which she stated that "the one" she
got was a "pippin."
As much as we enjoyed the hospitality and warm reception given
us by the Luxemburgers, the G. H. Q. order for the One Hundred and
Thirteenth Field Artillery to rejoin the 30th Division in the Le Mans
area, preparatory to sailing, was devoured with the same relish that a
goat consumeth a parson's "biled" shirt off the line of a Saturday after-
noon while the parson within, like a candle hid under a bushel, ventureth
not out, for he is modest.
We reached Evron in the Le Mans area after traveling five days and
nights in box cars, and if war is what Sherman said it is, then this mode
of traveling was the same thing on wheels. All the berths were lowers
with hardwood finish, which were so crowded that the most comfortable
position in which one could sleep was to lock his feet in the chest of one
of his sixty bed fellows with a half-nelson key, at the same time imploring
his bunkie not to make a foot mat out of his face, as if "welcome" were
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Carryinfjs On About Carrying On 191
After remaining at Evron long enough for General Pershing to give
us the "once over," we took the box car limited, freight paid, for the
mud section of the Le Mans Forwarding Camp, where we "stuck around"
week after week, impatiently waiting for sailing orders, to the accompani-
ment of Kozak's tinkling cymbal and sounding brass band, which jazzed
the A. E. F. dirge: ,
"Darling I am coming back —
Silver threads among the black."
It was here that we learned why frogs in a swamp are prone to
croak — we thought we«would. And as all things come to those who wait,
all we could do was to wait on time and tide, which wait on no man.
However, after many delayed orders and many ordered delays, the time
finally arrived on March 4th and we eagerly set out to meet the tide at
Though no poet was ever inspired to write an ode to a nightingale
after hearing us indulge in a darky revival song, yet Apollo would have
signed us up for his celestial choir and St. Cecilia claimed us for her
own had they been aware of the animation, passion and tender feeling
with which the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery at that glad
moment while waiting for the transport, could have rendered : "Sweet
Chariot, coming for to carry me Home."
As soon as our feet hit the gang plank, we were ushered into our
reservations and the curtain went up, presenting a comedy entitled, "About
'steen thousand and 45 minutes from Broadway," which was booked for a
twelve day run, with Santa Teresa, one of Josephus Daniels' dashing young
actresses, playing the leading part. Nor was it long before things began
to liven up, in fact the play commenced to get rough from the very begin-
ning, when Miss Teresa began to cheek dance and do the Boston dip
with the "old man of the sea," much to the annoyance of the audience
and our latest meal. Despite her disconcerting whirligigs, however,
Teresa continued to hold her audience with the same compelling grip that
the whale held Jonah. And while in the very act of "vamping" her Tar
Heel audience to such an extent that they were unable to look a meal
ticket in the face, she was at the same time "double crossing" the ocean,
her main support. It was in this act we became thoroughly convinced
that there is "more truth than poetry" in Boston Baked Beans, for
"truth crushed to the ground shall surely rise again."
After the first curtain fall, while the loaves and the fishes were hold-
ing a peace conference and our feet were simply itching to put the "hob"
in Hoboken, it was announced in behalf of the management that as
Hoboken had gone dry, we would have to go elsewhere "to hit the Port."
Whereupon, as Virginia qualified under the 2% per cent, test, we were
billed for Newport News.
The big act though was the eating act, which abounded in climaxes,
prunes and more prunes. The parts played in this act, which was more
History of the 113th Field Artillery
The report that Private Doe was wounded at the front was misleading.
Carryings On About Carrying On
or less of a gamble with odds against you, had all the ear marks of a base-
ball game of the Tidewater league variety. The batters were all there :
corn meal batter, flour batter (raw but rare), chocolate pudding batter,
and the other batters, with the exception of batter cakes (who played
exclusively for the "majors"). And when the 2d Looey Umpire yelled
"batter up" and the big doors to the mess hall diamond were swung open,
the big game was on, and you were in the "line-up."
You advance toward the K. P. slingers with the appetizing determina-
tion of doing "good work at the plate." You look the first one over — it's
slum ! As you wait for the next one, the heaver shoots two hot ones
across — spuds ! A south-paw K. P. loses control of the next one — part of
the coffee crosses the plate, and the rest goes up your sleeve. Just as you
step up to a chocolate pudding straight, Teresa suddenly attempts the
"shimmie," and you are railroaded to first by the Tidewater express.
You hang around first (one thing and then another) until your ability
as a slider becomes spectacular, and your impartiality in the distribution
of food would qualify you to dictate to the food dictator. As you regain
consciousness enough to open one eye you discern dimly a guy with a lean
and hungry look spitting out your spuds with a sputter, and that your
slum has gone slam into the casual compartment, causing consternation
among the convalescents. You recognize your chocolate pudding pasted
over a face that is beyond recognition, and your mess kit emulated the
dish by running away with your spoon. Yet none of these things added
The U. S. S. Santa Teresa. This picture was taken at Newport News, Va., just before
the regiment began to leave the vessel.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
K. P.'S GOING INTO POSITION NEAR MONTFAUCON
Departing K. P. — "Right here, Bill, is where you and me and this here range separates. I done
heard too much about them German range-finders."
Carryings On About Carrying On 195
one bit of nourishment to a bruised appetite. In your final desperation
you take a good lead and try to steal "seconds," and are "put out."
But it was during the storm scene which followed the eating act that
Teresa began to get so rough that we could hardly contain ourselves —
most of us didn't. And things went from bad to worse and from worse
to politics. Inwardly, the unsettled state of affairs, the spasmodic upris-
ings and insurrections readily branded us as Bolsheviki, while outwardly
we were strong for any political party in whose platform there was a
gang plank. Teresa however, soon repented and in the final scene began
to grow calm and sentimental as she drew near her affinity, and the
biggest hit of all was when the gang plank hit the American shore, which
"brought down the audience" to American soil.
ARMY LODGE A, A. F. & A. M.
HE One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery, being
almost 100 per cent. North Carolinian to start with, was
naturally a hot-bed of Masonry. All North Carolina
believes in the principles of the greatest of all secret
orders, the Masons, and no good Tar Heel figures on living
out his allotted span and dying without having been
raised to the degree of Master Mason.
When the regiment had had time to get settled and
there was opportunity for casting about and getting acquainted with one
another the Masons of the regiment found many "brethren" and some
were occupying high places, while others were holding down positions
slightly lower. The brigade commander was a Mason of the most enthusi-
astic variety. So was the colonel, so was the lieutenant-colonel, so were
all three of the regiment's majors and nearly all of the lower officers.
There were Masons among the sergeants and corporals. There were Ma-
sons among the bucks of the batteries. There were Masonic cooks, mule-
skinners and incinerator experts.
Some one studied out a plan for an army lodge, an organization of
brothers, who could "meet upon the level" where rank is forgotten and all
men are equal. It pleased everybody. A petition was circulated in the
regiment, asking the Grand Lodge of North Carolina for a dispensation
for the establishment of "Army Lodge A." Major Claude L. Pridgen,
commanding officer of the regiment's Sanitary Detachment, was Grand
Master of the North Carolina Grand Lodge A. F. & A. M., and he arranged
for the dispensation. The first meeting of the lodge was held in the
Masonic Temple at Greenville, January 12, 1918 and it was opened by
Grand Master Pridgen.
At this meeting Sergeant Joseph H. Mitchell, of the Sanitary Detach-
ment, was elected W. M., Brigadier General George G. Gatley, command-
ing the 55th Field Artillery Brigade, was elected S. W. and Colonel Albert
L. Cox, J. W. The officers who served at this first meeting were :
W. M., Joseph H. Mitchell.
S. W., George G. Gatley.
Acting J, W., Alfred L. Bulwinkle.
Acting Chaplain, Claude L. Pridgen.
Acting S. D., Benj. R. Lacy, Jr.
Acting J. D., Louis A. Hanson.
Acting S. S., Erskine E. Boyce.
198 History of the 113th Field Artillery
Acting J. S., Ralph S. Sholar.
Acting Tyler, Karl P. Burger.
Thomas S. Payne, of the Sanitary Detachment, was elected secretary
of the lodge and Erskine E. Boyce, adjutant of the Second Battalion, was
At a subsequent meeting, the following permanent officers were ap-
pointed by the W. M. :
S. D., B. R. Lacy, Jr.
J. D., John E. Burris.
S. S., Samuel T. Russell.
J. S., Julian M. Byrd.
Tyler, Karl P. Burger.
Chaplain, Claude L. Pridgen.
The following standing committees were named:
Finance, Claude L. Pridgen, George G. Gatley, Benj. R. Lacy, Jr.
Reference, Alfred L. Bulwinkle, Erskine E. Boyce and Albert L. Cox.
Oxford Orphanage, Thomas S. Payne, Karl P. Burger and Samuel
The lodge meetings were always interesting, but it was the first that
will linger longest in the memories of those who were present. It was
the first experience of meeting on the level that the Masons there assembled
had had for many months. They had been in the army for more than
six months and army rank and circumstance is pretty well denned and
rigidly maintained. Here for the first time in his military experience
Brother Buck Private met Brother Brigadier General and Brother Colonel
on perfect equality of footing and none was the worse for the experience.
Brother Buck found that his Brother Brigadier was a human being, after
all, and not the tyrant that he had watched from afar with fear and
trembling, and he carried back to his fellows who were not members of
the lodge the new impressions he had received not only as to the Brigadier
General but as to many other officers. Army Lodge A was a source of
profit to the regiment from its inception and the good it accomplished can
never be estimated.
The first meeting of the lodge was featured by short speeches by
General Gatley and Major Pridgen and the lodge's most important action
was to direct the newly elected Master to go to Raleigh, N. C, for the
meeting of the North Carolina Grand Lodge, and formally place before
that body an application for a charter.
At the next regular meeting, which was held on January 19, 1918,
the lodge was legally dedicated and consecrated and the officers elected
at the first meeting lawfully installed. Grand Master Pridgen presided
at the ceremonies and there were many visiting Masons present. At this
meeting the first petitions for degrees were received, this being from Lieu-
tenant Joseph A. Speed, and Lieutenant Henry P. Ledford, of the Sanitary
Detachment, and Privates Aaron T. Sailing and Harry B. Register, also
of the Sanitary Detachment. It became necessary to ask the South Caro-
Army Lodge A, A. F. & A. M. 199
Una Grand Lodge for permission to confer degrees in its jurisdiction. This
right was readily granted.
The lodge was much gratified to learn that the Grand Lodge of North
Carolina had accorded the new organization a warm welcome and was
very proud of its new offspring. Past Grand Master Pridgen brought
from the Grand Lodge of North Carolina an offer to donate $500 toward
a Masonic club room for the soldiers of the regiment and from St. John's
Lodge, No. 1, Wilmington, N. C, a further donation of $50 for the lodge.
The project met with disfavor when the camp authorities were approached
and it was abandoned. It was also learned that the War Department
had prohibited secret meetings within the limits of all army camps and
arrangements were made to hold all meetings for secret work thereafter
in the Masonic Temple at Greenville.
The lodge's first meeting in March was featured by a visit from
Brother George S. Norfleet, Grand Master of North Carolina Masons, of
Winston-Salem. He had been elected in January to succeed Major Claude
L. Pridgen. The Grand Master took a great deal of interest in Army
Lodge A and offered it every encouragement. He gave the lodge a very
beautiful silk flag which was carried with the lodge throughout the war
and after the regiment's return to the United States, presented to the
Grand Lodge of North Carolina.
Unfortunately, the minutes of the lodge were not well kept at all
times. The first secretary of the lodge was transferred to another outfit
and the lodge lost his services and the work was passed around from
hand to hand. Such of the records as are still available record the election
of the following candidates for degrees:
Liston L. Mallard, Thomas I. Graham, Eugene Allison, W. T. Dixon,
J. E. Lambeth, Jr., Otway C. Fogus, Roman L. Mauldin, Hugh C. Pollard,
L. W. Gardner, Thomas A. Lacy, Wilbon 0. Huntley, Ferdinand D. Fink,
Carey E. Dorsett, Frank W. McKeel, Walter W. Pollock, Arthur B. Corey,
Sam N. Nash, Rufus C. Miller, Herbert M. Thornburg, Lewis Norwood,
Charles R. Davis, Wilbur C. Spruill, John W. Brookshire.
There is also recorded at various meetings in the United States and
in France and Luxemburg, the election to membership in the lodge of
various Masons, among them being the following:
Sidney C. Chambers, G. N. Taylor, E. W. McCullers, W. R. Thompson,
L. P. McLendon, L. B. Crayton, Thaddeus G. Stem, J. M. Lynch, J. C.
Fortune, J. T. Leslie, Nelson L. Nelson, W. E. Baugham, Enoch S. Sim-
mons, H. B. Newell, C. T. Scott, R. L. Vaughan, J. P. Bolt, A. L. Fletcher,
H. G. Coleman, J. T. Gross, C. L. Gross, D. T. Moore, N. 0. Reeves, J. W.
McCawley, G. P. Norwood, R. L. Atwater, Zeno O. Ratcliff and Christian
The last regular meeting in the United States was held on May 1,
1918. Moving orders came soon thereafter and no regular meeting was
held until after the regiment had completed its period of training in
France and had been actively engaged in the fighting on the Toul front
200 History of the U3ih Field Artillery
for two weeks. On September 7, 1918, in the little village of Sanzy on
the outskirts of the "Foret de la Reine," Army Lodge A met in special
communication to initiate Thomas I. Graham, W. T. Dixon and Stewart
Barnes, the first two having been elected as candidates for the degrees
and the last named as a courtesy to Watauga Lodge No. 273, of Boone,
N. C. This point was only a few miles from the front and the sound
of the guns and the muffled roar of exploding of shells furnished a strange
accompaniment for the solemn words of the Masonic ritual.
There was no regular or special communication after that until after
the Armistice, when meetings were resumed in a shack in the Foret de la
Montagne, on the Woevre sector, which Headquarters Company honored
with the title of "mess-hall." Here at a meeting held on November 16,
1918, the following new officers were elected:
W. M., Albert L. Cox, who had been J. W.
S. W., Karl P. Burger, who had been Tyler.
J. W., Christian E. Mears.
Treasurer, Erskine E. Boyce.
Secretary, George N. Taylor.
At a subsequent meeting held at Colmar-Berg, in the province of
Luxemburg, the following appointments were made :
To be S. D., John E. Burriss.
To be J. D., W. Reid Thompson.
To be Tyler, Dewitt T. Moore.
To be Chaplain, B. R. Lacy, Jr.
To be S. S., Ralph L. Sholar.
To be J. S., Cleve L. Gross.
The following standing committees were appointed :
Oxford Orphanage Committee: John E. Burriss, Chairman; John M.
Lynch, Harry B. Newell.
Finance Committee : A. L. Fletcher, Chairman ; Harry B. Register,
Lennox P. McLendon.
Reference Committee: Alfred L. Bulwinkle, Chairman; Wm. L.
Futrelle, Roy L. Vaughan.
These officers served throughout the remainder of Army Lodge A's
The lodge did a great deal of work for other lodges in various states,
a service which it rendered gladly. It also "kept open house" for all
Masons everywhere. Comparatively few of the Masons of the regiment
transferred their membership to Army Lodge A but those who did not
were welcomed just as warmly to every meeting as if they had transferred,
and the Masons of other regiments in the 30th Division, while in the
United States, and of the various units with which the regiment served in
France and with the Army of Occupation, were always invited to all
meetings of the lodge and many a homesick Mason was cheered and com-
forted by the experience.
The book of minutes which is now the property of the Grand Lodge
Army Lodge A, A. F. & A. M. 201
of North Carolina, records meetings in various parts of France, at the
little town of Bous, just a mile from the Moselle River in Luxemburg, at
Colmar-Berg and at Bissen in Luxemburg and at Jouy-Sous-les-Cotes, in
France, the last meeting on French soil being held on Saturday, January
18, 1919, just before the regiment entrained for Le Mans to rejoin the
The last regular communication of the lodge was held aboard the
U. S. S. Santa Teresa, on March 15, 1919, en route from St. Nazaire, France,
to Newport News, Va. It was featured by a large attendance of visiting
Masons from the ship's crew and everybody enjoyed the very unusual
lodge meeting aboard one of Uncle Sam's great transports, headed for
home. At this meeting Arthur B. Corey, Sam N. Nash, Rufus C. Miller,
Herbert M. Thornburg, Lewis Norwood, Charles R. Davis, Wilbur C.
Spruill and John W. Brookshire were given the degree of entered appren-
With the close of this meeting Army Lodge A passed into history.
It was not regularly dissolved until the regiment was demobilized but in
the rush and hurry attendant upon demobilization, it was impossible to
hold other meetings. Under the charter of the lodge the memberships
of the old Masons who constituted Army Lodge A automatically reverted
to the home lodges from which they had received dimits and the new
Masons were certified to lodges having jurisdiction over them.
Army Lodge A did a great deal of good, underwent many odd and
unusual experiences, and brought into the Masonic fold a fine lot of young
men. It aided materially in sustaining the morale of the regiment in all
kinds of trying circumstances. It helped the Masons of the regiment to
keep in mind the high principles of their great order. It served to remind
the officers of the regiment of the fact that officers in all armies sometimes
forget that they were only men, clothed for a time in authority, but no
whit better than the men under them. It served also to bring about a
clearer understanding among the enlisted personnel of the heavy load of
responsibility their brother officers carried and by so doing it helped to
make the regiment what it was. The lodge never forgot its obligations to
provide for the widows and orphans and it contributed largely to every
good cause. Fifteen hundred francs, at that time equivalent to about
$275, was contributed to the A. E. F. French orphans' fund.
Roster of Army Lodge A, A. F. & A. M.
Allison, Eugene. Burger, Karl P. Davis, C. R.
Atwater, R. L. Burriss, J. E. Dixon, W. T.
Bailey, R. A. Byrd, J. M. Dorsett, C. E.
Baugham, W. E. Chambers, S. C. Fink, Ferdinand.
Bolt, J. P. Coleman, H. G. Fletcher, A. L.
Boyce, E. E. Corey A. B. Fogus, 0. C.
Brookshire, J. W. Cox, A. L. Fortune, J. C.
Bulwinkle, A. L. Crayton, L. B. Futrelle, W. L.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Gardner, L. W.
Gatley, G. G.
Graham, T. I.
Gross, C. L.
Gross, J. T.
Hanson, L. A.
Huntley, W. 0.
Lacy, B. R., Jr.
Lacy, T. A.
Lambert, J. E.
Ledford, H. P.
Leslie, J. T.
Lynch, J. M.
Mallard, L. L.
Mauldin, R. L.
Miller, R. C.
McCawley, J. W.
McKeel, F. W.
McLendon, L. P.
Mears, C. E.
Mitchell, J. H.
Moore, D. T.
Nash, S. N.
Nelson, N. L.
Newell, H. B.
Norwood, G. P.
Payne, T. L.
Pollard, H. C.
Pollock, W. W.
Pridgen, C. L.
Ratcliff, Z. 0.
Reeves, N. 0.
Register, H. B.
Russell, S. T.
Sailing, A. T.
Scott, C. T.
Sholar, R. L.
Simmons, E. S.
Speed, J. A.
Spruill, W. C.
Stem, T. G.
Taylor, G. N.
Thompson, W. R.
Thornburg, H. M.
Vaughan, R. L.
Workman, Q. 0.
A BRIEF STORY OF THE OPERATIONS OF THE
THIRTIETH DIVISION IN BELGIUM
The 30th Division was a distinctively American division. More than
95 per cent, of its personnel was of American born parents. The division
was constituted of National Guard troops of North Carolina, South Caro-
lina and Tennessee, augmented by many thousands of selective draft troops
from the States of Indiana, Illinois, Minnesota, North Dakota, North
Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee.
The division was dubbed "Old Hickory" after the warrior and states-
man Andrew Jackson who was so closely identified with the history of
the States furnishing the major portion of its personnel.
The Old Hickory Division landed at the port of Calais, France, on the
24th day of May, 1918, and was billeted in the Eperlocques Training Area.
While in this area the officers of the division reconnoitered the Terdeghen
Switch Line, south of Cassel, and complete plans were formulated for
the occupation of this line by forced marches in case of emergency.
Before the completion of its training period, the division was trans-
ferred to the II British Corps, Second Army, in the Ypres sector to be
in close support in case of the expected German offensive. This division,
first American division to enter that kingdom, marched into Belgium on
July 4th with Division Headquarters at Watou, to be in close support of
the 33d and 49th British Divisions, and was employed in completing
the construction of the East and West Poperinghe Defense Systems im-
mediately in rear of these two divisions. An immense amount of trench
and wire construction was done. Complete plans and orders were issued
for the occupation of the East and West Poperinghe Systems by the 30th
Operations in Belgium and France 203
Division in the event of a German attack and a forced withdrawal of the
British divisions in the front. The division received training in the front
line with the 33d and 49th Divisions, first as individuals, then by platoons,
and lastly by entire battalions.
On August 17, 1918, the division took over the entire sector occupied
by the 33d British Division, 60th Brigade being in the front line, 59th
Brigade in support. This was known as the Canal sector and extended
from the southern outskirts of Ypres to the vicinity of Voormezeele, a
distance of 2.400 metres.
On August 31st and September 1st the division engaged in an offensive
in conjunction with the 14th British Division on the left and 27th American
Division on the right. The 30th Division captured all its objectives,
including Lock No. 8, Lankhof Farm and the City of Voormezeele, advanc-
ing fifteen hundred yards, capturing fifteen prisoners, two machine-guns
and thirty-five rifles. As a result of this advance the 236th Division,
which was considered an average German division, was identified. During
the six weeks previous to this advance, many attempts had been made by
the British and our own troops to identify this German division.
On September 4th/5th the division was withdrawn from the Canal
sector and placed in British G. H. Q. reserve with Division Headquarters
at Roellecourt, France. While in this area the entire division was trained
in attacking in conjunction with British tanks.
On September 17th the division was again moved farther south with
Division Headquarters at Herissart, and on September 22d was moved to
the British Fourth Army with Division Headquarters at Bois de Buire,
near Tincourt, taking over a front line sector from the 1st Australian
Division, on the night of 23d/24th.
On September 29th this division with the 27th American Division
on the left and the 46th British Division on the right, assaulted the Hin-
denburg Line. The Hindenburg Line at this point curves in front of the
Tunnel of St. Quentin. This was considered impregnable by the Germans
for the following reasons : The Hindenburg Line curving west of the
tunnel consisted of three main trench systems protected by vast fields of
heavy barbed wire entanglements skillfully placed; this wire was very
heavy and had been damaged very little by artillery fire. The dominating
ground enabled them to bring devastating machine-gun fire on all ap-
proaches. The lines had been strengthened with concrete machine-gun
emplacements. It contained at this point a large number of dugouts, lined
with mining timbers, with wooden steps leading down to a depth of about
thirty feet with small rooms capable of holding from four to six men each.
In many cases these dugouts were wired for electric light. The large
tunnel through which the canal ran, was of sufficient capacity to shelter
a division. This tunnel was electrically lighted and filled with barges.
Connecting it with the Hindenburg trench system were numerous tunnels.
In one case a direct tunnel ran from the main tunnel to the basement of
a large stone building, which the enemy used for headquarters. Other
204 History of the 113th Field Artillery
tunnels ran from the main tunnel eastward to the City of Bellicourt and
other places. This complete subterranean system with its hidden exits
and entrances, unknown to us, formed a complete and safe subterranean
method of communication and reinforcement for the German sector.
The 30th Division, the 60th Brigade, augmented by units of the 117th
Infantry, attacking, assaulted this line at 5:50 a. m., September 29th,
on a front of 3,000 yards, captured the entire Hindenburg System of
that sector and advanced farther capturing the tunnel system with the
German troops therein, and took the cities of Bellicourt, Nauroy, Riqueval,
Carriere, Etricourt, Guillaine Ferme and Ferme de Riqueval, advancing
4,200 yards, defeating two enemy divisions of average quality (the 75th
Reserve Division and the 185th Division) , taking as prisoners 47 officers
and 1,434 men.
On October lst/2d the 30th Division was relieved by the 5th Australian
Division and moved to back area with Division Headquarters at Herbe-
court. The division scarcely reached this area when it was marched back
and took over the front line in the same sector from the 2d Australian
Division near Montbrehain on the night of 4th/5th.
On October 8th, 9th, 10th and 11th, the 30th Division attacked each
day, advancing 17,500 yards, and capturing le Tilleul d' Archies, le Petit
Cambresis, Becquigny, Mon. Sarasin, le Trou Aux Soldats, Busigny, Glo-
riette, le Vert Donjon, Escaufourt, le Rond Pont, Vaux-Andigny, Vallee
Hasard, la Haie Menneresse, la Rochelle, le Vent de Bise, St. Souplet, St.
Benin, Malassise, Geneve, half of Montbrehain, Brancourt, Premont, Vaux-
le-Pretre, Brancoucourt, Fraicourt Ferme, Bois Mirand, Butry Ferme,
la Sabliere Bois, Becquignette Ferme, Bois de Malmaison, Malmaison
Ferme, Bois de Busigny, Bois l'Ermitage, Bois Proyart, Imberfayt and
Du Guet Fassiaux Fermes, taking prisoners 45 officers and 1,889 men.
The 59th Brigade began this attack on October 8th and captured all their
objectives, including Premont and Brancourt. During this operation from
October 8th to 11th the 30th Division encountered units from fourteen
German divisions, classified by the British High Command as follows: 34th
Division, average; 20th Division, very good; 24th Division, very good;
21st Division, average; 21st Reserve Division, average; 38th Division, very
good; 119th Division, average; 121st Division, average; 187th Sharpshoot-
ing Section, very good; 204th Division, average; 208th Division, average;
3d Naval Division, very good; 15th Reserve Division, average.
The 30th Division was relieved by the 27th Division on October
llth/12th, but returned on October 16th and took over a part of the same
line at the same place, being the right half of the sector temporarily held
by the 27th. The next attack was launched on October 17th, 18th and
19th against the 221st Division, average; 243d Division, average; 29th
Division, very good, advancing 9,000 yards and capturing six officers and
412 men, and the towns of Molain, St. Martin Riviere, Ribeauville,
Ecaillon, Mazinghein and Ribeaucourt Ferme.
During much of the fighting from October 8th to 11th and from 17th to
Brigadier General George G. Galley 205
19th, difficulties of the terrain were very great, with the country greatly
broken by small patches of woods, and villages, with uneven terrain and
occasional large towns admirably added to the machine-gun defense of
which the Germans took every advantage. The La Selle River with high
banks beyond was obstinately defended. In spite of these difficulties the
advance continued, often without artillery support, and was made possible
only by the determination of the men and the skillful use of all arms
combined with clever utilization of the diversified terrain. The 3d German
Naval Division of the crack German divisions was hastily thrown in in
an attempt to stop the advance.
The division was then withdrawn to the Heilly Training area, near
Amiens, for replacements and a well-earned rest; Division Headquarters
at Querrieu. Two weeks later, when orders for an immediate return to
the front were expected daily, the armistice with Germany was signed
November 11, 1918. The fighting being over, the II American Corps
was released from the British E. F. with which it had been associated
since its arrival in France, and transferred to the American E. F. in the
Le Mans area, where the first units of the 30th Division arrived and
Division Headquarters opened at Ballon on November 21st.
During the above operations the advance was so rapid and the troops
withdrawn so soon, there was no opportunity to gather up and salvage a
great number of guns and supplies captured, which were left for the
salvage troops of the Fourth British Army. Upon a partial check by the
units of the division, it is known that at least seventy-two field artillery
pieces, twenty-six trench mortars, 426 machine guns, and 1,792 rifles
were captured in addition to the great mass of material. This represents
but a portion of the captured. In many instances field guns taken from
the Germans were turned over to the supporting artillery and used by
them upon the retreating enemy.
Total number of prisoners captured by this division from September
29th to October 20th : 98 officers, 3,750 men. During the same period we
lost 3 officers and 24 men as prisoners ; 44 officers and 4,823 men wounded
(including slightly wounded and slightly gassed).
BRIGADIER GENERAL GEORGE G. GATLEY
The first commanding general of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade
was Brigadier General George G. Gatley, who was assigned to the brigade
in August, 1917. He found it a brigade only in name. Two regiments
of it were made up of new, raw recruits, most of whom had had no previous
military experience. The other regiment had been an infantry outfit.
Nobody in either outfit knew anything about artillery.
The situation he faced at Camp Sevier must have been a trying one
for him. Very few members of his command realized this at the time.
If they had realized it they might have been less resentful when the
History of the 113th Field Artillery
General's patience gave out and his sharp tongue flayed them for their
shortcomings. There were times when the General was a "holy terror,"
but looking back on the happenings
of those days, one wonders at his
Truly, he had his troubles.
That he stuck to his task, and
out of the raw material furnished
him built and welded together a
great fighting machine, is proof
positive that he is a man of re-
source and of unusual ability as an
organizer. When he left the brig-
ade on July 7, 1918, it was on the
up-grade and going strong. He
knew then that his work had not
been in vain and that his brigade
would make good, and it was hard
for him to leave.
The following brief sketch of
his military record is taken, in the
main, from the Army Register:
Born in Portland, Me., Sep-
tember 10, 1869. Graduated, U. S.
M. A., Class of 1890 and assigned
to 5th Artillery. First lieutenant
1898, captain 1901 and assigned to
command 17th Battery. Organ-
ized same at Fort Sam Houston and took it to Philippines in 1903. Served
two years in Mindanao, and Jolo under General Wood and Captain Persh-
ing, in several expeditions after hostile Moros. The battery was mentioned
in General Orders for "Distinguished Service" in G. O. No. 1, Dept. of Min-
danao, 1905. Went to Cuba in 1906 in command of the 14th Battery Field
Artillery, now Battery F, 3d Field Artillery. At the close of the second in-
tervention was sent back to Cuba to organize and instruct a regiment of
field artillery and remained on this duty over four years. Returned to
United States in 1913 and joined the 4th Field Artillery at Texas City,
Tex. Served on the border until October, 1915, when he was ordered
to Sandy Hook Proving Ground as Field Artillery member of the Ordnance
Board. Remained on this duty until August, 1917, when he was promoted
to the rank of Brigadier General, National Army, and ordered to Camp
Sevier, S. C, to organize the 55th Field Artillery Brigade. Served with
this brigade during the period of organization and instruction until July
7, 1918, when he was transferred to the 67th Field Artillery Brigade,
42d (Rainbow) Division, and joined same July 9th at Vadenay Farm, North
of Chalons, Champagne. Commanded this brigade during remainder of
Brigadier General George G. Galley, the First
Commanding General of the 55th Field
Service Records of 75's 207
the war, participating in the Champagne-Marne defensive, Aisne-Marne
offensive, St. Mihiel offensive and Meuse-Argonne offensive. After the
armistice went to Germany with the brigade and remained on the Rhine
four months, leaving there April 8th and arriving in the United States
SERVICE RECORDS OF THE ONE HUNDRED AND
THIRTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY'S 75'S
The following is the official record of the number of rounds fired in
action by the guns of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery, as
submitted to the adjutant of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade on November
Grand Total for the Regiment 69,084
208 History of the 113th Field Artillery
THE ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY'S
"HALL OF FAME"
HEADQUARTERS 30TH DIVISION
American Expeditionary Forces,
France, February 8, 1919.
No. 6 j
The following citations for acts of meritorious conduct described are published to
Captain Erskine E. Boyce, Hqs. Co., 113th Field Artillery.
During the operations near IVOIRY, 26th to 31st September, 1918, this officer
was on duty as liaison officer for his regiment. During the engagement he remained
on duty in the front lines of the infantry, maintaining his own communications by
means of salvaged German wire, in spite of loss of sleep and lack of food. Al-
though subjected to intense shell-fire he showed utter disregard of personal safety,
and by his unfailing devotion to duty inspired great confidence in those about him.
His devotion to duty is worthy of the highest commendation.
First Lieutenant Allan W. Douglass, Deceased, Battery E, 113th Field
During the engagement near LIMEY, 12th September, 1918, after being struck by
a shell splinter, he continued the work of removing the dead and wounded horses
and moving the carriages to a place of safety. Later he was again struck by a
shell and killed while in the performance of his duty. His courage and utter
disregard for personal safety inspired the men of his section to continue their
Chaplain Benjamin R. Lacy, 113th Field Artillery.
During the operations near THIACOURT, 14th September, 1918, where several
men of Batteries B and C were wounded, this chaplain rendered first aid to the
wounded under intense shell-fire. Again, on 26th September, in the BOIS DU
AVOCOURT, where the gun positions were subjected to heavy shell-fire and one
man was killed and others wounded, he immediately rendered first aid to the
wounded, disregarding his own safety. On numerous occasions he set an excellent
example to the officers and men of his regiment by his presence in the most for-
ward positions and looking after the sick and wounded.
Sergeant Fred M. Patterson (1167450), Battery E, 113th Field
During the operations near LIMEY, 12th September, 1918, when a section was
struck and horses and men were wounded and killed, Sergeant Patterson volun-
tarily took up the work of the drivers and assisted in exchanging the horses and
removing the carriage to a place of safety. He continued this work until severely
Hall of Fame 209
Sergeant Walter R. Minish (1324194) , Battery E, 113th Field Artillery.
During the engagement near LIMEY, 12th September, 1918, when his section was
struck by shell-fire, this non-commissioned officer took up the work of wounded
drivers and assisted in exchanging the horses and removing the carriage to a place
of safety. He continued his work until severely wounded.
Sergeant Luther H. Barbour (1323807) , Battery C, 113th Field Artillery
During the engagement near THIACOURT, 14th September, 1918, this non-com-
missioned officer was wounded by a shell explosion while inspecting the battery
telephone system. Undaunted, he gave directions for installation of a new tele-
phone, and although severely wounded himself, he picked up another wounded
comrade and carried him to a place of safety. By his courage and devotion to duty
and prompt initiative he inspired the men of the battery to continue their work on
the telephone system without interruption in the work of the battery. His conduct
is worthy of the utmost commendation
Corporal Elmer Batten Moore (1323276), Hqs. Company, 113th Field
During the operations on 27th October, 1918, in the ARGONNE FOREST, when
in the course of the advance where the infantry had become temporarily halted
by intense machine-gun fire, this soldier, who was on liaison duty for the support-
ing artillery, went forward alone, when others had to seek protection from the
heavy shell-fire, and salvaged enemy wire within fifty to one hundred yards of
the front lines and in the face of terrific machine-gun and shell-fire, and by so
doing enabled the furtherance of telephone liaison with the front line troops. His
devotion to duty, prompt initiative and disregard for personal safety is worthy
of the highest praise.
Corporal Clarence Caldwell Hope (1324447), Battery F, 113th Field
During the operations on 27th October, 1918, near the BOIS DE BEGUE, this
soldier, on liaison duty with the infantry, went forward on his own accord, when
others had to seek protection from the terrific machine-gun fire, and salvaged
enemy wire within fifty to one hundred yards of the front lines, exposing himself
to the heavy shell and machine-gun fire, and in so doing secured material that
enabled the furtherance of telephone liaison with our front lines. His conduct
was conspicuous for its daring and is worthy of the utmost commendation.
Private Walter N. Perry (1324701), Sanitary Detachment, 113th Field
During the operations near IVOIRY, 29th September, 1918, this soldier was on duty
for first-aid work. While going into position the battery and advancing infantry
was subjected to intense shell-fire from the enemy and many men became casualties.
210 History of the 113th Field Artillery
This soldier immediately went forward and rendered first aid to the wounded.
Locating a mortally wounded soldier in an exposed position, and despite the intense
shell-fire, Private Perry remained with this man, dressing his wounds and render-
ing all assistance possible, the wounded man later dying in his arms. His devotion
to duty, disregard of personal safety, is worthy of the highest praise.
Private Rom D. Kirby (1324263), Battery E, 113th Field Artillery.
During the operations near LIMEY, 12th September, 1918, when his section was
struck by heavy shell-fire, Private Kirby took up the work of wounded drivers
and assisted in exchanging horses and removing the carriage to a place of safety.
He continued his work until mortally wounded.
Private Edward Ray Bumgardner (1324487), Battery F, 113th Field
During the operations near MONTFAUCON, 27th October, 1918, this soldier was
on liaison duty with the infantry. During a period of intense shelling, when
the infantry was forced to seek shelter from the terrific machine-gun fire, this
soldier on his own accord salvaged enemy wire within fifty to one hundred yards
of the front lines, exposing himself to the heavy fire, but by so doing he secured
the necessary material to further the maintenance of the telephone liaison with
our front lines, no other wire being available in their immediate advance there-
after. His prompt initiative and disregard for personal safety contributed much
to the success of the operation and his conduct is worthy of the highest com-
By Command of Major-General Lewis.
JOHN K. KERR,
Chief of Staff.
ANDREW J. WHITE,
Lieut.-Colonel, Inf., U. S. A.
Merit recognized in recommendations for promotion.
In the files of the regiment appear two official letters by Colonel Cox
recommending for promotion certain junior officers and non-commissioned
officers who had rendered exceptionally fine service in the regiment and
richly deserved promotion. These promotions were not made for the
reason that orders came a few days thereafter transferring the regiment
to the United States. These letters follow :
Hall of Fame 211
113th Field Artillery
A. E. F.
March 1, 1919.
From: Commanding Officer, 113th Field Artillery, A. E. F.
To: Commanding General, 30th Division.
Subject: Recommendations to Fill Vacancies.
1. In accordance with verbal order, I have the honor to recommend the following
officers of the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery for promotion :
TO RANK OF FIRST LIEUTENANT
(1) Second Lieutenant John P. Bolt — This officer was commissioned second
lieutenant March 2, 1918, and has served as Assistant Supply Officer of the Regiment
in training and in the field. He is thorough, efficient, energetic and careful. He is
fully qualified to perform the duties of Regimental Supply Officer, which he has on
numerous occasions performed, and was recommended for promotion to first lieutenant
just before the Armistice.
(2) Second Lieutenant William Crenshaw — This officer was transferred to
the Regiment in May, 1918, having completed satisfactorily course at the Third Train-
ing Camp, Camp Stanly, Texas; being recommended for commission at that camp and
receiving such commission upon his arrival in France, June 13, 1918. As Telephone
Officer of the Second Battalion and as Battery Officer, he has, at all times, demon-
strated his ability as an officer and as an artilleryman in such manner as to make
him fully qualified for commission as a first lieutenant. He was recommended for
promotion to the grade of first lieutenant just before the Armistice.
(3) Second Lieutenant Earl J. Higgins — This officer joined the Regiment while
in the Woevre sector, and has demonstrated his efficiency as an officer and as an artil-
leryman. I consider him thoroughly qualified for commission as first lieutenant. His
service has, at all times, been satisfactory.
(4) Second Lieutenant Ernest M. Hedden — This officer joined the Regiment
on September 16, 1918 and has been on duty as Battery Officer, Gas Officer and Liaison
Officer. He has performed each duty well and is fully qualified for commission as
(5) Second Lieutenant Richard S. Schmidt — This officer joined the Regiment
just prior to departure from the States in May, 1918, and has served efficiently and
well as Battery Officer, Liaison Officer and Intelligence Officer. He is thorough, careful
and trustworthy, and fully qualified to perform the duties of first lieutenant of field
ALBERT L. COX,
Col. 113th F. A., Commanding.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
113th Field Artillery
A. E. F.
March 1, 1919.
From: Commanding Officer, 113th Field Artillery, A. E. F.
To: Commanding General, 30th Division, A. E. F.
Subject: Recommendations for appointment of Second Lieutenants to fill vacancies:
1. In accordance with verbal directions, the following non-commissioned officers
are recommended for appointment to fill vacancies in the rank of second lieutenant
in the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery:
First Sergeant Raymond Harris, Battery A.
First Sergeant William A. Blount, Battery B.
Regimental Ordnance Sergeant Adrian S. Mitchell attached to Supply Com-
Sergeant John G. Ashe, Battery C.
Regimental Sergeant Major Kenneth J. Nixon, Headquarters Company.
First Sergeant Frank S. Cline, Supply Company.
Sergeant Tracy R. Cobb, Battery A.
Regimental Sergeant Major William A. Allen, Headquarters Company.
Sergeant Earl Johnson, Headquarters Company.
Sergeant Claude S. Ramsay, Battery B.
Private William B. Lumsden, Headquarters Company.
Sergeant William H. Williams, Battery D.
Regimental Supply Sergeant William H. Chance, Supply Company.
Regimental Sergeant Major Jacob E. Lambert, Jr., Headquarters Company.
2. The first 12 men have all completed satisfactorily the course in Field Artillery
at the Saumur School and hold certificates from same. Their work within the Regi-
ment before going to this school and since their return has at all times been satis-
factory, and the Regimental Commander considers them well qualified for commission
as second lieutenant in field artillery.
3. Regimental Supply Sergeant William H. Chance; this man was appointed
Regimental Supply Sergeant on July 15, 1917. He is alert, energetic and proficient
and has performed his duties in a most satisfactory manner. He is thoroughly familiar
with the many details that a Regimental Supply Officer must know and can perform
each well. He is thoroughly qualified for a second lieutenant in the Quartermaster
Department and would be thoroughly satisfactory as a second lieutenant in that
line, had he opportunity to attend a Candidates' School, which his duties as Regimental
Supply Sergeant have prevented him from doing.
4. Regimental Sergeant Major Jacob E. Lambert, Jr.; Sergeant Lambert as
Regimental Sergeant Major has had charge of the preparation of all pay rolls and of
the personnel work of the Regiment under the supervision of the Personnel Adjutant.
He is careful, intelligent, tireless and trustworthy. I know of no man better qualified
for commission as second lieutenant on staff duty, than Sergeant Major Lambert.
ALBERT L. COX,
Col. 113th F. A., Commanding.
Chronological History 213
CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF THE ONE
HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH FIELD
ARTILLERY IN BRIEF
June 13, 1917.
The first recruit for the One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery was received
by Captain Wiley C. Rodman at Washington, N. C, on June 13, 1917. Authorization
for the organization, then designated the First North Carolina Light Field Artillery,
had just been received.
July 13, 1917.
On July 13, 1917, the new regiment was officially recognized by the War Depart-
ment, and a commission issued to Colonel Albert L. Cox, of Raleigh, N. C, as the
commanding officer of the regiment.
July 25, 1917.
Responded to the call of the President for service in the War with Germany
and assembled at home stations on July 25, 1917.
August 5, 1917.
On August 5, 1917, the regiment was formally drafted into the service of the
United States, along with all other National Guard units accepted for the service.
September 16, 1917.
After having spent seven weeks in training at home stations the regiment was
ordered to Camp Sevier, S. C, for additional training as part of the 30th Division,
arriving on September 16, 1917. Here the regiment lost its state designation and as-
sumed the designation that was to be its own throughout its history, the "One Hundred
and Thirteenth Field Artillery," of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade.
September 16, 1917— May 18, 1918.
From September 16, 1917 to May 18, 1918, the regiment was in training at
Camp Sevier, S. C. On the latter date the regiment began entraining for New York
for service overseas.
May 19, 1918— May 26, 1918.
Arriving at Camp Mills, Long Island, N. Y., on May 19, 1918, the regiment
settled down to a week of inspections, during which all equipment was carefully
gone over many times and new equipment drawn and issued to replace every article
that showed wear.
May 26, 1918— June 7, 1918.
The regiment went aboard the British S. S. Armagh, a converted refrigerator
ship, on May 26, 1918, and was landed at Liverpool on June 7, 1918.
214 History of the 113th Field Artillery
June 8, 1918.
On June 8, 1918, the regiment marched through the streets of Liverpool to the
American Rest Camp at Knotty Ash.
June 9, 1918.
On June 9, 1918, the regiment took train for Winchester, England, passing
through Birmingham, Oxford and other interesting towns.
June 10, 1918— June 11, 1918.
The regiment spent two days at the American Rest Camp at Winnall Downs,
Winchester, and was reviewed on the second day, June 11, 1918, by the Duke of
Connaught and other high British notables.
June 12, 1918.
On June 12, 1918, the regiment left Winnall Downs for Southampton, arriving
there in the afternoon, where it boarded the British S. S. St. George for Le Havre,
June 13, 1918.
The regiment crossed the English Channel safely, arriving at Le Havre before
daybreak on the morning of June 13, 1918, and spent one day and night at the
American Rest Camp near Le Havre.
June 14, 1918— June 15, 1918.
The regiment entrained on June 14, 1918, for Camp de Coetquidan, near Guer,
in the province of Morbihan, France, where it arrived on the day following.
June 16, 1918— August 22, 1918.
From June 16, 1918 to August 22, 1918, the regiment was in training at the
United States Artillery School at Camp de Coetquidan, France. It completed its
course of training there and entrained for the Toul front on August 22, 1918.
August 23, 1918 — August 25, 1918.
From August 23, 1918 to August 25, 1918, the regiment was on board trains,
arriving at Toul, France, on the afternoon and night of August 25, 1918.
August 26, 1918— September 11, 1918.
Following arrival at Toul, the regiment marched under cover of darkness to the
Foret de la Reine, where the regimental echelon was established on August 26, 1918.
The regiment was attached to the 89th Division and immediately went into positions
near Ansauville, Hamonville and Beaumont, where it began active operations against
the Boche in defense of the Toul sector. On September 10, 1918, the regiment went
forward to offensive positions near Noviant and Limey, in preparations for the St.
Mihiel drive, which started on the morning of the 12th of September, 1918.
Chronological History 215
September 12, 1918— September 14, 1918.
Beginning on the morning of September 12, 1918, the regiment was continuously
in action through September 14, 1918, the close of the latter day finding the regiment
near Boullionville, supporting the 177'th Infantry Brigade of the 89th Division.
September 15, 1918— September 22, 1918.
Prom September 15, 1918 to September 22, 1918, the regiment was en route to the
St. Mihiel sector to the Argonne Forest, arriving in the Bois de Brocourt on September
22d, where the regimental echelon was established for the opening of the Battle
of the Argonne. The night of September 15th the regiment passed through Essey
and Euvezin, arriving at Rambecourt on the morning of September 16th. Leaving
Rambecourt after dark on September Kith, the regiment arrived at Mecrin, on the
Meuse, on the morning of September 17th. The regiment spent two days and the
night of September 17th at Mecrin, marching on the night of September 18th to
Nicey and from Nicey to Deuxnouds on the night of September 19th. On the follow-
ing night the regiment marched to the Bois de Beaulieu, where it remained two days.
On September 22d the regiment arrived at the Bois de Brocourt.
September 23, 1918— September 25, 1918.
From September 23, 1918 to September 25, 1918, the regiment was busily engaged
getting "set" for the Meuse-Ai-gonne offensive.
September 26, 1918— October 7, 1918.
From September 26, 1918 to October 7, 1918, the regiment was actively engaged
in the Battle of the Argonne, beginning this action in support of the 37th Division,
from positions in the Bois de Esnes. It was shifted to the 32d Division on September
30, 1918, while in position on the northern edge of the Bois de Montfaucon and when
relieved on October 7, 1918, was occupying positions on the Montfaucon-Ivoiry road.
October 8, 1918— October 11, 1918.
From October 8, 1918 to October 11, 1918, the regiment was at Recicourt and
en route to the Woevre sector, near Troyon, where it was to support the 79th Division.
October 12, 1918— October 25, 1918.
From October 12, 1918 to October 25, 1918, the regiment supported the 79th
Division, which was relieved by the 33d Division on October 25th.
October 26, 1918— November 11, 1918.
From October 26, 1918 to November 11, 1918, the regiment supported the 33d
Division, taking part with credit in various actions, including the successful attack
on St. Hilaire on November 10th.
November 12, 1918 — December 5, 1918.
After the Armistice, the regiment remained with the 33d Division, in camp along
the Grand Tranchee in the Foret de la Montagne and was ordered to accompany
the 33d Division to Germany as part of the Army of Occupation.
216 History of the 113th Field Artillery
December 6, 1918 — December 22, 1918.
The regiment began its march into Germany on December 6, 1918, and after many
wanderings, settled down for the Christmas holidays in northern Luxemburg on
December 22, 1918, having been billeted in the following towns:
December 7th and 8th at Friauville, France.
December 9th, Joudreville, France.
December 10th, Nouillon-sur-Pont, France.
December 11th, Rehon and Longwy-Bas, France.
December 12th and 13th, Reckingen, Monnerich, Pissengen and Ehleringen, Duchy
December 14th, Contern, Syren, Montfort and Medigen, Duchy of Luxemburg.
December 15th and 16th, Bous, Stadtbredimus, Assel and Rollingen, Duchy of
Luxemburg. Here the 33d Division was relieved as part of the Army of Occupation
and ordered to take position in northern Luxemburg.
December 17th and 18th, Weiler, Aspelt and Hassel, Duchy of Luxemburg.
December 19th, Wolferdingen and Bereldange, Duchy of Luxemburg.
December 20th and 21st, Colmar-Berg and Cruhdton, Duchy of Luxemburg.
December 23, 1918 — January 5, 1919.
After trying out several villages the regiment finally found comfortable quarters
in the villages of Colmar-Berg, Bissen and Boevange in upper Luxemburg, where
it spent the holiday season. It was relieved from duty with the 33d Division and
ordered to rejoin the 30th Division at Le Mans, France.
January 6, 1919 — January 19, 1919.
The regiment began its march back to France on the morning of January 6,
1919 and arrived at Jouy-sous-les-Cotes and Cornieville on January 13, 1919, where
all animals and equipment were turned in to the army supply depots and personal
equipment issued for the journey to Le Mans, France. The regiment was billeted
during the long hike as follows:
January 6th and 7th, Wolferdingen, Bereldange and Helmsauge.
January 8th, Nortzange, Buttersburg, Huncherange and Finnangen.
January 9th, Sancy and Beuvillers, France.
January 10th, Labry, Hatrize and Jarny.
January 11th, Souzemont, Hannonville-au-Passage and Latour-en-Woevre.
January 12th, Buxieres and Buxereulles, at the foot of Mont Sec.
January 13th to January 19th, Jouy-sous-les-Cotes and Cornieville.
January 20, 1919 to January 24, 1919.
The regiment entrained at Trondes, near Toul, on January 20, 1919 for the Le
Mans area, and arrived at Evron, province of Mayenne, on January 24th.
January 25, 1919 — February 5, 1919.
From January 25, 1919 to February 5, 1919, the regiment was billeted at Evron,
Neau, St. Christophe, Chatres and Mesenges, with regimental headquarters at Evron.
It was reviewed by General Pershing at Evron.
Chronological History 217
February 6, 1919 — March 4, 1919.
The regiment was ordered to the "Forwarding Camp" at Le Mans, arriving there
on February 6, 1919. The month that it spent here was the longest and most disagree-
able month of the regiment's experience. After many delays orders came on March
4, 1919, directing the movement of the regiment to St. Nazaire for transportation
March 5, 1919— March 6, 1919.
The regiment left the mud of the Le Mans Forwarding Camp behind and took
train for St. Nazaire, where it boarded the U. S. S. Transport Santa Teresa on March
March 7, 1919— March 18, 1919.
Aboard the Santa Teresa. The voyage was uneventful and Newport News, Va.,
was reached on March 18th.
March 19, 1919— March 22, 1919.
The regiment spent four days at camps in and around Newport News and received
orders on March 22, 1919, to proceed to Camp Jackson, Columbia, S. C, for muster
out, along with other units of the 30th Division.
March 23, 1919— March 24, 1919.
En route to Columbia, S. C. The journey was broken at Raleigh, N. C, where
the regiment spent the night of March 23d and the day of March 24th, proceeding
at night to Columbia, S. C. The regiment was given a great reception at Raleigh.
March 25, 1919— March 31, 1919.
In process of demobilization at Columbia, S. C.
218 History of the 113th Field Artillery
WHERE THE OFFICERS AND MEN OF THE ONE
HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH GAME FROM
113th Field Artillery
A. E. F.
January 29, 1919.
REPORT ON OFFICERS AND ENLISTED MEN
1. In compliance with Paragraph 2, Memorandum No. 19, Headquarters 30th
Division, January 27, 1919, this report is submitted in triplicate showing, from each
separate organization of One Hundred and Thirteenth Field Artillery, the number of
officers and enlisted men from each State represented in that organization, the same
showing, also, the totals of the entire regiment.
FIELD AND STAFF
Officers Enlisted Men Total
North Carolina 6 6
Louisiana 1 1
South Carolina 1 1
Virginia 1 1
Total 9 9
North Carolina 3 103 112
Tennessee 1 13 14
Alabama 7 7
South Carolina 5 5
Arizona 4 4
Illinois 1 1 2
Maryland 1 1
Virginia 2 2
Colorado 3 3
Pennsylvania 3 3
Mississippi 1 1
New York 2 2
Oklahoma 1 1
Missouri 2 2
Iowa 1 1
Georgia 2 2
Washington 1 1
Ohio 1 1
Florida 1 1
Connecticut 1 1
Total 6 160 166
Where the Officers and Men Came From
Officers Enlisted Men
North Carolina 2 146
Ohio 1 1
New York 2 1
New Jersey 1
South Carolina 2
Total 5 180
North Carolina 2 139
Massachusetts 1 1
New Jersey 1 3
Wyoming 1 1
Pennsylvania 1 5
New York 2
New Hampshire 1
Total 6 186
North Carolina 3 143
History of the 113th Field Artillery
North Carolina 2
South Carolina 1
North Carolina 3
Where the Officers and Men Came From
Officers Enlisted Men
North Carolina 3 151
South Dakota 1
New York 1
New Jersey 2
Total 4 190
North Carolina 2 85
Pennsylvania 2 3
New York 1
South Dakota 2
Total 5 117
North Carolina 3 15
South Carolina 1
District of Columbia 1
Total 5 23
North Carolina 5
Total 2 5
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Officers Enlisted Men Total
North Carolina 1 1
TOTALS FOR ENTIRE REGIMENT
North Carolina 29 1068 1097
Tennessee 2 49 51
Pennsylvania 3 43 46
Alabama 1 41 42
Missouri 29 29
Arizona 24 24
South Carolina 3 17 20
Colorado 19 19
Virginia 2 11 13
Georgia 12 12
Ohio 1 9 10
Illinois 1 9 10
Massachusetts 1 9 10
New Jersey 1 8 9
New York 3 7 10
Texas 6 6
Arkansas 6 6
South Dakota 5 5
Louisiana 2 1 3
Florida 4 4
Kansas 4 4
Indiana 3 3
Michigan 2 1 3
Wyoming 2 1 3
Nebraska 3 3
Minnesota 1 2 3
Maryland 1 1 2
Mississippi 2 2
Oklahoma 2 2
Iowa 1 1
Washington 1 1
Connecticut 1 1
District of Columbia 1 1
Kentucky 1 1
Wisconsin 1 1
Maine 1 1
New Hampshire 1 1
Utah 1 1
Italy 1 1
Scotland 1 1
Total 59 1403 1462
By Order of Colonel Cox:
ALFRED W. HORTON,
Captain, Personnel Adjutant.
Note: On this date, January 29, 1919, the regiment was still approximately
seventy-five per cent. North Carolinian. When called into the service on July 25,
1917, the regiment was practically 100 per cent. North Carolinian.
The National Guard Boys 223
THE NATIONAL GUARD BOYS
Roland F. Andrews, in Life.
Didn't know much, but knew something,
Learned while the other men played.
Didn't delay for commissions,
Went while the other men stayed.
Took no degrees up at Plattsburg,
Needed too soon for the game,
Ready at hand to be asked for.
Orders said: "Come!" — And they came.
Didn't get bars on their shoulders,
Or three months to see if they could;
Didn't get classed with the reg'lars
Or told they were equally good.
Just got a job and got busy,
Awkward they were, but intent,
Filing no claims for exemption,
Orders said: "Go!" — And they went.
Didn't get farewell processions,
Didn't get newspaper praise,
Didn't escape the injunction
To mend, in extenso, their ways.
Work-bench and counter and roll-top,
Dug in and minding their chance.
Orders said: "First line of trenches!"
They're holding them — somewhere in B'rance.
" WHAT ABOUT THE HOSSES ? "
By William V. V. Stephens
(11th Engineers, U. S. A.)
We had sought the sweet seclusion of an old estaminet
And the wine-cup circulated in the old familiar way.
We had fed our hearts on memories and talked as soldiers
Of the comrades "pushing daisies" on a barren shell-
But one Western boy was silent — never lifted up his head
Till resentment seemed to stir him, and he raised his
eyes and said:
"But what about the hosses
In the roll-call of the dead?
Are they mentioned in the losses —
Has a single word been said?
Is there any simple token of their agony
Have they any wooden crosses in the valleys where
224 History of the 113th Field Artillery
Our thoughts flew back like lightning, and across the
We saw the beasts of burden bringing ammunition up—
The endless line of transport winding up across the hill,
And the starving and the dying on the fields at Aubre-
The misery, the fortitude of those that had been gassed,
And eyes of silent sorrow, pleading patience as they
Ay, "What about the horses?"
On the blazoned scroll of Fame —
The pulling, hauling horses,
And the broken, blind, and lame,
Giving every ounce of power, to the gasping
dying hour —
Where's the martyr in the forces played a better,
THE HOME COMING
E. W. McCULLERS
Battery C, 113th Field Artillery.
Along the white road winding,
O'er meadow and low lying dell,
Where once the night was blinding
And the skies red with shrapnel shell;
In crude, slow carts a-creaking,
On past the church with broken dome;
Still toiling, dawn a-streaking,
France's peasants are coming home !
Throughout quaint villas lying,
Abandoned are the marts of trade
Where country-folk were buying
Before the havoc newly made,
With wooden shoes a-clatter
Like traders in the streets of Rome,
They group and go a-scatter,
France's children are coming home!
Beneath the sunset creeping,
A ribbon of blue finely spun,
An old canal is keeping
Still the glow of the setting sun.
On endless lines a-reaching
Above decks of boats from the Somme
The week's wash hangs a-bleaching,
France's people are coming home!
Official List of Casual! i<
OFFICIAL LIST OF CASUALTIES OF ONE
HUNDRED AM) THIRTEENTH
KILLED IN ACTION
1st Lieut. Allan W. Douglass, Battery E, on September 12, 1918.
Pvt. Robert L. Alston, Battery E, October 3, 1918.
Pvt. George G. Barnes, Battery E, October 3, 1918.
Pvt. 1st CI. Robey E. Campbell, Battery E, October 3, 1918.
Pvt. George H. Frady, Battery B, October 5, 1918.
Pvt. 1st CI. John W. Melton, Battery E. October 3, 1918.
Pvt. William B. Melton, Battery E, September 12, 1918.
Pvt. 1st CI. James W. Pittman, Headquarters Company, September 25. 1918.
Pvt. Julius L. Teterton, Battery B, November 6, 1918.
The lesser casualties suffered are listed in an official report submitted to G. H.
in February, 1919, which was as follows:
113th Field Artillery
A. E. F.
February 12, 1919.
From: Personnel Adjutant, 113th F. A., A. E. F.
To: Statistical Division, G. H. Q., A. E. F. (Through 55th F. A. Brigade.)
Subject: Report on Casualties.
1. In compliance with Memorandum February 9th, 1919, Headquarters 30th Division,
A. E. F., the following list of casualties is submitted:
Baker, Irving M
Barbour, Luther H
Bauer, Joseph E
Beal, James R
Beck, Norman F
Bobbitt, Lewis F
Boney, Daniel C
Bowman, George R
Boyd, Claudius A
Boyd, Heber G
Brewer, Zebulon E
Calloway, Jesse S
Corson, Nelson N
Case, Raymond A
Craven, James E
Coley, John D
Culpepper, Benjamin F.
Culpepper, Ira J
Cupp, Clarence B
Davenport, John T. . . ,
Pvt. 1st CI.
Sept. 12, 1918
Sept. 14, 1918
Sept. 27, 1918
Nov. 7, 1918
Nov. 7, 1918
Oct. 3, 1918
Pvt. 1st CI.
Nov. 7, 1918
Oct. 3, 1918
Sept. 12, 1918
Sept. 14, 1918
Pvt. 1st CI.
Sept. 23, 1918
Nov. 7, 1918
Pvt. 1st CI.
Nov. 7, 1918
Oct. 5, 1918
Oct. 6, 1918
Sept. 27, 1918
Pvt. 1st CI.
Nov. 7, 1918
Oct. 4, 1918
Sept. 29, 1918
Pvt. 1st CI.
Nov. 7, 1918
Pvt. 1st CI.
Oct. 5, 1918
Nov. 7, 1918
Oct. 8, 1918
History of the 113th Field Artillery
KILLED IN ACTION
Pvt. 1st Class J. W. Pittman, of
■ J. W. Melton, of Battery
Pvt. George G. Barnes, of Battery E.
Pvt. 1st Class Robey E. Campbell, of
First Lieutenant Allan W. Douglass,
of Battery E.
Pvt. Robert L. Alston, of Battery E.
Official List of Casualties
De Brock, Henry W Pvt. 1st CI.
Drummond, Frank C. P 2d Lieut.
Dunn, Walter R Pvt.
Eubanks, Manly M Pvt.
Foy, Council L Pvt. 1st CI.
Frady, Clyde H Pvt.
Garris, Ollie B Corp.
Garrison, Loyd Pvt.
Gibson, Alexander T Pvt.
Gibson, James M Pvt.
Gurga,nus, John Mech.
Hand, Herbert T., Jr 2d Lieut.
Hawthorne, Clarence E Pvt. 1st CI.
Heath, Paul J Sgt.
Hendricks, George Pvt.
Hill, Fred G Pvt. 1st CI.
Hope, Clarence C Corp.
Jones, John T Pvt. 1st CI.
Kennerly, Charles A Pvt.
*Kirby, Rom D Pvt. 1st CI.
Koonce, Frank B Pvt. 1st CI.
Lucas, John C Corp.
McDonald, Willie E Pvt.
McLawhorne, Richard Sgt.
Martin, Oliver Pvt.
Massey, Ira C Corp.
Meekins, John L Pvt. 1st CI.
Minish, Walter R Sgt.
Mintz, Martin N Pvt.
Mullenmeister, William H Pvt.
Murphy, Dean W Pvt.
Norwood, Olin N Pvt.
Nurkin, Jack Pvt.
Pantle, Francis A Pvt.
Parker, Lennie L Pvt.
Parrish, Percy J Pvt. 1st CI.
Patterson, Fred M Sgt.
Pipkin, Will H Pvt. 1st CI.
Poe, Edward J., Jr Corp.
Pollock, Walter W Pvt. 1st CI.
Price, Major L Pvt. 1st CI.
Pugh, John H Pvt. 1st CI.
Rector, Pender F Corp.
Shelton, Conrad J Corp.
Stambaugh, Parris Pvt.
Summers, Everett L Pvt.
Talbert, Burette Pvt.
Taylor, Raymond W Pvt. 1st CI.
Taylor, Walter Pvt.
Thomas, Tore N Pvt.
Vann, Robert W Pvt.
Vaughn, Stephen E Pvt. 1st CI.
Walker, Fred Bnd. Corp.
Weeks, Almond C Pvt.
Warrington, Larry F Pvt. 1st CI.
Wilson, Jessie O Pvt.
Winfield, Caddest M Pvt.
White, Hubert E Corp.
Young, Ernest E Pvt.
Sept. 30, 1918
Sept. 30, 1918
*Died later of wounds.
ALFRED W. HORTON,
Captain, 113th Field Artillery,
228 History of the 113th Field Artillery
OFFICIAL CASUALTY LIST
It has been impossible to secure a complete and accurate list of the
casualties of the regiment. The War Department was appealed to in
August for the latest list of the regiment's casualties and responded with
the information that it was impossible to furnish such a list, owing to
the rush of work vastly more important than that of tabulating casualties.
It is learned from unofficial sources that two of the men listed above as
severely wounded, Rom D. Kirby and Glenn Cowgill, died later in hospitals.
Elsewhere in the book appear photographs of some of the men who
were killed in action. Every effort was made to secure the picture of every
man who fell, but they could not be secured. In some cases, the families
refused to lend the pictures, fearing that they would never get them back,
and in others no pictures were in existence, so far as the families knew.
Roster of Ike 113th Field Artillery
ROSTER OF THE ONE HUNDRED AND
THIRTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY ON
THE LAST DAY OF JANUARY, 1919
FIELD AND STAFF:
Colonel Albert L. Cox, Commanding.
Lieutenant-Colonel Sidney C. Chambers.
Captain Gustaf R. Westfeldt, Jr., Adju-
Captain Alfred W. Horton, Personnel
Captain Benjamin R. Lacy, Jr., Chap-
First Lieutenant Caleb K. Burgess, Act-
ing Intelligence Officer.
Major Thaddeus G. Stem, commanding.
Captain Kenneth M. Hardison, Adjutant.
Major Alfred L. Bulwinkle, command-
Captain Robert P. Beaman, Adjutant.
Hanes, Robert M.
Royster, Beverly S., Jr.
Cobb, George W.
Higgins, Ernest J.
Bell, Edward E.
Jackson, George H.
Torrence, Samuel M.
Taylor, Dewey H.
Arnold, Troy L.
Bayliss, Emory J.
Holton, Alonzo W.
Quinn, Arthur K.
Shriver, Harry R.
Andrews, Clarence B.
Avery, Ewell C.
Beck, Norman F.
Bell, Charles H.
Brewer, Zebulon E.
Carmichael, Fred W.
Chadwick, Floyd M., Jr.
Crawford, Thomas R.
Creagh, John W.
Fletcher, Marvin B.
Furqueron, George W.
Goings, Oscar M.
Grantham, Zingle Z.
Griffin, George A.
Jones, Frank F.
Smith, Warren E.
Wiley, Rupert H.
Ziegler, Jacob H.
Bland, James C.
Dixon, Bertie D.
Phillips, Othniel S.
Taylor, Clayton S.
Croom, Elgar W.
Robinson, William W.
Campbell, Claud C.
Ipock, Charlie L.
Scales, Leon J.
Wayne, McDuffie (Chief)
Bray, William B.
Deal, Ira W.
Farrior, Wade H.
Laughinghouse, Bert G.
Privates — First Class
Adams, Austin P.
Barrus, Norwood G.
Basden, John W.
Brinley, William W.
Brewer, Thomas O
Carter, Walter S.
Collins, Fay Roy
Collins, Harry H.
Collins, Julian C.
Conner, Amos W.
Cooper, Oscar E.
Culpepper, Benjamin F.
Culpepper, Otis B.
Daugherty, William F.
Everington, Oda M.
Fornes, Clyde R.
Fornes, Guy L.
Fox, Neverson C.
Foy, Council L.
Garner, Roman J.
Gaskins, Herbert E.
Gibson, Benjamin S.
Harris, Fred S.
Higgins, James A.
Linder, Clarence R.
McCosely, John E.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Mahaffy, Alfred L.
Manly, Bernard R.
Masters, Sam A.
Norris, John C.
Norris, Levi V.
Pittman, Augustus F.
Pollock, Walter W.
Powell, William I.
Price, Neely W.
Sandlin, Liston L.
Sykes, William F.
Riggs, George F.
Taylor, Frank B.
Taylor, Fred T.
Watson, Henry F.
Whitley, Edward J.
Williamson, Robert L.
Barrow, Joseph B.
Basden, Carey G.
Bell, Andrew J.
Berry, James L.
Bray, Walter H.
Brewer, Charles B.
Brooks, Robert L.
Carlson, Albert L.
Carver, Royal S.
Clarks, John R.
Coggin, Otho D.
Conway, William C.
Davis, Jim B.
Dixon, William F.
Drain, John E.
Dunn, Walter R.
Edwards, Isom R.
Franks, Charlie L.
Gatlin, Charlie E.
Garner, Victor C.
Godwin, Charles R.
Ham, Allen B.
Hatch, Clyde G.
Heuser, Wilbur L.
Hill, Joseph F.
Jackson, Lloyd F.
Koonce, Benjamin W.
Lee, Andrew W.
Linton, Levi A.
McCarrel, Eugene R.
McKinney, John W.
McLendon, Moran D.
Manning, George H.
Mattocks, William F.
Metts, Emery T.
Miller, Uree L.
Mitchell, Frederick G.
Mullenmeister, William H.
Newby, Tena K.
Outlaw, Lewis W.
Parker, Walter H.
Peacock, John F.
Pearce, David C.
Phelps, Sturdivant P.
Porter, Duncan N.
Rawls, William J.
Ryan, Thomas A.
Scott, Brice E.
Scott, Livingstone A.
Scott, Walter W.
Shandy, George P.
Singleton, Harrison M.
Stowe, Lewis R.
Sultan, William H.
Thoma, Samuel S.
Van Herwyn, Covert
White, Esra L.
Willis, Fred P.
Winberry, George F.
Wolfe, Elmer E.
Woodard, Vance R.
Wooten, Richard A.
Yoselwitz, George W.
Harris, Raymond W.
Rodman, Wiley C
Hand, Leroy C.
Wood, Charles H.
Adler, William C.
Supplee, Irwin S.
Hedden, Ernest M.
Latham, Jesse H.
Newby, Clyde M.
Spruill, Wilbur C.
Fleming, Robert E.
Ausbon, Clarence S.
Bishop, Alonzo C.
Bowen, Surry P.
Gulley, Newton S.
McKeel, Frank W.
Ratcliff, Murphy O.
Respess, Elbert J.
Ross, Leonard E.
Jones, Fred W.
Woolard, Jesse E.
Bagwell, Marshall E.
Barr, Eston M.
Best, Floyd C.
Brooks, Claude M.
Bunch, Raymond L.
Campbell, Harvey L.
Cherry, William G
Cole, Robert E.
Everett, Charlie G.
Faucette, Holt P.
Goldsmith, Clarence D.
Harris, William P.
Harrison, Jatha H.
Harvey, Bonner W.
Hassell, William L
Hatsell, George L.
Houston, Laird B.
Hudnell, Armistead B.
Kelley, Fred L.
Shelton, Warren C.
Roster of (he 113th Field \rlillery
Blount, Nollie W.
Forrest, Henry D.
Lilley, Grover C.
Proctor, James K.
Cox, Sidney J.
Hardee, David L.
Tripp, Joseph E.
Hamilton, John W.
Price, John D.
Sanford, John B.
Privates, First Class
Alligood, Heber E.
Asby, James D.
Barnett, Jesse C.
Baynor, Dennis S.
Boyd, Justus E.
Brookshire, Fred B.
Canady, Alonzo 0.
Chase, Wright A.
Corey, Benjamin R.
Corey, John J. A.
Cox, Miles 0.
Cutler, Ralph J.
Davis, Ralph T.
Eborn, Byron T.
Fulford, Reginald C.
Goddard, Roy D.
Hamilton, Henry N.
Janoski, Joe C.
Jones, John T.
Leary, Sam E.
Lewis, Charles F.
Meekins, John L.
Myers, Willie C.
Pait, Ippie C.
Preddy, Leonidas L.
Ratcliff, Wiley J.
Sawyer, Grover E.
Singleton, Albert L.
Sullivan, Sam A.
Swain, Robert S.
Swindell, Charlie B
Tankard, Bruce D.
Warren, William H.
Willis, Aurelius H.
Woolard, Daniel R.
Yates, Rover J.
Alligood, John W.
Ankle, Stephen L.
Arrowwood, Isaac A.
Baynor, Howard M.
Bonner, George L., Jr.
Boyd, Claudius A.
Campbell, James H.
Cratch, William T.
Cox, Edward C.
Davenport, John T.
Dorgan, James A.
Ewell, William B.
Elkins, Harvey L.
Fletcher, Alfred C.
Fling, Dever C.
Giles, Rollin L.
Green, Tillman L.
Guthrie, Horace T.
Hardison, Charlie W.
Harris, Homer I.
Harris, Clayton H.
Harrington, Ronald J.
Hartis, Monroe C.
Hoffman, Earl J.
Jefferson, William M.
Kelley, Wiley H.
King, Alton E.
Leary, Charles J.
Letchworth, Floyd T.
Mathews, Otis A.
Marines, Andrew G.
McCafferey, Edward J.
McKeel, James T.
McKinney, Robert W.
Morris, Henry C.
Moore, Beverly B.
Moore, Edward G.
Moore, Ernest L.
Mullins, Loyd J.
Newman, Phillip E
Patterson, Ernest R.
Pinkham, John R.
Pittard, Raleigh C.
Redmon, Charles B.
Richards, John L.
Reeder, Lester L.
Roper, William B.
Sanderson, Whitmel F.
Singleton, Fred W.
Slade, George J.
Spruill, Moye W.
Stokes, William A .
Stripling, Joseph I..
St. Clair, Oscar
Taylor, Bonnie K.
Thompson, John D.
Thomas, Lore H.
Thomas, Josh B.
Warren, Mack D.
Weston, John H.
Weston, Ray R.
Wiggins, Lan M.
Williams, William E.
Woolard, Charlie W.
Woolard, Millard E.
Pilley, George P.
Smith, Arthur M.
Smith, Charles A.
Blount, William A.. Jr.
Willis, David R.
Fulcher, Burnie E
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Potter, Baker W.
Corson, Nelson M.
Privates — First Class
Boyd, John F.
Boyd, Heber G.
Johnson, David R.
Lucas, James C.
McLendon, Lennox P.
Gattis, Samuel M., Jr.
Simmons, Enoch B.
Chapman, Andrew J.
Works, Charles E.
Carroll, Joseph J.
Moore, DeWitt T.
Atwater, Roland L.
Thompson, William R.
Andrews, Charles L.
Ashe, John G.
Bradsher, John H.
Dixon, Wyatt T.
Mann, Weaver G.
Lawson, William L.
Pearson, June E.
Warren, Willard J.
Benson, Hubert H.
Brogden, William K.
Byrum, Claude R.
Davis, Calvin L.
Featherston, George T.
Glass, Littleton J.
Hudgins, John G., Jr.
Hunt, Clarence M.
Keith, Hudie C.
Latta, Samuel T., Jr.
Latta, John W.
Massey, Ira C.
Nowell, Will C.
O'Briant, Elijah C.
Peterson, Julius A.
Poythress, Leary P.
Straughan, William R.
White, Joseph A.
Wilson, Ollie C.
Wrenn, Earl R.
Yates, Grover C.
Shepard, Leland C.
Eubanks, Willis S.
Roberts, Dufford I.
Ray, Atlas M.
Sparrow, Marion B.
Temple, Hubert L.
Copeland, Wallace V.
Allen, Jordan W.
Hundley, Herod H.
McCauley, John W.
Burns, William C.
Reeves, Norman O.
Privates — First Class
Berry, Jerome G.
Blake, Walter L.
Bradsher, Landon C.
Bylund, Carl E.
Clayton, Colonel S.
Coleman, George L.
Conway, George W.
Cook, Thomas R.
Evans, John S.
Gates, Thomas G.
Gentry, Roy J.
Glenn, William B.
Hodge, John W.
Jones, Daniel R.
McFarland, Frank H.
McKinney, Ummie L.
Martin, Elbert W.
Martin, Robert W.
Norwood, Grady P.
Pendergraft, Lacy E.
Phillips, Charlie P.
Porterfield, George F.
Riggsbee, James J.
Stephens, John F.
Strickland, Clarence M.
Suitt, Volnar R.
Warren, John W.
Williams, Ernest E.
Winberry, Mack D.
Adcock, Edwin W.
Atwater, Frank P.
Baker, Andrew J.
Baker, Brantley F.
Bailey, Otho M.
Bailey, William G.
Beal, Terrell B.
Bobbitt, Louis R.
Boone, Harvey F.
Boone, David J.
Buchanan, Elbert W.
Burch, Wallace C.
Caldwell, Oliver R.
Canady, George A.
Cates, Thomas W.
Cheek, DeWitt G.
Clark, Elmer E.
Cole, Fred C.
Cooper, Martin I.
Cox, Walter W.
Crabtree, Ova W.
Creech, Willie H.
Crew, Early E.
Davis, Clarence V.
Davis, John T.
Dixon, Jasper A.
Dyson, Adam T.
Earnhardt, Very B.
Fortenberry, Jeff T.
Foushee, Phillip A.
Franklin, Frank C.
Hosier of the 113th Field Artillery
Gilleland, Loyd M.
Gray, Staley E.
Gusmus, Frank J.
Hackney, Mike G.
Harward, Joseph L.
Hefner, Sherrill L.
Hubbard, James 0.
Keith, Wade H.
Lane, William C.
Lanius, Radcliffe E.
Latta, Moses J.
Malone, James C.
Moore, Julius L.
McBane, Premier S.
McBroom, William U.
Owen, Edd B.
Pate, William G.
Pendergraft, Leroy W.
Pendergrass, Robert B.
Price, Robert L.
Pry, Paul C.
Richards, Hughey J.
Riley, Yancey T.
Rimmer, Calvin W.
Rimmer, Robert L.
Robbins, Willis H.
Roberts, Ernest S.
Rogers, Ernest R.
Rogers, Harry W.
Shields, Jesse C.
Smith, Lester V.
Stansbury, John R.
Thomas, George F.
Touchstone, Chester H.
Towry, Henry C.
Vickers, William M.
Vuncannon, Lawrence D.
Wiggs, William E.
Vairin, Nugent B., Jr.
Baugham, William E.
Dixon, Richard D.
Chiles, William T.
Schmidt, Richard D.
Crowell, Andrew B.
Blalock, Balfour C.
Williams, Moses W.
Huntley, Franklin B.
Bobbitt, Nero T.
Boylin, James G.
Eubanks, Benjamin F.
Foster, Clyde A.
Harmon, John O.
Hutchinson, James H.
Laney, Charles H.
Wilson, Percy N.
Williams, Fred E.
Woods, Bailey R.
Austin, John W.
Austin, Meak E.
Clontz, Ernest J.
Gaddy, Wilburn E.
Hayes, James R.
Heath, Albert G.
Hinson, James J.
Knapp, Edson W.
Lang, James C.
Lowery, Sidney E.
Lockey, Clyde T.
Nelson, Peter O.
Niven, Thomas L.
Robinson, John A.
Robinson, Edwin C.
Smith, Edgar H.
Stephenson, Silas R.
Tipton, David C.
Coan, George P.
Porter, Claude B.
Teal, Fred L.
Gay, Raymond R.
Starnes, James W.
Maner, June S.
Minor, Joseph H.
Ensminger, Lewis B.
Rivers, Alfred R.
Phipps, Charles I.
Privates — First Class
Adams, John B.
Arwood, Wiley J.
Austin, Oscar B.
Bailey, Charles C.
Benton, Sebron L.
Bittle, John F.
Broom, Joseph A.
Cagle, William C.
Collins, James W.
Eddins, John E.
Gaddy, Thomas C.
Gash, Charles S.
Griffin, John C.
Harrington, John G.
Hildebrand, James F.
Huntley, Frank L.
Kirby, Julian D.
Lewis, Julian E.
Merrell, Allen J.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Neighbors, Tom N.
Niven, Smith O.
Plyler, Isom R.
Price, Joseph M.
Redfearn, James D.
Reynolds, Victor H.
Rice, Anderson G.
Roe, Kirby T.
Rogers, Ellison Y.
Rule, Archie D.
Saltz, Fanning A.
Sells, George S.
Smathers, Lawrence M.
Smith, George N.
Thomas, James F.
Wicker, Andrew V.
Williams, Edmund D.
Ballard, John P.
Bass, Edward C.
Belk, Luther L.
Belk, Robert D.
Bryant, Willie L.
Burney, Franklin C.
Byrne, James J.
Coan, Flow C.
Cole, Adolphus S.
Cook, Harry O.
Davis, John B.
Davis. William M.
Derrick, James Q.
Dula, Robert B.
Duke, James B.
Edwards, Samuel J.
Elfgen, Henry, Jr.
Elias, Edward E.
Erwine, Edward J., Jr.
Estes, Roy E.
Evans, Glen C.
Freeman, Dewey M.
Funderburke, Julian H.
Goodwin, Fletcher J.
Gordon, James P.
Griffith, Hugh W.
Griggs, Henry B.
Hammonds, William R.
Hart, Charles N.
Harwood, Walter M.
Helms, Clarence H.
Henderson, Aaron D.
Honey cutt, John F.
Jones, James C.
King, Lewis H.
Knotts, Lee R.
Lewis, John I.
Lively, John E.
Lowery, Dewey T.
McClure, Reben C.
McRae, Henry E.
Mankins, Walter A.
Meihenheinier, Martin M.
Morris, William M.
Moseley, Frank W.
McCorkle, John W.
Mullis, Roy P.
Nickel, James H.
O'Brien, Condie A.
O'Neal, Eugene J.
Northern, Orba R.
Packer, Ernest T.
Parker, James B.
Powell, Eleby D.
Pratt, Jesse J.
Repe, Roy C.
Ryan, William F.
Smith, Bernard C.
Smith, Eary T.
Stewart, Charles L.
Thompson, Ernest A.
Todd, Joseph B.
Troutman, Harry G.
West, Jones C.
Williams, Clemmie T.
Wilson, Fred E.
Wineeoff, Mack W.
Winfree, Carroll W.
Crayton, Louis B
Duncan, William B.
Barnett, Marshall S.
Boswell, Russell N.
Tuttle, Ira G.
Annas, Perry D.
Smith, Herbert G.
Annas, Rufus A.
Craven, Ronald A.
Elrod, Roby E.
Engleblom, Emil S.
Greer, George D.
Ingle, Herbert F.
Leonard, Rex E.
Loville, Romulus R.
Smelser, Guy S.
Suddreth, Thomas L.
Williams, Charles R.
Boyle, Lavan H.
Deal, Everette P.
Dixon, Morton K.
Downs, Joe B.
Pennell, Carl W.
Foley, Martin J.
Gross, Cleve L.
Gross, James T.
Hood, James B.
Isbell, Homer L.
Rosier of the 113th Field Artillery
Killian, Robley C.
McGowan, Rufus S.
O'Donnell, Thomas C.
Sherrill, Knox F.
Shuford, Russell R.
Teague, John G.
Wright, Orville P.
Wright, Wilkes W.
Arnolds, Harvey N.
Ur.derdown, Milton A.
Winkler, John B.
Childers, Richard C.
Honeycutt, Robert L.
Bean, Walter L. S.
Curtis, Burton M.
Curtis, Joe A.
Childers, Willie C.
Dickey, Florian F.
Melton, William E.
Privates — First Class
Alley, Arthur N.
Andrews, Horace L.'
Andrews Roby L.
Barber Dedrich S.
Barry, John F.
Bailey, William T.
Barnes, Marion G.
Benfield, Oliver L.
Carter, Foye C.
Childers, Foye C.
Church, Midus J.
Cook, Horace C.
Clark, Henry C.
Clark, Oliver L.
Davis, Ernest C.
Elrod, Fred G.
Fleming, William O.
Foiles, Herbert M.
Hamilton, Roy B.
Hartley, Gwyn S.
Johnson, Ralph L.
Keller, Lee 0.
Lindsay, Charles S.
Lowder, William C.
Lovins, Grover C.
McGee, Julius L.
Melton, Steel F.
Moore, Arthur K.
Moore, Parks C.
Muncher, William C.
Munday, Lynn M.
Nelson, Albert J.
Pitts, Lester J.
Seehorn, William W.
Siqueiros, Francisco C.
Smith, Jesse R.
Turnmire, Ralph D.
Weathers, Bailey D.
Weathers, Harrison A.
White, Barney R.
Allen, Edward G.
Allen, Charles D.
Armstrong, James E.
Ash worth, Ted
Baker, Irving M.
Barnes, Stewart J.
Bradshaw, Robert L.
Brown, Stewart T.
Brown, Joseph C.
Brown, Roby E.
Cass, John H.
Church, Willard V.
Coffey, Grover C.
Cook, Hamilton H.
Cooper, George D.
Clark, George F.
Crump, William G.
Dixon, William W.
Duff, James F.
Ernest, Will A.
Evans, Earl 0.
Ferguson, Theodore D.
Filento, James B.
Fischer, Alphonse J.
Gause, George M.
Goble, Floyd Q.
Hailey, Norval H.
Harris, Evan A.
Haywood, William L.
Hewett, Henry R.
Hodges, Edward G.
Hoke, Edgar E.
Hughes, Harry E.
Ingle, Oscar M.
Jackson, Claude E.
Jennings, Thomas A.
Kelley, Thomas F.
Kluttz, William P.
Krepps, David C.
Lail, Alex R.
McAlpin, Cass R.
McCluney, John H.
Marley, James L.
Melvin, Raymond P.
Mullee, Thomas E.
Moore, Granville S.
Norman, Jim J.
Parsons, Joseph M.
Ray, Oscar W.
Roach, George L.
Robinson, Thomas M.
Roof, Floyd A.
Sellers, Wyatt A.
Sides, Willis V.
Smith, Thomas O.
Story, Romulus L.
Suddreth, Horace B.
Teague, Oliver M.
Teague, John R.
Teague, Claude E.
Thompson, John H.
Travis, Frank V.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Taylor, George W.
Turner, William W.
Vannoy, Arthur W,
Winebarger, Walter H.
Woodell, Hector J.
Yearby, Robert V.
Morrison, Reid R.
Dodge, James P. Jr.
Hamilton, Carl C.
McManus, James F.
Hill, Thomas M.
Powell, Joseph C.
Fink, Eugene D.
Lipe, Jacob W.
Beard, Joseph R.
Choate, McLin S.
Clarey, Ernest C.
Kelly, Jesse R. C.
Kincaid, Julius N.
Mills, Lonnie N.
Newell, Henry B.
Ritch, Charles F.
Sappenfield, Roy C.
Sherrill, Paul M.
Alexander, James C.
Caldwell, Robert V. Jr.
Campbell, Frank A.
Cornelius, William E.
Costner, William T,
Donaldson, Eugene J.
Fogus, Otway C.
Hope, Clarence C.
Howard, James C.
Ivey, Henry W.
Johnson, William S.
Mangum, Curtis W.
McNeely, James F.
Potts, Leon A. Jr.
Query, Stafford N.
Ritchie, Ralph L.
Rodgers, John B.
Sellers, Charles G.
Stough, Samuel T.
Walkup, Samuel L.
Ward, Grady N.
Williford, Brice J.
Wrenn, Eugene L.
Duckworth, Ralph J.
Harwell, Jesse L.
Kerr, Guilford A.
Newell, William G.
Jessup, Luther A.
Vernon, Wiley G.
Pratt, Lester D.
Bennett, Joe C.
Garren, Frank M.
Simms, Eskel L.
Privates — First Class
Alexander, Millard S.
Alexander, Robert D.
Anderson, Baxter W.
Bradley, James N.
Brown, Houston G.
Brown, Marshall F.
Bumgarten, Edward R.
Cathey, Henry M.
Deaton, Homer W.
Duling, Harry E.
Ebel, Otto H.
Fink, Clarence L.
Graham, Elbert L.
Harroway, Bayloss S.
Johnson, Mason W.
Kerr, Ed H.
Kuper, John J.
Lacy, Thomas A.
Linn, Harold C.
Miller, Rufus C.
Moore, Howard E.
Morris, Leo L.
Nelson, William F.
Perkins, Arthur W.
Pharr, Samuel L.
Phillips, Martin W.
Rhodes, Carl L.
Ridenhour, Homer L.
Russell, William F.
Sappenfield, James A.
Smith, Donald P.
Smith, Martin L.
Teague, Thomas W.
Thompson, Herbert W.
Tilly, William W.
Thompkinson, Francis B.
Turner, James W.
Wadsworth, John B.
White, James A.
Wingard, Ralph J.
Wyatt, William D.
Albright, Henry L.
Ballard, Joseph C.
Beam, Elmer N.
Bell, Walter A.
Bolick, Harry W.
Brown, Claude C.
Burke, Joseph E.
Caldow, Alexander R.
Christie, Rome G.
Cobbler, Percy D.
Cole, Robertson B.
Coley, Raymond C
Crabb, John H.
Craig, John M.
Roster of the 113th Field Artillery
Crews, Ernest W.
Edsil, Edgar G.
Edwards, William L.
Fisher, Clyde J.
Fisher, David F.
Florence, John P.
Fortune, Carl L.
Fortune, Claude E.
Fortune, George W.
Fulham, John M.
Gillespie, Luther W.
Gillespie, Claude E.
Goss, Doy E.
Gravely, Charles B.
Head, William H.
Heglar, Everett J.
Heglar, Lester A.
Helm, Lafayette H.
Hendley, Lindsey M.
Hill, Hamilton 0.
Inman, John P.
Johnston, Samuel C.
King, Stephen B.
Lehman, John S.
Lovett, William M.
Markey, Robert C.
Maroney, Thomas J.
Marcus, Arthur J.
Michael, Ernest I.
Montooth, Frank L.
Moore, John P.
Morris, John R.
McNicholes, James M.
Newton, John W.
Norwood, Olin N.
Philemon, Clarence L.
Pruitt, Ira T.
Rozier, Alex Z.
Sherrill, Glenn Z.
Shoultz, Colbert J.
Simon, Benjamin W.
Simpkins, Jesse E.
Smith, Henry M.
Stutts, Brooks L.
Tilly, John J.
Thrift, Ulysses V.
Turner, Arthur C.
Van Nortwick, David T.
Van Pelt, Carl G.
Vickers, Walter S.
Webster, Charles A.
Weddington, John C.
Womack, Clifton P.
Wilson, Thomas H.
Young, Miles H.
Boyce, Erskine E.
Bennett, Horace C.
Mears, Christian E.
Whittaker, William P.
Crenshaw, William A.
Guion, Owen H.
Lambert, Jacob E.
Dimmette, Laudie E.
Capps, Marvin M.
Pollard, Hugh C.
Kozak, James 0.
Henderson, Ralph L.
Assistant Band Leader
McGuirt, Robert G.
Thomas, Raymond D.
Wood, Fred W.
Huff, William N.
Crick, Leonard D.
Huntley, Wilbon O.
Taylor, George N.
Brewer, Charles E.
Burger, Karl P.
Batchelor, David C
Boseman, Luther W.
Collie, William Y
Corey, Arthur B.
Edmundson, Marvin M.
Dorsette, Carey E.
Harris, Talton E.
Heins, Max T.
Mallard, Liston L.
Mauldin, Roman L.
Allen, William H.
Benoy, Arthur W.
Chapman, John S.
Corlee, Fred E.
Edwards, Robert H.
Fleming, George P
Harrington, Eugene W.
Hawley, William A.
Hilliard, James B.
Hood, Carl L.
Jeffress, Irvin H.
Johnson, Walter C.
Knott, George W.
Leslie, John T.
McGuire, Neal W.
McQueen, Daniel M.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Moore, Elmer B.
Nash, Sam N.
O'Connor, Charles A.
Pate, Bernice M.
Phillips, Walter S.
Ross, Hugh L.
Russel, Benjamin S.
Taylor, Eugene McA.
Valentine, Itimous T.
Westbrook, Oliver A.
Wilson, Leo G.
Holt, Fred M.
Jones, Thaddeus E.
Miller, William A.
Lewis, Leroy W.
Eubanks, Richard D.
Hill, Ernest W.
Bell, John V.
Suther, Charles A.
Robbins, Carl L.
Vincent, Tracey A.
Privates — First Class
Atkins, Thomas N.
Blum, Frederick L.
Brookshire, John W.
Carter, Emmett W.
Chandler, Martin G.
Coop, John A.
Cone, Levi T.
Clark, Nathan C.
Gatlin, Samuel B.
Highsmith, Albert Z.
Knudsen, John T.
Lambert, Lacy T.
Lowrey, Wesley S.
McQueen, David F.
Moseley, Thomas G.
Pulley, Claud H.
Rouse, Paisley E.
Sharpe, Cecil A.
Stancil, Sim C.
Thomas, Frank, Jr.
Tilley, Alvah H.
King, Herbert N.
Kitchens, Charles L.
Klucker, Howard E.
Klutz, Harvey A.
Mason, Zack C.
Matheney, James T.
Matheney, John E.
Moore, Alexander S.
Murray, Charles A.
Mitchner, Robert K.
Mizzell, Charlie M.
Moore, Granville K.
Mori, Emile E.
McWhorter, Olin S.
Overholster, John F.
Shelton, James M.
Sigman, Robert V.
Smith, Royce C.
Smith, Edgar L.
Smyre, Ernest D.
Rohrbaugh, Paul M.
Rush, William E.
Thomas, Robert L.
Thornburg, Herbert N.
Whitworth, Robert V.
White, William H.
Wilson, Walter L.
Walters, George F.
Wagoner, William G.
Young, Ernest E.
First Class Musicians
Crumpton, Grover C.
Danieley, Joseph W.
Davis, Earl M.
Moncrieff, Phillip W.
Suther, Colon B.
Second Class Musicians
Demarcus, William N.
Gardner, Loris W.
Graham, Thomas I.
Lentz, John W.
Lynch, John M.
Matthewson, Paul J.
Messer, Pressie L.
Miles, Eli C.
Baugham, Seth B.
Bradley, Fred L.
Brown, Frank J.
Carraway, Ezra A
Cummings, George D.
Doyle, Henry V.
Gavin, Lewis A.
Green, William B.
Gurganious, John B.
Hale, Arthur E.
Hall, Robert F.
Heiss, Walter M.
Hamilton, Waite F.
Jones, Linwood L.
Johnson, Orris E.
Fletcher, Arthur L.
Bolt, John P.
Lingle, John C.
Stackpole, Albert H.
Regtl. Supply Sergeants
Chance, William H.
Whaling, George W.
Roster of the 113th Field Artillery
Conrad, William J.
Jones, Barney L.
Reid, William N.
Bridgers, Otho T.
Long, Clyde C.
Sauls, Harvin A.
Donovan, Claude C.
Erwood, Charles W.
Hall, Melvin I.
Brewer, Henry H.
Galloway, Johnnie E.
Hiatt, Alvin L.
Kirkman, William C.
Tally, Roy B.
Kennedy, Fred H.
Martin, Joseph E.
Burton, Henry T.
Cutts, Lewis E.
Lilly, Lyman B.
Billingsley, Frank T.
Blagburn, Walter A.
Brown, Emery N.
Brown, Wilbur W.
Brown, William D.
Burk, Ivan 0.
Clontz, Avery B.
Collins, Thomas C.
Crawford, John F.
Davey, Norman E.
Fowler, Mont A.
Gibson, Joel T.
Gore, James V.
Grime, Arthur W.
Hainline, Lester E.
Harney, Edward L.
Hart, John G.
Haynes, Clarence A.
Hudson, William R.
Keziah, Richard A.
Koonce, Woodley J.
McKeithan, William R.
Mabe, James T.
Nash, Jessie R.
Payne, James O.
Phillips, Charles N.
Seeman, Leroy R.
Sides, William A.
Steele, Pinckney J.
Stewart, Ben C.
Wells, Rolin V.
White, Thomas G.
Whittington, Charles C.
Williams, Coon W.
Ziege, Walter O.
Privates — First Class
Edwards, Joseph O.
McNeely, Robert L.
Murray, Samuel G.
Sauerman, Robert P.
Southerland, Elbert F.
Williams, James F.
Bass, John J.
Bilderback, Sidney B.
Bloodworth, James H.
Boyette, William L.
Brookshire, John W.
Calahan, Arthur L.
Carpenter, James W.
Edwards, Charles A.
Furr, Titus L.
Haney, Oscar C.
Mendenhall, Sir Walter
Moffitt, Lacy A.
Robertson, Phillip R.
Taylor, Jonah C.
Young, Miles H.
CORPS ATTACHED TO
113th FIELD ARTILLERY
Mitchell, Adrian S.
Vaughn, Roy L.
Byrd, Walter A.
McGuirt, John B.
Privates — First Class
Davis, Charles R.
Helms, William C
Causey, Robert H.
Crotzer, William E.
Henderson, Carl R.
Hooks, William H.
Perry, George B.
Shepherd, Barry W.
Haywood, William J.
Ratcliff, Zeno 0.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Pridgen, Claude L.
Wagner, Isaac R.
Hoffman, John G.
Sergeant First Class
Mitchell, Joseph H.
Futrelle, William L.
Privates — First Class
Burriss, John E.
Fowler, Paul R.
Register, Harry B.
Russell, Samuel T.
Sailing, Aaron T.
Sholar, Ralph L.
Fick, Ferdinand D.
Moorehead, George E.
Morrison, Levi A.
Norfleet, Frank P.
Perry, Walter N.
Sappenfleld, Luther C.
Smith, Clifford J.
Stepp, Ernest F.
Thomas, Miles E.
Gibbs, Wallace D.
Spoon, Thomas L.
Privates — First Class
Jones, Harmon L.
Hornaday, Clyde E.
Hughes, William 0.
Jones, Raymond F.
Dalton, Chesley A.
Privates — First Class
Dellinger, Caswell V.
Sitton, Mack R.
Boyd, Henry E.
Battery Positions Occupied 241
BATTERY POSITIONS OCCUPIED ON THE ST. MIHIEL,
THE ARGONNE AND WOEVRE FRONTS BY THE ONE
HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY
Unfortunately, the battle maps used by the regiment for its various
engagements were not all available for the use of Sergeant Liston L. Mal-
lard in drawing the three maps that appear in this book. The coordinates
of the battery positions were not in every case at his disposal but it is
certain that he has come very close to the exact positions. He was greatly
helped in his work by Captain Robert P. Beaman, adjutant of the Second
Battalion, who found in his note-book much valuable data about his own
battalion and also about the First Battalion. In a letter to the Historian,
which was used by Sergeant Mallard in drawing his maps, Captain
The positions occupied at the beginning of the St. Mihiel drive were:
It may be of interest for you to know that the above positions were the only
ones occupied by us during the war in which the Italian resection method of orienta-
tion could be used. This, as you will recall, is the most accurate orientation that can
be used, and I believe that the accuracy of our fire in this offensive showed the
effectiveness of the method. The church tower at Manonville was used with a Y azimuth
of 2365 mils.
On September 13th, you will recall, we advanced to a point south of Thiaucourt
very near Bouillionville. The positions occupied at this point were:
Battery D X 362.050
Battery F X 361.850
Battery E occupied a position immediately to the right of Battery D, but I am
unable to locate a memorandum of the coordinates. If you have not a map from
which you can determine them, I will make an effort to locate a map of the section
in question and they will then be easy to determine.
At the beginning of the Meuse-Argonne, the Second Battalion occupied a position
in Bois de Esnes with the following coordinates:
Battery D X 13.553 Oriented for number four piece.
Battery E X 13.555 Oriented for number one piece.
Battery F X 13.553 Oriented for number one piece.
242 History of the 113th Field Artillery
Upon our advance of September 27th, the following positions were occupied:
Battery D X 10.670
Battery E X 10.630
Battery F X 10.740
Upon our advance through Montfaucon to the road near Ivoiry the following
positions were occupied:
Battery D X 08.700
Battery E X 08.970
Battery F X 08.565
P. C. X 08.790
On October 3d, the P. C. was moved from the above position to:
the batteries remaining in the same positions.
The positions which we occupied in the Woevre, or Troyon sector in the Foret
de la Montagne were:
Battery D 45.3-49.3
Battery E 45.3-48.8
Battery F 45.4-49.5
P. C. 45.4-48.8
These were the positions which were occupied at the time of the signing of the
I have run across in my notes two positions occupied by the First Battalion. I
have a memorandum that on September 29th in the Argonne the First Battalion was
located as follows:
Battery A X 09.085
Battery B X 09.140
Battery C X 09.395
The positions occupied by the First Battalion in the Foret de la Montagne up
to the signing of the armistice were:
Battery A Two guns 45.3-51.3 Two guns 45.5-51.4
Battery B 44.9-50.9
Battery C 45.7-51.2
P. C. 45.2-50.8
Home Addresses of the Officers and Men
HOME ADDRESSES OF THE OFFICERS AND MEN OF
THE ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH
Lieut. L. R. Johnson, Haw River, N. C.
Pvt. D. G. Cheek, Saxapahaw, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. T. R. Cook, Mebane, N. C.
Pvt. A. S. Cole, Haw River, N. C.
Pvt. J. P. Florence, Graham, N. C.
Hrshr. Nathan Johnson, Haw River, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. F. Nelson, Rock Creek,
Pvt. O. W. Ray, Burlington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. T. Whitt, Burlington, N. C.
Corp. J. W. Williamson, Graham, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Clyde E. Hornaday, Gibson-
ville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Junie Austin, Taylorsville,
Pvt. C. R. McAlpin, Taylorsville, N. C.
Pvt. 0. M. Teague, Taylorsville, N. C.
Capt. K. M. Hardison, Wadesboro, N. C.
Lieut. H. H. Hardison, Wadesboro, N. C.
Lieut. F. E. Liles, Lilesville, N. C.
Pvt. J. B. Adams, Morven, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. C. Bailey, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. J. P. Balland, Ansonville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. S. L. Benton, Wadesboro,
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Bittle, McFarlan, N. C.
Sgt. J. G. Boylin, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Ben Brooks, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. .J. M. Clarke, Ansonville,
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Collins, Peachland, N. C.
Corp. J. H. Covington, Wadesboro, N. C.
Wag. Pet Crump, Ansonville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Cagle, Ansonville, N. C.
Pvt. R. B. Dula, Ansonville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. W. Gaddy, Wadesboro,
Corp. O. B. Garris, Pee Dee, N. C.
Pvt. Kemp Gaddy, Pee Dee, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. T. C. Gaddy, Morven, N. C.
Pvt. H. B. Griggs, Wadesboro, N. C.
Wag. B. F. Harris, Polkton, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. G. Harrington, Wadesboro,
Pvt. J. H. Hutchinson, Polkton, N. C.
Sgt. W. O. Huntley, Wadesboro, N. C.
Sgt. F. B. Huntley, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. F. L. Huntley, Wadesboro,
Pvt. J. F. Honeycutt, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Hildebrand, Lilesville,
Wag. Marvin Henley, Polkton, N. C.
Pvt. Carl Hendricks, McFarlan, N. C.
Pvt. Ernest King, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. D. Kirby, Lilesville, N. C.
Pvt. L. R. Knotts, Lilesville, N. C.
Pvt. F. W. Lewis, Morven, N. C.
Pvt. J. I. Lewis, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Lewis, Morven, N. C.
Corp. C. T. Lockamy, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. D. T. Lowery, Morven, N. C.
Corp. S. B. Lowery, McFarlan, N. C.
Pvt. B. L. McDuffle, Pee Dee, N. C.
Pvt. M. D. McLendon, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. H. E. McRae, Peachland, N. C.
Mus. 2d CI. P. J. Matheson, Wadesboro,
Pvt. M. M. Meisenheimer, Lilesville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. S. O. Niven, Morven, N. C.
Corp. T. L. Niven, Morven, N. C.
Cook C. B. Porter, Lilesville, N. C.
Pvt. J. J. Pratt, Morven, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. D. Redfearn, Peachland,
Corp. C. C. Robinson, Wadesboro, N. C.
Corp. J. A. Robinson, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. C. L. Steward, Lilesville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Thomas, Morven, N. C.
Pvt. Paul Thomas, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. E. A. Thompson, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. T. C. Wood, Wadesboro, N. C.
Pvt. J. M. Parsons, Beaver Creek, N. C.
Pvt. J. B. Todd, Todd, N. C.
Pvt. Smith James, Heaton, N. C.
1st Lieut. W. E. Baugham, Washington,
Capt. W. C. Rodman, Washington, N. C.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
1st Lieut. E. S. Simmons, Washington,
Pvt. 1st CI. H. E. Alligood, Surry, N. C.
Pvt. J. W. Alligood, Surry, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. D. Asby, Surry, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Barnett, South Creek,
Corp. E. M. Barr, Bath, N. C.
Pvt. S. B. Baugham, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. D. S. Baynor, Pinetown, N. C.
Pvt. H. M. Baynor, Pinetown, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Clayton Beacham, Washing-
ton, N. C.
Sgt. A. C. Bishop, Belhaven, N. C.
Sgt. W. A. Blount, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. H. E. Boyd, Pinetown, N. C.
Pvt. G. I. Bonner, Aurora, N. C.
Sgt. S. P. Bowen, Surry, N. C.
Corp. C. A. Boyd, Pinetown, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. G. Boyd, Pinetown, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Boyd, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. J. F. Boyd, Pinetown, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. T. Brickell, Surry, N. C.
Corp. C. M. Brooks, Terra Ceia, N. C.
Pvt. Thad Brown, South Creek, N. C.
Corp. H. L. Campbell, Chocowinity, N. C.
Pvt. A. O. Canady, Washington, N. C.
Corp. W. G. Cherry, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Wilson Cleary, Belhaven,
Pvt. S. K. Gordon, Washington, N. S.
Pvt. 1st CI. Herbert Cox, Surry, N. C.
Corp. R. E. Cole, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. M. I. Cox, Surry, N. C.
Mech. S. J. Cox, Bath, N. C.
Pvt. W. T. Cratch, Blounts Creek, N. C.
Pvt. R. J. Cutler, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. J. T. Davenport, Surry, N. C.
Bug. I. W. Deal, South Creek, N. C.
Pvt. B. T. Eborn, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. O. Edward, Blounts Creek,
Pvt. 1st CI. Pearlie Ellis, Washington,
Corp. C. G. Everett, Pinetown, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. R. Everett, Pinetown,
Pvt. L. R. Flynn, Washington, N. C.
Cook H. D. Forrest, Washington, N. C.
Sgt. B. E. Fulcher, Edward, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. C. Fulford, Washington,
Mech. Jehu Gurganus, Bath, N. C.
Mus. 3d CI. L. W. Gardner, Washington,
Pvt. 1st CI. Robert Gattis, Aurora, N. C.
Corp. G. A. Griffin, Aurora, N. C.
Corp. B. W. Harvey, Washington, N. C.
Corp. J. H. Harrison, Pinetown, N. C.
Corp. W. P. Harris, Pinetown, N. C.
Cook C. W. Hardison, Pinetown, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Henry Hamilton, Surry, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. T. G. T. Hill, Belhaven, N. C.
Corp. A. B. Hudnell, Washington, N. C.
Corp. L. B. Houston, Pantego, N. C.
Pvt. W. M. Jefferson, Pinetown, N. C.
Pvt. L. L. Jones, Aurora, N. C.
Sgt. J. H. Latham, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. F. T. Letchworth, Blounts Creek,
Pvt. 1st CI. C. F. Lewis, Bath, N. C.
Sgt. F. W. McKeel, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. J. T. McKeel, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. Johnnie Mars. Bath, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. L. Meekins, Surry, N. C.
Pvt. E. L. Moore, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. Lonzer Moore, Chocowinity, N. C.
Sgt. C. M. Newby, Bath, N. C.
Pvt. G. P. Pilley, Terra Ceia, N. C.
Pvt. W. L. Pipkin, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. J. R. Pinkham, Washington, N. C.
Hrshr. J. D. Price, South Creek, N. C.
Pvt. R. M. Radcliff, Pantego, N. C.
Pvt. Z. O. Ratcliff, Pantego, N. C.
Sgt. M. O. Ratcliff, Pantego, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. J. Ratcliff, Pantego, N. C.
Pvt. W. F. Skiles, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. R. Sawyer, Surry, N. C.
Sad. J. B. Sanford, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. G. E. Sawyer, Surry, N. C.
Corp. W. C. Shelton, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. L. Singleton, Washington,
Pvt. F. W. Singleton, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Dewey Skittlethorpe, Bath,
Pvt. G. J. Slade, Pungo, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. S. A. Sullivan, Washington,
Pvt. 1st CI. B. D. Tankard, Washington,
Pvt. J. L. Tetterton, Washington, N. C.
(killed in action)
Mech. J. E. Tripp, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. H. Warren, Blounts
Creek, N. C.
Hrshr. Purvis Waters, Pantego, N. C.
Pvt. J. H. Weston, Blounts Creek, N. C.
Pvt. W. E. Williams, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. A. H. Willis, Washington, N. C.
Home Addresses of the Officers and Men
Sgt. D. R. Willis, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. M. Winfield, Blounts
Creek, N. C.
Corp. G. H. Wilson, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. Tony Womble, Aurora, N. C.
Pvt. C. W. Woolard, Ransomville, N. C.
Sgt. J. E. Woolard, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. M. E. Woolard, Washington, N. C.
Pvt. Alley Cowand, Windsor, N. C.
Wag. L. E. Harrell, Kelford, N. C.
Pvt. A. E. Hale, Aulander, N. C.
Pvt. C. M. Mizzell, Windsor, N. C.
Pvt. F. P. Norfleet, Roxobel, N. C.
Pvt. D. L. Van Nortwick, Woodard, N. C.
Wag. Edd Barr, Clarkton, N. C.
Sgt. R. E. Fleming, Bladenboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. M. B. Fletcher, Clarkton,
Pvt. R. P. Melvin, Elizabethtown, N. C.
Corp. I. C. Pait, Bladenboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. N. Perry, Council, N. C.
Wag. J. V. Gore, Winnabow, N. C.
Pvt. M. N. Mintz, Millbranch, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. J. Arwood, Arden, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. T. N. Atkins, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. Lewis Ballard, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. F. B. Brookshire, West Ashe-
ville, N. C.
Pvt. A. L. Calahan, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. S. Calloway, Asheville,
Pvt. 1st CI. R. A. Case, Skyland, N. C.
Wag. A. B. Clontz, Asheville, N. C.
Corp. Clarence Davis, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. J. B. Davis, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. W. M. Davis, Alexander, N. C.
Corp. J. B. Downs, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. C. W. Erwood, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. R. E. Estes, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. G. H. Frady, Skyland, N. C. (killed
in action) .
Wag. M. A. Fowler, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. D. Mc. Freeman, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. S. Gash, Azalea, N. C.
Corp. G. D. Goldsmith, Azalea, N. C.
Pvt. H. T. Guthrie, Weaverville, N. C.
Pvt. W. M. Harwood, Weaverville, N. C.
Pvt. H. I. Harris, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. C. H. Harris, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. O. C. Haney, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. L. S. Hill, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. O. M. Ingle, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. Kimsie Laughter, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. O. A. Mathews, Arden, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. J. Merrell, Azalea, N. C.
Pvt. W. M. Morris, Montreat, N. C.
Corp. L. E. Myers, Stocksville, N. C.
Wag. J. R. Nash, Sandy Mush, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Tom N. Neighbors, West
Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. C. A. O'Brien, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. Luther Orr, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. A. J. Penland, Candler, N. C.
Pvt. Tom Pruitt, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. Henry Powers, Asheville, N. C.
Sgt. C. S. Ramsey, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. Carl Rockett, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. C. B. Redmon, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. F. Russell, West Asheville,
Corp. D. C. Tipton, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. F. E. Wilson, Asheville, N. C.
Pvt. E. E. Young, Asheville, N. C.
Corp. W. A. Byrd, Morganton, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Sterl Cline, Valdese, N. C.
Pvt. G. D. Cooper, Connellys Springs,
Pvt. G. R. Lail, Connellys Springs, N. C.
Pvt. M. S. Alexander, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. J. C. Ballard, Kannapolis, N. C.
Sgt. C. J. M. Blume, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. J. C. Brown, Kannapolis, N. C. (died)
Corp. R. V. Caldwell, Concord, N. C.
Sgt. F. S. Cline, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. M. Davis, Kannapolis,
Pvt. 1st CI. C. R. Davis, Concord, N. C.
Mus. 2d CI. W. N. DeMarcus, Kannapolis,
Pvt. V. B. Earnhardt, Concord, N. C.
Mus. 2d CI. M. L. Farrington, Kannapolis,
Sgt. E. D. Fink, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. D. F. Fisher, Kannapolis, N. C.
Pvt. L. A. Heglar, Kannapolis, N. C.
Pvt. L. M. Hendley, Concord, N. C.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Corp. W. S. Johnson, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. H. A. Kluttz, Concord, N. C.
Mus. 2d CI. J. W. Lentz, Kannapolis,
Sgt. R. G. McGuirt, Kannapolis, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. D. F. McQueen, Concord,
Corp. W. A. Miller, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. J. P. Moore, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. J. R. Morris, Concord, N. C.
Corp. S. N. Nash, Kannapolis, N. C.
Sgt. P. M. Patterson, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. J. W. Pitman, Kannapolis (killed
Pvt. R. E. Powell, Kannapolis, N. C.
Pvt. C. L. Philemon, Concord, N. C.
Corp. S. M. Queary, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. E. L. Ritchie, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. L. Ridenhour, Concord,
Corp. R. L. Ritchie, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Sappenfield, Concord,
Pvt. F. C. Seals, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. L. C. Sappenfield, Concord, N. C.
Sgt. R. C. Sappenfield, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. D. P. Smith, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. M. L. Smith, Bost Mills, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. S. C. Stancil, Harrisburg,
Cook C. A. Suther, Kannapolis, N. C.
Mus. 1st CI. C. B. Suther, Kannapolis,
Pvt. H. M. Thornburg, Kannapolis, N. C.
Cook Arthur Tickle, Kannapolis, N. C.
Pvt. H. G. Troutman, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Wadsworth, Concord,
Corp. B. J. Williford, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. J. Wingard, Concord, N. C.
Pvt. C. D. Allen, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. A. N. Alley, Valmead, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. L. Andrews, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. L. Andrews, Lenoir, N. C.
Sgt. P. D. Annas, Hudson, N. C.
Sgt. R. A. Annas, Hudson, N. C.
Pvt. J. E. Armstrong, Rhodhiss, N. C.
Cook W. L. S. Bean, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. Jack Bentley, Rhodhiss, N. S.
Pvt. 1st CI. O. L. Benfield, Lenoir, N. C.
Corp. G. R. Bowman, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. R. L. Bradshaw, Finley, N. C.
Pvt. Marvin Brinkley, Granite Falls, N. C.
Pvt. R. E. Campbell, Lenoir, N. C. (killed
Hrshr. R. T. Chester, Lenoir, N. C.
Sad. R. C. Childers, Lenoir, N. C.
Bug. W. C. Childers, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. M. J. Church, Rhodhiss, N. C.
Pvt. G. F. Clark, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. H. C. Clark, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. H. H. Cook, Patterson, N. C.
Pvt. Boone Craig, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. W. G. Crump, Lenoir, N. C.
Cook B. McK. Curtis, Granite Falls, N. C.
Cook J. A. Curtis, Rufus, N. C.
Corp. E. P. Deal, Granite Falls, N. C.
Pvt. Hansford Edmisten, Rufus, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. F. G. Elrod, Granite Falls,
Sgt. R. E. Elrod, Granite Falls, N. C.
Pvt. W. A. Ernest, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. O. Fleming, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. Floyd Q. Goble, Yadkin Valley, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. George Gray, Lenoir, N. C.
Sgt. G. D. Greer, Lenoir, N. C.
Wag. A. W. Griffie, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. G. S. Hartley, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. N. H. Hailey, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. C. N. Hahn, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. Bryant Hoyle, Lenoir, N. C.
Corp. J. B. Hood, Lenoir, N. C.
Corp. H. L. Isbell, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. E. E. Hoke, Lenoir, N. C.
Corp. R. L. Johnson, Granite Falls, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. 0. Keller, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. R. D. Kirby, Kings Creek, N. C.
(killed in action).
Corp. R. C. Killian, Lenoir, N. C.
Sgt. Bynum Laxton, Kings Creek, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. S. Lindsay, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. G. C. Lovins, Lenoir, N. C."
Corp. R. S. McGowan, Lenoir, N. C.
Sgt. W. R. Minnish, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. J. W. Melton, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. J. R. Martin, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. J. L. Marley, Granite Falls, N. C.
Bug. W. E. Melton, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. S. F. Melton, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. K. Moore, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. G. S. Moore, Granite Falls, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Lynn Munday, Rhodhiss, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. J. Nelson, Patterson, N. C.
Corp. C. W. Pennell, Kings Creek, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. J. Pitts, Patterson, N. C.
Pvt. C. W. Smith, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. F. E. Sanders, Lenoir, N. C.
Home Addresses of the Officers and Men
Pvt. Haywood Sanders, Valmead, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. W. Seehorn, Lenoir, N. C.
Corp. K. F. Sherrill, Lenoir, N. C.
Corp. P. E. Shuford, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. W. V. Sides, Lenoir, N. C.
Sgt. H. G. Smith, Granite Falls, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. R. Smith, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. R. L. Storey, Lenoir, N. C.
Sgt. T. L. Suddreth, Lenoir, N. C. (died).
Pvt. H. B. Suddreth, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. Vann Tate, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. G. W. Taylor, Valmead, N. C.
Pvt. A. P. Teague, Granite Falls, N. C.
Pvt. C. E. Teague, Lenoir, N. C.
Corp. J. G. Teague, Granite Falls, N. C.
Pvt. J. R. Teague, Rhodhiss, N. C.
Pvt. J. H. Thompson, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. D. Turnmire, Granite Falls,
Sgt. I. G. Tuttle, Lenoir, N. C.
Mech. M. A. Underdown, Lenoir, N. C.
Pvt. W. M. Watson, Lenoir, N. C.
1st Lieut. C. K. Burgess, Old Trap, N. C.
Pvt. Fletcher Simons, South Mills, N. C.
Pvt. F. P. Atwater, Bynum, N. C.
Pvt. T. B. Beal, Bear Creek, N. C.
Pvt. H. F. Boone, Pittsboro, N. C.
Wag. W. D. Brown, Siler City, N. C.
Ck. W. C. Burns, Pittsboro, N. C.
Sgt. C. E. Dorsette, Siler City, N. C.
Sgt. J. O. Harmon, Pittsboro, N. C.
Corp. W. C. Johnson, Pittsboro, N. C.
Corp. Jack Lanius, Jr., Pittsboro, N. C.
Pvt. R. E. Lanius, Pittsboro, N. C.
Pvt. P. S. McBane, Snow Camp, N. C.
Pvt. L. A. Moffitt, Ore Hill, N. C.
Sgt. D. T. Moore, Bynum, N. C.
Pvt. 1 CI. G. P. Norwood, Bynum, N. C.
Pvt. Lewis Norwood, Bynum, N. C.
Wag. C. R. Phillips, Gulf, N. C.
Corp. W. S. Phillips, Bonlee, N. C.
Hshr. Albert Poe, Pittsboro, N. C.
Pvt. E. W. Sizemore, Siler City, N. C.
Corp. W. R. Straughan, Pittsboro, N. C.
Pvt. G. F. Thomas, Moncure, N. C.
Sgt. W. R. Thompson, Teer, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. W. Vann, Ore Hill, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. E. E. Williams, Teer, N. C.
Corp. E. R. Wrenn, Siler City, N. C.
Pvt. A. J. Bell, Morehead City, N. C.
Pvt. W. F. Dixon, Beaufort, N. C.
Pvt. M. M. Eubanks, Beaufort, N. C.
Corp. J. G. Hudgins, Beaufort, N. C.
Corp. H. F. Howell, Newport, N C.
Pvt. J. F. Hill, Beaufort, N. C.
Cook J. C. Norris, Beaufort, N. C.
Sgt. E. J. Respess, Beaufort, N. C.
Corp. B. S. Russell, Bogue, N. C.
Corp. I. H. Jeffress, Pelham, N. C.
Corp. N. W. McGuire, Yanceyville, N. C.
Pvt. R. L. Price, Hickory, N. C
Capt. Wade V. Bowman, Hickory, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. 0. B. Austin, Hickory, N. C.
Pvt. V. S. Barber, Hickory, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. C. Cook, Hickory, N. C.
Pvt. A. T. Dyson, Maiden, N. C.
Corp. J. C. Howard, Terrell, N. C.
Pvt. R. V. Sigman, Conover, N. C.
Pvt. E. D. Smyre, Conover, N. C.
Pvt. F. V. Travis, Newton, N. C.
Pvt. R. V. Whitworth, Newton, N. C.
Pvt. J. E. Lively, Murphy, N. C.
Pvt. T. W. Teague, Culberson, N. C.
Wag. R. V. Wells, Murphy, N. C.
Capt. R. D. Dixon, Edenton, N. C.
Wag. Thomas Perry, Tyner, N. C.
Wag. Gad Nelson, Hayesville, N. C.
Corp. A. W. Benoy, Shelby, N. C.
Far. C. A. Chesley, Shelby, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. V. Dellinger, Shelby, N. C.
Pvt. E. G. Edsil, East Fruitland, N. C.
Corp. C. G. Sellers, Kings Mountain, N. C.
Wag. B. C. Stewart, Kings Mountain,
Pvt. 1st CI. B. G. Weathers, Shelby, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. A. Weathers, Shelby, N. C.
Sgt. C. H. Williams, Shelby, N. C.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Lieut. L. C. Hand, Chadbourn, N. C.
Pvt. G. M. Gause, Cerro Gordo, N. C.
Corp. G. C. Yates, Chadbourn, N. C.
Capt. W. B. Guion, Newbern, N. C.
1st Lieut. O. H. Guion, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. P. Adams, North Harlowe,
Sgt. T. L. Arnold, Newbern, N. C.
Corp. E. C. Avery, Dover, N. C.
Pvt. J. B. Barrow, Dover, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Basden, Riverdale, N. C.
Sgt. E. J. Bayliss, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. W. H. Bray, Newbern, N. C.
Sad. W. B. Bray, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. T. C. Brewer, Newbern, N. C.
Corp. Z. E. Brewer, Newbern, N. C.
Mech. C. C. Campbell, Vanceboro, N. C.
Pvt. J. H. Casey, Newbern, N. C.
Corp. F. M. Chadwick, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. Lewis Craft, Fort Barnwell, N. C.
Pvt. Alexander Cuthrell, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. W. Connor, Riverdale,
Corp. T. R. Crawford, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Daugherty, Newbern,
Pvt. 1st CI. W. F. Daugherty, Newbern,
Pvt. J. B. Davis, Cove City, N. C.
Pvt. W. R. Dunn, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. Willie Edwards, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. O. C. Everington, Newbern,
Pvt. C. L. Franks, Vanceboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. J. Garner, Dover, N. C.
Pvt. H. E. Gaskins, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. C. E. Gatlin, Vanceboro, N. C.
Pvt. Harry Gaskins, Newbern, N. C.
Corp. Z. Z. Grantham, Newbern, N. C.
Corp. Adolph Guyes, Dover, N. C.
Sgt. R. W. Harris, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. A. B. Ham, Dover, N. C.
Sgt. A. W. Holton, Bridgeton, N. C.
Pvt. W. L. Heuser, Vanceboro, N. C.
Mech. C. L. Ipock, Vanceboro, N. C.
Sgt. R. T. Kehoe, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. B. W. Koonce, Fort Barnwell, N. C.
Wag. B. G. Koonce, Fort Barnwell, N. C.
Pvt. Cassie Laughinghouse, Vanceboro,
Bug. B. G. Laughinghouse, Newbern,
Pvt. G. H. Manning, Vanceboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. S. A. Masters, Woolsey, N. C.
Pvt. F. S. Mitchell, Newbern, N. C.
R S. M. Kenneth J. Nixon, Newbern,
Pvt. 1st CI. Jack Nobles, Dover, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. V. Norris, Fort Barnwell,
Cook O. S. Phillips, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. I. Powell, Dover, N. C.
Pvt. J. R. Rice, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. Cephus Rowe, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Shikery Salem, Newbern,
Pvt. A. M. Smith, Vanceboro, N. C.
Mech. L. J. Scales, Bridgeton, N. C.
Pvt. W. R. Sultan, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. W. Taylor, North Harlowe,
Cook C. S. Taylor, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. Walter Taylor, Blades, N. C.
Pvt. Eugene Thompson, Newbern, N. C.
Corp. C. T. Turner, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. E. Warrenton, Newbern,
Pvt. 1st CI. H. F. Watson, Riverdale,
Mech. McDuffy Wayne, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. D. Wetherington, Clark,
Pvt. Ezra L. White, Vanceboro, N. C.
Sgt. Luther White, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. E. J. Whitley, Newbern, N. C.
Corp. R. H. Wiley, Newbern, N. C.
Pvt. F. P. Willis, Vanceboro, N. C.
Capt. W. O. Gibbs, Fayetteville, N. C.
Hrshr. F. H. Kennedy, Fayetteville, N. C.
Corp. J. T. Leslie, Fayetteville, N. C.
Pvt. Eli Lockamy, Cooper, N. C.
Pvt. Carl McLeod, Stedman, N. C.
Sgt. C. G. Meekins, Stumpy Point, N. C.
Pvt. H. W. Deaton, Thomasville, N. C.
Pvt. E. I. Michael, Lexington, N. C.
Pvt. Will Powell, Lexington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. S. Lowery, Cana, N. C.
Corp. G. N. Ward, Farmington, N. C.
Home Addresses of (he Officers and Men
Pvt. B. F. Baker, Kenansville, N. C.
Pvt. L. A. Gavin, Warsaw, N. C.
Pvt. John Grady, Kenansville, N. C.
Corp. M. I. Hall, Beulaville, N. C.
Pvt. L. F. Jackson, Hallsville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. L. Jones, Kenansville,
Corp. T. E. Jones, Kenansville, N. C.
Sgt. L. L. Mallard, Kenansville, N. C.
Pvt. Leonard Newsome, Faison, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. M. L. Price, Faison, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Rhodes, Warsaw, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. P. E. Rouse, Rose Hill, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. L. Sandlin, Beulaville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. E. F. Southerland, Kenans-
ville, N. C.
Wag. Lindon Southerland, Magnolia, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Williams, Kenansville,
Lieut. Col. S. C. Chambers, Durham, N. C.
Capt. F. L. Fuller, Durham, N. C.
Major L. P. McLendon, Durham, N. C.
1st Lieut. J. A. Speed, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. E. W. Adcock, Durham, N. C.
Sgt. C. L. Andrews, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. 0. M. Bailey, West Durham, N. C.
Pvt. W. G. Bailey, Durham, N. C.
Sgt. L. H. Barbour, Druham, N. C.
Pvt. W. C. Burch, Durham, N. C.
Corp. C. R. Byrum, Durham, N. C.
Bug. C. C. Churchill, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. R. S. Carver, Rougemont, N. C.
Pvt. T. W. Cates, Durham, N. C.
Mech. J. D. Coley, West Durham, N. C.
Pvt. F. C. Cole, West Durham, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Ernest Coley, West Durham,
Pvt. G. W. Conway, West Durham, N. C.
Pvt. O. W. Crabtree, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. C. V. Davis, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. J. F. Davis, Durham, N. C.
Sgt. L. F. Dixon, Durham, N. C.
Sgt. W. T. Dixon, Durham, N. C.
Corp. Julius Enock, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. B. Faulkner, Durham, N. C.
Corp. G. T. Featherstone, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. P. A. Foushee, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. F. C. Franklin, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. T. G. Gates, West Durham, N. C.
Corp. L. J. Glass, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. Richard Glenn, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. W. B. Glenn, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. J. L. Harward, Durham, N. C.
Corp. C. M. Hunt, Durham, N. C.
Bug. A. J. Hunter, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. C. T. Jackson, Durham, N. C.
Far. R. F. Jones, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. D. R. Jones, Durham, N. C.
Corp. H. C. Keith, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. W. H. Keith, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. W. C. Lane, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. M. J. Latta, Durham, N. C.
Sgt. W. L. Lawson, Rougemont, N. C.
Pvt. G. N. Long, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. F. H. McFarland, Durham,
Pvt. J. C. Malone, Durham, N. C.
Corp. I. C. Massey, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. J. L. Moore, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. Jack Nurkin, Durham, N. C.
Corp. W. C. Nowell, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. W. N. Oakley, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. P. J. Parrish, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. E. H. Perry, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. Sam Paschall, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. H. N. Pendergrass, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. R. B. Pendergrass, West Durham,
Pvt. 1st CI. G. F. Porterfield, Durham,
Pvt. J. J. Rigsbee, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. W. H. Robbins, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. E. S. Roberts, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. Harry W. Rogers, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. E. R. Rogers, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. P. H. Swanson, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. J. C. Shields, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. L. V. Smith, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. J. R. Stansbury, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. J. R. Slater, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. M. Strickland, Durham,
Pvt. V. R. Suitt, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. Floyd Thomas, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. S. E. Vaughan, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. W. M. Vickers, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Warren, Durham, N. C.
Sgt. W. J. Warren, Durham, N. C.
Corp. J. A. White, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. W. E. Wiggs, Durham, N. C.
Corp. O. C. Wilson, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. M. D. Winberry, Durham,
Pvt. W. G. Yarborough, Durham, N. C.
Pvt. H. V. Yearby, West Durham, N. C.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Sgt. L. W. Boseman, Rocky Mount, N. C.
Pvt. R. C. Cole, Rocky Mount, N. C.
Pvt. G. D. Cummings, Pine Tops, N. C.
Corp. R. H. Edwards, Rocky Mount, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. N. C. Fox, Whitakers, N. C.
Pvt. W. B. Green, Rocky Mount, N. C.
Corp. J. B. Hilliard, Rocky Mount, N. C.
Maj. R. M. Hanes, Winston-Salem, N. C.
Sgt. W. J. Conrad, Jr., Winston-Salem,
Sgt. R. A. Craven, Winston-Salem, N. C.
Mus. 1st CI. E. M. Davis, Winston-Salem,
Wag. J. T. Gibson, Belews Creek, N. C.
Sgt. C. C. Long, Winston-Salem, N. C.
B. S. M. Hugh C. Pollard, Winston-Salem,
Sgt. H. A. Sauls, Winston-Salem, N. C.
Sgt. P. M. Sherrill, Winston-Salem, N. C.
R. S. S. G. W. Whaling, Winston-Salem,
Corp. W. H. Allen, Louisburg, N. C.
Pvt. N. C. Clark, Louisburg, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. L. Preddy, Franklinton,
Pvt. 1st CI. W. H. White, Bunn, N. C.
Capt. Erskine E. Boyce, Gastonia, N. C.
Maj. A. L. Bulwinkle, Gastonia, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. D. Alexander, Belmont,
Pvt. 1st CI. F. C. Childers, Bessemer
City, N. C.
Corp. W. P. Costner, Dallas, N. C.
Pvt. J. H. Funderburke, Lowell, N. C.
Pvt. M. M. Lovitt, Dallas, N. C.
Mus. 2d CI. J. M. Lynch, High Shoals,
Pvt. F. W. Moseley, McAdensville, N. C.
Capt. B. S. Royster, Oxford, N. C.
Ma. T. G. Stem, Oxford, N. C.
Cook J. E. Galloway, Walstonburg, N. C.
Pvt. T. G. Moseley, Snow Hill, N. C.
Wag. C. A. Haynes, High Point, N. C.
Sgt. W. N. Huff, Gibsonville, N. C.
Sgt. M. H. Jones, Greensboro, N. C.
Bug. C. L. Robbins, High Point, N. C.
Pvt. J. C. Spoon, Greensboro, N. C.
Wag. C. C. Whittington, Greensboro, N. C.
Corp. R. L. Bunch, Scotland Neck, N. C.
Pvt. J. B. Gurganus, Enfield, N. C.
Sgt. G. N. Taylor, Roanoke Rapids, N. C.
Corp. E. L. Wrenn, Roanoke Rapids, N. C.
Pvt. W. H. Creech, Coats, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. U. L. McKinnie, Lillington,
Pvt. L. D. Vuncannon, Bunn Level, N. C.
Pvt. J. O. Wilson, Dunn, N. C.
Haywood County -
Corp. E. J. Clontz, Canton, N. C.
Pvt. R. C. McClure, Sunburst, N. C.
Wag. L. C. Nash, Canton, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. M. Smathers, Canton, N. C.
Pvt. J. C. West, Ferguson, N. C.
Pvt. Carl Gosnell, Fletcher, N. C.
Pvt. Howard Gosnell, Fletcher, N. C.
Wag. W. R. Hudson, Brickton, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. D. R. Johnson, Fletcher, N. C.
Pvt. J. C. Jones, Edneyville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. F. A. Sultz, Hendersonville,
Sgt. A. S. Mitchell, Winton, N. C.
Sgt. M. T. Heins, Raeford, N. C.
Pvt. W. B. Roper, Swan Quarter, N. C.
Pvt. R. R. Weston, Swan Quarter, N. C.
Pvt. C. T. Williams, Ocracoke, N. C.
Capt. R. R. Morrison, Mooresville, N. C.
Corp. J. C. Alexander, Statesville, N. C.
Pvt. F. L. Bradley, Statesville, N. C.
Home Addresses of the Officers and Men
Pvt. 1st CI. J. M. Bradley, Statesville,
Pvt. 1st CI. M. F. Brown, Mooresville.
Pvt. J. H. Cass, Statesville, N. C.
Pvt. Ed Christenbury, Mooresville, N. C.
Corp. W. E. Cornelius, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. Burpee Davis, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. J. M. Fulham, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. L. M. Gilleland, Statesville, N. C.
Sgt. H. K. Hayes, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. E. J. Heglar, Mooresville, N. C
Mech. J. L. Harwell, Mooresville, N. C
Corp. E. W. Harrington, Mooresville,
Pvt. 1st CI. C. E. Hawthorne, Moores-
ville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. M. W. Johnston, Mooresville,
Sgt. J. R. C. Kelley, Statesville, N. C.
Pvt. Clarence Kennerly, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. E. H. Kerr, Mooresville, N. C.
Mech. G. A. Kerr, Mooresville, N. C.
Corp. J. F. McNeily, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. C. Miller, Mooresville,
Sgt. L. N. Mills, Statesville, N. C.
Pvt. H. E. Moore, Mooresville, N. C.
Cook Lonnie Moore, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. J. W. Newton, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. Bob Owens, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. W. Perkins, Mooresville,
Pvt. 1st CI. S. I. Pharr, Mooresville, N. C.
Corp. J. B. Rodgers, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. Sinclair Rodgers, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. W. A. Sloop, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. G. Z. Sherrill, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. B. L. Stutts, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. Burette Talbert, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. C. G. Vanpelt, Mooresville, N. C.
Bug. F. D. Weddington, Mooresville, N. C.
Pvt. J. C. Weddington, Mooresville, N. C.
Wag. T. G. White, Turnersburg, N. C.
Pvt. M. W. Winecoff, Mooresville, N. C.
Corp. Edgar Younger, Statesville, N. C.
Sgt. W. H. Rhodes, Sylva, N. C.
Corp. H. H. Benson, Benson, N. C.
Sgt. J. J. Carroll, Clayton, N. C.
Hrshr. J. E. Martin, Clayton, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. H. Pulley. Kenly, N. C.
Corp. C. B. Andrews, Trenton. N. C
Fvt. 1st CI. N. G. Barrus. Pollocksville,
Sgt. E. E. Bell, Pollocksville, N. C.
Sgt. J. P. Burt, Trenton, N. C.
Corp. F. W. Carmichael, Pollocksville,
Pvt. 1st CI. F. R. Collins, Trenton, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Collins, Maysville, N. C.
Corp. J. W. Creagh, Pollocksville, N. C.
Pvt. C. L. Fox, Pollocksville, N. C.
Pvt. V. C. Garner, Maysville, N. C.
Pvt. B. S. Gibson, Maysville, N. C.
Pvt. Samuel Jenkins, Trenton, N. C.
Pvt. A. L. Killingsworth, Trenton, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. F. S. Koonce, Trenton, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. McCasley, Pollocksville,
Pvt. W. F. Mattocks, Maysville, N. C.
Pvt. E. T. Metts, Trenton, N. C.
Pvt. Walter Moore, Trenton, N. C.
Pvt. L. L. Parker, Maysville, N. C.
Pvt. W. H. Parker, Maysville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. W. Pollock, Trenton, N. C.
Pvt. L. T. Riggs, Maysville, N. C.
Pvt. B. E. Scott, Pollocksville, N. C.
Pvt. L. A. Scott, Pollocksville, N. C.
Pvt. W. W. Scott, Pollocksville, N. C.
Sgt. John Simmons, Pollocksville, N. C.
Corp. W. E. Smith, Maysville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. F. Sykes, Pollocksville,
Sgt. D. H. Taylor, Trenton, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. F. T. Taylor, Pollocksville,
Sgt. S. M. Torrence, Pollocksville, N. C.
Corp. H. E. White, Pollocksville, N. C.
Pvt. G. F. Winberry, Maysville, N. C.
Maj. C. L. Pridgen, Kinston, N. C
R. S. M. W. A. Allen, Kinston, N. C.
Pvt. D. C. Boney, Kinston, N. C.
Pvt. W. C. Conway, Kinston, N. C.
Corp. G. P. Fleming, Kinston, N. C.
Sgt. G. B. Hellen, Kinston, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Van Jones, Kinston, N. C.
Corp. George W. Knott, Kinston, N. C.
Sgt. Richard McLawhorne, Kinston, N. C.
Corp. B. M. Pate, La Grange, N. C.
Pvt. D. C. Pearce, Kinston, N. C.
Pvt. Weaver Phillips, Kinston, N. C.
Pvt. Benjamin Westbrook, Kinston, N. C.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Corp. O. A Westbrook, Pink Hill, N. C.
Pvt. R. L. Williamson, Pink Hill, N. C.
Pvt. P. W. Bolick, Highlands, N. C.
Sgt. W. G. Mann, Prentiss, N. C.
Pvt. Charlie Gosnell, Big Laurel, N. C.
Pvt. H. D. Guthrie, Marshall, N. C.
Pvt. J. G. Justice, Marshall, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. H. Parris, Marshall, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. N. W. Price, Stackhouse, N. C.
Corp. P. F. Rector, Marshall, N. C.
Pvt. Walter Rice, Mars Hill, N. C.
Pvt. S. W. Mendenhall, Williamston, N. C.
Corp. H. L. Ross, Robersonville, N. C.
Pvt. E. T. Smith, Robersonville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. J. Yates, Oak City, N. C.
Cook J. T. Bush, Marion, N. C.
Pvt. Jim Whitesides, Marion, N. C.
Pvt. S. V. King, Charlotte, N. C.
Pvt. P. L. Montooth, Charlotte, N. C.
Pvt. B. L. Moore, Davidson, N. C.
Pvt. O. N. Norwood, Matthews, N. C.
Corp. L. A. Potts, Charlotte, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Louis Potts, Davidson, N. C.
Sad. Lester Pratt, Davidson, N. C.
Sad. S. W. Ray, Charlotte, N. C.
Sgt. C. F. Ritch, Charlotte, N. C.
Corp. C. J. Shelton, Davidson, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Frank Savage, Charlotte,
Pvt. 1st CI. H. M. Smith, Charlotte, N. C.
Corp. S. F. Staugh, Cornelius, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. W. Thompson, Davidson,
Pvt. W. W. Turner, Charlotte, N. C.
Corp. J. H. Wallace, Charlotte, N. C.
Pvt. C. A. Webster, Davidson, N. C.
Pvt. J. A. White, Cornelius, N. C.
Pvt. L. D. Wilson, Charlotte, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. D. Wright, Charlotte,
Mech. J. S. Maner, Mt. Gilead, N. C.
Maj. L. B. Crayton, Charlotte, N. C.
Pvt. B. W. Anderson, Matthews, N. C.
Sgt. J. D. Beard, Cornelius, N. C.
Pvt. C. C. Brown, Davidson, N. C.
Pvt. H. G. Brown, Davidson, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. E. R. Bumgardner, Charlotte,
Corp. Raymond Caldwell, Charlotte, N. C.
Pvt. H. M. Cathy, Davidson, N. C.
Pvt. R. G. Christie, Davidson, N. C.
Pvt. J. R. Clarks, Charlotte, N. C.
Pvt. E. W. Crews, Davidson, N. C.
Corp. E. J. Donaldson, Cornelius, N. C.
Pvt. C. J. Fisher, Davidson, N. C.
Corp. 0. C. Fogus, Charlotte, N. C.
Pvt. R. D. Gibbs, Davidson, N. C.
Pvt. Floyd Garrison, Matthews, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. E. L. Graham, Davidson, N. C.
Sgt. George Graham, Charlotte, N. C.
Mus. 2d CI. F. I. Graham, Davidson, N. C.
Pvt. L. H. Helms, Huntersville, N. C.
Sgt. P. J. Heath, Matthews, N. C.
Corp. C. C. Hope, Charlotte, N. C.
Pvt. H. R. Hewett, Charlotte, N. C.
Pvt. Smiley Isenhower, Cornelius, N. C.
Pvt. S. C. Johnson, Davidson, N. C.
Pvt. A. C. Wicker, Southern Pines, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. V. Wicker, Southern Pines,
Sgt. N. T. Bobbit, Nashville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Sherwood Brantley, Middle-
sex, N. C.
Pvt. Otho Coggin, Spring Hope, N. C.
Pvt. J. R. E. Dickens, Nashville, N. C.
Cook Allen Denton, Middlesex, N. C.
Sgt. N. S. Gulley, Nashville, N. C.
R. S. M. Jacob E. Lambert, Jr., Nashville,
Sgt. J. H. Mitchell, Spring Hope, N. C.
Corp. I. T. Valentine, Spring Hope, N. C.
Corp. E. S. White, Middlesex, N. C.
New Hanover County
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Burriss, Wilmington,
Pvt. 1st CI. R. T. Davis, Wilmington, N. C.
Pvt. F. D. Fink, Wilmington, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. P. R. Fowler, Wilmington,
Home Addresses of the Officers and Men
Sgt. W. L. Futrelle, Wilmington, N. C.
Wag. W. R. McKeithan, Wilmington,
Pvt. 1st CI. H. B. Register, Wilmington,
Pvt. 1st CI. A. T. Sailing, Wilmington,
Pvt. 1st CI. R. L. Sholar, Wilmington,
Pvt. B. K. Tayloe, Wilmington, N. C.
Pvt. E. E. Crew, Jackson, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. G. Basden, Richlands, N. C.
B. S. M. Marvin M. Capps, Jacksonville,
Bug. W. H. Farrior, Richlands, N. C.
Corp. G. L. Hatsell, Hubert, N. C.
Pvt. L. W. Humphrey, Jacksonville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Higgins, Jacksonville,
Pvt. 1st CI. A. F. Pittman, Swanboro,
Pvt. D. N. Porter, Folkstone, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. T. Scott, Jacksonville, N. C.
1st Lieut. S. M. Gattis, Jr., Hillsboro, N. C.
Bug. J. W. Allen, Carrboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. L. Blake, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Sgt. R. L. Atwater, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. E. Bobbitt, Hillsboro, N. C.
Pvt. L. R. Bobbitt, Hillsboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. G. Coleman, Hillsboro,
Pvt. 1st CI. T. M. Clark, Carrboro, N. C.
Pvt. McForrest Cheek, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Mech. W. V. Copeland, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Corp. C. L. Davis, Hillsboro, N. C.
Sad. W. S. Eubanks, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Pvt. M. G. Hackney, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Cook H. H. Hundley, Carrboro, N. C.
Wag. Mallie Jones, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Corp. A. B. Leigh, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Corp. John W. Latta, Hillsboro, N. C.
Corp. S. T. Latta, Jr., Hillsboro, N. C.
Pvt. Perlyman Long, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Pvt. W. U. McBroom, Hillsboro, N. C.
Cook J. W. McCauley, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Pvt. Robert Neville, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Sgt. J. E. Pearson, Carrboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. E. Pendergraft, Carrboro,
Pvt. L. W. Pendergraft, Carrboro, N. C.
Corp. L. P. Poythress, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Hrshr. A. M. Ray, Carrboro, N. C.
Cook N, O. Reeves, Hillsboro, N. C.
Pvt. Yancey Riley, Hillsboro, N. C.
Hrshr. D. I. Roberts. Hillsboro. N. C.
Hrshr. M. B. Sparrow, Efland, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Stephens, Chapel Hill,
Mech. H. L. Temple, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Sgt. E. W. Tenney, Chapel Hill, N. C.
Sgt. C. B. Wills, Chapel Hill, N. C. (died).
Sgt. Otis Avery, Olympia, N. C.
Cook J. C. Bland, Araphoe, N. C.
Far. Ralph Brooks, Alliance, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. I. J. Culpeper, Pamlico, N. C.
Pvt. B. F. Culpeper, Pamlico, N. C.
Pvt. 1st. CI. O. B. Culpeper, Pamlico,
Cook, B. D. Dixon, Arapahoe, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. R. Fornes, Arapahoe, N. C.
Pvt. 1st. CI. G. L. Fornes, Arapahoe, N. C.
Pvt. S. B. Gatlin, Merritt, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. F. S. Harris, Merritt, N. C.
Hrshr. J. W. Hamilton, Lowland, N. C.
Pvt. C. D. Holton, Arapahoe, N. C.
Ptv. J. C. Johnson, Arapahoe, N. C.
Pvt. C. J. Leary, Lowland, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. S. B. Leary, Lowland, N. C.
Cook G. C. Lilly, Vandemere, N. C.
Pvt. L. A. Linton, Bayboro, N. C.
Pvt. J. N. Midyette, Oriental, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. H. Pugh, Oriental, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Amos Paul, Alliance, N. C.
Pvt. W. H. Pipkin, Reelsboro, N. C.
Corp. B. W. Potter, Pamlico, N. C.
Pvt. W. J. Rawls, Arapahoe, N. C.
Pvt. G. F. Riggs, Bayboro, N. C.
Hrshr. W. W. Robinson, Oriental, N. C.
Pvt. L. R. Stowe, Bayboro, N. C.
Pvt. Wiley Truitt, Oriental, N. C.
Pvt. V. R. Woodard, Pamlico, N. C.
Capt. Gabe H. Croom, Burgaw, N. C.
Pvt. J. H. Bloodworth, Point Caswell,
Pvt. Cleaveland Colvin, Point Caswell,
Hrshr. E. W. Croom, Rooks, N. C.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Pvt. J. R. Beal, Timberland, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. G. Berry, Hurdle Mills,
Pvt. E. W. Buchanan, Roxboro, N. C.
Sgt. J. H. Bradsher, Hurdle Mills, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. C. Bradsher, Roxboro,
Pvt. 1st CI. G. L. Coleman, Hurdle Mills,
Pvt. J. A. Dixon, Woodsdale, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. J. Gentry, Roxboro, N. C.
Pvt. G. E. Nichols, Roxboro, N. C.
Corp. E. C. O'Briant, Hurdle Mills, N. C.
Mech. Ben O'Brien, Timberlake, N. C.
Pvt. C. W. Rimmer, Hurdle Mills, N. C.
Pvt. R. L. Rimmer, Hurdle Mills, N. C.
Pvt. Guy Baker, Greenville, N. C.
Corp. F. C. Best, Farmville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Boyd, Grimesland, N. C.
Pvt. R. L. Brooks, Grifton, N. C.
Wag. W. W. Brown, Greenville, N. C.
Pvt. J. H. Campbell, Grimesland, N. C.
Corp. J. S. Chapman, Grifton, N. C.
Sgt. A. B. Corey, Winterville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. B. R. Corey, Greenville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. J. A. Corey, Winterville,
Pvt. E. C. Cox, Winterville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. B. Ewell, Grifton, N. C.
Corp. H. P. Faucette, Grimesland, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. C. Fletcher, Winterville,
Pvt. R. J. Harrington, Ayden, N. C.
Mech. D. L. Hardee, Greenville, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Peter Hales, Greenville, N. C.
Pvt. A. W. Haddock, Winterville, N. C.
Pvt. Ollie Hodges, Grimesland, N. C.
Sgt. F. W. Jones, Grimesland, N. C.
Pvt. A. E. King, Farmville, N. C.
Corp. J. C. Lucas, Ayden, N. C.
Pvt. Aaron Mills, Winterville, N. C.
Pvt. B. B. Moore, Fountain, N. C.
Pvt. E. G. Moore, Winterville, N. C.
Pvt. Sam Pew, Greenville, N. C.
Mech. J. K. Proctor, Grimesland, N. C.
Sgt. L. E. Ross, Greenville, N. C.
Pvt. W. A. Stokes, Greenville, N. C.
Pvt. Hartwell Stoneham, Greenville, N. C.
Pvt. Arthur Tyndall, Winterville, N. C.
Corp. M. E. Tyson, Greenville, N. C.
Pvt. Willie Tyndall, Farmville, N. C.
Pvt. M. D. Warren, Greenville, N. C.
Pvt. L. M. Wiggins, Grimesland, N. C.
Wag. Coon W. Williams, Greenville, N. C.
Pvt. F. C. Burney, Ashboro, N. C.
Pvt. M. I. Cooper, Ashboro, N. C.
Cook W. C. Kirkman, Liberty, N. C.
Corp. Wilburn Gaddy, Ellerbe, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. G. H. Preslar, Hamlet, N. C.
Corp. E. H. Smith, Ellerbe, N. C.
2d Lieut. H. A. McKinnon, Maxton, N. C.
Corp. J. R. Hayes, McDonald, N. C.
Sgt. R. L. Henderson, Maxton, N. C.
Sgt. P. H. Wilson, Fairmont, N. C.
Corp. D. M. McQueen, Maxton, N. C.
Pvt. Don S. Sutton, Lumberton, N. C.
Sgt. C E. Brewer, Reidsville, N. C.
Pvt. G. A. Canady, Reidsville, N. C.
R. S. S. William H. Chance, Reidsville,
Pvt. P. O. Cobbler, Spray, N. C.
Corp. E. B. Moore, Reidsville, N. C.
Pvt. H. L. Albright, Salisbury, N. C.
Sgt. E. G. Clary, China Grove, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. L. Fink, Gold Hill, N. C.
Sgt. J. N. Kincaid, Cleveland, N. C.
Sgt. J. W. Lipe, China Grove, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Lawder, Salisbury,
Wag. G. F. Poole, Salisbury, N. C.
Pvt. G. B. Perry, Spencer, N. C.
Sgt. J. C. Powell, Salisbury, N. C.
Corp. R. R. Ritchie, China Grove, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Turner, Mount Ulla,
2d Lieut. L. L. Taylor, Rutherfordton,
Pvt. F. S. Halcomb, Caroleen, N. C.
Pvt. W. B. Melton, Caroleen, N. C.
Pvt. P. R. Roberson, Forest City, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Winebarger, Uree,
Home Addresses of the Officers and Men
Pvt. E. C. Bass, Clinton, N. C.
Pvt. D. J. Boone, Clinton, N. C.
Corp. W. A. Hawley, Newton Grove, N. C.
Pvt. C. D. Knowles, Ingold, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Frank Thomas, Newton Grove,
Pvt. A. C. Weeks, Clinton, N. C.
Pvt. W. E. McDonald, Hasty, N. C.
Sgt. B. C. Blalock, Norwood, N. C.
Pvt. C. P. Caudle, Baden, N. C.
Pvt. T. L. Furr, Albermarle, N. C.
Bug. L. L. Hargrove, Norwood, N. C.
Corp. H. W. Ivey, New London, N. C.
Mech. L. W. Lewis, Baden, N. C.
Mech. L. B. Lilly, Norwood, N. C.
Sgt. R. L. Mauldin, Norwood, N. C.
Pvt. J. L. Morgan, Richfield, N. C.
Corp. E. J. Poe, New London, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. G. S. Sells, Albermarle, N. C.
Wag. W. A. Sides, Norwood, N. C.
Pvt. J. C. Taylor, Stanfleld, N. C.
Wag. J. T. Mabe, Danbury, N. C.
Pvt. Oliver Martin, Danbury, N. C.
Sgt. R. L. Vaughn, Walnut Cove, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. V. Church, Elkin, N. C.
Pvt. J. M. Gibson, Pilot Mountain, N. C.
Pvt. L. W. Gillespie, White Plains, N. C.
Pvt. C. R. Godwin, Thurmond, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Hodge, Mt. Airy, N. C.
Cook A. L. Hiatt, Mt. Airy, N. C.
Hrshr. L. A. Jessup, Brim, N. C.
Pvt. Boss Jones, Mt. Airy, N. C.
Pvt. Edgar Marshall, Westfield, N. C.
Pvt. G. K. Moore, Round Peak, N. C.
Pvt. Otis Moser, Mt. Airy, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. D. Rule, Mt. Airy, N. C.
Corp. W. R. Smith, Pilot Mountain, N. C.
Pvt. B. C. Smith, Westfield, N. C.
Pvt. L. W. Thomas, Mount Airy, N. C,
Pvt. R. L. Thomas, Mount Airy, N. C.
Hrshr. W. G. Vernon, Mount Airy, N. C.
Pvt. W. G. Wagoner, Mount Airy, N. C.
Pvt. Grady York, Mount Airy, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. A. Davis, Almond, N. C.
1st Lieut. Eugene Allison, Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. R. B. Cole, Rosman, N. C.
Mech. R. J. Duckworth, Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. C. L. Fortune, Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. C. E. Fortune, Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. G. W. Fortune, Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. Oliver Fowler, Brevard, N. C.
Cook F. M. Garren, Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. C. E. Gillespie, Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. Bob Goodson, .Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. C. B. Gravely, Brevard N,. C.
Pvt. J. V. Kinsey, Pisgah Forest, N. C.
Pvt. W. P. Lankford, Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. R. L. McNeely, Lake Toxaway, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. L. Morris, Pisgah Forest,
Bug. E. L. Sims, Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. M. R. Sitton, Brevard, N. C.
Bug. Doll Swangim, Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. U. V. Thrift, Brevard, N. C.
Pvt. Walter Townsend, Davidson River,
Pvt. 1st CI. C. L. Rhodes, Columbia, N. C
Corp. J. W. Austin, Monroe, N. C.
Corp. M. E. Austin Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. William Baker, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. L. L. Belk, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. R. D. Belk, Monroe, N. C.
Wag. F. T. Billingsley, Monroe, N. C.
Wag. W. A. Blagburn, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Broom, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. F. C. Coan, Mineral Springs, N. C.
Cook G. P. Coan, Mineral Springs, N. C.
Cook Dewit Craig, Waxhaw, N. C.
Pvt. C. E. Craig, Waxhaw, N. C.
Sgt. A. B. Crowell, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. S. J. Edwards, Marshville, N. C.
Sgt. B. F. Eubanks, Monroe, N. C.
Sgt. A. B. Fairley, Monroe, N. C.
Sgt. S. P. Griffith, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. T. L. Garland, Monroe, N. C.
Hrshr. R. R. Gay, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. F. J. Goodwin, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. J. P. Gordon, Mineral Springs, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Griffin, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Helms, Monroe, N. C.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Pvt. C. H. Helms, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. M. C. Hartis, Waxhaw, N. C.
Pvt. C. N. Hart, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. W. B. Hinson, Monroe, N. C.
Corp. J. J. Hinson, Monroe, N. C.
Wag. R. A. Keziah, Marshville, N. C.
Corp. C. H. Laney, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. J. W. McCorkle, Monroe, N. C.
Corp. J. B. McGuirt, Waxhaw, N. C.
Corp. Horace McManus, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. O. S. McWhorter, Waxhaw, N. C.
Bug. D. J. Melton, Monroe, N. C.
Corp. C. W. Mangum, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. R. P. Mullis, Unionville, N. C.
Sgt. H. B. Newell, Monroe, N. C.
Mech. W. G. Newell, Monroe, N. C.
Wag. Appleton Plyler, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. 1st. CI. I. R. Plyler, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. M. Price, Monroe, N. C.
Sgt. Lloyd Price, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. W. L. Price, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. Luther Rollins, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. R. C. Raper, Waxhaw, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. E. Y. Rogers, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Joe Russell, Monroe, N. C.
Wag. H. W. Shepherd, Monroe, N. C.
Hrshr. J. W. Starnes, Monroe, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. E. D. Williams, Monroe, N. C.
Sgt. F. E. Williams, Monroe, N. C.
Sgt. M. W. Williams, Wingate, N. C.
Sgt. W. H. Williams, Monroe, N. C.
Col. Albert L. Cox, Raleigh, N. C.
1st Lieut. W. B. Duncan, Raleigh, N. C.
Capt. A. L. Fletcher, Raleigh, N. C.
2d Lieut. E. B. Haynes, Raleigh, N. C.
Capt. B. R. Lacy, Jr., Raleigh, N. C.
1st Lieut. Zack D. Harden, Raleigh, N. C.
Maj. W. T. Joyner, Raleigh, N. C.
Sgt. J. G. Ashe, Raleigh, N. C.
Corp. M. E. Bagwell, Raleigh, N. C.
Sgt. D. C. Batchelor, Raleigh, N. C.
Corp. J. P. Brassfield, Neuse, N. C.
Sgt. O. T. Bridgers, Raleigh, N. C.
Sgt. W. Y. Collie, Raleigh, N. C.
Pvt. L. T. Cone, Wake Forest, N. C.
Pvt. C. R. Conner, Raleigh, N. C.
Mus. 1st CI. J. W. Danieley, Raleigh, N. C.
Hrshr. R. D. Eubanks, Wake-Forest, N. C.
Sgt. William Grimes, Raleigh, N. C.
Sgt. T. E. Harris, Wendell, N. C.
Corp. C. L. Hood, Raleigh, N. C.
Sad. E. W. Hill, Raleigh, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. Z. Highsmith, Raleigh,
Sgt. Earl Johnson, Raleigh, N. C.
Sgt. B. L. Jones, Fuquay Springs, N. C.
Pvt. T. A. Lacy, Raleigh, N. C.
Sgt. W. B. Lumsden, Raleigh, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Mooneyham, Raleigh,
Mus. 1st CI. P. L. Messer, Raleigh, N. C.
Pvt. R. K. Mitchiner, Garner, N. C.
Corp. C. A. O'Connor, Raleigh, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. Williford Perry, Zebulon,
Bug. G. I. Phipps, Raleigh, N. C.
Sgt. E. G. Purcell, Raleigh, N. C.
Corp. S. R. Stephenson, Holly Springs,
Cook R. B. Tally, Fuquay Springs, N. C.
Corp. E. M. Taylor, Raleigh, N. C.
Pvt. Benton Thomas, Apex, N. C.
Sgt. R. D. Thomas, Raleigh, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. H. Tilley, Fuquay Springs,
Pvt. E. G. Allen, Plymouth, N. C.
Sgt. C. S. Ausbon, Plymouth, N. C.
Pvt. N. W. Blount, Roper, N. C.
Corp. W. L. Hassell, Plymouth, N. C.
Sgt. G. H. Jackson, Plymouth, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Myers, Creswell, N. C.
Bugler W. F. Sanderson, Plymouth, N. C.
Pvt. M. W. Spruill, Plymouth, N. C.
Sgt. W. C. Spruill, Plymouth, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. S. Swain, Plymouth, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. M. G. Barnes, Boone, N. C.
Pvt. S. J. Barnes, Boone, N. C.
Pvt. G. G. Barnes, Boone, N. C.
Pvt. L. J. Benfield, Blowing Rock, N. C.
Corp. L. M. Bingham, Sherwood, N. C.
Pvt. J. C. Brown, Blowing Rock, N. C.
Pvt. R. E. Brown, Shulls Mills, N. C.
Pvt. S. T. Brown, Sands, N. C.
Corp. C. L. Gross, Boone, N. C.
Corp. J. T. Gross, Boone, N. C.
Hrshr. R. L. Honeycutt, Shulls Mills, N. C.
Pvt. E. G. Hodges, Boone, N. C.
Sgt. H. F. Ingle, Blowing Rock, N. C.
Pvt. W. P. Kluttz, Blowing Rock, N. C.
Sgt. R. A. Lovill, Boone, N. C.
Pvt. Russell Maltba, Boone, N. C.
Pvt. I. E. Pennell, Boone, N. C.
Home Addresses of the Officers and Men
Pvt. A. E. Vannoy, Boone, N. C.
Pvt. W. H. Winebarger, Sands, N. C.
Mech. J. B. Winkler, Blowing Rock, N. C.
Pvt. W. L. Edwards, Dudley, N. C.
Corp. Gabe Holmes, Goldsboro, N. C.
Pvt. L. W. Outlaw, Seven Springs, N. C.
Pvt. R. A. Rooten, Goldsboro, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. W. Brookshire, Moravian
Falls, N. C.
Pvt. J. H. Crabb, North Wilkesboro, N. C.
R. S. M. L. E. Dimmette, Ronda, N. C.
Pvt. T. R. Ferguson, Goshen, N. C.
Pvt. Guy Hall, Wilkesboro, N. C.
Pvt. J. O. Hubbard, Moravian Falls, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. McHoller, North Wilkes-
boro, N. C.
Pvt. T. A. Jennings, Purlear, N. C.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. L. McGee, Boomer, N. C.
Pvt. W. S. Vickers, Cricket, N. C.
1st Lieut. Frank B. Davis, Wilson, N. C.
1st Lieut. W. P. Whitaker, Wilson, N. C.
Pvt. J. J. Bass, Black Creek, N. C.
Pvt. W. L. Boyette, Lucama, N. C.
Sgt. M. W. Edmundson, Wilson, N. C.
Wag. C. A. Edwards, Elm City, N. C.
Pvt. W. C. Journigan, Whitakers, N. C.
Pvt. F. B. Taylor, Whitakers, N. C.
Pvt. H. B. Adams, Jonesville, N. C.
Wag. P. J. Steele, Yadkin Valley, N. C.
Pvt. G. C. Evans, Burnsville, N. C.
Pvt. Sue Evans, Burnsville, N. C.
2d Lieut. A. J. Chapman, Evergreen.
Pvt. J. V. -Bell, Honing.
Corp. W. K. Brogden, Equality.
Pvt. A. R. Caldow, Kimberly.
Wag. Lee Carden, Seale.
Pvt. J. W. Carpenter, Section.
Pvt. E. W. Carter, Sheffield.
Pvt. 1st CI. O. E. Cooper, Elba.
Pvt. W. W. Cox, Florala.
Pvt. J. M. Craig, Hillsboro.
Sgt. L. D. Crick, Huntsville.
Pvt. J. E. Drain, Albertville.
Pvt. J. T. Fortenberry, Addison.
Pvt. T. L. Green, Cordova.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. W. Griffith, Gansey.
Pvt. F. J. Gusmus, Sheffield.
Pvt. W. J. Haywood, Cuba.
Pvt. B. S. Haroway, Rogersville.
Pvt. W. R. Hammon, Fackler.
Pvt. Thomas Hopkins, Porterville.
Pvt. H. O. Hill, Heflin.
Pvt. Geddy Kelley, Malun.
Pvt. W. H. Kelley, Andalusia.
Pvt. C. A. Kennedy, Heflin.
Pvt. C. L. Kitchens, Birmingham.
Pvt. A. W. Lee, Union.
Pvt. Earl McElroy, Cuba.
Pvt. J. W. McKinney, Standing Rock.
Pvt. E. W. Martin, Red Level.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. C. Muncher, Morris.
Pvt. E. R. Patterson, Tallassee.
Pvt. J. F. Peacock, Scottsboro.
Corp. J. A. Peterson, Goodwater.
Pvt. S. P. Phelps, Roanoke.
Pvt. L. L. Reeder, Blue Springs.
Pvt. H. J. Richards, Cavin.
Pvt. G. L. Roach, Fackler.
Pvt. W. E. Rush, Pelham.
Pvt. C. C. Sox, Edwardsville.
Pvt. W. A. Sellers, York.
Pvt. J. M. Shelton, Tuscaloosa.
Pvt. T. O. Smith, Point Rock.
Pvt. Owen Taylor, Wellington.
Pvt. L. H. Thomas, Clayton.
Pvt. J. D. Thompson, Inverness.
Corp. L. H. Boyle, Mesa.
Wag. I. O. Burk, Alpine.
Sad. H. T. Burton, Glendale.
Pvt. Carlos Chavez, Morenci.
Pvt. 1st CI. Fay Carter, Laveen.
Pvt. E. C. Davis, Bisbee.
Pvt. E. E. Elias, Tucson.
Sgt. E. S. Engblom, Hayden.
Pvt. R. F. Hall, Higley.
Pvt. Elmer Jones, Mesa.
Corp. F. F. Jones, Buckeye.
Pvt. W. A. Mankins, Fort Thomas.
Pvt. 1st CI. John Marppey, Gilbert.
Pvt. 1st CI. Jack Martinez, Naco.
Pvt. 1st CI. F. C. Siqueiros, Helvetia.
Pvt. Bill Stevens, Phoenix.
Sgt. B. R. Woods, Thatcher.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Pvt. Houston Coney, Green Briar.
Pvt. Fred Littleton, Lambertsville.
Pvt. L. A. Morrison, Star City.
Pvt. Rochel Moss, Weson.
Pvt. O. R. Northern, Yarbro.
Pvt. Noah Oldner, Kingsland.
Pvt. Henry Ponder, Kirby.
Pvt. C. P. Womack, Imboden.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. T. Knudsen, St. Simons
Pvt. 1st CI. Bernard Manley, Lagrange.
Pvt. A. S. Moore, Sylvania.
Pvt. N. G. Pate, Columbus.
Pvt. A. Z. Rozier, Townsend.
Pvt. R. C. Smith, Columbus.
Pvt. J. L. Stripling, Griswold.
Pvt. Arthur Turner, Glenwood.
Pvt. 1st CI. V. H. Reynolds, Santa Cruz.
Pvt. S. L. Ankle, Akron.
Corp. P. A. Campbell, Padroni.
Corp. G. B. Cowgill, Grank Lake.
Wag. T. E. Collins, Red Cliff.
Wag. W. F. Eiswerth, Basalt.
Wag. N. E. Davey, Central City.
Corp. C. C. Donovan, Berthoud.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. E. Duling, Delta.
Pvt. E. C. Evans, Longmont.
Pvt. Chris Faletti, Marble.
Wag. G. K. Finton, Platville.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. D. Goddard, Holyoke.
Wag. J. J. Hart, Briggsdale.
Wag. E. L. Harney, Swallows.
Wag. L. E. Hainline, Penrose.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. C. Janoski, Pueblo.
Wag. Bartlett McBride, Swallows.
Corp. Ralph McQueary, Cranby.
Mus. 2d CI. E. C. Miles, Montrose.
Sgt. G. S. Smelzer, Julesburg.
Wag. W. O. Ziege, Central City.
Asst. Band Leader Leo Troostwyk, New
District of Columbia
Sgt. Tracy R. Cobb, Washington.
Pvt. Emile E. Mori, Washington.
1st Lieut. J. P. Dodge, St. Augustine.
Pvt. Jasper Davis, Sanderson.
Pvt. A. D. Henderson, Bartow.
Sgt. L. C. Shepherd, Mt. Pleasant.
Pvt. J. B. Thomas, Moultrie.
1st Lieut. Maitland Soloman, Macon.
Pvt. O. E. Goss, McRae.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Carson, Mullan.
1st Lieut. H. C. Bennett, Geneva.
Mech. H. N. Arnold, East St. Louis.
Pvt. F. L. Blum, Mascoutsh.
Pvt. H. O. Cook, Murphysboro.
Pvt. O. H. Ebel, Bellevue.
Pvt. Henry Elfgen, Alton.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. M. Foiles, Upper Alton.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. T. Fox, Murphysboro.
Pvt. Elsworth Hung, East Alton.
Band Leader J. O. Kozak, Chicago.
Pvt. B. W. Simon, Alton.
Pvt. E. R. Vogt, Effingham.
Corp. N. F. Beck, Kokomo.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Craven, Charlestown.
Pvt. Joseph Kozeski, Indiana Harbor.
Pvt. T. A. Ryan, Peru.
Pvt. H. M. Singleton, Kirklin.
Pvt. Oscar St. Clair, Evansville.
Corp. F. M. Holt, Van Wert.
Pvt. 1st CI. G. N. Smith, Marshaltown.
Pvt. Albert Carlson, Herndon.
Corp. I. R. Edwards, Coldwater.
Pvt. George Shandy, Wakefield.
Pvt. John Steele, Scammon.
2d. Lieut. C. R. Dosker, Louisville.
2d Lieut. D. T. Roberts, West Point.
Capt. Alfred Grima, New Orleans.
Capt. N. B. Vairin, New Orleans.
Capt. G. R. Westfeldt, New Orleans.
Home -Addresses of the Officers and Men
Capt. Adelbert F. Williams, Phippsburg.
Pvt. P. H. Newman, Red Beach.
Pvt. C. A. Smith, Westbrook.
1st Lieut. C. E. Mears, Baltimore.
Capt. T. L. Spoon, Baltimore.
Pvt. Frank Martin, Baltimore.
Sgt. H. R. Shriver, Tarrytown.
1st Lieut. Allan W. Douglas, Canton
(killed in action).
2d. Lieut. E. W. Hinchcliffe, Stoneham.
Pvt. David Bressette, Pittsfield.
Pvt. J. H. Doucette, Quincy.
Cook J. J. Driscoll, Southbridge.
Pvt. J. F. Duff, Worcester.
Pvt. T. J. English, Dorchester.
Corp. M. J. Foley, Worcester.
Pvt. Ovid Gagner, North Oxford.
Pvt. T. F. Kelley, Caslyndale.
Pvt. Adam Larocque, North Uxbridge.
Pvt. Prescott Mayhew, New Bedford.
Pvt. E. J. O'Neal, Boston.
Pvt. J. G. Burke, Steelville.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. L. Carter, Bombon.
Pvt. Clark Chapman, Hoffln.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. S. Clayton, Mildred.
Pvt. Clem Council, Diehlstadt.
Pvt. R. A. Cunningham, Dora.
Corp. William Coughenour, Marhsfield.
Pvt. C. L. Cox, Redford.
Pvt. H. D. Craig, Cook Station.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. V. Cummings, Walnut
Mech. L. E. Cutts, Winona.
Pvt. 1st CI. H. W. Debrock, Leopold.
Corp. M. K. Dixon, Cameron.
Pvt. H. L. Elkins, Neelyville.
Pvt. 1st CI. Eckle Fulke, Stulty.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. L. Giles, Steelville.
Corp. Oscar Goings, Poplar Bluff.
Pvt. R. F. Hall, Keltner.
Corp. T. L. Kelly, Steele.
Pvt. L. H. King, Frederickstown.
Pvt. Zack C. Mason, Springfield.
Pvt. L. J. Mullins, Carruthersville.
Pvt. E. T. Parker, Denver.
Wag. J. O. Payne, Battlefield.
Pvt. P. C. Pry, Poplar Bluff.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. T. Roe, Zolma.
2d Lieut. R. S. Schmidt, Minneapolis.
Pvt. LeRoy Bjorz, Garry.
Pvt. A. J. Fisher, Minneapolis.
Pvt. W. H. Mullenmeister, Fairbolt.
2d Lieut. J. F. McManus, Detroit.
Capt. Martin Olthouse, Grass Lake.
Pvt. W. H. Phenix, Lansing.
Pvt. Govert Van Herwyn, Grand Haven.
Pvt. Raymond Moore, Durant.
Mus. 1st CI. P. W. Moncrieff, Columbus.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. A. Sharp, Corinth.
Pvt. Ted Ashworth, Steelville.
Corp. I. M. Baker, Newburg.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. F. Barry, St. Louis.
Corp. C. H. Bell, Hatthews.
Pvt. W. A. Bell, Rat.
Pvt. C. B. Brewer, DiehlstadL
Wag. E. N. Brown, Bogelton.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Abboud, Omaha.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. E. Bylund, Omaha.
Pvt. Julius Stigge, Omaha.
Pvt. J. A. Dorgan, Franklin.
2d Lieut. Kip I. Chase, Orange.
2d Lieut. E. M. Hedden, Newark.
1st Lieut. W. O. Hughes, Passaic.
1st Lieut. L. M. Smith, East Orange.
Pvt. 1st CI. Andrew Baum, Paterson.
Mech. N. M. Corson, Cedarville.
Pvt. O. E. Johnson, Paterson.
Pvt. Neal McLaughlin, Camden.
Pvt. Alfred Merrier, Elizabeth.
Pvt. John Pritchard, Little Falls.
Pvt. Ernest Rosso, Paterson.
Pvt. Alphonse Stoeckel, Newai'k.
Pvt. F. J. Brown, Galup.
History of the M3th Field Artillery
2d Lieut. Carl Ahlers, Long Island, N. Y.
1st Lieut. Urban E. Bowes, Syracuse.
2d Lieut. George W. Cobb, Jr., New York
1st Lieut. William Friedman, New York
2d Lieut. H. T. Hand, New York City.
1st Lieut. Joseph Lonergon, Tully.
1st Lieut. C. H. Wood, New York City.
Pvt. J. E. Bauer, Masbeth, L. I.
Pvt. J. J. Byrne, Brooklyn.
Pvt. Carmina Cassetta, South Waverly.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. A. Chase, New York.
Corp. E. W. Knapp, Albany.
Pvt. C. R. Lindner, New York.
Pvt. E. J. McCafferey, New York.
Pvt. Thomas Maroney, New York.
Pvt. Dudley Rogers, Watkins.
Pvt. G. D. Sizemore, New York.
Bug. T. A. Vincent, Brooklyn.
2d Lieut. E. J. Higgins, Croton.
Pvt. Wince H. Butcher, Portsmouth.
Pvt. Alonzo Carpenter, Bevan.
Pvt. D. C. Fling, Haydenville.
Pvt. E. A. Harris, Shawnee.
Pvt. Geo. Hendricks, Columbus.
Pvt. Simon Hendricks, Newport.
Pvt. A. J. Marquis, Cleveland.
Pvt. C. A. Murray, Glouster.
Pvt. J. L. Richards, Glouster.
Pvt. William Swank, Columbus.
Pvt. S. S. Thomas, Mansfield.
Pvt. L. C. Treisch, Lexington.
Corp. F. E. Corlee, El Reno.
Pvt. 1st CI. Tolbert Hall, Salina.
Pvt. 1st CI. A. L. Mahaffay, Oklahoma
Pvt. Fred Markham, Broken Arrow.
Pvt. T. K. Newby, Row.
2d Lieut. J. C. Lingle, Middletown.
2d Lieut. A. H. Stackpole, Harrisburg.
2d Lieut. I. S. Suplee, Pittsburgh.
Pvt. E. M. Beam, Shermansville.
Pvt. 1st CI. Ray Bollinger, Three Springs.
Pvt. C. 0. Cline, Leecheburg.
Pvt. John Celbusky, Forest City.
Pvt. E. E. Clark, Gratz.
Pvt. C. B. Cupp, Newberry.
Pvt. H. V. Doyle, Locust Gap.
Pvt. Archie English, Couton.
Mech. L. B. Ensminger, Faltz.
Pvt. E. J. Erwine, Allentown.
Pvt. J. B. Filento, Pittsburgh.
Pvt. W. M. Heiss, Dallastown.
Pvt. J. J. Healy, Philadelphia.
Pvt. C. R. Hutchinson, Altoona.
Pvt. E. J. Hoffman, Ashland.
Pvt. H. E. Klucker, Carlisle.
Pvt. D. C. Krepps, Lewiston.
Pvt. J. S. Lehman, Lebanon.
Pvt. Amos McCarty, Wilkes-Barre.
Pvt. R. W. McKinney, Newberry.
Pvt. J. M. McNicholes, Philadelphia.
Pvt. R. C. Markey, Red Lion.
Pvt. T. A. Mueller, Pittsburgh.
Pvt. William Myers, Philadelphia.
Pvt. J. H. Nickle, Newville.
Pvt. F. A. Pantle, Scranton.
Pvt. Walter Pierce, Scranton.
Pvt. John Polla, Mt. Carmel.
Pvt. W. J. Rohloff, Whitehaven.
Pvt. P. M. Rohrbaugh, Fairfield.
Pvt. W. F. Ryan, Wilkes-Barre.
Pvt. Paris Stambaugh, Farmers.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. P. Sauerman, Lehighten.
Pvt. W. B. Schamberg, Scranton.
Pvt. G. W. Schmeltz, Sacremento.
Pvt. M. J. Secula, Port Griffith.
Pvt. Frederick Steinbach, Philadelphia.
Pvt. 1st CI. F. B. Tomkinson, Philadelphia.
Pvt. Albert Van Pelt, Gibraltar.
Pvt. H. A. Waggoner, Mechanicsburg.
Pvt. G. F. Walters, Philadelphia.
Pvt. Robert Wardlow, Avoca.
Pvt. Andrew Weber, Pittsburgh.
Pvt. E. E. Wolfe, Wilkes-Barre.
Pvt. F. J. Yesalewich, Mt. Carmel.
Pvt. G. W. Yoselwitz, Stulton.
Pvt. Anthony Zabagalski, Nanticoke.
Corp. J. H. Zeigler, Rowenna.
2d Lieut. Frank C. P. Drummond, Paw-
1st Lieut. M. S. Barnett, Clover.
2d Lieut. J. P. Bolt, Anderson.
2d Lieut. W. T. Chiles, Bradley.
Capt. Park B. Smith, Columbia.
Wag. Dolph Allison, Spartanburg.
Home Addresses of the Officers and Men
Pvt. I. A. Arowood, Greenville.
Hrshr. Leonard Austin, Chester.
Pvt. 1st CI. W. T. Bailey, Chester.
Pvt. W. L. Bryant, Cheraw.
Pvt. E. A. Carroway, Timmonsville.
Pvt. W. H. Courtney, Florence.
Pvt. C. A. Cribb, Hemingway.
Mus. 1st CI. G. C. Crumpton, Greenville.
Pvt. J. I. Derrick, Columbia.
Pvt. W. W. Dixon, Woodward.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Eddins, Chesterfield.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. S. Evans, Whitmire.
Pvt. C. H. Frady, Spartanburg.
Corp. G. W. Furquerson, Greenwood.
Pvt. A. T. Gibson, McColl.
Pvt. W. H. Head, Crete.
Pvt. W. L. Haywood, Chester.
Pvt. C. G. Hatch, Dillon.
Pvt. Jesse Harwood, Bennetsville.
Pvt. John Hanna, Cheraw.
Pvt. Willie Hughes, Aynor.
Pvt. E. R. McCarrell, Greenville.
Pvt. J. H. McClunney, Lockhart.
Pvt. Otis Mahaffey, Chester.
Pvt. Torrence Melton, Chester.
Corp. T. C. O'Donnell, Chester.
Pvt. E. D. Powell, Columbia.
Pvt. 1st CI. M. W. Phillips, Richburg.
Pvt. I. T. Pruitt, Anderson.
Sgt. A. K. Quinn, York.
Pvt. T. M. Robinston, Chester.
Sad. A. R. Rivers, Chesterfield.
Pvt. F. A. Roof, Lewis' Turnout.
Pvt. 1st CI. S. T. Russell, Greenville.
Pvt. 1st CI. Wildas Sadler. Leesville.
Pvt. E. L. Smith, Ruffin.
Pvt. Isaiah Tarlton, Chesterfield.
Cook T. L. Teal, Lake City.
Pvt. M. E. Thomas, Hampton.
Corp. S. K. Walkup, Lancaster.
Pvt. C. W. Wingree, Chesterfield.
Sgt. F. W. Wood, Columbia.
Pvt. H. I. Woodell, Society Hall.
Pvt. 1st CI. D. R. Woolard, Andrews.
Pvt. Glover Worthy, Chester.
Mech. W. W. Wright, Chester.
Pvt. J. J. Kuper, Miller.
Corp. P. O. Nelson, Witten.
Wag. G. F. Reber, Phillip.
Wag. L. R. Seeman, Broadland.
Pvt. T. H. Wilson, Easly.
2d Lieut. R. N. Boswell, Macon.
2d Lieut. W. A. Crenshaw, Memphis.
Mech. J. W. Allen, Ashland City.
Pvt. A. J. Baker, Nashville.
Pvt. S. B. Bilderback, Brighton.
Pvt. Luther Breeden, Sevierville.
Cook H. H. Brewer, Buntyn.
Pvt. 0. R. Caldwell, White Pine.
Corp. Ellis Carlton, Chapel Hill.
Pvt. Albert Cartwright, Winchester.
Pvt. Elisha Chandler, Greenville.
Pvt. M. G. Chandler, Greenville.
Sgt. M. S. Choate, Williamsport.
Pvt. 1st CI. O. L. Clark, Newport.
Pvt. G. C. Coffey, Idol.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. A. Coop, Humboldt.
Pvt. W. F. Corbett, White Pine.
Wag. J. F. Crawford, Memphis.
Pvt. B. E. Crocker, South Nashville.
Pvt. W. E. Crotzer, Clarksville.
Pvt. G. A. Davis, Morrison.
Pvt. R. E. Day, Bemis.
Bugler F. F. Dickey, Bartlett.
Pvt. J. B. Duke, Nashville.
Pvt. H. O. Fuston, Morrison.
Sgt. C. A. Foster, Culleoha.
Pvt. Charlie Fowler, Flynnville.
Pvt. 1st CI. Leonard Frazier, Newport.
Pvt. 1st CI. S. E. Gray, Fayetteville.
Pvt. S. L. Hefner, Columbia.
Corp. A. G. Heath, Shelby ville.
Pvt. W. T. Hamilton, Ramer.
Pvt. S. F. Hawkins, Nashville.
Pvt. W. H. Hooks, Marlow.
Pvt. J. T. Inman, Morristown.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. T. Jones, Clarkesville.
Pvt. W. B. Kelton, Christiana.
Pvt. Herbert King, Rockdale.
Pvt. 1st CI. L. T. Lambert, Jackson.
Sgt. R. E. Leonard, Greenville.
Pvt. John McGaha, Cosby.
Pvt. Eugene McGan, Memphis.
Pvt. J. T. Matheney, Monterey.
Pvt. J. E. Matheney, Monterey.
Mech. J. H. Minor, Chattanooga.
Pvt. G. E. Moorehead, Lynchburg.
Wag. Monroe Morgan, Greenville.
Pvt. H. C. Morris, Tallahoma.
Hrshr. Lee Moseley, Franklin.
Pvt. H. C. Towry, Taft.
Cook S. G. Murray, Cleveland.
Pvt. Jim Neal, Strawberry Plains.
Pvt. J. F. Overholster, Low Mountain.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. P. Phillips, Coldwater.
History of the 113th Field Artillery
Pvt. 1st CI. A. G. Rice, Greenville.
Pvt. William Rush, Hammon.
Pvt. Earley Shelton, Greenville.
Pvt. C. J. Shoults, Memphis.
Pvt. J. E. Simpkins, New Market.
Pvt. C. J. Smith, Pulaski.
Pvt. Will Smith, Toone.
Pvt. Willie Stephens, Halls.
Pvt. E. T. Stepp, Corbandale.
Pvt. 1st CI. Irwin Wallace, Jackson.
Corp. Fred Walker, MeMinnville.
Pvt. Clarence Wheeler, Alamo.
Pvt. 1st CI. B. R. White, Lebanon.
Pvt. Baxter Wright, Nashville.
Pvt. M. H. Young, Memphis.
Pvt. Loyd Beard, Venus.
Pvt. J. L. Berry, Llano.
Pvt. Amond Crocker, Fearell.
Corp. Theodore Dempsey, Brady City.
Pvt. H. W. McMillan, Thurber.
Pvt. U. L. Miller, Rankin.
Pvt. J. J. Norman, Mt. Calue.
Pvt. E. L. Summers, Salt Lake City.
Capt. R. P. Beaman, Norfolk.
Capt. A. W. Horton, Burkeville.
Cook J. C. Bennett, Mouth of Wilson.
Sgt. K. P. Burger, Natural Bridge.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. W. Martin, Christie.
Hrshr. Charlie Morefield, Pilers Creek.
Pvt. E. B. Owen, Crystal Hill.
Pvt. 1st CI. J. E. Peele, Clarksville.
Pvt. J. B. Parker, Abington.
Pvt. R. C. Pittard, Nelson.
Sgt. W. N. Reid, Danville.
Pvt. 1st CI. C. B. Swindell, Portsmouth.
Pvt. J. J. Tilley, The Hollows.
Pvt. W. W. Tilley, The Hollows.
Pvt. C. H. Touchstone, Danville.
1st Lieut. J. W. Moore, Bluefield.
Pvt. 1st CI. R. B. Hamilton, Farmington.
2d Lieut. E. C. Hamilton, Marinette.
1st Lieut. J. G. Hoffman, Hartford.
Corp. J. C. Land, Green Bay.
Pvt. Alex Bloomberg, Roslep Nocke
Pvt. Leno Ceccarelli, Corso Vittario
Emanule No. 5, Frosinone, Italy.
Pvt. Ciancio Giuseppe, Rocco Piomonte
Pvt. Di Fonzo Gimi, Scermi Province,
Hrshr. William Hallgreen, Lerum,
Pvt. A. G. Marines, Kok Kone, Greece.
Pvt. Nazzareno Pallanta, Rome, Italy.
Pvt. O. P. Wright, Three Hills, Canada.
Interpreter Marcel Treille, Alger. Africa.
Interpreter Georges Besson, Saone et